Skip to comments.“Quasi-One-Dimensional Model of electrochemical loading of isotopic fuel into a metal”
Posted on 02/20/2014 11:14:24 AM PST by Kevmo
Quasi-One-Dimensional Model of electrochemical loading of isotopic fuel into a metal - Mitchell Swartz
Codeposition of Palladium and Deuterium - Mitchell Swartz
Now for those of you who dont know Cold Fusion is based on the idea that if you load enough hydrogen or deuterium atoms inside a metal lattice, like Nickel or Palladium, they become so tightly packed close together, that they begin to fuse together. Two world renowned electrochemists Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann were the first to claim the discovery of excess heat effects in cold fusion. Some of their colleagues thought that since their discovery was so important it might be a good idea to go public with an announcement through the mainstream media. That turned out to be a very bad idea? The media turned against Pons and Fleischmann and started a witch hunt within the scientific community. Pons and Fleischman were quickly debunked and the entire concept of Cold Fusion was labeled a Fiasco and even a hoax. Two primary studies in particular were successful in shifting mainstream scientific opinion against Cold Fusion forever. These two studies are also cited by the patent offices for refusing any and all patents on Cold Fusion related devices. Those are the MIT and Caltech studies commissioned by the DOEs Energy Research Advisory Board report, a report that would determine the federal response to cold fusion and shape energy policy at the highest level of government.. ( Read Remove Institutional Blocks for more.)
As some of you may know, Dr. Eugene Mallove wrote an article for the MIT Press in which he claims that MIT actually DID observe excess heat in their cells, and that they covered it up, in addition to holding a wake for Cold Fusion before their results from the lab were back. Dr. Mallove quit his position at MIT in outrage at the Cold Fusion circus of denial and ridicule. Its important to note that Dr. Peter Hagelsteins position on the MIT results is much different than Malloves. Dr. Hagelstein claims there is no way the MIT experiments could have seen excess heat because their loading was not high enough. That is, they did not pack enough deuterium molecules inside their cathodes to reach the required reaction range.
This is very important. Experiment trumps theory in science, and there are many scientists from all over the world risking their careers and reputations to claim positive results in cold fusion experiments. But when the early MIT and Caltech replication failed to reproduce the effect, those experiments were cited as complete proof that no such effect indeed existed. At MIT last week this team of scientists carefully laid out the FACTS regarding Cold Fusion and explained that according to their experiments you dont ever see excess heat until you get over 90% D to Pd loading ratio. It maxes out at around 95% loading. Caltech and MIT never got above 80%, so this is why their experiments failed to produce any excess heat.
If this is true, then these are possibly the most epic scientific failures in modern technological history. The Caltech scientists who when told that their loading was not high enough, by other scientists in the field, even had the nerve to reply the loading is plenty high! There is no effect! (from an argument with Bob Huggins) and while critics and skeptics like to call Cold Fusion pathological science, in light of recent evidence it seems that their denial is the only thing that is pathological.
Well, if there really IS an effect, as more and more evidence seems to be piling up that Cold Fusion effects ARE real, that would mean that these scientists who ridiculed and mocked Cold Fusion back in the 80′s and 90′s and even today can be blamed for setting all of our technology back 20 years. Just imagine that today we might have hover boards, flying cars, and a booming space tourism business, had history gone a bit differently. And dont laugh, there was a guy from Terrafugia at the IAP course last week at MIT, and he is serious about using cold fusion power to build flying cars.
This is serious business. (http://www.terrafugia.com/. Available in 2015.
While others are dreaming up ideas on what to do with cold fusion once we get the science nailed down, Dr. Hagelstein and Dr. Swartz are busy nailing down that science! They have begun to compile a list of conditions which enhance the production of excess heat in Cold Fusion experiments, and also a list of things that will kill the reaction or cause it to stop producing excess heat. For example applying an external magnetic field and shining an infra-red laser on the cathode have been shown to enhance the production of excess heat.
PROGRESS ON DUAL LASER EXPERIMENTS - Dennis G. Letts, Dennis Cravens, and Peter L. Hagelstein
Things like cracking or brittleness caused by defects in the metal or by loading too quickly cause the deuterium to leak out and not maintain sufficient loading thus killing the reaction. They have also determined that the reactions are occurring at the surface of the materials possibly through an effect of the surface plasmons. So to maximize the effect you need to maximize surface area. But as you do that you also produce a lot of Helium4 fusion product which needs to be dissipated from the system, so what they have done is to use Deuterated Palladium nanomaterial suspended like chocolate chips inside a cookie dough of Zirconium Oxide. This, is the basic design behind Micthell Swartz? NANOR technology, which uses nanomaterials to maximize Cold Fusion reaction rates and efficiency. His best NANORs put out 14 times excess power, which is a very huge deal.
And though the NANORs may not look all too impressive (basically just a copper wire) This is quite possibly the beginning of the largest technological breakthrough that our generation will witness. One teaspoon of water has the fusion fuel energy of an entire gallon of gasoline. In the theoretical future, youll be able to fill your cars gas tank with one gallon of water and drive 55,000 miles.
The Cold Fusion revolution should render coal, gas, and nuclear fuels obsolete, completely decimating a multi-billion dollar industry and freeing humanity from the economic restraints of rising energy costs, and meter based centralized distribution systems. The future these corporate energy mega-giants fear most will be one built on decentralized, off-the-grid home power and heating systems based on Cold Fusion water-powered technology. No wonder there is so much top level resistance to the idea, same as there continues to resistence to thorium energy.
The original MIT and Caltech studies FAILED to replicate the Cold Fusion excess heat effect because they did not achieve high enough loading in their cathodes. That claim alone should make the entire scientific community questions those studies and want to go redo the experiments with better quality Palladium and achieve 95% loading.
There is a reason that they call it RE-Search in science, because you find out what changed, what factors are the key essential elements to getting something to work, and you re-search by doing experiments. You dont just do one or two experiments and then give up on the most promising energy source ever to be allegedly discovered in the history of science & technology.
Read more: http://www.exposingthetruth.co/mit-scientists-discover-secret-cold-fusion/#ixzz2ttJYaQHP Follow us: @Exposing4Truth on Twitter | ExposingTheTruth on Facebook
The Cold Fusion/LENR Ping List
Best book to get started on this subject:
Why Cold Fusion Research Prevailed
Quasi-One-Dimensional Model of electrochemical loading of isotopic fuel into a metal
It is not too much to expect that our children will enjoy in their homes [nuclear generated] electrical energy too cheap to meter.
- Lewis Strauss, Chairman, US Atomic Energy Commission, 1954
And still no proof farts cause global warming.
Why do you insist on posting this ridiculous stuff here day after day, and revealing your obsessive sickness to everyone? No one but you and your alter ego care about it. There is more evidence that my ass generates excess heat.
Johnny Weir would sooner be able give a straight answer than whatever it is you asked....
Should say "The Cold Fusion revolution should render ponzi schemes, penny stock fraud, and pump and dump swindles obsolete."
"I speak technobabble!"
Oops! Wrong thread.
hey, at least your post was both true and understandable...
Seriously, you’re living life the right way if you don’t Johnny Weir. He (using the pronoun loosely) is an ex-Olympic skater. He’s commentating now, and is basically dressing like Liberace sans the rhinestones. A real flamer, the opposite of straight. And kevmo isn’t really big on giving answers in general. That’s all I meant.
“And still no proof farts cause global warming.”
Wait just a darn minute now! I thought obama just said the science on that issue was settled!
Quasi-One-Dimensional Model of electrochemical loading of isotopic fuel into a metal
Sounds somewhat similar to loading firewood into a stove, except that firewood has three dimensions, not one. Which is fortunate I suppose because I doubt one-dimensional firewood has as many BTUs as three-dimensional firewood, though I reckon the chimney creosote problem would be much less with the one-dimensional stuff.
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.