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Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 2/23/44 | James B. Reston, Drew Middleton, Frederick Graham, George Axelsson, W.H. Lawrence, Milton Bracker

Posted on 02/23/2014 5:16:32 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson


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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 02/23/2014 5:16:32 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
2 posted on 02/23/2014 5:17:17 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Continued from yesterday.

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Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

3 posted on 02/23/2014 5:18:00 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Cites Nazis’ Power (Reston) – 2
Text of Statement on War by Prime Minister Churchill before the House of Commons – 3-7
War News Summarized – 7
Churchill Imposed Italy News Check – 8
‘Rough’ Talk about Britain in U.S. Election Must Not Impair Unity, Churchill Warns – 8
Air Smash Goes On (Middleton) – 9-10
Nazi Rocket Peril is Allied Target in Bombing of Northern France – 10
U.S. Fliers Scorn Heroics after Job (Graham) – 11
Stockholm Bombed in Mystery Blow (Axelsson) – 11
Krivoi Rog Seized (Lawrence) – 12-13
These Nazis Chose to Surrender Rather Than Be Liquidated (photo) – 13
Lines Unchanged on Italian Fronts (Bracker) – 14
Air Support Comes to the Aid of the Fifth Army (photo) – 14
Allies Maintain Air Rule at Anzio (by C.L. Sulzberger) – 15
12 Killed in Army Air Crash in New Jersey; Big Plane Hits Mountain in a Dense Fog – 15
Gurkhas Wipe Out Foe in Burma Trap – 16
The President’s Tax Veto (by Arthur Krock) – 17
New Serum Found to Combat Typhus – 17
Pattern for Invasion Indicated (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 18
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 19-20
4 posted on 02/23/2014 5:19:30 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Americans overrun Eniwetok
Wednesday, February 23, 1944

In the Marshall Islands... Japanese resistance on Parry Island ends. American forces complete the occupation of Eniwetok Atoll. US losses are 300 killed and 750 wounded. The Japanese garrison has been wiped out. Out of 3400 troops, there are 66 prisoners.

On the Eastern Front... In the north, Red Army forces take Strugi Krasnyye, midway between Luga and Pskov. Attacks begin toward Dno as well.

In the Mariana Islands... American aircraft raid Rota, Tinian and Saipan. The US forces are from Task Group 58.3 (Sherman) and Task Group 58.2 (Montgomery). The attack sinks 20,000 tons of Japanese shipping.

In Italy... At Anzio, General Truscott replaces General Lucas as commander of the US 6th Corps.

5 posted on 02/23/2014 5:20:14 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

February 23rd, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Chelsea, London: Mr. Anthony Smith (1899-1964), Heavy Rescue Service, dug a man out of the basement of a bombed and blazing block, and helped save another in a building next door. (George Cross)
Frigate HMS Loch Shin launched.

Aircraft carrier HMS Vengeance launched.

FRANCE: Paris: Maurice Toesca notes the arrest of Jean Genet, the poet and habitual criminal.

GERMANY: A Mosquito of No. 692 Squadron RAF dropped a 4,000-lb bomb on Düsseldorf. This is double the original bombload of the Mk IV. To carry this large device, the bomb-bay is bulged. (22)

U-485 commissioned.

ITALY: General Lucian Truscott takes full command of VI Corps at Anzio, replacing General Lucas.

MARIANAS ISLANDS: Units of the US 5th Fleet attack the Marianas Islands. Including Saipan, Tinian, Rota and Guam.

Glen Boren continues his diary:
Headed back to Majuro harbor.

Norton-class tugs HMCS Riverton, Mawellton, Clifton ordered.

Yard craft HMC HC 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316 ordered.

Boom defense vessels HMC HC 288, 289, 294, 295, 299 ordered.

Destroyer escort USS Haas laid down.

Destroyer USS Alfred A Cunningham laid down.

Submarine USS Sea Poacher laid down.
Destroyer escort USS Creamer launched.

Destroyer USS Samuel N Moore launched.

Minesweeper USS Gladiator commissioned.

Destroyer USS Richard P Leary commissioned.

Destroyer escort USS Osmus commissioned.

U-257 is sunk in the North Atlantic, in approximate position 47.19N, 26.00W, by depth charges from frigates HMCS Waskesiu and HMS Nene. 30 dead and 19 survivors. According to a crewmember on the HMCS Waskesiu the HMS Nene only participated in picking up survivors while the Canadian frigate dropped the depth charges, after both frigates had picked up an ASDIC signal that the Canadians insisted was a U-boat, which sank the boat.

6 posted on 02/23/2014 5:21:06 AM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
I would like to tell you just how much I appreciate this history lesson.
It is a pleasure to look back at a time when his nation:

Had a foreign policy.
Worked for a common goal
Won wars.

A time long ago and far far away.

7 posted on 02/23/2014 5:30:02 AM PST by Tupelo (I am feeling more like Philip Nolan every day)
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To: Tupelo

Now this country tilts at windmills called gloBULL warming.

8 posted on 02/23/2014 5:36:15 AM PST by central_va (I won't be reconstructed and I do not give a damn.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Concerning the title for the photo of German POWs on p13, These Nazis chose to surrender rather than be liquidated

To paraphrase Churchill "You chose surrender over death, now you shall have both".

9 posted on 02/23/2014 5:45:24 AM PST by fso301
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

“Gurkhas Wipe Out Foe in Burma Trap”

Meanwhile, Gurkhas were freezing to death on Monte Cassino, to no avail.

It was, not to be banal or anything ;-), an amazingly big and diverse war.

10 posted on 02/23/2014 5:49:03 AM PST by Tax-chick (The future is not going to take us seriously.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Didn't get a chance until today to post a Pyle column that appeared on 2/21/1944.
11 posted on 02/23/2014 11:22:02 AM PST by untenured
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To: untenured

Thank you for posting on the correct date and linking here.

12 posted on 02/23/2014 12:16:37 PM PST by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: untenured; Homer_J_Simpson

Ernie Pyle was very important to the public. My great-aunt, Deloris Hopper Pettit, kept a diary every day from when she learned to write, about 1915, until she died in 1980. Her son and my father collected a lot of the volumes, many of which were in daily-schedule books that my grandfather, a doctor, got from drug or medical-supply companies. I read them, along with the complete works of Louis L’Amour, when stuck in Missouri for the summers.

She noted, among, “How the chickens were growing,” and “Who didn’t pay for their washing,” when Ernie Pyle died.

13 posted on 02/23/2014 3:00:22 PM PST by Tax-chick (The future is not going to take us seriously.)
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To: Tax-chick; Homer_J_Simpson; henkster
A Gurkha kukri, a fearsome weapon:

I read a story that when an Argentine unit in the Falklands heard they were opposite Gurkhas, they simply turned and ran.

14 posted on 02/25/2014 7:16:34 PM PST by colorado tanker
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To: colorado tanker

The gumption of Argentines was never their strong point.

Cool knife!

15 posted on 02/25/2014 7:19:49 PM PST by Tax-chick (I've forgotten most of those languages, but I remember the joke.)
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