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Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds
EurekAlert! ^ | April 1, 2014 | Gerry Everding

Posted on 04/05/2014 8:57:03 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road...

"Ancient wheat and broomcorn millet, recovered in nomadic campsites in Kazakhstan, show that prehistoric herders in Central Eurasia had incorporated both regional crops into their economy and rituals nearly 5,000 years ago, pushing back the chronology of interaction along the territory of the 'Silk Road' more than 2,000 years," Frachetti said...

...several strains of ancient grains and peas had made their way across Eurasia thousands of years earlier than previously documented.

While these crops have been known to exist much earlier in ancient China and Southwest Asia, finding them intermingled in the Bronze Age burials and households of nomadic pastoralists provides some of the earliest concrete signs for east-west interaction in the vast expanse of Eurasian mountains and the first botanical evidence for farming among Bronze Age nomads.

Bread wheat, cultivated at least 6,000 years ago in Southwest Asia, was absent in China before 2500 B.C. while broomcorn millet, domesticated 8,000 years ago in China, is missing in southwest Asia before 2000 B.C. This study documents that ancient grains from eastern China and soutwest Asia had made their way to Kazakhstan in the center of the continent by 2700-2500 B.C. (nearly 5,000 years ago).

(Excerpt) Read more at eurekalert.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; broomcornmillet; centralasia; china; dietandcuisine; godsgravesglyphs; kazakhstan; silkroad; tocharians; victorsariyiannidis; viktorsarianidi; viktorsarigiannidis; wheat
a panoramic view of the Byan Zhurek valley and setting near Tasbas. Credit: Michael Frachetti/Washington University in St. Louis (2011)

a panoramic view of the Byan Zhurek valley and setting near Tasbas. Credit: Michael Frachetti/Washington University in St. Louis (2011)

1 posted on 04/05/2014 8:57:03 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
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(file from David Derrick files)

Archaeological finds reveal prehistoric civilization along Silk Road

2 posted on 04/05/2014 8:57:25 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Obama is now making Jimmy Carter look like Attila the Hun. /focus/news/3138768/posts)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...

3 posted on 04/05/2014 9:00:42 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Obama is now making Jimmy Carter look like Attila the Hun. /focus/news/3138768/posts)
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To: SunkenCiv

My question is who was spreading all the foreign grains?


4 posted on 04/05/2014 10:03:56 AM PDT by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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To: 1010RD

check out the “Silk Road” or “Tocharians” keywords.


5 posted on 04/05/2014 10:05:21 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Obama is now making Jimmy Carter look like Attila the Hun. /focus/news/3138768/posts)
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To: SunkenCiv
I might be interesting to think about the amount of money that these nomads could extort for providing feed to the spice trader's.

You have a captive market. Don't under estimate the lure of easy cash and you can always raid them later.

6 posted on 04/05/2014 10:05:30 AM PDT by Little Bill (EVICT Queen Jean)
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To: 1010RD
You forgot about the flying carpets?

Then there's ali baba and the dudes who were running the black market gig.

7 posted on 04/05/2014 10:19:49 AM PDT by Sacajaweau
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To: SunkenCiv

bookmark


8 posted on 04/05/2014 11:34:57 AM PDT by GOP Poet
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To: SunkenCiv
Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago

And a still edible Hostess Twinkie.

9 posted on 04/05/2014 11:59:27 AM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: SunkenCiv
Tocharians

I just read an article stating that the earliest cheese ever discovered was found with these folks.

10 posted on 04/06/2014 8:52:28 AM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv
Here:

Lumps of Oldest Cheese Found on Mummies Necks, Chests


11 posted on 04/06/2014 8:56:11 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam
Yup. Whereas cheese is, at best, rotten milk, and best eaten at room temperature, I'll take a rain check on sampling this stuff. :') [ Art of cheese-making is 7,500 years old ]
12 posted on 04/06/2014 10:43:25 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: MUDDOG

That sentence is an oxymoron. :’D


13 posted on 04/06/2014 10:44:11 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam
Whoops, this is the one I meant to link, both are recent: Ancient mummies found buried with world's oldest cheese.
14 posted on 04/06/2014 10:46:02 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: SunkenCiv
Thanks.

I missed both of those.

15 posted on 04/06/2014 11:42:06 AM PDT by blam
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To: blam

It happens to me all the time.

http://www.freerepublic.com/tag/cheesemaking/index


16 posted on 04/06/2014 1:03:48 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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