Skip to comments.Rare sarcophagus, Egyptian scarab found in Israel
Posted on 04/17/2014 11:05:42 AM PDT by Red Badger
Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a rare sarcophagus featuring a slender face and a scarab ring inscribed with the name of an Egyptian pharaoh, Israel's Antiquities Authority said Wednesday.
The mystery man whose skeleton was found inside the sarcophagus was most likely a local Canaanite official in the service of ancient Egypt, Israeli archaeologists believe, shining a light on a period when pharaohs governed the region.
"This is a really beautiful face, very serene," said Edwin van den Brink, an Egyptologist and archaeologist with Israel's government antiquities authority. "It's very appealing."
Van den Brink said archaeologists dug at Tel Shadud, an archaeological mound in the Jezreel Valley, from December until last month. The archaeologists first uncovered the foot of the sarcophagus and took about three weeks to work their way up the coffin. Only on one of the excavation's last days did they brush away the dirt to uncover the carved face.
The lid of the clay sarcophagus is shattered, but the sculpted face remains nearly intact. It features graceful eyebrows, almond-shaped eyes, a long nose and plump lips. Ears are separated from the face, and long-fingered hands are depicted as if the dead man's arms were crossed atop his chest, in a typical Egyptian burial pose.
Experts last found such a sarcophagus about a half a century ago in Deir al Balah in the Gaza Strip, where some 50 similar coffins were dug up, mostly by grave robbers, van den Brink said. Some of them greet visitors today at the entrance to the archaeology wing at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Dozens were previously found in Beit Shean in Israel's north.
Found alongside the new sarcophagus was a scarab seal ring encased in gold, carved with the name of Pharaoh Seti I, who ruled ancient Egypt in the 13th century BC. Seti I conquered the area of today's Israel in the first year of his reign, in order to secure Egyptian trade routes and collect taxes for Egypt, said archaeologist Ron Beeri, who participated in the dig. The man buried in the sarcophagus might have been a tax collector for the pharaoh, Beeri said.
Seti I was the father of Ramses II, often identified as the pharaoh in the biblical story of the Israelite exodus, though Beeri said there is no historical evidence to support that.
DNA tests may be conducted to determine if the man in the sarcophagus was Canaanite or Egyptian, Beeri said.
The recent archaeological discovery, like most in Israel, came by happenstance. Israel's natural gas company called in archaeologists to survey the territory before laying down a pipeline. Van den Brink said the Antiquities Authority excavated only a small, 5-by-5 meter (16-by-16 foot) area, but that was enough to find the sarcophagus, the scarab and four other human remains.
Van den Brink said the site likely was a large cemetery, with other sarcophagi likely waiting to be found in future digs.
"It's just a small window that we opened," he said.
This undated photo released by Israel's Antiquities Authority shows a sarcophagus found at Tel Shadud, an archaeological mound in the Jezreel Valley. Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a rare sarcophagus featuring a slender face and a scarab ring inscribed with the name of an Egyptian pharaoh, Israel's Antiquities Authority said Wednesday April 9, 2014. (AP Photo/ Israel's Antiquities Authority)
This undated photo released by Israel's Antiquities Authority shows a scarab seal ring encased in gold, carved with the name of Pharaoh Seti I, who ruled ancient Egypt in the 13th century BC, found at Tel Shadud, an archaeological mound in the Jezreel Valley. Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a rare sarcophagus featuring a slender face and a scarab ring inscribed with the name of an Egyptian pharaoh, Israel's Antiquities Authority said Wednesday April 9, 2014. (AP Photo/Israel's Antiquities Authority)
Wow,, Seti 1? Very cool discovery.. Older than Joan rivers jokes.
Old Seti I looked a lot like Pee-Wee Herman...............
one of *those* topics.
That proves it.
Israel belongs to Egypt.
< / Putin >
Someone has a mummy fetish.
Joseph lived to the age of 110, living to see his great-grandchildren. Before he died, he made the children of Israel swear that when they left the land of Egypt they would take his bones with them, and on his death his body was embalmed and placed in a coffin in Egypt. (Genesis 50:22-26)
The children of Israel remembered their oath, and when they left Egypt during the Exodus, Moses took Joseph's bones with him. (Exodus 13:19) The bones were buried at Shechem, in the parcel of ground which Jacob bought from the sons of Hamor (Joshua 24:32), which has traditionally been identified with site of Joseph's Tomb, before Jacob and all his family moved to Egypt. Shechem was in the land which was allocated by Joshua to the Tribe of Ephraim, one of the tribes of the House of Joseph, after the conquest of Canaan.
This find was in "an archaeological mound in the Jezreel Valley" which would be too far north.................
:’) The bad news is, Seti I isn’t nearly that old. Dr V pointed out that the 19th and 26th dynasties are basically the same thing (the 26th being an echo); but the 25th dynasty is basically in the correct place on both his chronology and the conventional pseudochronology, and preceded the 19th/26th; hence, instead of the usual ~600 years, there’s 750 or so difference between conventional and actual.
The contents of Ramses II’s canopic jar was RC dated a few years ago. The age of Rameses II’s guts are indeed nearly 800 years younger than the conventional date, so, of course, the “explanation” was that these jars had always been suspect, and that they must have been reused.
That “explanation” is complete and utter nonsense.
Seti I and his son Ramses II were traipsing all over ancient Israel, but after the whole place had been ravaged by Assyria and others.
I know what you are but what am I he he he he he he........
the Egyptians believed that anyone who bowed to the Gods of Egypt was an Egyptian! Race, nationality, where you lived and who were your people—were of no importance—Who you prayed too, and the riturals you performed was important. Another element is the language you spoke—if you spoke Copt, the language of the Nile, you were welcomed to the benifits and protection of Egypt. So Cleopatra, a Greek, was worshiped and loved as an Egyptian because she prayed to Ra, Isis, Osiris and Horus, and spoke Copt—In their eyes she was 100% Egyptian.
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