Skip to comments.BRITISH BAN ENVOYS’ TRAVEL AND CODE USE IN MOVE TO PROTECT INVASION SECRETS (4/18/44)
Posted on 04/18/2014 5:12:57 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Last air raid on London
Tuesday, April 18, 1944 www.onwar.com
Over Britain... The last of the “Little Blitz” air raids on London is conducted by 125 aircraft (14 are lost on the mission). A total of 53 tons of bombs are dropped and a hospital is among the buildings hit.
Over Germany... American B-17 and B-24 bombers attack the Heinkel works at Oranienburg and other targets near Berlin. British Mosquito bombers strike Berlin.
Over Occupied France... RAF Bomber Command drops a record 4000 tons of bombs on marshalling yards and railway workshops at Juvisy, Noisy-le-Sec, Rouen and Tergnier.
In Burma... Elements of the British 5th Brigade link up with the Kohima garrison, breaking the Japanese encirclement.
On the Eastern Front... German and Hungarian forces begin counterattacks around Buchach, between the Dnestr and Pruth rivers, in an effort to free units trapped further east. In the Crimea, Soviet forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front capture Balaklava and reach the outskirts of Sevastopol.
In London... The British government bans all coded radio and telegraph transmissions from London and elsewhere on the British Isles. Diplomatic bags are to be subject to censorship and diplomats are forbidden to leave the country. The only exemptions are for the USA, USSR and the Polish government in exile, in London. These measures are intended to maintain the secrecy of the preparations for D-Day. In addition, incitement to strike is made a punishable offense.
April 18th, 1944 (TUESDAY)
UNITED KINGDOM: In preparation for Operation Overlord; the British Government issues a ban on coded radio transmissions and telephone calls. Diplomatic bags are to be censored. (The only people, apart from armed forces and spies, with the privilege of sending coded messages were embassies — allied and neutral. The ban on coded telegrams referred to ALL traffic from neutral embassies and, I believe, “consular” traffic from allied ones. The security service — MI5 — was responsible for monitoring messages and diplomatic bags. (Cris Whetton))
Incitement to strike is made a criminal act.
Invasion stripes are ordered for aircraft. These stripes are to be applied to all aircraft except four-engined bombers, transports (not troop carriers), gliders, night fighters and sea planes. (Ron Babuka)
125 Luftwaffe bombers, including five He-177A-5s take off for an attack on London. The Greifs climb as high as possible while over German territory and then make a shallow dive at high speed and return at low altitude. Even the speedy Mosquito has trouble catching the Germans when using these tactics. (Jack McKillop)
FRANCE: RAF bombers tonight raid Rouen, Juvisy, Noisy-le-Sec and Tergnier killing 1,383 French people.
The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 306 Part 2: 12 B-24s hit V-weapon sites at Watten; escort is provided by 36 P-47 Thunderbolts without loss.
277 Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders, including 24 dropping Window, and 37 A-20 Havocs bomb gun positions and marshalling yards at Dunkirk, Calais, and Saint Martin Airfield at Charleroi. (Jack McKillop)
GERMANY: Hitler forbids all exports of weapons to Finland. This comes as a further retaliation for the Finnish peace feelers earlier in this year, even though Finland just recently decided to reject the Soviet terms for peace. (Mikko Härmeinen)
The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 306 Part 1: 776 bombers and 634 fighters are dispatched to hit airfields and aviation industry targets; they claim 33-5-19 Luftwaffe aircraft; 19 bombers and 5 fighters are lost; due to poor weather, several units bomb targets of opportunity in the Berlin area:
- 275 B-17s hit aviation industry targets at Oranienburg, Perleberg Airfield, Wittenberge and targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost.
- 210 B-17s hit Oranienburg, Brandenburg, Luneburg Airfield, Rathenow and targets of opportunity; 14 B-17s are lost.
- 248 B-24s hit Brandenburg, Rathenow, Cuxhaven, Wittenberge and targets of opportunity; 2 B-24s are lost.
Escort is provided by 119 P-38s, 296 P-47s and 219 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51 Mustangs; 1 P-38, 1 P-47 and 3 P-51s are lost. (Jack McKillop)
NORWAY: During Eighth Air Force Mission 307, 5 B-17s drop 2.56 million leaflets on Stavanger, Oslo, Bergen and Trondheim between 2336-0041 hours without loss. (Jack McKillop)
U.S.S.R.: German forces attack around Buchach.
General Feodor Tolbukhin’s 4th Ukrainian Army reaches the outskirts of Sevastopol and takes Balaklava, scene of the charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. The 17th German-Romanian Army is trapped in Sevastopol and awaiting evacuation by ship. (Jack McKillop)
ITALY: Twelfth Air Force P-47 fighter-bombers cut several rail lines in the Florence and Arezzo areas and strafe trains and motor transport; P-40s and P-47s hit Itri and a rail bridge and fuel dumps as the campaign against communications continues.
Fifteenth Air Force P-38s and P-47s strafe Udine and Aiello Airfields and targets of opportunity in the Basiliano, Sant’ Andrea Island, and Cervignano del Friuli areas and in Golfo di Panzano; other fighters fly cover for the strafing missions. (Jack McKillop)
BURMA: 7 Tenth Air Force B-24s bomb an oil plant at Yenangyaung while 5, along with 7 P-38s, hit Ywataung; 6 B-25s score numerous hits on the Mandalay-Shwebo railroad; and 15 B-25s and 4 P-51s bomb Kamaing and hit the Myitkyina-Bhamo road. (Jack McKillop)
JAPAN: 3 Eleventh Air Force B-24s fly armed reconnaissance over Matsuwa, Onnekotan, and Paramushiru Islands in the Kurile Islands; cloud cover and lack of moonlight permit only bombing of Kashiwabara Airfield and the Banjo Cape area. (Jack McKillop)
NEW GUINEA: Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb Manokwari and Babo while fighter-bombers attack the Madang area. (Jack McKillop)
MARSHALL ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-25s from Abemama Island bomb Jaluit and Maloelap Atolls, using Majuro Atoll as a shuttle base between strikes. (Jack McKillop)
CAROLINE ISLANDS: Seventh Air Force B-24s staging through Eniwetok Atoll hit Truk Atoll while B-25s from Tarawa Atoll bomb Ponape Island.
Twenty two Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Woleai Atoll and Mariaon Island. (Jack McKillop)
PACIFIC OCEAN: Seven PB4Y-1P Liberators of Photographic Squadron Three (VD-3) and Marine Photographic Squadron Two Hundred Fifty Four (VMD-254), take off on a 1,252 mile (2015 km) flight from Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, to Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands. The next day, the aircraft take off, escorted by 5 Seventh Air Force B-24s, which bomb Saipan, and fly over 1,000 miles (1609 km) to Momote Airdrome on Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands, via Saipan, Tinian and Aguijan Islands, in the Mariana Islands, obtaining complete photographic coverage which will be used for the upcoming invasions.
The submarine USS Gudgeon (SS-211), CO Robert A. Bonin, is sunk, probably by Japanese naval aircraft (901st Air Group), southwest of Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands. All hands lost. (Jack McKillop and Joe Sauder)
Submarine USS Tambor (SS-198) sinks a Japanese guardboat 300 miles (483 km) northwest of Wake Island.
Seventh Air Force B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll bomb Wake Island after failing to find shipping reported in the area. (Jack McKillop)
Two thoughts on this:
I don't know about these new-fangled helicopters (Sikorsky R-4 Hoverfly), I mean, how practical can they ever really be?
They carry so little (500 lbs), fly so low & slow (75 mph max), and they make that funny "chop-chop" noise -- sure they might rescue somebody wounded, but what if there's actual fighting going on?
Oh come on, everyone knows the invasion will be at Pas-de-Calais.
“The Philippine Government in exile will move from [Miami Beach, Fla.] to Asheville, N.C., tomorrow, when President Manuel Quezon and his aides leave for the mountain resort in a special railroad car. After a brief rest there, President Quezon will go to the Adirondacks.”
Nice work if you can get it.
“Jutland Coast is Mined.”
You never know, we might invade Scandinavia, because the last try was such a success.
Actually, he was maintaining tradition in that Manila was the wintertime capitol of the Philippines while mile high Baguio served as the summertime capitol.
So, this is about the time the Filipino government would have transitioned from Manila to Baguio.
It’s still a pretty good deal. Not many Americans (or other Filipinos) were wintering in Miami Beach and summering in the Adirondacks, with a stopover in Asheville.
Further evidence that it's good to be the king.
Not many Americans (or other Filipinos) were wintering in Miami Beach and summering in the Adirondacks, with a stopover in Asheville.
The Filipinos right now are having a very difficult time with their Japanese "liberators".
Much has been written and filmed about the various European resistance groups but little about the Filipino guerrillas. Had Colonel Yay Panlilio, a Filipina guerrilla commander been a communist, or at least anti-American, the American Left would hold her up as a role model for American girls, there would be Emmys, Grammys and Pulitzers awarded for works about her. Even recently we would hear of her exploits as proof that women should serve in front line combat units.
Instead, she made the unforgivable mistakes of being staunchly pro-American and pro-MacArthur. The Left will never forgive her for that.
Do you have a source about Col. Yay?
Apparently it is forbidden to create a Wiki about her. She has a circa 1950 autobiography that was recently reprinted by Rutgers University Press titled The Crucible: An Autobiography by Colonel Yay, Filipina American Guerrilla
The book is expensive but the original and re-issue are available at public libraries via interlibrary loan.
Here is a link to the re-issue: http://books.google.com/books/about/The_Crucible.html?id=dPzaSf7VmrUC
Amazon also has the re-issue: http://www.amazon.com/The-Crucible-Autobiography-Filipina-Guerrilla/dp/0813546826
If it wasn't for her pro-Americanism, she's a non-white heroine, a reporter, a spy, is respected by her men, leads and kicks male butt in battle and even has romance. What more could Hollywood ask for in a script? If it just wasn't for her pro-Americanism.
Here's the dust cover from her original book:
Quezon was traveling to a TB sanitarium in New York. He will die this year.
Thanks! Once he left the Philippines, he fell off my radar. I knew he didn't survive the war but had forgotten about his TB and just assumed that because the time was about right for the annual shift of Philippine capital cities, he was continuing the tradition by moving from Miami to the Adrionacks. This is about the time for Florida's winter residents to head north anyway.
I don’t see the “helicopter” ever doing much. The motors just don’t have enough power to lift a heavy machine much less any meaningful payload. They might work as artillery observation spotters but won’t ever do any real work.
(I’m channeling my inner de Severksy)
Reading the news of the diplomatic black out of the British Isles brings home that the invasion is coming soon, and it’s a “big thing” in the war. I get the impression there was a lot of apprehension about it.
The science is “settled,” henkster. That helicopter thingy will never be anything other than a rich man’s toy.
Oh. I didn’t know he was sick.
I’m really impressed by the masterful defense being orchestrated by Field Marshal Kleist. He’s been doing a great job ever since he got sacked at the end of March.
The news still hasn’t been released by the Germans. If the Soviets know, and I suspect they do, they are being tight-lipped about it. I’m guessing the Allies know from Enigma decrypts but are also not telling anyone to maintain the Ultra Secret.
I’m pretty sure my first flight, in 1956, was on a Constellation. But I was so young I don’t remember a heck of lot from those days.
One day the weak and ungainly helicopter will be able to provide an important edge in certain situations.
A lot of people came to Colorado because of the dry air and TB sanitariums. That's how National Jewish Hospital was founded, probably the premier respiratory hospital in the world, today.
The U.S. was taking some risks with their Japanese codebreaking, although it wasn’t a secret on a scale with Ultra. They are directing submarines to convoys the locations of which were detected by the codebreakers. The Take-Ichi convoy now en route to New Guinea is being tracked that way. In the aftermath of Take-Ichi the Japanese will convene a commission that will conclude of course their code is unbreakable, so spies must have tipped off the Americans.
There might be a SAR niche they can fill.
Baguio -- there's a name my Dad used to talk about, by his telling, it was his unit's and his personal most serious trial by fire.
But, let's not get too far ahead of our (his)story... ;-)
I remember it distinctly, the three tails and unique shape made it memorable.
And, it was soon replaced by Boeing 707s, so I never again saw it in service.
But, will never forget it.
My father's division also had a rough time on Luzon. He didn't make it that far himself, as his war ended on Leyte.
The Constellation was a beautiful bird, alright.
In the 70’s I used to see Connies flying cargo runs to the Caribbean and S. America from Miami.
Just sparked a memory of being in the 7th grade outside in between classes,seeing a Connie fly over and pointed it out to the flaming poofter drama teacher who said, “Look kids, it’s a B-52”.
Thanks for the info. I’ll have to write it all down and see if my library can get it.
I’ve often wondered why there was never a movie made about General Fertig.
A movie could be made about all the Americans who joined guerrilla forces in the Philippines but to my knowledge no movie even has a scene containing an American guerrilla. I do remember seeing an old movie in which a coastwatcher was featured but I can't remember if he was American or Australian.
If your local library has it great! However, it probably doesn't but you should be able to get it via interlibrary loan. I would assume you can access your local library's website and from there search WorldCat for the book and make the request.
If your library system is like ours, it will take about 4-6 weeks for the book to arrive at which point your local library will contact you to let you know it has arrived. Once you get the book, if you need extra time to finish it, just go to the local library's website and check it out for a few more weeks.
I can access the library website, but I don’t know how to run an interlibrary loan request from there. I can just take the information and ask next time I’m there.
I did see this a long time ago and after refreshing my memory on YouTube, I remember why I had forgotten it.