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RECORD BOMBING BLASTS COLOGNE AND THREE OTHER RAIL CENTERS (4/22/44)
Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 4/22/44 | C.L. Sulzberger, E.C. Daniel, Drew Middleton, Jane Holt, Mary Madison

Posted on 04/22/2014 4:18:56 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson

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TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 04/22/2014 4:18:57 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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2 posted on 04/22/2014 4:19:46 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
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The Nimitz Graybook

3 posted on 04/22/2014 4:20:17 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Continued from March 5.

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Major General H.W. Blakeley, USA, Ret., The 32d Infantry Division in World War II

4 posted on 04/22/2014 4:22:37 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
[Continued from April 17.]

The Mutiny in the Greek Brigade was also approaching a crisis.

Prime Minister to General Paget 22 Apr 44

If you find it necessary to open fire on the mutineers’ camp you should consider whether you might not start with a few ranging shots directed on their batteries which are aiming at you. If they make no reply, after an appropriate interval let them have a stiffer dose, and at the same time tell them the weight of fire which you are ready to direct on them if they persist. We are prepared to use the utmost force, but let us avoid slaughter if possible. It is proposed that the onus should lie to the account of the British rather than of the slender, tottering Greek Govetnment.

Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

5 posted on 04/22/2014 4:23:12 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson
Billboard Top Ten for the Week of April 22, 1944

#1 - “It’s Love Love Love” - Guy Lombardo, with the Skip Nelson Trio
#2 - “Holiday for Strings” – David Rose
#3 – “I Love You” – Bing Crosby
#4 - “Besame Mucho” – Jimmy Dorsey, with Bob Eberly and Kitty Kallen
#5 – “I’ll Get By” - Harry James, with Dick Haymes (reissue of 1941 recording)
#6 - “When They Ask about You” - Jimmy Dorsey, with Kitty Kallen
#7 – “San Fernando Valley” - Bing Crosby
#8 - “Poinciana” – Bing Crosby
#9 - “Mairzy Doats” – Merry Macs
#10 – “Besame Mucho” – Andy Russell

6 posted on 04/22/2014 4:23:49 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
5,040 Ton RAF Blow – 2-3
Marauders Wing for Home after Blasting Nazi Base (photo) – 3
Tito’s Forces get Soviet Aid by Air (Sulzberger) – 4
War News Summarized – 4
Enemy is Circling China Rail Center – 5
Foe Pushed back Farther in India – 6
Churchill Says Empire Fits into Plan for World Peace (Daniel) – 6-7
Patton Gets Post Linked to Invasion (Middleton) – 7
Awaiting the Day: Fighter Planes to Provide ‘Umbrella’ for Invasion (photos) – 8
Latest War Casualties – 9
The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 10-11
Foe Reports Armada Loading for Invasion – 11
News of Food (Holt) – 12
Forum is Opened on Conservation (by Mary Madison, first-time contributor) – 12-13
Bowles Refuses Milk Price Rise – 13
7 posted on 04/22/2014 4:25:28 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/apr44/22apr44.htm#

US landings at Hollandia
Saturday, April 22, 1944 www.onwar.com

In New Guinea... American forces begin operations against Japanese positions at Hollandia and nearby. The US 1st Corps (General Eichelberger) lands at Aitape, Tanahmerah Bay and Humboldt Bay. The American force totals 84,000 men. Task Force 77 (Admiral Barbey) provides transport for the landing force. Cruiser forces under the command of Admiral Crutchley and Admiral Berkey provide a covering force. Task Force 58 (Admiral Mitscher) provides additional naval support. The Japanese forces number 11,000 under the command of General Adachi. The operation proves a surprise and the Japanese retire inland.

In the Marshall Islands... US forces occupy Ungelap Island, completing the campaign.

In China... Japanese forces capture Chengchow (Honan).


8 posted on 04/22/2014 4:26:08 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/22.htm

April 22nd, 1944 (SATURDAY)

UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Shalimar commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

FRANCE: During the night, the Eighth Air Force flies Mission 312: 5 B-17s drop 1.44 million leaflets on Orleans, Tours, Paris, Nantes, Lille, Reims, Chartres and Rouen at 2251-2344 hours.

The Ninth Air Force dispatches 400+ B-26s and about 90 A-20s to fly two missions against V-weapon sites in the area of Saint-Omer and Hesdin. (Jack McKillop)

GERMANY: The Eighth Air Force flies Mission 311: 803 bombers and 859 fighters are dispatched to hit a marshalling yard at Hamm; the bombers claim 20-6-8 Luftwaffe aircraft and the fighters claim 40-2-16; 15 bombers and 13 fighters are lost:

- 459 B-17s bomb the primary, 20 hit Bonn, 19 hit Soest, 15 hit Hamm City and 1 hits a target of opportunity; 8 B-17s are lost.

- 179 B-24s hit the primary, 50 hit Koblenz and 36 hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-24s are lost.

The escort is 132 P-38 Lightnings, 485 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts and 242 Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-51s; 2 P-38s, 5 P-47s and 6 P-51s are lost. (Jack McKillop)
U-795, U-1210 commissioned.

U-326 launched. (Dave Shirlaw)

ITALY: Twelfth Air Force B-25s bomb a bridge and tracks south of Ficulle and a bridge north of the town; other B-25s and B-26s attack San Stefano al Mare harbour, the northern section of Orvieto, Chiusi railroad bridge, viaducts south and west of Arezzo and Bucine, Certaldo railroad bridge, bridge approaches at Incisa in Valdarno, a bridge near Siena and viaduct at Poggibonsi; A-20s hit Valmontone ammunition dump and Sonnino; P-47s hit a railroad, trains, and tunnels in the Florence area and west of Chiusi, marshalling yard at Siena, a vessel south of Savona, railroad lines south of Orte and the town of Gaeta; and P-40s attack gun positions north of the Anzio beachhead and bomb the Ferentino dump area and towns of Fondi, Terracina and Formia. (Jack McKillop)

U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Peace negotiations between Russia and Finland have been broken off, it was announced tonight by the Soviet vice-premier and vice-commissioner for foreign affairs, Andrei Vishinsky. This follows Finland’s rejection of the armistice terms. These included the breaking of relations with Germany, the re-establishment of the 1940 Soviet-Finnish treaty and the payment of £150,000,000 reparations in goods within five years. The Allies have approved the Soviet reply.

EGYPT: Alexandria: The Greek naval commander-in-chief, Vice-Admiral Petros Voulgaris, is preparing to board five warships whose refusal to obey orders sparked a virtual strike by 12 April of all Greek navy seamen in Egypt. The First Division of the Greek Army has also rebelled against its officers. Britain is keeping an eye on developments. The mutiny’s causes are confused, but seem to stem from dissatisfaction with the Greek government in exile.

INDIA: New Delhi: The Imperial Japanese army, already deeply enmeshed in a highly ambitious “March on Delhi” offensive from Burma, has now been committed to another equally ambitious offensive in China. Imperial headquarters has reinforced the China expeditionary force and ordered it to undertake an offensive to crush China.

On 17 April, the Japanese First and Twelfth Armies, supported by 200 aircraft, began a drive to open an overland supply route to the Southern Army in Thailand and Malaya and to occupy the new Allied airfields in south-east China which the Americans are using to attack shipping in the Formosa Strait.

The offensive also aims to prevent long-range American bombers from using Chinese airfields to bomb the Japanese home islands. Another Japanese army is driving towards French Indochina. The Chinese high command in Chungking has announced the advance of Japanese columns in Honan where the Japanese claim to have routed 300,000 Chinese.

Three days before the Japanese attack, Chiang Kai-shek ordered divisions from Yunnan into Burma to help the hard-pressed General Stilwell. Until then, fearing a Japanese offensive, he had not only refused to help but had indicated that Chinese divisions already in Burma should “drag their feet”. Chiang was persuaded to send his troops into the Burma theatre after President Roosevelt had cabled a stern request.

BURMA: 12 Tenth Air Force B-25s bomb Kamaing while 5 B-25s and 6 P-51 Mustangs attack ammunition and other supplies at Hopin; 3 B-25s and 4 P-51s hit a village northeast of Bhamo while 7 P-51s attack Gokteik Viaduct.

Fourteenth Air Force P-40s on armed reconnaissance over northern Burma destroy 10 boxcars and a truck north of Lashio. (Jack McKillop)

CHINA: The Japanese take Chengchow in Honan province, a railroad centre. (Jack McKillop)

FRENCH INDOCHINA: 6 Fourteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators attack a Japanese Singapore-to-Saigon convoy anchored off Cape St. Jacques and sink a transport, a fleet tanker, an army cargo vessel, and a merchant tanker; and damaging a tanker. Only an escort vessel, a submarine chaser, escapes the low-level onslaught unscathed. Another B-24 knocks out a bridge southwest of Vinh. (Jack McKillop)

NEW GUINEA: US I Corps lands from TF 77 at Hollandia.

In a swift lightning strike that has wrong footed the Japanese in northern New Guinea, a 52,000 strong Allied invasion force under General Douglas MacArthur today, in Operation PERSECUTION seized Hollandia, the administrative capital of Dutch New Guinea. The landings, made from 113 ships escorted by the US Fifth and Seventh Fleets, have cut off the escape route for General Adachi’s main force, estimated to be 50,000 men, now surrounded at Wewak, where Adachi expected the attack. At the same time Australian troops have closed on nearby Madang. The amphibious Allied force swept ashore this morning at Hollandia, Aitape and Tanahmera bay after US Navy aircraft from Pacific fleet carriers had destroyed over 100 Japanese aircraft on the ground at Hollandia and its support airstrips. The 24th and 41st Infantry Divisions of the I Corps land unopposed 25 miles apart; the 24th Infantry Division at Tanahmerah bay while the 41st Infantry Division lands at Humboldt Bay. In Operation RECKLESS, the 163rd Regimental Combat Team, 41st Infantry Division, lands unopposed at Aitape. (Jack McKillop)

Hollandia was like a battered ghost town as the US advance guard, covered in red mud, entered. Everywhere there are signs of panic as the 12,000 strong garrison of middle-aged reservists fled into the jungle following a dawn bombardment that seriously damaged all of Hollandia’s buildings. In a bedroom a Japanese officer’s polished boots still stand by his bed, a neatly-pressed uniform hangs on the door. In the school the days lessons are still on the blackboard.

For MacArthur, who celebrated with a chocolate ice-cream soda as he toured the beach-heads, the victory is a consolation for his fading presidential hopes following his defeat in the Republican primary at Wisconsin three weeks ago.

20+ Fifth Air Force B-24s bomb airstrips on Noemfoor Island, Schouten Islands while 80+ B-24s and A-20s hit Boram and But Airfields and other targets in the Wewak area; 100+ B-24s and B-25s pound targets along Hansa Bay; and all through the day B-25s and fighter-bombers, in flights of 1 to 20+ aircraft, attack areas around Hansa Bay, Wewak, Bogia, Madang, and many other points along the northern and eastern coast of New Guinea; many of the strikes indirectly support Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia. (Jack McKillop)

PACIFIC OCEAN: The Japanese lose two ships at sea: U.S. aircraft sink a transport off Murilo Island, Carolines and the British submarine HMS Taurus sinks a salvage vessel off Malaya. (Jack McKillop)

BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO: On New Britain Island, about 40 Thirteenth Air Force B-25s bomb supply areas at Ratawul and Talili Bay, attack Keravat and hit the area between Rapopo and Cape Gazelle; and 40+ fighter-bombers attack the runway and gun positions at Rapopo while 9 strike Lakunai airfield. (Jack McKillop)

MARSHALL ISLANDS: US forces occupy Ungelap Island completing the campaign for the islands.

CAROLINE ISLANDS: During the night of 21/22 April, Seventh Air Force B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll bomb Wotje Atoll and other B-24s from Kwajalein follow with another raid on Wotje during the day.

During the night of 22/23 April, 17 Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Dublon, Param, and Eten Islands in Truk Atoll. (Jack McKillop)

CANADA:
Frigate HMCS New Waterford arrived Bermuda for work ups.

Minesweeper HMCS Daerwood commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

U.S.A.: “It is Love-Love-Love” by Guy Lombardo And His Royal Canadians with vocal by Skip Nelson and The Lombardo Trio reaches Number 1 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart in the U.S. This song, which debuted on the charts on 18 March 1944, was charted for 19 weeks, was Number 1 for 2 weeks and was ranked Number 17 for the year 1944. Also on this date, Andy Russell’s record of “Besame Mucho (Kiss Me Much)” makes it to the Billboard Pop Singles chart. This is his first single to make the charts and it stays there for 2 weeks reaching Number 10. (Jack McKillop)

Escort carrier USS Salamaua launched.

Submarine USS Ronquil commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: Frigates HMCS Matane and Swansea sank U-311 Kptlt Joachim Zander CO, at 52-09N, 19-07W. Of the crew of 51 there were no survivors. Escort Group 9, commanded by A/Cdr Layard, was operating independently when ordered to join a nearby RAF ‘Wellington’ patrol a/c that had gained a radar contact on a probable U-boat. A deliberate search by Matane and Swansea, supported by the frigate Stormont and corvette Owen Sound, produced a firm ASDIC contact. The U-boat was moving rapidly right as Matane closed for a deliberate ‘Hedgehog’ attack (indicating close range) when a periscope was sighted at only 200 yards on Matane’s starboard bow. The Hedgehog attack was abandoned and an urgent depth charge attack was carried out. Swansea followed with a deliberate d/c attack, after which contact was lost. It was not until the mid-1980’s that record reconstruction proved that U-311 had been sunk in this engagement. (Dave Shirlaw)


9 posted on 04/22/2014 4:27:17 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Tax-chick; fso301
Tax-chick, April 17: Does anyone believe M’Arthur has no post-war political ambitions?

fso301: Post-war ambitions are a different matter. At the moment, I believe the speculation revolves around this November's election. Nothing I have ever read suggested he was interested in the 1944 presidential election.

Homer: Whoever supplied this item evidently though otherwise -

“For MacArthur, who celebrated with a chocolate ice-cream soda as he toured the beach-heads, the victory is a consolation for his fading presidential hopes following his defeat in the Republican primary at Wisconsin three weeks ago.”

10 posted on 04/22/2014 4:29:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

No fair reading for detail!


11 posted on 04/22/2014 4:31:08 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

They may be blasting Colonge, but at least they managed to avoid the Ford plant. Perhaps because the British terror bombers concentrate on residential areas.


12 posted on 04/22/2014 5:01:30 AM PDT by PAR35
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Tax on Night Clubs Costs 5,000 Jobs of Entertainers

15,000 out of work May 1 Seen as Sequel to New 30% Amusements Levy

*****

Gotta love those Democrats in government. Who would ever imagine that taxing the bejabbers out of something would cause unemployment or business closures? It’s not as if they had any historical data to go on!


13 posted on 04/22/2014 5:12:28 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
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To: Tax-chick

Taxes and growing labor union strength helped end the Big Band Era in jazz and pushed it towards Bebop with small combos that had fewer permanent members. Very much overlooked government influence on music!


14 posted on 04/22/2014 5:18:58 AM PDT by jjotto ("Ya could look it up!")
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Are there any details available on that “World Monetary Plan Adopted” headline??

The scale of the war, globally... at this point, is stunning.


15 posted on 04/22/2014 6:39:35 AM PDT by SomeCallMeTim ( The best minds are not in government. If any were, business would hire them!)
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To: jjotto

I hadn’t thought of that.


16 posted on 04/22/2014 8:48:55 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Drew Middleton is obviously on General Patton’s team.


17 posted on 04/22/2014 8:53:03 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
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To: SomeCallMeTim
Are there any details available on that “World Monetary Plan Adopted” headline??

Not today. At some point there will be an article or two on the establishment of the IMF.

18 posted on 04/22/2014 9:05:51 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
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To: Homer_J_Simpson; Tax-chick
“For MacArthur, who celebrated with a chocolate ice-cream soda as he toured the beach-heads, the victory is a consolation for his fading presidential hopes following his defeat in the Republican primary at Wisconsin three weeks ago.”

Thanks! Learn a new thing every day. If I ever came across that, I must have skimmed over it and quickly forgotten about it because it didn't pertain directly to the war. Sorry tax-chick for having steered you wrong.

19 posted on 04/22/2014 1:41:18 PM PDT by fso301
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To: fso301

No problem. More interesting is that M’Arthur was clearly being disingenuous when he disclaimed immediate political ambition.


20 posted on 04/22/2014 3:45:30 PM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
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To: Tax-chick
More interesting is that M’Arthur was clearly being disingenuous when he disclaimed immediate political ambition.

Yep. I have read where earlier in the war, others travelling from the Southwest Pacific to the States relayed messages from him that he had no interest in political office. That sort of closed my mind to the subject. Evidently, he had a more recent change of heart.

Unless it was some sort of a write-in-ballot campaign, it's hard to imagine what would cause a person that hadn't read American newspapers or listened to American radio in years think he had a chance.

21 posted on 04/22/2014 4:11:38 PM PDT by fso301
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To: Homer_J_Simpson

Hello all,
I just discovered that the entire archive of Pathé Newsreel has been put on YouTube, over 85000 reels.. As you will note in the article, there is extensive contemporary footage from WW I and WW II. More details here: http://variety.com/2014/digital/news/british-pathe-uploads-entire-85000-film-archive-to-youtube-in-hd-1201159599/


22 posted on 04/22/2014 5:10:51 PM PDT by rotstan
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