Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Microfilm-New York Times archives, Monterey Public Library | 4/24/44 | Frank L. Kluckhohn, Sidney Shalett, Harold Denny, C.L. Sulzberger, Hanson W. Baldwin, more

Posted on 04/24/2014 4:36:24 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson


 photo 0424-great_zps47efaa38.jpg


 photo 0424-great2_zps76a9b78a.jpg


 photo 0424-great3_zpsd65cc199.jpg


 photo 0424-great4_zps2636d234.jpg


 photo 0424-great5_zps45a61f27.jpg


 photo 0424-great6_zps4fbbce54.jpg


 photo 0424-great7_zps0f100546.jpg


 photo 0424-great8_zps374aea95.jpg


 photo 0424-great9_zps36178899.jpg


 photo 0424-great10_zps560dbfa1.jpg


 photo 0424-great11_zps1650f05d.jpg


 photo 0424-great12_zps81edc6dd.jpg


 photo 0424-great13_zps513ab877.jpg

TOPICS: History
KEYWORDS: milhist; realtime; worldwarii
Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
1 posted on 04/24/2014 4:36:24 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson
Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
Netherlands New Guinea; Hollandia, 1944 – Invasion of Hollandia, Operations of I Corps (Reckless Task Force)
Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Leningrad and Ukraine Offensives – Operations, 2 December 1943-30 April 1944
Allied Advance to Volturno River, Reorganization, and Attack on Gustav Line (17 January-11 May 1944)
Anzio-Cassino Area, 1943: Attempts to Cross Rapido and Garigliano Rivers, 17-20 January 1944. Anzio Landing, 22 January 1944. German Counterattack at Anzio, 16-19 February 1944
New Guinea and Alamo Force Operations: Clearing the Huon Peninsula and Securing the Straits, 19 September 1943-26 April 1944
Cartwheel, the Seizure of the Gilberts and Marshalls, and Concurrent Air and Naval Operations, 30 June 1943-26 April 1944
The Western Pacific, New Guinea and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Marianas, Biak and Noemfoor, 22 April-24 July 1944, and Japanese Kon and “A” Go Operations 30 May-19 June 1944
The Far East and the Pacific, 1941: Original Allied Strategic Concept, May 1943; Situation in Pacific, 1 November 1943
China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
2 posted on 04/24/2014 4:37:00 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson
 photo 0424-great14_zpsc4537a53.jpg

The Nimitz Graybook

3 posted on 04/24/2014 4:37:43 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson
[Continued from April 16.]

The instructions Wilson received reflected my views, and in a telegram to the President on April 24 I said:

I am very glad at what has happened in Italy. It seems to me that we have both succeeded in gaining what we sought. The only thing now lacking is a victory. I had long talks with Alexander when he was here for a few days’ consultation. He defended his actions or inactions, with much force, pointing out the small plurality of his army, its mixed character, there being no fewer than seven separate nationalities against the homogeneous Germans, the vileness of the weather, and the extremely awkward nature of the ground. At latest by May 14 he will attack and push everything in as hard as possible. If this battle were successful, or even raging at full blast, it would fit in very well with other plans.

Winston S. Churchill, Closing the Ring

4 posted on 04/24/2014 4:39:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
Great Pacific Leap (Kluckhohn) – 2-3
New Stride by Allies in Southwest Pacific (map) – 3
Navy is Confident (Shalett) – 4-5
Jade Center Won by Burma Allies – 5
Enemy Increases Chengchow Blows – 5-6
Allies Assert Death Blow for Luftwaffe is in Sight (Denny) – 6
Revolt on 3 Ships Crushed by Greeks (Sulzberger) – 6-7
Foe’s Supply Line in Italy Bombed – 7
Air Gunner Mangin Forgets about Tennis as He Acquires Gray Hairs in Sky Fights – 7
‘Commando’ Kelly in Country at Last – 7
British Rehearse for Air Invasion; Enemy Threatens Surprise Blow – 8
War News Summarized – 8
Photo of Generals Brereton, Spaatz and Eisenhower – 9
New Zealanders Busy (Baldwin) – 10
Air Power and the War (by Alexander P. de Seversky) – 10
The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the War – 11-13
5 posted on 04/24/2014 4:40:18 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson

“Meteors” over Munich
Monday, April 24, 1944

Over Germany... The US 8th Air Force raids factories and airfields in Friedrichshafen, near Munich. A total of 55 planes are lost, including 14 which land or crash in Switzerland. During the night, 250 RAF Lancaster bombers scatter “Flying Meteor” methane-petrol incendiary bombs over Munich causing devastation in the area between Central Station and the Isar River.

In Liberated Italy... The Italian “Co-Belligerent Air Force” now operates over the Adriatic Sea.

In New Guinea... American forces reach Lake Sentani near Hollandia. To the east, Australian forces advancing from the Huon Peninsula capture Madang.

In Egypt... British troops end their blockade of the mutinous Greek brigade encampment.

6 posted on 04/24/2014 4:41:02 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson

April 24th, 1944

UNITED KINGDOM: The actor and composer Ivor Novello is sentenced to two months imprisonment for offences concerned with petrol rationing.

Submarine HMS Selene launched.

Frigate HMS Cawsand Bay laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

ENGLISH CHANNEL: Rescue tug HMS Zoder Zee torpedoed and sunk by a German MTB off Dungeness. (Dave Shirlaw)

GERMANY: A Mosquito VI, piloted by Wg./Cdr. G. L. “Leonard” Cheshire VC, of No. 617 Squadron is used to carry out the first low-level target-marking during a raid on Augsburg. (22)

U-793, U-1018 commissioned. (Dave Shirlaw)

EGYPT: Alexandria: The remaining striking warships and the First Brigade of the Greek Army surrender, ending a three-week mutiny in the exiled Greek forces under the Allied High Command.

BURMA: Air Commando Combat Mission N0. 49 3:15 Flight Time.

Hailakandi, Assam to Indaw, Burma. Bombed Japanese supply dumps and railroad. Notes: We circled over the lake where we had been the day before. I looked at what was left of the Burmese village. There were dozens of spots of gray. The town was just not there. I wondered what their casualties were? My pilot and friend was on his way to the States and I now flew Barbie III with many different pilots, some good and some not so good; hoping I would also be rotated back to the ZI in the near future. (Chuck Baisden)

NEW GUINEA: Australian troops capture Madang.

CANADA: Corvette HMCS Orangeville commissioned.
Minesweeper HMCS Mulgrave arrived Devonport and assigned 32nd Minesweeping flotilla, then 31st Minesweeping Flotilla.

Corvettes HMCS Alberni and Port Arthur departed Halifax for UK.

Tug HMCS Shawville assigned to Gaspe, Province of Quebec.

(Dave Shirlaw)

U.S.A.: Washington: US military strategists agree that to defeat Japan it will be necessary to invade Japan itself.

Charles Lindbergh, the famous aviator, leaves San Diego bound for the Pacific theatre as a consultant for the Chance-Vought corporation, to observe various problems being encountered by Corsair pilots. (Marc James Small)

Destroyer USS Drexler laid down. (Dave Shirlaw)

ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-672 was attacked twice on this day by Allied aircraft, suffering slight damage. (Dave Shirlaw)

7 posted on 04/24/2014 4:42:07 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson

My great-uncle is in the New Guinea campaign.

8 posted on 04/24/2014 4:55:45 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Entropy is high. Wear a hat! And carry an umbrella.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: Tax-chick

Do you know his unit? My father was in the 32nd Infantry Div., which is taking part in the Aitape landing.

9 posted on 04/24/2014 5:18:33 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson ("Every nation has the government that it deserves." - Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821))
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson

I think I have it on file somewhere. My father tried several times to get his uncle to record his experiences “for the record,” but he wouldn’t.

10 posted on 04/24/2014 6:37:30 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Celebrating the return of Piper after 16 days on the lam. Have a drink!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson
There is a publicly available Ernie Pyle column for today, and from modern sensibilities it is archaic in a couple of places. It is about the quartermaster corps.
IU Archives
Pyle chatting with DeWitt Jones (Pacific Fleet)

WITH FIFTH ARMY BEACHHEAD FORCES IN ITALY, April 24, 1944 – Once on shore, our supplies for the Anzio beachhead are taken over by the Quartermaster Corps (food and clothing) and the Ordnance Department (ammunition).

The Quartermaster Corps is traditionally seldom in great danger. Up here on the beachhead they are blowing that tradition all to hell.

The Quartermaster Corps has been under fire ever since the beachhead was established, and still is. Its casualties from enemy action have been relatively high.

Around seventy percent of the Quartermaster troops on the beachhead are colored boys. They help unload ships right at the dock. They drive trucks. They man the supply dumps. Hardly a day goes by without casualties among them. But they take this bombing and shelling bravely. They make an awful lot of funny remarks about it, but they take it.


We drove out to one of the ration dumps where wooden boxes of rations are stacked head-high in piles for hundreds of yards, as in a lumber yard. Trucks from the waterfront add continually to the stock, and other trucks from the various outfits continually haul it away.

Our ration dumps are not at all immune from shellfire. This single one has had more than a hundred shells in it. Many of the soldier workmen have been killed or wounded.

Ration dumps seldom burn, because you can’t burn C-rations. But early in the beachhead’s existence they hit a dump of cigarets and millions of them went up in smoke.

Our local dumps of ammunition, food, and equipment of a thousand kinds are now so numerous that a German artilleryman could shut his eyes and fire in our general direction and be almost bound to hit something.

Our dumps do get hit; but the fires are put out quickly, the losses are immediately replaced, and the reserve grows bigger and bigger.


The boss of the Quartermaster troops is a former newspaper man – Lt. Col. Cornelius Holcomb of Seattle. He worked on the Seattle Times for twelve years before going into the Army. He is a heavily built, smiling, fast-talking, cigar-smoking man who takes terrific pride in the job his colored boys have done. He said there’s one thing about having colored troops – you always eat like a king. If you need a cook you just say, "Company, halt! Any cooks in this outfit?" And then pick out whoever looks best.

The colonel himself has had many close squeaks up here. Just before I saw him, a bomb had landed outside his bivouac door. It blew in one wall, and hurt several men.

Another time he was standing in a doorway on the Anzio waterfront talking to a lieutenant. Stone steps led from the doorway down into a basement behind him.

As they talked, the colonel heard a bomb whistle. He dropped down on the steps and yelled to the lieutenant, "Hit the deck!"

The bomb hit smack in front of the door and the lieutenant came tumbling down on top of him. "Are you hurt?" Colonel Holcomb asked. The lieutenant didn’t answer. Holcomb nosed back to see what was the matter. The lieutenant’s head was lying over in a corner.

Soon a medical man came and asked the blood-covered colonel if he was hurt. Colonel Holcomb said no. "Are you sure?" the doctor asked. "I don’t think I am," the colonel said.

"Well, you better drink this anyway," the doctor said. And poured him a water glass full of rum which had him in the clouds all day.


In the Quartermaster Corps they’ve begun a system of sending the key men away after about six weeks on the beachhead and giving them a week’s rest at some nice place like Sorrento.

A man who goes day and night on an urgent job under the constant strain of danger finally begins to feel a little punchy or "slugbutt," as the saying goes. In other words, he has the beginnings of "Anzio anxiety," without even knowing it.

But after a week’s rest he comes back to the job in high gear, full of good spirits, and big and brave. It’s too bad all forms of war can’t be fought that way.

Ernie Pyle
Source: Ernie's War: The Best of Ernie Pyle's World War II Dispatches, edited by David Nichols, pp. 263-65. Pictures courtesy of The Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana
back to Wartime Columns

There will be no columns available for a little while. But the next few will come in rapid succession and from...a rather different part of Europe.

11 posted on 04/24/2014 9:09:58 AM PDT by untenured
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Homer_J_Simpson; henkster
Oh, boy, it's hard to know where to start on de Seversky today.

How about this choice item, that the attack on Guadalcanal was "premature"? Would he have preferred we wait until the Japanese were firmly established on the island?

12 posted on 04/24/2014 12:36:37 PM PDT by colorado tanker
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: colorado tanker

I’m convinced de Seversky had a drinking problem. Guadalcanal was by no means “premature.” It was the perfect time and place to start on the road back. The aerial battles there destroyed the cream of the Japanese pilots, and gave the Americans the experience to dominate them in the sky. Also, the IJN suffered losses they could not replace, and the rest of their fleet suffered damage and wear and tear that could not be repaired.

While the US Navy runs wild in the Central Pacific, the IJN is running away, all the way to Lingga Roads at Singapore. This was only made possible by the grinding and bitter naval battles off Guadalcanal.

As for the rest of de Seversky’s article today, the best word I can come up with is “gibberish.”

13 posted on 04/24/2014 1:17:21 PM PDT by henkster
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: henkster
I agree completely. Guadalcanal was done on a shoestring and strained our limited resources at that time, but it absolutely was the right time and place to stop the Japanese advance.

There was mention of Savo Island today. Thank goodness the commander behaved in a very Japanese way and withdrew after roughing up the cruisers and destroyers rather than attacking the ships in the anchorage. That could really have set us back.

Rumored to be a candid pic of de Seversky:

14 posted on 04/24/2014 2:43:52 PM PDT by colorado tanker
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794 is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson