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Prehistoric Europeans Took Poppies and Mushrooms in Prayer
Mysterious Universe ^ | 5-14-2014

Posted on 05/17/2014 12:09:18 PM PDT by Renfield

It’s not much of a stretch to believe that getting stoned in the Stone Age was as popular among prehistoric Europeans as it is now. However, new evidence suggests that marijuana, mushrooms, alcohol and other mood-altering substances were used for more than zonking with Zonk – they played crucial roles in spiritual practices, especially burial rituals and communications with the after-world.

Elisa Guerra-Doce of the Universidad de Valladolid in Spain has documented the cultural contexts in which forms of alcohol and drugs were used in prehistoric Europe. The forms she looked for were fossilized leaves and seeds of psychoactive plants, residues of alcohol, psychoactive alkaloids in artifacts and bones and drawings or paintings of the use of these substances. Some samples she found were bits of opium in teeth in Spain, cannabis seeds in Romanian bowls, beer vessels in Iberia and art in the Alps depicting the use of hallucinogenic mushrooms.

Bowls and tools for drug and alcohol use

Bowls. tools and seeds are evidence of prehistoric drug and alcohol use

Guerra-Doce reports in the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory that the evidence of drugs and alcohol was most often found in tombs and places where ceremonies appeared to occur. This suggests they may have been used to prepare the bodies for burial, provide the dead with sustenance and comfort in the next world and possibly alter the consciousness of the living in an attempt to communicate with them.

Because evidence of drugs and alcohol was found much less frequently outside of ceremonial areas, Guerra-Doce surmises that their usage was regulated.

Far from being consumed for hedonistic purposes, drug plants and alcoholic drinks had a sacred role among prehistoric societies. It is not surprising that most of the evidence derives from both elite burials and restricted ceremonial sites, suggesting the possibility that the consumption of mind-altering products was socially controlled in prehistoric Europe.

Perhaps it’s time we start looking beyond just ‘eating’ like a caveman.


TOPICS: History; Religion; Science
KEYWORDS: anthropology; archaeology; faithandphilosophy; ggg; godsgravesglyphs

1 posted on 05/17/2014 12:09:18 PM PDT by Renfield
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To: SunkenCiv

Ping


2 posted on 05/17/2014 12:09:34 PM PDT by Renfield (Turning apples into venison since 1999!)
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To: Renfield


3 posted on 05/17/2014 12:12:12 PM PDT by JoeProBono (SOME IMAGES MAY BE DISTURBING VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED;-{)
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To: Renfield

This sort of thing has been known for a long time.

Pagans have always done this.

When the Old Testament talks about witchcraft it uses a word that means drugs, we got our words pharmacy, pharmaceuticals etc.. from it’s root.

Philip K Dick wrote a book about an Episcopal priest who became so obsessed with the idea that the original Host was actually a hallucinogenic mushroom found in cave in the Middle East that he went out looking for it and was never found again, or died looking for it. The book is called The Transmigration of Timothy Archer and was based on a Bishop Pike.


4 posted on 05/17/2014 12:37:02 PM PDT by ifinnegan
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To: Renfield
Perhaps it’s time we start looking beyond just ‘eating’ like a caveman.

It's not science when the agenda is so blatant.

5 posted on 05/17/2014 12:37:17 PM PDT by ClearCase_guy (Fegelein! Fegelein! Fegelein!)
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To: Renfield

A litte Peyote or Syllacibin makes a vision quest move along a whole lot smoother. :-)


6 posted on 05/17/2014 12:45:09 PM PDT by Georgia Girl 2 (The only purpose o f a pistol is to fight your way back to the rifle you should never have dropped.)
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To: ifinnegan
When the Old Testament talks about witchcraft it uses a word that means drugs, we got our words pharmacy, pharmaceuticals etc.. from it’s root.

I always found it somewhat puzzling the giving the ambiguous meanings of pharmakeia, they chose "drugs" over "poisons".

7 posted on 05/17/2014 12:52:28 PM PDT by tacticalogic
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To: Renfield

Cannabis seeds are highly nutritious but they are not psychoactive so she can scratch that one off of the list.


8 posted on 05/17/2014 12:59:28 PM PDT by TigersEye ("No man left behind" is more than an Army Ranger credo it's the character of America.)
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To: Renfield

This brings back reading all those novels about Carlos Castendeda, and the teachings of Don Juan.


9 posted on 05/17/2014 1:01:40 PM PDT by lee martell
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To: Renfield
art in the Alps depicting the use of hallucinogenic mushrooms


10 posted on 05/17/2014 1:55:58 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: AdmSmith; AnonymousConservative; Berosus; bigheadfred; Bockscar; cardinal4; ColdOne; ...

Thanks Renfield.


11 posted on 05/17/2014 2:11:48 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; ...
Thanks Renfield. Whoops, wrong list.

12 posted on 05/17/2014 2:12:38 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Renfield

Priestly elites were drunks and stoners


13 posted on 05/17/2014 2:16:31 PM PDT by bert ((K.E. N.P. N.C. +12 ..... History is a process, not an event)
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To: SunkenCiv

I thought it said puppies.

Stoopid iPhone.


14 posted on 05/17/2014 2:25:24 PM PDT by Salamander (Black Ace Dog Handler)
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To: Renfield

Far from being consumed for hedonistic purposes, drug plants and alcoholic drinks had a sacred role among prehistoric societies.

***
Well, when every waking moment is consumed with keeping body and soul together, I don’t think one has the luxury of being drunk and stupid.


15 posted on 05/17/2014 2:47:53 PM PDT by Bigg Red (1 Pt 1: As he who called you is holy, be holy yourselves in every aspect of your conduct.)
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To: ClearCase_guy

Good point.


16 posted on 05/17/2014 2:49:54 PM PDT by Bigg Red (1 Pt 1: As he who called you is holy, be holy yourselves in every aspect of your conduct.)
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To: Salamander
Puppies were consumed in ritual dinners in ancient Sardis (the capital of Lydia until it was conquered by Cyrus the Great).

See Crawford H. Greenewalt, Ritual Dinner in Early Historic Sardis (University of California Press). Greenewalt cites an older book by H. Scholz, Der Hund in der griechisch-roemischen Magie und Religion, which I have not seen. Greenewalt also cites Isaiah 66.3, which seems to refer to some kind of ritual killing of dogs.

17 posted on 05/17/2014 2:57:20 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: Salamander

I thought it was “poopies”, and wondered why the big deal?


18 posted on 05/17/2014 3:05:23 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Renfield

Herodotus tells how the Massagetae threw a plant on the fire (apparently marijuana) and became intoxicated from the smoke, comparing it to wine in Greece (1.102). He also tells how the Scythians threw cannabis seeds on the fire; the fumes would make them shriek with delight (4.75). He regards that (the fumes from the seeds) as how they got clean instead of bathing with water.


19 posted on 05/17/2014 3:06:14 PM PDT by Verginius Rufus
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To: Verginius Rufus

BLEAH!

Don’t wanna read ~that~.

:-\


20 posted on 05/17/2014 4:11:23 PM PDT by Salamander (Black Ace Dog Handler)
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To: Renfield

"Dude!"
21 posted on 05/17/2014 5:23:05 PM PDT by Rebelbase (Tagline: optional, printed after your name on post)
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To: MUDDOG

"Poppies. Poppies will put them to sleep."

22 posted on 05/17/2014 7:44:35 PM PDT by Ken H
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To: Ken H

What a beautiful picture! The contrast between background and foreground reminds me of my old Viewmaster.


23 posted on 05/17/2014 7:51:52 PM PDT by MUDDOG
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To: Bigg Red

Unless you’ve set society up in such a way that other people work to your welfare and benefit. Where have I heard this before?


24 posted on 05/18/2014 6:22:53 AM PDT by 1010RD (First, Do No Harm)
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To: SunkenCiv

A tradition carried on to this day, as we attend services at our favorite team’s stadium and worship them while imbibing intoxicating beverages.


25 posted on 05/21/2014 5:16:47 PM PDT by colorado tanker
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