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Researchers 'reverse symptoms of Alzheimer's' in mice with novel compound
Medical News Today ^ | 05/21/2014 | Honor Whiteman

Posted on 05/21/2014 8:44:04 AM PDT by SeekAndFind

More than 5 million people in the US have Alzheimer's disease, and this number is estimated to rise to 16 million by 2050. Such figures emphasize the importance of finding new treatments for the condition, and new research from Saint Louis University in Missouri could provide just that. In a mouse study, researchers were able to reverse symptoms of Alzheimer's using a newly created molecular compound.

The Saint Louis team, led by Susan Farr, PhD, a professor of geriatrics at the university, developed a compound called antisense oligonucleotide (OL-1). When tested on mouse models with Alzheimer's disease, they found the compound reversed classic symptoms of the disease - brain inflammation and learning and memory deficits.

The researchers explain that OL-1 works by blocking messenger RNA (mRNA) that stimulates the production of excess amyloid-beta protein, which can lead to the development of amyloid-beta plaques - a hallmark of Alzheimer's.

In detail, the compound was able to reduce the overexpression of the amyloid-beta protein precursor gene, which regulates the amount of amyloid-beta protein present in the body.

Compound tested on human amyloid-beta gene

To reach their findings, recently published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, the team tested OL-1 on genetically engineered mice that overproduced a "mutant" form of the human amyloid-beta protein precursor gene.

They note that in a previous study, they had tested the compound on mice that naturally overproduced mouse amyloid-beta. Although this study was successful, the team wanted to test the compound on a human form of the gene to see if it was just as effective.

Mouse on cage
Researchers found that the OL-1 compound reversed symptoms of Alzheimer's - including learning and memory impairments - in mice.

The mice had high levels of the amyloid-beta protein, which increased inflammation in the brain and caused damaged to the hippocampus, leading to learning and memory impairments.

To serve as a comparison, the researchers tested a random antisense compound on healthy wild mice. Approximately half of the genetically engineered mice received the same antisense compound, while the other half received OL-1.

All mice were then subject to a series of experiments that measured learning, memory and appropriate behavior - such as recognizing an object, exploring an unfamiliar location and finding their way through a maze.

The team found that the genetically engineered mice who received OL-1 demonstrated improved learning and memory, compared with the genetically engineered mice that received the random antisense compound.

On comparing the effects of OL-1 in genetically engineered mice and the random antisense compound in wild mice, the researchers found no differences in learning and memory.

In addition, the researchers tested different injection sites of OL-1 on the mice, such as through the central nervous system so it entered the brain directly, and through a tail vein so it circulated the bloodstream. However, they found that injection site had no influence on outcomes.

Commenting on the study results, Farr says:

"Our findings reinforce the importance of amyloid-beta protein in the Alzheimer's disease process. They suggest that an antisense that targets the precursor to amyloid-beta protein is a potential therapy to explore to reversing symptoms of Alzheimer's disease."

This is the latest in a line of studies to look into potential treatments for Alzheimer's. Medical News Today recently reported on a study published in Nature Chemical Biology, which suggested that a novel class of compounds called "pharmacologic chaperones" could significantly reduce amyloid-beta levels in Alzheimer's patients.

Recent research from Ohio State University found that caring for horses may ease symptoms of Alzheimer's, while a study from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, and the University of Pennsylvania suggested that Alzheimer's onset could be slowed with a commonly prescribed antidepressant.

TOPICS: Health/Medicine; Science
KEYWORDS: alzheimers

1 posted on 05/21/2014 8:44:04 AM PDT by SeekAndFind
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To: SeekAndFind


this is in GREAT SUPPLY in and around DC isnt it???

seriously though thank you!

2 posted on 05/21/2014 8:46:53 AM PDT by MeshugeMikey ( "Never, never, never give up". Winston Churchill)
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To: SeekAndFind

They’re closing in, maybe a couple more years. It is a rather straightforward disease, and they have all the tools to nail it.

3 posted on 05/21/2014 8:51:32 AM PDT by proxy_user
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To: SeekAndFind

God bless and lead these researchers. Alzheimers is one dreadful disease.

4 posted on 05/21/2014 8:55:57 AM PDT by EDINVA
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To: SeekAndFind

Great news for mice with Alzheimers.

5 posted on 05/21/2014 8:57:24 AM PDT by dfwgator
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To: MeshugeMikey

I forgot what they said...

6 posted on 05/21/2014 9:03:03 AM PDT by the anti-mahdi
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I hope they make advances in the treatment of this horrible disease. I worry about my kids more then anything else. My grandmother had it for the last ten years of her life. She couldn't even move a muscle during the last year of her life. My wife's grandmother also had Alzheimers. My kids have a chance of getting it from both sides of the family. It is a terrible disease that hurts the family members as much as the person with the disease.
7 posted on 05/21/2014 9:16:39 AM PDT by peeps36 (Save The Tortoise And Kill The People)
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To: dfwgator
dfwgator:" Great news for mice with Alzheimers."

If it can be used in later stages of Alzhiemers ,
maybe there's enough for Harry and Nanzi ?

8 posted on 05/21/2014 9:25:41 AM PDT by Tilted Irish Kilt (Political Correctness is Tyranny .. with manners ! Charlton Heston)
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To: peeps36

Yes, God willing, this won’t affect our children (or maybe not even US!) My mother had it, also, but passed before she was in the stage of your grandmother. It’s a heartbreaking, crushing disease that I don’t think folks understand until it touches them.

And part of the problem, i.e., with your grandmother, is that the healthier physically the victim is, the longer they live and suffer this cruel disease. My sister swore after watching it devastate our mother that there was no way she was going to quit smoking!

9 posted on 05/21/2014 9:30:02 AM PDT by EDINVA
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To: proxy_user

Alzheimer’s is generally regarded as multifactorial with several underlying pathologies: reduced cerebrovascular blood flow, reduced insulin mediated glucose uptake into the hippocampus, shrinking gray matter, reduced oxidative efficiency in the mitochondria, premature neuronal cell death from reactive oxygen species.

Nearly a dozen big pharmas have long abandoned the amyloid beta plaque hypothesis as a valid therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s: getting the plaque out did nothing to improve the prognosis for Alzheimer’s in humans.

10 posted on 05/21/2014 9:30:05 AM PDT by kruss3
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To: SeekAndFind

I hope and pray that this compound is really a miracle cure for those with Alzheimers, and that it eventually becomes available at a relatively affordable price.

It would do such an enormous amount of good for the millions who are afflicted today, and hopefully cause healthcare spending to plummet at the same time.

11 posted on 05/21/2014 10:53:34 AM PDT by Corporate Democrat
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