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Massive New Monument Found in Petra
nationalgeographic.com ^ | 06-08-2016 | By Kristin Romey

Posted on 06/09/2016 9:25:36 AM PDT by Red Badger

An overhead image of the monument photographed from a drone, and a detail overlay of the surface features in which the image is rotated 90 degrees clockwise. Photograph by I. LaBianca (Left) and Photograph by I. LaBianca; graphics by J. Blanzy (Right)

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Satellites and drones helped reveal huge ceremonial platform near the ancient city’s center.

An enormous monument has been hiding in plain sight at the World Heritage site of Petra, according to a study recently published in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

Archaeologists Sarah Parcak, a National Geographic fellow, and Christopher Tuttle, executive director of the Council of American Overseas Research Centers, used high-resolution satellite imagery followed by aerial drone photography and ground surveys to locate and document the structure.

They report that the monument is roughly as long as an Olympic-size swimming pool and twice as wide. It sits only about half a mile (800 meters) south of the center of the ancient city.

The enormous platform has no known parallels to any other structure in Petra.

The caravan city of Petra, in what is today southern Jordan, served as the capital of the Arab tribe known as the Nabataeans from its likely founding in the mid-second century B.C. The site was essentially abandoned at the end of the Byzantine period in the seventh century A.D.

Hundreds of thousands of tourists visit its iconic buildings, hewn from the local red sandstone, each year.

The entire Petra Archaeological Park covers about 102 square miles (264 square kilometers), but the city's center encompasses an area of only 2.3 square miles (6 square kilometers).

As evidenced by the latest discovery, while the hinterlands north and south of Petra's ancient city center have been well surveyed since explorer Johann Burckhardt arrived in 1812, new discoveries continue to be made around its urban core.

Petra's Monastery may be the only elevated, dedicated public or ceremonial display area that's larger than the newly discovered platform. Photograph by DESIGN PICS INC, National Geographic Creative =================================================================================================

A First for Petra

The newly revealed structure consists of a 184-by-161-foot (about 56-by-49-meter) platform that encloses a slightly smaller platform originally paved with flagstones. The east side of the interior platform had been lined with a row of columns that once crowned a monumental staircase.

A small 28-by-28-foot (8.5-by-8.5-meter) building was centered north-south atop the interior platform and opened to the east, facing the staircase.

This enormous open platform, topped with a relatively small building and approached by a monumental facade, has no known parallels to any other structure in Petra. It most likely had a public, ceremonial function, which may make it the second largest elevated, dedicated display area yet known in Petra after the Monastery.

This new discovery may be a unique public monument from the city's early years.

While the monument has not been excavated, the presence of surface pottery dating from the mid-second century B.C. suggests that construction of the structure began during the Nabataeans' initial public building program.

Most of the monuments that can be seen in Petra today, such as its iconic Treasury and the Monastery, were built during its second heyday, from the end of the first century B.C. to the second century A.D. The city had already been around for a century or more by that time, notes Tuttle, which may make the new discovery a unique public monument from the city's early years.

In describing the find, Tuttle hails the use of satellite and drone imagery for providing archaeologists with the broad aerial perspectives that enable them to identify the faint footprints of ancient buildings, and then understand how historical monuments and sites relate to each other across the landscape.

"I'm sure that over the course of two centuries of research [in Petra], someone had to know [this site] was there, but it's never been systematically studied or written up," says Tuttle. "I've worked in Petra for 20 years, and I knew that something was there, but it's certainly legitimate to call this a discovery."


TOPICS: History; Outdoors; Religion; Science
KEYWORDS: archeology; christianity; egypt; egyptologist; egyptology; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; jordan; nabataeans; petra; remotesensing; sarahparcak; satellitearchaeology; spacearchaeology
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1 posted on 06/09/2016 9:25:36 AM PDT by Red Badger
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To: SunkenCiv
PinGGG!.............................
2 posted on 06/09/2016 9:26:18 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: Red Badger

One of the most fascinating places on the planet.


3 posted on 06/09/2016 9:41:29 AM PDT by sparklite2 ( "The white man is the Jew of Liberal Fascism." -Jonah Goldberg)
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To: Red Badger

Its description could be a market place.


4 posted on 06/09/2016 9:46:01 AM PDT by SatinDoll (A NATURAL BORN CITIZEN IS BORN IN THE USA OF TWO USA CITIZENS)
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To: Red Badger; blam; BenLurkin; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; decimon; 1010RD; 21twelve; ...
Hey, nice pics! See also the earlier topic. Thanks Red Badger.

5 posted on 06/09/2016 9:49:27 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (I'll tell you what's wrong with society -- no one drinks from the skulls of their enemies anymore.)
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To: Red Badger

No worries. Isis/is/isil has plans for all those historic items. You didn’t build that. Moose-ham-head built that. If not............BOOM!


6 posted on 06/09/2016 9:53:38 AM PDT by rktman (Enlisted in the Navy in '67 to protect folks rights to strip my rights. WTH?!)
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To: rktman

Bookmark


7 posted on 06/09/2016 9:57:20 AM PDT by publius911 (IMPEACH HIM NOW evil, stupid, insane ignorant or just clueless, doesn't matter!)
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To: SatinDoll
Its description could be a market place.

Or a double-wide Olympic swimming pool.

8 posted on 06/09/2016 9:58:57 AM PDT by Zeppo ("Happy Pony is on - and I'm NOT missing Happy Pony")
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To: SatinDoll

I’m thinking maybe a temple of some sort, that was abandoned or demolished after Christianity took root..........................


9 posted on 06/09/2016 10:05:53 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: Red Badger
Construction shack -- torn down after the real construction work was finished... '-)
10 posted on 06/09/2016 10:56:51 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias; "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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To: TXnMA

It looks like the outline of a temple and courtyard. Perhaps to some pagan moon god..................hmmmm, who could that be?......................


11 posted on 06/09/2016 11:00:20 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: Red Badger
FWIW, the "Rose-red" Petra area seriously needs a good LiDAR overflight...
12 posted on 06/09/2016 11:03:02 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias; "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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To: SunkenCiv

Awesome, as usual! Thanks for the ping!


13 posted on 06/09/2016 11:44:20 AM PDT by Monkey Face (I'm not much on seizing the day. I just kinda poke it with a stick. :o]))
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To: TXnMA; Red Badger; Fred Nerks; SunkenCiv; blam; All

Perhaps it was the place where caravans keep their livestock enclosed along with guest houses and supply buildings. Why does every find always have to be religious/ceremonial?


14 posted on 06/10/2016 1:47:11 AM PDT by gleeaikin
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To: gleeaikin
"Why does every find always have to be religious/ceremonial?"

Ditto.

A bingo hall, maybe?

15 posted on 06/10/2016 5:39:46 AM PDT by blam (Jeff Sessions For President)
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To: gleeaikin

I’ve often wondered that as well, but this structure and layout is too precise and well planned for a stable and stockyards............


16 posted on 06/10/2016 6:15:47 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: gleeaikin

Plus, if you look closely at the pic on the left, you will see that it is a series of raised platforms, like stepped plains, so the camel theory is kind of a no go...............


17 posted on 06/10/2016 6:17:26 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: gleeaikin

..........and there are other known temple structures nearby, some Christian, some not...................


18 posted on 06/10/2016 6:31:24 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: gleeaikin; blam

Also note that the entire layout is facing slightly southeast, if you assume that the ‘front’ of the structure is the wide open area between the smaller square and the cliffs. That would indicate to me that it was made to face the rising sun. I don’t know what precise direction the sun rises at that location on the spring equinox or the summer solstice, but I’d bet it’s pretty close to that layout’s orientation.......................


19 posted on 06/10/2016 6:48:35 AM PDT by Red Badger (Make America AMERICA again!.........................)
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To: Red Badger; Fred Nerks; SunkenCiv; blam; All
Couldn't resist "playing with" the image -- and doing a little wild speculation.

So -- I rotated the image until it was orthogonal on the page, and then did a little spatial filtering to enhance linear features. The white dashed lines are what linear features I think I can see on the enhanced image.

Then -- just for grins -- I overlaid transparent, colored polygons where I speculate that there were four (4) stacked (but, not necessarily concentric) raised mounds or platforms -- including a staircase from the second to the third level...

...and, you really don't want to know my wild-@$$3d theory on the why it was built -- and the function it served... '-)

20 posted on 06/10/2016 11:11:56 AM PDT by TXnMA ("Allah": Satan's current alias; "Barack": Allah's current ally...)
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