Skip to comments.Searching for the Lost City of Copper [Enkomi, Cyprus]
Posted on 10/31/2017 4:25:47 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
"To the King of Egypt, my brother. Thus says the King of Alashiya, your brother: ... Send your messenger along with my messenger quickly and all the copper that you desire I will send you." ...these words are from the collection of tablets known as the Amarna Correspondence, a cache of diplomatic exchanges discovered in the late 19th century. Historians identify the king of Egypt as Akhenaten, but who was writing to him? And where was Alashiya? Many historians feel that the most likely candidate for copper-rich Alashiya is in Cyprus. But the story of identifying the lost city near the modern-day Cypriot village of Enkomi is filled with archaeological blunders and near misses. It is now known that during the Late Bronze Age... the Enkomi site was one of Cyprus's significant cities, a center of the copper trade, which was the island's main source of wealth... Much of the puzzle of Enkomi was finally pieced together under the team led by French archaeologist Claude F. A. Schaeffer. Educated at Strasbourg and Oxford, Schaeffer excavated in 1929 the ancient city of Ugarit, located on the Syrian coast opposite Cyprus. The abundance of Cypriot material found there led him to explore the ancient cultural ties between Ugarit and Cyprus. Schaeffer would later direct the long-running archaeological expedition in Enkomi until 1970, assisted by Porphyrios Dikaios, curator and later director of the Cypriot Department of Antiquities.
(Excerpt) Read more at nationalgeographic.com ...
Enkomi from the air. The Late Bronze Age site is located near Famagusta in Turkish-controlled Northern Cyprus. Photograph by Georg Gerster, Age Fotostock
[snip] 105. The tombs of Enkomi on Cyprus, excavated by A. S. Murray in 1896, were correctly assigned by him to the eighth-seventh century. [/snip]
They should write a book “The Lost City of C”
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Or even “The Lostt Flat of C”.
Civ...stuff like this is one reason you were missed. Thanks for posting it.
My pleasure, and thanks for the kind remarks!
Oh for ****’s sake. Click on this link, and the one up there will show. Or should. Or maybe I’m the only one having this problem.
I wonder when the aerial picture of the site was taken. When I was there in 2015, the site was completely overgrown with weeds, though you could make out the outlines of the foundation ruins. I had the entire site to myself. They warn you against walking off the established paths because there are many old wells and other unmarked holes, where people have fallen in and gotten seriously injured.
Thats a remarkable industrial center plus a cultural center.
"What happened? The owner of this website (www.postradar.net) does not allow hotlinking to that resource (/img/121193.jpg).
Still, very happy to see you back!
Perhaps the name “Cyprus” is related to the metal:
Merriam Webster’s gives the following etymology for copper:
Cyprus (anciently renowned for its copper mines) > Latin cuprum > Old-English caper / copor > English copper.
That’s the usual take on it, yup.
Because of the paintings in the Egyptian tomb of Rekhmire where the carriers of such ingots are labelled as “men of Keftiu”, it has been assumed that the principal carriers of such ingots were Minoans or possibly Mycenaeans... Vassos Karageorghis, the director of the Cypriot Antiquities Service, feels that the copper industry on Late Bronze Age Cyprus was entirely contolled by the Cypriots.
I prefer Cyprus as the biblical Caphtor and the Egyptian Keftiu. If Caphtor is not Cyprus, then the Old Testament completely omits reference to this large island close to the Syrian coast. The phonetics of the name also point to Cyprus. Separately I show that Tarshish was the name of Crete.
The identities of the first two countries mentioned by Esarhaddon are known: Iadanan is Cyprus and Iaman is the Ionian coast of Asia Minor; the location of Tarshishi, however, became the subject of some debate, for this statement by Esarhaddon is the only time the name appears in any Assyrian text. It was noted that Tarshishi has the determinative mãt for country in front of it, as do Idanana, or Cyprus and Iaman, or Ionia. The only clue to its location was its being described as a kingdom amidst the sea, apparently somewhat farther removed from Assyria than either Cyprus or Ionia... In 1914 D. D. Luckenbill ventured that Knossos, for Crete, would fit better. Three years later B. Meissner made a fresh examination of the cuneiform tablet and found that the original transliteration of the name had been mistaken, and that Tar-shi-shi was the correct reading.... Had Tarshishi been a city the name would have been preceded by the determinative URU; however, as mentioned above, it has mãt for country... Clearly Tarsisi was farther west than either Cyprus or Ionia. These criteria are filled admirably by Crete.
Thanks, it is very plausible. Now, let us identify the Tin islands https://theodora.com/encyclopedia/c/cassiterides.html
a mistaken identity or Cornwall?
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