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What Did Gladiators Eat?
BAR ^ | Monday, January 21, 2019 | Robin Ngo

Posted on 01/22/2019 11:03:08 PM PST by SunkenCiv

"For abdominal cramp or bruises," states Marcus Varro, and I quote his very words, "your hearth should be your medicine chest. Drink lye made from its ashes, and you will be cured. One can see how gladiators after a combat are helped by drinking this." -- Pliny, Natural History XXXVI.203

The Roman gladiator calls to mind a fierce fighter who, armed with an assortment of weapons, battled other gladiators -- and even wild animals. What did gladiators eat? Roman author Pliny the Elder reported that gladiators went by the nickname "hordearii" ("barley-eaters") and drank a tonic of ashes after combat (Pliny, NH XVIII.72, XXXVI.203). A study recently published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE confirmed that gladiators really did eat mostly plants -- especially barley and wheat -- and may have indeed consumed ashes...

Researchers from the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Bern and the Medical University of Vienna aimed to investigate how the diet of gladiators compared to the rest of the population. Using spectroscopy to conduct isotopic analysis on the bone remains from a second-third-century C.E. gladiator cemetery in Roman Ephesus in Turkey, the researchers were able to confirm that the individuals buried in the cemetery consumed a mostly plant-based diet -- as did the rest of the population in Ephesus...

"Plant ashes were evidently consumed to fortify the body after physical exertion and to promote better bone healing," study leader Fabian Kanz explained to ScienceDaily. "Things were similar then to what we do today -- we take magnesium and calcium (in the form of effervescent tablets, for example) following physical exertion."

(Excerpt) Read more at biblicalarchaeology.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: ancientautopsies; dietandcuisine; gladiators; godsgravesglyphs; romanempire
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Detail of a third-fourth-century C.E. mosaic depicting gladiatorial combat, now on display in the Galleria Borghese in Rome. Photo: Licensed under public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Detail of a third-fourth-century C.E. mosaic depicting gladiatorial combat, now on display in the Galleria Borghese in Rome. Photo: Licensed under public domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Tombstone excavated in the gladiator cemetery at Ephesus. Photo: © 2014 Lösch et al. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110489.g002.

Tombstone excavated in the gladiator cemetery at Ephesus. Photo: © 2014 Lösch et al. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110489.g002.

1 posted on 01/22/2019 11:03:08 PM PST by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ...

2 posted on 01/22/2019 11:05:39 PM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: SunkenCiv

You know I never gave it that much thought.


3 posted on 01/22/2019 11:06:12 PM PST by DIRTYSECRET (urope. Why do they put up with this.)
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To: SunkenCiv; Yaelle

Whole Food Plant Based.

Gladiators were proto-Vegans. Who knew?


4 posted on 01/22/2019 11:09:51 PM PST by Pelham (Secure Voter ID. Mexico has it, because unlike us they take voting seriously)
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To: DIRTYSECRET

The LOSERS!!!

You want ribs or a leg?


5 posted on 01/22/2019 11:10:38 PM PST by MadMax, the Grinning Reaper
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To: SunkenCiv

How about “carry-out”??


6 posted on 01/22/2019 11:11:03 PM PST by MadMax, the Grinning Reaper
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To: SunkenCiv

What do you call a smiling Roman soldier with a piece of hair stuck between his front teeth?


7 posted on 01/22/2019 11:12:25 PM PST by dfwgator (Endut! Hoch Hech!)
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To: MadMax, the Grinning Reaper

Hey they weren’t Aztecs or anything.

Just a heaping plate of pearled barley with an ash chaser.


8 posted on 01/22/2019 11:14:41 PM PST by Pelham (Secure Voter ID. Mexico has it, because unlike us they take voting seriously)
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To: dfwgator
Uh-oh, I dunno. I'll probably regret this...

9 posted on 01/22/2019 11:20:37 PM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: SunkenCiv
Romans in General were heavily into a wheat and grain diet. Hence the ‘bread and circuses’ bit. The legions had their own bakeries and they ground wheat, barley and other grains to produce the muesli sort of porridge eaten daily. There is an unconfirmed legend that pizza began from the legionaries during the Jewish War taking the shew bread the Jews baked and making it more palatable by baking it again with cheese and whatever vegetable toppings they could gather.
10 posted on 01/22/2019 11:22:56 PM PST by robowombat (Orthodox)
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To: SunkenCiv

This seems kinda weird; VEGAN gladiators? HUNH?


11 posted on 01/22/2019 11:23:33 PM PST by nopardons
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To: SunkenCiv

My bet...

Omnivores.


12 posted on 01/22/2019 11:28:38 PM PST by ButThreeLeftsDo (MAGA!!!)
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To: SunkenCiv

Food


13 posted on 01/22/2019 11:29:55 PM PST by US Navy Vet (Trump Train!!!)
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To: MadMax, the Grinning Reaper; robowombat; nopardons; ButThreeLeftsDo; US Navy Vet; DIRTYSECRET; ...
Anything he wants! :^)

A diet of cereals makes sense, since gladiators were slaves, and slaves were generally fed cereals. I'd never given it any thought, either. :^) "Caesar! Who made the salad?" "Me, and Seven Seas!"

14 posted on 01/22/2019 11:32:27 PM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: robowombat
Nooooooooooooo...the "bread" in the "BREAD AND CIRCUSES" saying is about what was FREE/what the government gave out to the poor and lower classes.

Ancient Romans of higher classes ate meat...the flesh of fowls, fish, and animals; though not as much of the latter! I've seen ancient cookery recipes, from ancient Roman times and they ate things like dormice, various cuts of pork, and chicken, with unsparing amounts of ghastly garum, which is a stinking ( as it smelled to high heaven )fermented fish sauce, made from fish innards, heads, tails, and stuff like that.

15 posted on 01/22/2019 11:33:01 PM PST by nopardons
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To: dfwgator

Gladiator


16 posted on 01/22/2019 11:33:52 PM PST by BookmanTheJanitor
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To: MadMax, the Grinning Reaper

There were food stalls, which were kind of like today’s “carry-out”. There are remains of these, with food still embedded in the lava,in Pompeii.


17 posted on 01/22/2019 11:34:51 PM PST by nopardons
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If you have a time machine avoid eating the pork served near the coliseum after The Games have been going for a while. No reason.

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3145694/posts?page=14#14


18 posted on 01/22/2019 11:37:08 PM PST by SunkenCiv (and btw -- https://www.gofundme.com/for-rotator-cuff-repair-surgery)
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To: SunkenCiv
ANYTHING they wanted to!


19 posted on 01/22/2019 11:37:13 PM PST by a fool in paradise (Denounce DUAC - The Democrats Un-American Activists Committee)
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To: SunkenCiv
LOL

But seriously, way back when, we all learned about who ate what, in Ancient Rome, in first year Latin class...which I still remember. And Apius, or some such Ancient Roman wrote a cooking book, which we all had to read in Latin and translate. I guess that's why I remember it so well. :-)

20 posted on 01/22/2019 11:37:43 PM PST by nopardons
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