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Neanderthals Made Leather-Working Tools from Bison and Aurochs Ribs
Science News ^ | May 11, 2020 | News Staff / Source

Posted on 05/19/2020 9:42:27 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

Neanderthals selected rib bones from specific animals to make the lissoirs (French for 'smoothers'), which are bone tools that have been intentionally shaped and used on animal hides to make them softer and more water resistant, according to new research led by paleoanthropologists from the University of California, Davis.

Scientists know that some Neanderthals produced bone tools. These include the discovery of five nearly identical fragments of lissoirs from two Paleolithic sites in southwest France: Pech-de-l'Azé I (Pech I) and Abri Peyrony.

These specialized tools are often worn so smooth that it's impossible to tell which animal they came from just by looking at them.

Naomi Martisius from the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis and colleagues used a technique called Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) to look at residues of collagen protein from Pech I and Abri Peyrony lissoirs.

The ZooMS method breaks up samples into fragments that can be identified by their mass to charge ratio and used to reconstruct the original molecule.

(Excerpt) Read more at sci-news.com ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; auroch; bison; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; huntergatherers; naomimartisius; neandertal; neandertals; neanderthal; neanderthals

1 posted on 05/19/2020 9:42:27 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ...

2 posted on 05/19/2020 9:43:11 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

They must have had a primitive version of tanneries.
There would have to be a secure space where the bones and a hides could dry out, without any hungry animals trying to eat or chew them. The aroma of new blood and freshly torn flesh would advertise the location of that secure space.
Maybe there was a form of Cave Man sentry posted. Someone standing by with a pile of rocks to throw at any approaching beast.


3 posted on 05/19/2020 9:50:42 AM PDT by lee martell
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To: SunkenCiv

“I think this shows that Neanderthals really knew what they were doing”

Undoubtedly.

Nobody could push a bone across skin like good old Og.


4 posted on 05/19/2020 10:03:40 AM PDT by blueunicorn6 ("A crack shot and a good dancer”)
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To: lee martell
Any encroaching critter would just go onto the menu, or become a nice fur coat. It wouldn't surprise me to learn that they invented leatherworking, and all subsequent leatherworking has just been passed down.

5 posted on 05/19/2020 10:06:53 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Did they go and get the leather at Tandy Leather? Leathermaking, so simple even a caveman can do it...


6 posted on 05/19/2020 10:16:03 AM PDT by Deplorable American1776 (Proud to be a DeplorableAmerican with a Deplorable Family...even the dog is, too. :-))
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To: lee martell

There would have to be a secure space


Up on the ice sheet


7 posted on 05/19/2020 10:32:38 AM PDT by PIF (They came for me and mine ... now its your turn)
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To: lee martell

There’s a name for any hungry animals trying to take a Neanderthal’s kill from their caves:

Dinner.

Even cave bears, cave lions and cave hyenas beat tracks when the Neanderthals claimed a cave.


8 posted on 05/19/2020 11:06:04 AM PDT by Alas Babylon! (The prisons do not fill themselves. Get moving, Barr!)
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To: SunkenCiv

Now I must play you the song of my people ….

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BCV6paTXyCU&t=15s


9 posted on 05/19/2020 11:10:48 AM PDT by Reily
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To: Reily
:^) It's got a good beat and you can smash in the head of a mammoth to it.

10 posted on 05/19/2020 11:24:28 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

Alas, poor Auroch...


11 posted on 05/19/2020 3:20:28 PM PDT by Does so ( POLONIUM in presumptive candidate's future?)
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To: Does so
Nice pun!! 😁😎
12 posted on 05/19/2020 5:59:38 PM PDT by Redcitizen (Nobody needs a 10 round magazine. You need a 30 round magazine.)
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To: Does so
"...and when as he left the cave, his father said, 'bison'."

13 posted on 05/19/2020 9:36:02 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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