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How did the plague reshape Bronze Age Europe?
Phys dot org ^ | December 3, 2019 | Anthony King

Posted on 05/20/2020 9:37:06 AM PDT by SunkenCiv

...Prof. Haak will also try to detect more plague DNA in hundreds of skeletons from the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age. So far, DNA evidence from a dozen skeletons points to little variability between the strains of Yersinia pestis in such remains, suggesting that the pestilence spread rapidly across the continent. The speed may owe to another human advance at this time -- the domestication of wild horses, which may literally have carried the disease into Europe.

"We see the change from wild local horses to domesticated horses, which happened rapidly at the beginning of the Bronze Age," said Dr. Tomasz Suchan, a geneticist at Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse, France, who is using ancient horse DNA to study the origins of our modern equines as part of his EARLYRIDERS project.

With horses, people could travel much faster and horses transformed trade, movement, migration and warfare. "Horse domestication allowed for the first time long-distance movement of people (on land)," Dr. Suchan said.

This may have meant that riders carrying the bacterium may have unknowingly disseminated plague throughout Europe. However, Dr. Suchan is examining horse remains for ancient DNA to investigate another, more startling, hypothesis -- that horses might themselves have been carriers...

There is no evidence of this yet, but Dr. Suchan and colleagues are developing ways to detect miniscule amounts of plague DNA in ancient horses to try to discover if they were infected. Horses are known to harbour some species of Yersinia, related to plague. It is known also that the bacterium Yersinia pestis during the Bronze Age was not adapted to life inside fleas, and so was very probably not transmitted via rodent fleas as medieval bubonic plague was.

(Excerpt) Read more at phys.org ...


TOPICS: History; Science; Travel
KEYWORDS: agriculture; animalhusbandry; blackdeath; blackplague; bronzeage; bubonicplague; domestication; earlyriders; epidemics; france; godsgravesglyphs; helixmakemineadouble; horses; huntergatherers; paleoriders; pandemics; paulsabatieru; plague; plagues; thesniffles; tomaszsuchan; toulouse; ufos; wolfganghaak; yersiniapestis
Wolfgang Haak & the PALEoRIDERS - Molecular anthropology – population genetics – ancient DNA

Wolfgang Haak & the PALEoRIDERS - Molecular anthropology – population genetics – ancient DNA

1 posted on 05/20/2020 9:37:06 AM PDT by SunkenCiv
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Old & In The Way was David Grisman (Mandolin & Vocals), Jerry Garcia (Banjo & Vocals), Peter Rowan (Guitar & Vocals), Vassar Clements (Fiddle), John Kahn (Upright Bass)
Old & In The Way - Wild Horses


Old & In The Way - Wild Horses

2 posted on 05/20/2020 9:37:36 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 21twelve; 24Karet; 2ndDivisionVet; 31R1O; ...

3 posted on 05/20/2020 9:37:41 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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the other additions to the keyword "bronzeage" sorted chrono:

4 posted on 05/20/2020 9:57:20 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

They introduced high-speed quadrupeds and next thing they knew was disease was spreading everywhere.

Never trust “high speed” anything. Now I’m worried about the last speed bump I got from Comcast. Should I ditch my cable modem?

Thank God California high-speed rail is cancelled. Those Hollyweird diseases could have found their way up here to Santa Clara County in no time at all.


5 posted on 05/20/2020 10:41:20 AM PDT by ProtectOurFreedom
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To: ProtectOurFreedom
Yeah, the Bronze Age humans wound up saddled with The Plague.

6 posted on 05/20/2020 10:48:23 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

This is what happens when you put the cart before the hearse.


7 posted on 05/20/2020 11:20:19 AM PDT by bunkerhill7 (That`s 464 people per square foot! Is this corrrect??)
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To: bunkerhill7
Equus a long time ago, so we neigh never know for sure.

8 posted on 05/20/2020 11:23:21 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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Selections from the "horses" keyword, chrono sorted:

9 posted on 05/20/2020 11:42:43 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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Domestication in title search results:

10 posted on 05/20/2020 11:45:15 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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the rest of the Domestication keyword, chrono:

11 posted on 05/20/2020 11:58:36 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

bump...


12 posted on 05/20/2020 12:03:57 PM PDT by Thunder 6
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To: SunkenCiv

Interesting Darwinian selection going on in the PaleoRiders….


13 posted on 05/20/2020 4:21:36 PM PDT by nicollo (I said no!)
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To: nicollo
:^) And some of that probably goes on off-camera.

14 posted on 05/20/2020 4:37:05 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

This is actually the interesting answer to a question I heard posed a while back. Diseases killed out over 90% of Americas indian popluations whereas europe’s black death only killed 30-50% of europe’s popluation. Why the difference? the reason is that this was the black death’s second appearance in europe —so the europeans had developed some immunity. the americas indians had no immunity at all.


15 posted on 05/27/2020 10:34:48 AM PDT by ckilmer
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To: ckilmer
Yup, and not just The Plague. It would be interesting to look at the historical/ancient epidemics prior to 1492 to see if these correlate to the sudden population collapses documented in PreColumbian America.

16 posted on 05/27/2020 10:41:37 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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To: SunkenCiv

actually, that would be a good way to indicated when and by whom the new world came in contact with the old world prior to 1492.


17 posted on 05/28/2020 10:12:00 AM PDT by ckilmer
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To: ckilmer
We think alike.

18 posted on 05/28/2020 10:57:19 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Imagine an imaginary menagerie manager imagining managing an imaginary menagerie.)
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