Skip to comments.Timeline: Saudi Arabia (1871 - 2003)
Posted on 11/09/2003 5:31:37 AM PST by Sabertooth
Timeline: Saudi Arabia
A chronology of key events:
1871 - The Ottomans take control of the province of Hasa.
1891 - The Al Sa'ud family are exiled to Kuwait by the Rashidi family.
1902 - Abd-al-Aziz Bin-Abd-al-Rahman Bin-Faysal Bin-Turki Bin-Abdallah Bin-Muhammad Al Sa'ud (often known as Ibn Sa'ud) takes control of Riyadh bringing the Al Sa'ud family back into Saudi Arabia.
1912 - The Ikhwan (Brotherhood) is founded based on Wahhabism; it grows quickly and provides key support for Abd-al-Aziz.
1913 - Hasa is taken from the Ottomans by Abd-al-Aziz.
1921 - Abd-al-Aziz takes the title Sultan of Najd.
1924 - Mecca regained.
1925 - Medina retaken.
1926 - Abd-al-Aziz is proclaimed King of the Hijaz in the Grand Mosque of Mecca.
1928-30 - The Ikhwan turn against Abd-al-Aziz due to the modernisation of the region and the increasing numbers of non-Muslims. They are defeated by Abd-al-Aziz.
1932 September - The areas controlled by Abd-al-Aziz are unified under the name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and Abd-al-Aziz is proclaimed King.
1933 - King Abd-al-Aziz's eldest son, Sa'ud, is named Crown Prince.
1938 - Oil is discovered and production begins under the US controlled ARAMCO (Arabian American Oil Company).
1953 November - King Abd-al-Aziz dies and is succeeded by the Crown Prince Sa'ud Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Sa'ud. The new King's brother, Faysal is named Crown Prince.
King Sa'ud deposed
1960 - Saudi Arabia is a founding member of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries).
1964 November - King Sa'ud is deposed by his brother, the Crown Prince, Faysal Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Sa'ud.
1970 - The OIC (Organization of the Islamic Conference) is founded in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia.
1972 - For the first time, Saudi Arabia gains control of a proportion (20 per cent) of ARAMCO lessening the control of the Americans over Saudi's oil.
1973 - Saudi Arabia leads an oil boycott against the Western countries that supported Israel in the October War against Egypt and Syria leading to the quadrupling of oil prices.
King Faysal assassinated
1975 March - King Faysal is assassinated by his nephew, Faysal Bin-Musa'id Bin-Abd-al-Aziz; he is succeeded by his brother, Khalid Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Sa'ud.
1979 - Saudi Arabia severs diplomatic relations with Egypt after it makes peace with Israel.
1979 - Extremists seize the Grand Mosque of Mecca; the government regains control after 10 days and those captured are executed.
1980 - Saudi Arabia takes full control of ARAMCO from the US.
1981 May - Saudi Arabia is a founder member of the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council).
King Khalid dies
1982 June - King Khalid dies of a heart attack and is succeeded by his brother, Crown Prince Fahd Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Sa'ud.
1986 November - King Fahd adds the title "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques" to his name.
1987 - Saudi Arabia resumes diplomatic relations with Egypt (severed since 1979).
1990 - Saudi Arabia condemns the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and asks the US to intervene; it allows foreign troops, the Kuwaiti government and many of its citizens to stay in Saudi Arabia but expels citizens of Yemen and Jordan due to their governments' support of Iraq.
Saudi attacks Iraq
1991 - Saudi Arabia is involved in both air attacks on Iraq and in the land force that went on to liberate Kuwait.
1992 March - King Fahd announces the "Basic System of Government" emphasising the duties and responsiblities a ruler has for his people and proposed the setting up of a Consultative Council (majlis al-shura).
1993 September - King Fahd decrees the division of Saudi Arabia into thirteen administrative divisions.
1993 December - The Consultative Council (majlis al-shura) is inaugurated. It is composed of a chairman and sixty members chosen by the King.
1994 - Islamic dissident Usamah Bin-Ladin is stripped of his Saudi nationality.
King Fahd ill
1995 November - King Fahd has a stroke; the day to day running of the country is entrusted to Crown Prince Abdullah Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Sa'ud.
1996 February - King Fahd resumes control of state affairs.
1996 June - A bomb explodes at the US military complex near Dhahran killing 19 and wounding over 300.
1997 July - King Fahd increases the members of the Consultative Council (majlis al-shura) from sixty to ninety.
1999 October - Twenty Saudi women attend the session of the Consultative Council (majlis al-shura) for the first time.
2000 September - The London-based human rights group Amnesty International describes Saudi Arabia's treatment of women, particularly foreign domestic workers, as "untenable" by any legal or moral standard.
2001 March - Several British workers are arrested in Riyadh after a series of blasts in which a British and an American national are killed.
2001 April - Saudi Arabia and Iran sign a major security accord to combat terrorism, drug-trafficking and organised crime.
2001 December - King Fahd calls for the eradication of terrorism, saying it is prohibited by Islam; government takes the unprecedented step of issuing identity cards to women.
2002 February - A British man arrested in Riyadh in March 2001 after a series of blasts which killed a British and an American national claims the Saudi authorities tortured him and forced a confession. The man, Ron Jones, had been released after being allowed to retract his confession.
2002 May - New criminal justice system comes into force. Revised criminal code includes ban on torture and right of suspects to legal representation, but human rights campaigners allege that violations continue.
Relations with US
2002 August - Saudi investors reported to have withdrawn funds from the US in protest at a lawsuit filed by relatives of some September 11 victims alleging Saudi collusion with terror; Saudis allege defamation.
2002 October - Border crossing with Iraq reopens for the first time since Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990.
2002 November - Saudi foreign minister says his country will not allow the US to use its facilities to attack Iraq, even in a UN-sanctioned strike.
2003 April - US says it will pull out almost all its troops from Saudi Arabia, ending a military presence dating back to the 1991 Gulf war. Both countries stress that they will remain allies.
2003 May - Suicide bombers kill 10 Americans and many others at housing compounds for Westerners in Riyadh hours before US Secretary of State Colin Powell flies in for a planned visit.
Signs of dissent
2003 September - More than 300 Saudi intellectuals - women as well as men - sign petition calling for far-reaching political reforms.
2003 13 October - Saudi Arabia hosts its first-ever human rights conference. Government announces that elections for 14 municipal councils are to be held within a year - these will be the first elections of any kind to take place since the creation of the desert kingdom in 1932.
2003 14 October - Police break up unprecedented rally in centre of Riyadh calling for political reform. More than 270 people are arrested on suspicion of having taken part in the demonstration.
2003 9 November - Apparent suicide bomb attack on Muhaya housing compound in western Riyadh leaves several dead and scores injured.
Here's a nice history of Arabian oil production.
I found OIL, GOD AND GOLD: The Story of ARAMCO and the Saudi Kings by Anthony Cave Brown (a Brit) in the 'bargain bin' a year ago. Interesting take on the development of the current House-of-Saud-run state.
The primary worship of the House of Saud is money and power and not Islam. With al-Qaeda and OBL and the terrorist associated Sadaaaam Baaaathist party removed, the House of Saud will most likely be very happy selling the world oil and controlling and modifying its jihadists. That is most likely what was talked about several years ago in Crawford and that is most likely what is being watched for by the current administration.
Any princes who left the reservation, who are found to have funneled money directly to OBL or other terrorist groups should be dealt with when the time comes on an individual basis.
There will be no overworked U.S. armies marching into S.A. and there will be no glass parking lot explosion fields in Mecca.