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To: Pan_Yans Wife
Stern words for Iran

President Bush scored a diplomatic success when the board of the International Atomic Energy Agency presented Iran with a forceful ultimatum to end its quest for nuclear weapons. The board recently adopted a resolution that condemns Iran's past failure to comply with the requirements of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and warns against "further serious Iranian failures."
The resolution represents, in effect, one last chance for Iran to demonstrate that it is not trying to develop nuclear weapons in violation of its international treaty obligations. In its final form, it was far tougher than the version originally proposed by Britain, France and Germany. That draft reflected promises made by foreign ministers from the three European governments to Tehran in October when they obtained an Iranian promise to acknowledge past breaches of the treaty and to cooperate with international inspectors. In exchange, the three promised they would block any effort by the United States to hale Iran before the United Nations Security Council to face possible economic sanctions.

But Washington -- playing bad cop to Europe's good cop -- continued to demand that Iran be held accountable for its past breaches of international law. The compromise makes it clear that any future evidence of cheating by Iran will most likely be referred to the Security Council. Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the IAEA, said the board had sent "a serious and ominous message that failures in the future will not be tolerated."

Matters could come to a head as early as March, when the IAEA board next meets. A senior U.S. official told the Financial Times of London that Iran continues to conceal nuclear weapons activity. "The Europeans will be embarrassed because disclosures will come out that Iran has not admitted to everything," he said.

The key issue for the future of the Iranian nuclear program is whether Iran will carry out its promise to renew its suspended program for enrichment of uranium. Washington and the European governments agree that the enrichment program would enable Iran to easily manufacture fuel for nuclear weapons, and want Iran to give it up. Iran appears to be undecided between giving away the enrichment option in exchange for some benefit and running the risk that it can restart the program and escape sanctions. Iran has now been clearly warned about the risks of the latter strategy.

http://www.charleston.net/stories/120803/edi_08edit2.shtml
14 posted on 12/08/2003 6:34:17 AM PST by Pan_Yans Wife ("Your joy is your sorrow unmasked." --- GIBRAN)
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To: Pan_Yans Wife
Iranian Laureate Praised in Oslo as Key to Reform
Mon December 8, 2003

(Reuters) - Norwegian politicians joined Iranian reformists in hailing Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi on her arrival in Oslo Monday to pick up the award, urging the world to open its eyes to human rights violations by Tehran.
Members of the Norwegian parliament said giving the 2003 prize to the Iranian lawyer for her work to promote children's and women's rights would help reinvigorate reformists in Iran, who under President Mohammad Khatami have struggled to overcome stiff resistance to change from powerful hardline clerics.

Ebadi was Iran's first female judge before the 1979 Islamic revolution forced her to step aside in favor of men and will be the first Muslim woman to win the prestigious award when she collects the $1.4 million prize at a ceremony Wednesday.

"The time has come to put some real pressure on the regime of Iran," Morten Hoglund of Norway's opposition Progress Party told a news conference.

"We need to help and support Shirin Ebadi in her struggle in the very difficult situation that she is in," Lars Rise of the ruling Christian People's Party told the news conference, hosted by the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), an exiled Iranian opposition group. "She is a great hero."

Ebadi, wearing no headscarf in unseasonally mild Oslo weather with temperatures just below freezing, smiled and waved to reporters at the Oslo airport, but did not make any comment before driving off in a black stretch limousine.

Perviz Khazai, Nordic representative of the NCRI, which is listed by Washington as a terrorist group, called for urgent international action in Iran and a referendum on power as a first step to wider democracy.

"There has never been a fair election in Iran. It has always been a choice between pest and cholera," Khazai said, accusing Khatami of showing a democratic face to the Western world while running a fundamentalist regime of lies and torture.

Ebadi, known for taking on legal cases no one else dares touch, has become a symbol of the fight for greater democracy and freedom in Iran, while conservative hard-liners label her a political stooge of the West.

http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=TFKRJEAOC2JGYCRBAE0CFFA?type=worldNews&storyID=3956262
23 posted on 12/08/2003 10:42:23 AM PST by Pan_Yans Wife ("Your joy is your sorrow unmasked." --- GIBRAN)
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