There's the theory at work.
Indeed, though you seem to have misinterpreted William Hawkins. He is referring to American corporations aiding (via technology transfers) China's development efforts in building new industries like autos, aerospace, chemicals etc. where China has no advantage, comparative or otherwise. IOWs, China is using OUR technology in their nationalistic drive to build their own manufacturing & technology industries.
This is wholly outside the set of assumptions used in comparative advantage theory, where each nation meekly specializes in narrow industries and takes a passive role of collaboration in world trade for the theoretical benefit of all--Kinda like A Big Group Hug.
What Hawkins is saying is that is not how this world works. And he is correct.
It does not call for anyone to "meekly" do anything, but it does create a positive business environment as well as illustrating that one nation can achieve economic gains even if they are inferior on every level in their production capacities with other countries.
It works when the US buys computer components from India and spends its energy assembling units, rather than splitting its time between producing components and assembling computers, and vice versa with India spending mosty of its time (if not all) producing components and not assembling computers.
The US ends up with more computers because there are more components available (at a lower cost I may add), simultaneously, we also have more labor available to assemble computers since they're no longer working at manufacturing components, and India ends up with more industry via the increased demand for components.
Eventually, this symbiosis will stop working, as India's economy will rise to the point where they will seek to compete in the production of the higher profit generating finished product and in turn, they will seek cheaper manufacturing for components.
This is neither a big "Group Hug", nor "One World" economics, this is reality.
Our industry is becoming the developing of industry because we are nearly fully developed. In fact, we are reducing the number of workers needed via technological advances.
So, here's the theory at work:
The U.S. can develop industry at five times the capacity of China, and it can manufacture cars at ten times their productivity.
So the US engages in the practice of developing China's industry, and China spends its time manufacturing cars.
The more time China spends trying to mimic western economic models, the farther they get away from communism.