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Pew: Five Times More Journalists Are Liberal Than Conservative
MRC ^ | Brent Baker

Posted on 05/24/2004 9:27:22 AM PDT by pookie18

Journalists at national media outlets are more liberal and less conservative than nine years ago, and while in 1995 they were upset that the media were too critical of President Clinton, they are now disturbed that the media are going too easy on President Bush, a just-released survey conducted by the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press found. Five times more national outlet journalists identify themselves as liberal, 34 percent, than conservative, a mere 7 percent. The poll also discovered that while the reporters, editors, producers and executives have a great deal of trouble naming a "liberal" news outlet, they had no problem seeing a "conservative" outlet, with an incredible 69 percent readily naming the Fox News Channel.

Pew compared this year¡¦s poll of 547 journalists around the nation, 247 of them at national-level outlets, to the results of a similar survey conducted by the group, then-known as the Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press, in 1995. This year they discovered 54% of national journalists described themselves as "moderates," down from 64 percent in 1995, as "the percentage identifying themselves as liberal has increased from 1995: 34% of national journalists describe themselves as liberals, compared with 22% nine years ago....More striking is the relatively small minority of journalists who think of themselves as politically conservative" at just 7 percent amongst national journalists, but that's a surge from an even more piddling 4 percent in 1995. "As the case a decade ago," Pew noted, "the journalists as a group are much less conservative than the general public (33% conservative)."

And those in the pipeline for national jobs are trending liberal too, with 23 percent of local journalists identifying themselves as liberal, "up from 14% in 1995," and only 12 percent calling themselves conservative.

Since those surveyed must realize how the left-wing tilt of their profession would be used by conservative media critics, it's a safe bet to assume that a significant number of actual liberals called themselves moderates.

A mere 8 percent of the national press believe the media are being "too critical" of President Bush, compared to three times more, 24 percent, who think the media are "not critical enough." Back in 1995, as recounted in the MRC's June, 1995 edition of MediaWatch, Times Mirror determined that just two percent thought the press had given "too much" coverage to Clinton administration achievements, compared to 48 percent to saw "too little" on Clinton's achievements. The remaining 49 percent called coverage "about right."

Given the anti-Bush attitudes so many in the media, it's no surprise that "they express considerably less confidence in the political judgment of the American public than they did five years ago. Since 1999, the percentage saying they have a great deal of confidence in the public's election choices has fallen from 52% to 31% in the national sample of journalists."

The journalists did see ideology at one outlet: FNC. Pew explained: "The single news outlet that strikes most journalists as taking a particular ideological stance -- either liberal or conservative -- is Fox News Channel. Among national journalists, more than twice as many could identify a daily news organization that they think is 'especially conservative in its coverage' than one they believe is 'especially liberal' (82% vs. 38%). And Fox has by far the highest profile as a conservative news organization; it was cited unprompted by 69% of national journalists. The New York Times was most often mentioned as the national daily news organization that takes a decidedly liberal point of view, but only by 20% of the national sample."

Asked, "Can you think of any news organizations that are especially liberal?" only two percent each listed CNN or ABC or CBS or NPR. One percent named NBC. On the conservative side, after FNC, 9 percent listed the Washington Times and 8 percent the Wall Street Journal.

The Pew Research Center for the People and the Press survey, conducted as part of a joint project with the Project for Excellence in Journalism, was "based on interviews with 547 journalists and news media executives by telephone and online. The same questionnaire was used for both modes. The interviews were completed from March 10, 2004 through April 20, 2004."

The "media organizations sampled" for the 247 people interviewed in the "national media" component:

-- Television Networks: ABC, CBS, NBC, PBS, CNN, C-SPAN, CNBC, MSNBC, FOX Cable News, Telemundo, Univision.

-- Chains with Washington, D.C. Bureaus: Gannett, Cox, Hearst.

-- Radio: Associated Press Radio, ABC Radio Networks, CBS Radio Networks, Westwood One, Black Radio Network, National Public Radio.

-- Newspapers: Arizona Republic, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, Detroit Free Press, Houston Chronicle, Long Island Newsday, Los Angeles Times, Miami Herald, New York Daily News, New York Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, San Francisco Chronicle, USA TODAY, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post.

-- Magazines: Newsweek, Time, U.S. News & World Report.

-- Wire Services: Associated Press, Bloomberg News Service, Reuters.

-- News Services: Copley, Cox Newspapers, Gannett, Hearst, Knight-Ridder, Newhouse, Scripps-Howard.

For the full report titled, "Bottom-Line Pressures Now Hurting Coverage, Say Journalists; Press Going Too Easy on Bush," with links to more detailed sub-sections and a PDF of the questionnaire, go to: people-press.org

Some excerpts from the Pew report released on Sunday:

Fox's Outsized Impact

Most national and local journalists do not believe any national daily news organization is "especially liberal" in its news coverage. Roughly six-in-ten in both groups (62% national/59% local) say no national daily news organization strikes them as particularly liberal in its coverage. Among the minority that names a specific news organization as being especially liberal, the New York Times was mentioned most frequently (20% national/17% local).

By contrast, solid majorities of both national and local journalists say there is an organization that they think is especially conservative and for most the organization that comes to mind is Fox News Channel. Fully 69% of national journalists cited Fox News Channel as especially conservative in its coverage. Fewer local journalists (42%) mentioned Fox; still, a much higher percentage of local journalists named Fox than any other single news organization, conservative or liberal.

Roughly two-thirds of self-described conservatives (68%) could identify a specific news organization that is especially liberal, and the same number (68%) could name a news organization that is "especially conservative." But moderates and liberals could identify conservative news organizations far more often than liberal ones. Roughly three-quarters of liberals (74%) and a majority of moderates (56%) say they couldn't think of any news organization that is especially liberal.

END of Excerpt

For that section: people-press.org

Another excerpt:

IV. Values and the Press

Journalists at national and local news organizations are notably different from the general public in their ideology and attitudes toward political and social issues. Most national and local journalists, as well as a plurality of Americans (41%), describe themselves as political moderates. But news people -- especially national journalists -- are more liberal, and far less conservative, than the general public.

About a third of national journalists (34%) and somewhat fewer local journalists (23%) describe themselves as liberals; that compares with 19% of the public in a May survey conducted by the Pew Research Center. Moreover, there is a relatively small number of conservatives at national and local news organizations. Just 7% of national news people and 12% of local journalists describe themselves as conservatives, compared with a third of all Americans.

END of Excerpt

For that section: people-press.org

The questions about personal political views come at the end of the survey, starting with question #27. For a PDF of the full questionnaire: people-press.org

Most major newspapers today (Monday) should have an article on the Pew numbers, but I'll plug just the one in the Boston Globe by Mark Jurkowitz, "Press feels it's gone easy on Bush," which quoted me. An excerpt:

"What you're seeing is a profession that is majority moderate, but more liberal than conservative. What's different here is that the trend line is more liberal," says Tom Rosenstiel, director of the Project for Excellence in Journalism. "We clearly need to think about getting more conservatives in the newsroom."

"It confirms our fears that the mainstream media are not getting less liberal," said Brent Baker, vice president of the Media Research Center, a conservative watchdog group. One explanation, Baker added, is that journalism "inherently attracts people unhappy with society's...status quo [who] still see the news media as a vehicle to change society."

While the poll may fuel longstanding conservative claims that there is a liberal bias in the media, it also found strong sentiment among journalists that their profession has been too soft on Bush....

END of Excerpt

For Jurkowitz's story in full: www.boston.com


TOPICS: News/Current Events; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: bias; media; mediabias

1 posted on 05/24/2004 9:27:24 AM PDT by pookie18
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To: pookie18

Pew still getting money from the Tides Foundation?


2 posted on 05/24/2004 9:29:17 AM PDT by mewzilla
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To: pookie18

Surprise, surprise, surprise.....


3 posted on 05/24/2004 9:32:43 AM PDT by buffyt (Kerry is a Flop Flipper, he Flips Flop, all the Flop that he Flips, is well Flipped Flop!)
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To: mewzilla
Pew still getting money from the Tides Foundation?

Don't know, but if not would the subject be..."Pew: Ten Times More Journalists Are Liberal Than Conservative"? ;-)

4 posted on 05/24/2004 9:33:51 AM PDT by pookie18
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To: pookie18

Would bet the ratio is a lot higher then Pew is saying. How many conservative leaning reporters in D.C.?

Gertz, Sammon, and


5 posted on 05/24/2004 9:41:11 AM PDT by PhiKapMom (AOII Mom -- Support Bush-Cheney '04 -- Losing is not an Option!)
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To: pookie18

There is little for press journalism to write about in the Norman Rockwell world. Why anyone would want to be a published journalist at all is kind of mysterious except that it is is possible to become famous by getting the goods on a crooked conservative politician. Nobody cares about a crooked liberal politician.


6 posted on 05/24/2004 9:41:49 AM PDT by RightWhale (Destroy the dark; restore the light)
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To: pookie18

surprise, surprise! (/s)


7 posted on 05/24/2004 9:44:08 AM PDT by no_problema
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To: PhiKapMom
Would bet the ratio is a lot higher then Pew is saying.

I think that the ratio would be higher if some of those who profess to be "moderate", truthfully described themselves as "liberal".

8 posted on 05/24/2004 9:51:13 AM PDT by pookie18
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To: RightWhale
Nobody cares about a crooked liberal politician.

True--they're a dime a dozen. They'd rather go after the (more) endangered species.

9 posted on 05/24/2004 9:53:03 AM PDT by pookie18
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To: pookie18
[ Five times more national outlet journalists identify themselves as liberal, 34 percent, than conservative, a mere 7 percent ]

Would a LIBERAL LIE about this..?

In 1995 I think it was 97% were liberals. maybe back then they were more HONEST..

10 posted on 05/24/2004 9:53:30 AM PDT by hosepipe (This propaganda has been edited to include some fully orbed hyperbole....)
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To: pookie18

5:1 = 5/6 = 83.33%

WAAAAAYYYYY TOOOOOO LOW!.............


11 posted on 05/24/2004 9:53:34 AM PDT by Red Badger (KERRY'S LAW: FOR EVERY ACTION THERE IS AN EQUAL & OPPOSITE RETRACTION.........)
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To: pookie18

That is so true -- if they are moderate, then I am so far right I am about to drop off!


12 posted on 05/24/2004 9:57:31 AM PDT by PhiKapMom (AOII Mom -- Support Bush-Cheney '04 -- Losing is not an Option!)
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To: All

Gee, wonders never cease. I didn't know that!!!!!!! More lib so called journalists than CONSERVATIVE ones.WOW


13 posted on 05/24/2004 10:08:22 AM PDT by cousair (q)
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To: pookie18

This is way too low.

Ask 10 of the most flaming liberals you know if they consider them self "liberal" and I'll bet at least 7 of 10 say they are "moderate".


14 posted on 05/24/2004 10:10:24 AM PDT by skyman
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To: pookie18

I'm in the newspaper business. I've worked in four different newssrooms, for papers you'd all be familiar with.

In my experience, I would put the percentage at 90% liberal, 5% closet conservative who keep their mouths shut due to career concerns, and 5% outspoken conservative.

Actually, more often than not, that last 5% means "just me".


15 posted on 05/24/2004 10:14:49 AM PDT by Jhensy
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To: pookie18

Of ALL the newspapers listed, I only see one that could be called "conservative," and that one, the Wall Street Journal, is ONLY conesrvative on their editorial staff.

Their news reporters are quite obvioulsy just as biased as those on any other major daily you could name, and frequently make statements hilariously at odds with editorial pieces published the same day.


16 posted on 05/24/2004 10:16:16 AM PDT by Redbob (still hoping for the "self-illuminating glass-bottomed parking lot" solution to the Iraq problem)
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To: pookie18
in 1995 they were upset that the media were too critical of President Clinton,

What?!?

17 posted on 05/24/2004 10:21:03 AM PDT by mtbopfuyn
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To: Jhensy

D'oh! newssrooms = newsrooms


18 posted on 05/24/2004 10:21:12 AM PDT by Jhensy
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To: pookie18

Liberals outnumber conservatives 5 - 1?

Only if they include the sports and photo departments. They may also have to count ad salespeople as "journalists" to get the ratio down to 5 - 1.


19 posted on 05/24/2004 10:23:52 AM PDT by MediaMole
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To: PhiKapMom
if they are moderate, then I am so far right I am about to drop off!

No, 97% FReepers slid off so fast we didn't realize there was an edge.

20 posted on 05/24/2004 10:24:37 AM PDT by mtbopfuyn
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To: mtbopfuyn

I was listening to a CNN news update last night which cited the "Not hard enough on Bush" statistics but conveniently left out the liberal to conservative ratio. These people are biased even on stories about their own bias.


21 posted on 05/24/2004 10:50:02 AM PDT by mikemc282002 (Don't worry....we have Tom Brady)
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To: pookie18
My take - a "moderate" is a liberal too ashmaed to call himself a liberal. A conservative will always state they are a conservative.

Therefore, I suggest adding liberal and moderates to get the true liberal media. This would be 54% + 34% = 88%. Compared to the 7% who describe themselves as conservative indicates a whopping 12:1 ratio of libs to real Americans. This is more in line to what most of us see and hear in the mainstream media.

22 posted on 05/24/2004 10:58:18 AM PDT by newfreep
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To: newfreep
My take - a "moderate" is a liberal too ashmaed to call himself a liberal. A conservative will always state they are a conservative. Therefore, I suggest adding liberal and moderates to get the true liberal media. This would be 54% + 34% = 88%. Compared to the 7% who describe themselves as conservative indicates a whopping 12:1 ratio of libs to real Americans. This is more in line to what most of us see and hear in the mainstream media.

That's in line with the 1992 poll showing that 89% of journalists voted for Clinton.

23 posted on 05/24/2004 11:01:57 AM PDT by pookie18
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To: buffyt; PhiKapMom; RightWhale; hosepipe; Red Badger; cousair; Jhensy; Redbob; mtbopfuyn; ...

Another prime example of a misleading headline...

Exactly one of these percentages is correct:

The 7% of those reporters who admitted they are conservative. They have some sense of morals and have a moral compass and know what they stand for, and will not lie about it.

All the other 93% are liberals. Some admit it (34%) and the rest lie about it.

That nicely fits with Jhensy's #15: "In my experience, I would put the percentage at 90% liberal, 5% closet conservative who keep their mouths shut due to career concerns, and 5% outspoken conservative. ", by the way...




24 posted on 05/24/2004 11:02:24 AM PDT by AFPhys ((.Praying for President Bush, our troops, their families, and all my American neighbors..))
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To: pookie18

My thoughts exactly. Those who say they are moderate are not; they only think they are moderate because they associate and work with the ultra-liberal. How naive.


25 posted on 05/24/2004 11:09:01 AM PDT by Paved Paradise
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To: AFPhys

Agree with you and Post #15 -- 90% liberal would be my bet as well!


26 posted on 05/24/2004 11:53:47 AM PDT by PhiKapMom (AOII Mom -- Support Bush-Cheney '04 -- Losing is not an Option!)
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To: mtbopfuyn

LOL!!! Got that right!


27 posted on 05/24/2004 11:55:50 AM PDT by PhiKapMom (AOII Mom -- Support Bush-Cheney '04 -- Losing is not an Option!)
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To: PhiKapMom
Would bet the ratio is a lot higher then Pew is saying.

It's got to be. We know that liberals find it difficult to tell the truth.

28 posted on 05/24/2004 12:18:50 PM PDT by b4its2late
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To: pookie18

Next big Pew Foundation study: "Does water run downhill?"


29 posted on 05/24/2004 12:20:53 PM PDT by white trash redneck (Make love, not war. Get married, do both.)
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To: b4its2late

That's for sure -- the words "truth" and "liberals" definitely do not go together!


30 posted on 05/24/2004 12:33:55 PM PDT by PhiKapMom (AOII Mom -- Support Bush-Cheney '04 -- Losing is not an Option!)
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To: PhiKapMom

come on dont bulsh1t me. you know how conservative american journalists are when all they report about is how "insurgents" are killing people. how often do you hear about american soldiers killing people? not very often. the american media only reports when an american soldier is killed so we can all feel sorry for the american soldier and turn our anger towards iraqis which is complete nonsense.


31 posted on 11/20/2005 8:46:19 AM PST by doriandixon
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To: pookie18

Pew is generally liberal, but this is a very interesting study.

Old thread, but always worth the reminder.


32 posted on 09/28/2007 9:15:24 AM PDT by TBP
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To: pookie18

Journalists are mostly trying to bring about change, which means the Hillary!08 campaign is a fellow traveller.


33 posted on 09/28/2007 9:17:42 AM PDT by RightWhale (25 degrees today. Phase state change accomplished.)
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To: pookie18

Journalists should be required to state their political affiliations in every article.


34 posted on 09/28/2007 9:28:26 AM PDT by Terabitten (Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets - E-Frat '94. Unity and Pride!)
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To: pookie18

That’s because Conservatives prefer to get real jobs.


35 posted on 09/28/2007 9:29:05 AM PDT by dfwgator (The University of Florida - Still Championship U)
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To: pookie18

They had to conduct a poll to discover this, huh?

Gee, I only have to turn on my tv, or pick up a newspaper to see the same thing.


36 posted on 09/28/2007 9:31:03 AM PDT by Badeye (How's that job search going, Sally?....(chuckle))
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To: newfreep

A “moderate” is a DISHONEST liberal.


37 posted on 09/28/2007 9:33:30 AM PDT by MrB (You can't reason people out of a position that they didn't use reason to get into in the first place)
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To: pookie18
"Five times more national outlet journalists identify themselves as liberal, 34 percent, than conservative, a mere 7 percent"

Not surprising, but those figures hardly begin to tell the tale. All or nearly all of the 59% calling themselves "moderate" are truly very liberal, and certainly quite hostile to any conservative principles. This game has been played for a long time, and most MSM so-called "journalists" know that they are supposed to pretend to be objective, and they don't want to acknowledge the veracity of charges that the media is liberal-biased.... so they call themselves 'moderate' (and may even believe it).

The real news is that only 7% of respondents call themselves conservative, and even for most of them it's probably for economic/free market reasons more than social/cultural reasons.

What media bias?? What left-leaning MSM?
38 posted on 09/28/2007 9:34:52 AM PDT by Enchante (Democrat terror-fighting motto: "bleat, cheat, retreat, defeat while we suck on liberal teat")
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