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To: Calpernia


At the end of June - beginning of July 194 1, during the massive repression against
prisoners by the NKVD (town of Kuybishev), many foreigners were executed In July
1943, there was another wave of and executions, except now it was against foreign
specialists (a list of l38 names,who were executed in l941) I found myself in the town
of Kuybishev, and I found out the reason for the executions

Counterintelligence "SMERSH" (headed by Abakymov), during this period
"cleansed" the areas of any unnecessary specialists - Americans and Swedes, that were
utilized from 1936 for the construction of underground industrial complex by the
Shiguiev Mountains (on the right bank of the Volga River, opposite the town of

All of them were recruited by Soviet representatives in Germany and Great Britain,
and according to the official paperwork worked in "Third World countries" Once the
contract was formed, their fates were sealed The head of "recruitment" of foreign
specialists was Leonid Skoblinskiy, who until 1929 was the head of the political section
of the VChK-OGPY predecessor to the NKVD) In the 1930s, he was the secretary of
the Party Bureau of the Soviet Bank in Paris And, during 1941 - 1943, under the cover
of [WWII], SMERSH "finished" its dealings with the Americans and Swedes. They
were killed in the transportation tunnels that were labeled "Liter Zero One " [After the
executions) they were taken out of the tunnels and buried near cemeteries of the German
POW camps The actual cemetery was located of the south border of the "industrial
zone" of the Separate Labor Point No 5 in Kpaishe (in the area of the Kuybishev

From May 1941 till November 1943, I was a prisoner and worked in the complex
"Liter Zero One." I knew very well what was happening during that tune. A witness to
all the crimes was my foreman Somehow he escaped the liquidation Another witness
who informed us of everything that went on in these tunnels I had a list of the executed
Americans and Swedes, that was prepared by my comrades [who were killed] But in
November 1943, this list was lost possibly, the area where the Americans and Swedes
were buried is still open (i.e free from construction) This area was "free' in 1957, when
I visited it in search of witnesses

16 November 1961

180 posted on 09/08/2004 6:28:11 AM PDT by Calpernia ("People never like what they don't understand")
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To: Calpernia

Actually most of the lists on prisoners were lost in November 1943, when we had to
off load members from the "Baku Stage", and I had to destroy the lists However, I was
able to save the list containing foreigners, by writing it on the inside of my jacket, and
later turned this list into the contents of my second letter

The head of the medical examiner's office of the labor camp also gave me the first
and last names of the executed foreigners (including Americans) Her department made
up the forms on all foreign prisoners, who were executed without a trial These forms
listed fiction "history of illness" and made up the causes of death (according to the
GULAG statistics, these documents were coded by the number "08".

22 December 1994

181 posted on 09/08/2004 6:29:13 AM PDT by Calpernia ("People never like what they don't understand")
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