Skip to comments.The "Kerning" Issue (no doubt - CBS documents were kerned)
Posted on 09/11/2004 10:10:33 PM PDT by Catphish
I don't usually talk about politics in my journal, but I just can't help it in this case. This CBS forged memos thing is just absolutely hilarious and sickening at the same time. I've been glued to the computer over the past few days reading everything there is to read.
I've been very interested in all of the technical explanations and the many examples of comparisons between the memos, including the exact match between one of the memos and the exact same thing typed in Microsoft Word and the inexact match between one of the memos and the exact same thing typed on an IBM Selectric Composer.
Through all of this, there's been much talk about kerning, which is where pairs of letters in a certain order are closer together than they are when they are in the opposite order. However, no one has actually done an analysis of the document with pictures to prove that there is kerning, so I decided I'd try it in Photoshop.
I downloaded the documents from CBS, and opened up the one dated August 18, 1973. Then I picked a letter pair that kerns in Microsoft word, but doesn't kern (or at least not as much) in the opposite order. I found several instances of each letter pair in the document and pasted them into a new document so that they would line up. Here are the results:
Both of the ta sets were lined up by the leftmost line on the t and the right most line on the a. This was somewhat difficult because the document has been copied so many times that the all of the letters look slightly different. However, I'm certain that it is exact enough to prove my point.
Likewise the three at sets were lined up by the rightmost curve of the a and the rightmost line of the t.
Then the leftmost characteristic, the slash of the t on the ta pairs and the curve of the a on the at pairs, of the two different sets were lined up with one another. Then a line was lined up with the rightmost characteristic of the ta pairs to see if it lined up with the rightmost characteristic of the at pairs.
Obviously it does not. The line actually intersects with the next letter after the at pairs. The at pair is thinner than the ta pair. This is kerning.
As an example, I did the same thing using 12 pt Times New Roman font in Word.
Here again, it is obvious that there is kerning. Since this image has not been copied over and over, we can see the source of the kerning: the tail of the a is under the slash of the t. If you look at the at pair in "coat" from the memos, you can also see that the tail of the a is under the slash of the t.
NO TYPEWRITER CAN KERN because the typewriter does not know what letters are next to the letter you are typing when you type it. A word processor on a computer can do that, because it makes adjustments to what you have typed previously as you go. A typesetter can also do this because they can have sets of letters on the same block.
No typewriter wrote this memo. The only other options are that the document is a forgery, or that Killian sent out his personal memos to file to a typesetter.
Yet another nail in the coffin.
By the way, I also wanted to do an analysis of some typewritten text from an IBM Selectric Composer to prove (for absolute morons) that typewriters can not do kerning, but I can't find an example in good enough quality that has both the at and ta pairs. If anyone comes across anything, email me at raina at rainabear dot org.
THank you ! I've been looking for this all night, this is the smoking gun!!
Send the list of media sources below to all of your friends, relatives, everyone you know! Give them an INTERNET alternate media source!!! After seeing more of the truth, rather than the propaganda from the Media Wing of the Democrat Party, they'll start having less desire to watch the trash on dnCBS and maybe spend more time with their family!
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And by typesetter, in this time (1973), we're talking about something very like the process that the most fancy of wedding invitations are made today.
Question that bugs me--what now? The proof can't be argued with, but it can be stonewalled. Rather can just insist "Oh, yes, it is authentic" unless there's some creative means to corner him.
Since the (D)'s new talking points are:
1) CBS has faux docs, and Kerry has faux medals, ergo, SwiftVets are faux too (that's a quantum leap)
2) Everybody is slinging mud, so believe nothing (esp. the SwiftVets)
3) The subject on top of the heap is W's Tex ANG and not 85% of Kerry's fellow sailors who despise him.
This tactic will best with their own base, for whom it is targeted, since the SwiftVets have eroded a noticeable chunk off of Kerry's base.
This is excellent, thank you! I've been looking for some type of proof-positive that there was kerning in the "documents".
/BTW, are those lines moving or have I just been up too long? ;-)
This is sooo frustrating, but why am I surprised. The stench of media bias is so strong here...if this had been anything in the opposite direction, it would have been the lead item on the nightly news for weeks on end.
Anyway, GREAT JOB HERE!
What about ligatures?
Dan Rather's favorite soap operas:
As The World Kerns
One Lie to Live
Maintain everything else in default, but set font to Times News Roman 11.
Go to item 4 in the suppose memo of 01 August 1972, where the subject is the suspension of flight status. This can be found for instance at
4. On recommendation of Harris, I also suggested that we fill this critical billet with a more seasoned pilot from the list of qualified Vietnam pilots that have rotated. Recommendations were received but not confirmed.
Put two spaces between 4. and On and two spaces between the two sentences; that is, between rotated. and the capital R of the second sentence.
Now, compare the spacing, line breaks, the vertical distance between the three lines, etc. Line up letters vertically. Do what you want, the two are the same, despite the purported 32 years that separate them.
But now the kerning punch line.
In the Microsoft Word document, go to the word fill and put your cursor between the f" and the i. What do you see? The cursor cuts the top of the f" and there is a bit of the f that you can see to the right of the cursor line the f hangs over the space of the i, which as many, many have pointed out is a matter of kerning, and is a property of typesetting or the post-Adode postscript era. Now sit and think about the two facts: letters line up perfectly between "1972" and what we know today, and kerning changes the spacing between letters in documents today. Sit and think. The Freepers have already caught on.
And now for those at DU who do not yet get it:
(1) The probability that a typewritten document in 1972 would replicate in letter spacing, line breaks, etc. the Microsoft Word rendition of the same sentence in 2004 is, as the statisticians would say, near zero.
(2) Due to the spacing adjustment that would accompany kerning, and due to the zero probability that Killian would be typesetting his memos, there is a vanishing probability that something written in 1972 would match so precisely with Microsoft Word.
(3) So its all Bill Gatess fault. He and Rove are controlling the world.
Here we go again. Non-professionals trying to render judgement! The guy is wrong - "kerning" is not about visible widths of pair of glyths. fa and af have different "black width" because f is assymmetrically positioned in its square, it has "right overhang". Kerning is second order adjustment and the forged memos match Word produced text without kerning! Kerning is a non-issue, stop mentioning it!
I've been saying about the fonds on other Kerry docs. Like his DD214 are also the wrong kind. More checking need to be done!
The Bold and the Beautiful
"As the Times New Roman slips through the hourglass, so are The Fonts of our Lives.
This is good enough proof that it text is kerned
...which is not possible when using a typewriter. i.e. the memos are FAKE.
Explain 'second order adjustment', elaborate in plain english.
In typography, kerning refers to adjusting the space between characters, especially by placing two characters closer together than normal. Kerning makes certain combinations of letters, such as WA, MW, TA, and VA, look better.
Only the most sophisticated word processors and desktop publishing systems perform kerning. Normally, you can activate or deactivate kerning for particular fonts.
I think the giveaway is when part of a letter ocupies the same vertical space as an adjacent letter. That is something you cannot do with a typewriter.
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