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To: DoctorZIn

A Hint of a Nuclear Compromise by Iran

By NAZILA FATHI

Published: October 26, 2004

By The New York Times

TEHRAN, Oct. 25- In a reversal, Iran's chief nuclear negotiator hinted Monday that Iran might maintain its freeze on enriching uranium to end a standoff with European countries over its nuclear program.

His remarks came one day after a Foreign Ministry spokesman had rejected a request by three European countries last week that Iran indefinitely suspend uranium enrichment in return for technical and economic assistance, saying Iran was waiting for a more "balanced" offer.

"The European proposal for an unlimited suspension of uranium enrichment can be implemented, provided it does not contradict the Islamic Republic's criteria," the ISNA news agency quoted the nuclear negotiator, Hassan Rowhani, as saying on Monday.

"We have said that we accept the suspension as long as it is voluntary,'' Mr. Rowhani said. "No country has the right to deprive us of our right."

He did not say how long Iran might be willing to forgo enrichment, but said it would "patiently take any measure towards confidence-building."

His comments were the first positive response to the proposal offered by Germany, France and Britain on Thursday. The three countries asked Iran to give up its enrichment program in return for a guarantee to help Iran build a light-water power reactor and to provide a supply of reactor fuel, as well as a package of economic trade incentives.

2 posted on 10/25/2004 9:03:36 PM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn

Iranian women barred from standing in presidential vote

Sun Oct 24, 3:49 PM ET Mideast - AFP

http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/afp/20041024/wl_mideast_afp/iran_politics_vote_women_041024194944

TEHRAN (AFP) - Iranian women have been barred from standing in next year's presidential election after a powerful conservative body stood by its literal interpretation of a single but ambiguous word in the constitution.

The Guardians Council stipulated that the word 'rejal' means "man", a significant interpretation given that under the constitution the president of the Islamic republic "must be elected from the religious and political 'rejal'".


"Up until now the Guardians Council's interpretation of the word is its literal meaning, that is male gender," a spokesman for the council, Gholamhossein Elham, was quoted as saying.


"Those who devised the constitution (shortly after the Islamic Revolution in 1979) also discussed this issue and they were mostly concerned with the gender," he added.


The disputed word, which comes from Arabic, could also be interpreted as meaning "personalities" in Persian and this is the translation used in some English translations of the constitution.


Elham added that Iran's Persian Language Academy was "welcome" to interpret the word, but he did not say whether the Guardians Council would implement their interpretation.


Hasan Habibi, first vice President under former President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and the incumbent Mohammad Khatami (news - web sites), currently heads the academy. He was one of the lawmakers who drew up the Islamic Republic's constitution.


"In Arabic literature the word 'rejal' is not gendered, and we hope that Mr. Habibi comes with an answer... we will have to wait," an Iranian woman conservative deputy, Fatemeh Alia told AFP.


"The issue of running a country requires merit... I personally think if women met all the required conditions why not, but the final choice is that of the people, its people who choose their president," the MP from Tehran added.


Elahe Koulai, a reformist female deputy, told AFP that there were other more pressing issues for women in Iran other than whether they should hold the presidency.


"Issues concerning women in Iran are not confined to the presidency, since we currently do not have an woman minister or ambassador and frankly talking about a woman president is not going to solve women's problems," she added.


There are 11 women MPs in the current conservative-dominated parliament, compared to 13 in the previous one that was reformist-dominated.


Masoumeh Ebtekar, a vice president and the head of the Iranian Environmental Protection Agency (news - web sites) holds the highest post in Iran awarded to a woman.


Iranian women face a number of legal restrictions. They receive half of the inheritance and blood money given to men, and they are also not allowed to be court judges. If they are married, a woman needs her husband's permission to travel abroad.


Iran's current president, Mohammad Khatami, is nearing the end of his second consecutive and therefore final term and speculation is mounting over who will contest the presidential election scheduled for next June.


The Guardians Council is an unelected conservative body that vets all legislation and those seeking to be parliament deputies and president in the Islamic republic.


7 posted on 10/25/2004 11:12:35 PM PDT by freedom44
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