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JOHN TYLER …….10th President of the United States….slaveowner….died on this date in 1862.
http://members.bellatlantic.net/~vze2rdt7/dpotus.html ^ | Frank McGady

Posted on 01/18/2005 11:55:32 AM PST by PeaRidge

If you have visited the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, you know that it is called the Arlington of the Confederacy due to the fact that many famous Confederate people are buried there. Upon entering the cemetery, one finds Confederate President Jefferson Davis first. Then you drive to what is called on the map as President's Circle. In the middle is James Monroe.

A few yards away is John Tyler. Aside from these two presidents, there are 26 Confederate generals buried here. Among the more famous are JEB Stuart, George Pickett, Henry Heth and Fitzhugh Lee.

John Tyler was an interesting person. He was the first vice-president to be elevated to the presidency when the sitting president died. He was the only president to switch parties while he was in office. He also was the only president to get elected to the Confederate Congress.

Tyler was born on a plantation in Virginia. He became the 6th Virginia born president. He went to the College of William and Mary (like Jefferson and Monroe). He was the son of the Governor of Virginia. He was a natural for politics, which he entered in 1811. He was elected Governor of Virginia himself in 1825.

He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1827 and switched parties. Now a Whig, he became William Henry Harrison's running-mate for the 1840 presidential election. He was the "Tyler" in "Tippecanoe and Tyler, too". They easily defeated the unpopular Martin Van Buren.

One month into his presidency, Harrison died. Tyler, who was at home in Virginia did not even know Harrison was sick. On a Sunday morning, in April of 1841, a messenger came to his home in Williamsburg, Virginia to inform him that the president was dead. This started a major controversy, since he was the first vice president to become president.

A southern slaveowner, he was not seen as being presidential enough. Also, no one seemed to know if he was the president or the acting president. John Quincy Adams referred to him as "His Accidency". His cabinet, inherited from Harrison, told him that they had to approve everything he did. Tyler stood up to them and everyone else, feeling he was the president, just as if he was elected. The cabinet backed down as did everyone else and Tyler was sworn in as president three days later.

In 1842, while he was president, his wife Letitia, who had already suffered a stroke, died. Tyler was the first president to become a widower while in office. Within months, he was remarried to Julia Gardiner, who was 30 years younger than him. This marriage produced seven kids, to go along with the seven from his first wife. Tyler was easily our most prolific president. Incidentally, it was his wife Julia that started the tradition of playing "Hail to the Chief".

As a Whig president, Tyler got into trouble with his own party when he started going against many of their plans. A stubborn and uncompromising man, he was called a traitor to the Whig Party. Within six months, all but one of Tyler's cabinet members resigned in protest. Prominent Whig politicians Henry Clay and Daniel Webster even introduced Impeachment proceedings in the House of Representatives, which went no where.

Of course, at the end of his term, he was not nominated for re-election. He left Washington D.C. for his plantation "Sherwood Forest".

After the White House, Tyler stayed involved in politics in Virginia. In 1861, after Virginia seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy, he was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives. He moved into a Richmond (the Confederate capitol) hotel in early January.

On January 12, after his wife joined him he became sick and collapsed in the hotel dinning room. The doctors diagnosed him as suffering from bronchitis and a liver disorder. He planned to return to his Virginia plantation, but died the night before.

He never got the chance to serve in the Confederate Congress.

Tyler's body lay in state in the Confederate Congress draped with a Confederate flag. His funeral was in St. Paul's Episcopal Church and a large procession (around 150 carriages), which included Confederate President Jefferson Davis, escorted him to Hollywood Cemetery. Ironically, he was buried right next to President James Monroe who was a staunch Federalist.

Considered a traitor by many in Washington D.C., his death was officially ignored. It wouldn't be until the 20th Century when an official marker was placed on his grave by Congress.

John Tyler

Born: March 29, 1790 in Greenway, Virginia Served: April 6, 1841 - March 3, 1845 Died: January 18, 1862 in Richmond, Virginia Buried: Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Government; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: civilwar; confederacy; dixielist; federalists; harrison; history; jeffersondavis; johntyler; slaveownership; slavery; whigs

1 posted on 01/18/2005 11:55:40 AM PST by PeaRidge
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To: PeaRidge

Good post. Lots of interesting history that I didn't know (I'm too young to remember back then.)


2 posted on 01/18/2005 11:59:45 AM PST by dead (I've got my eye out for Mullah Omar.)
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To: PeaRidge

Even Bill Clinton did not betray his country as much as did John Tyler.


3 posted on 01/18/2005 11:59:46 AM PST by Grand Old Partisan (You can read about my history of the GOP at www.republicanbasics.com)
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To: PeaRidge

Good timing.


4 posted on 01/18/2005 12:04:06 PM PST by Brilliant
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To: rustbucket; GOPcapitalist; lentulusgracchus; 4ConservativeJustices; Gianni; nolu chan; ...

bump


5 posted on 01/18/2005 12:07:00 PM PST by PeaRidge ("Walt got the boot? I didn't know. When/why did it happen?" Ditto 7-22-04 And now they got #3fan.)
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To: PeaRidge

Tyler was instrumental also in rebuilding the U.S. Navy (much to the detrement of the Confederacy in later years). He directed the Navy to modernize, which resulted in the first steam ship powered with a modern screw: USS Princeton. He also had a giant gun commissioned...it was a 50-pound version of the old 32-pound frigate gun patterned after British ordnance. Tyler was so impressed by the gun's promise, he put a party of dignitaries aboard USS Princeton and sailed down the Potomac to watch it shoot (it had about a 3-mile range). After the performance, as the Princeton was rounding the Potomac's curve around Mount Vernon on its way back to the Navy Yard, Tyler ordered a salute to the first president. Unfortunately, the gun blew up--killing his Secretary of State Cecil Upchur, his Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Gilmer, and his future father-in-law, N.Y. Congressman Tom Gardner.


6 posted on 01/18/2005 12:07:24 PM PST by meandog (qu"Do unto others before they do unto you!")
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To: PeaRidge

Hollywood Cemetary is a treasure, but be careful negotiationg the rapids below! I have a scar on my ankle to remind me that the falls at Hollywood can be dangerous.

John Tyler's *grandson* and his wife currently reside at Tyler's plantation, Sherwood Forest:

http://www.sherwoodforest.org/


7 posted on 01/18/2005 12:08:12 PM PST by society-by-contract
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To: PeaRidge

thanks good post


8 posted on 01/18/2005 12:17:51 PM PST by plain talk
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To: PeaRidge
Arlington of the Confederacy


It is ironic that Arlington Cemetary was Lee's home. The Army of the Patomac began buring bodies there, so that it would never be returned to R.E. Lee.

9 posted on 01/18/2005 12:20:12 PM PST by society-by-contract
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To: society-by-contract; PeaRidge

Great links and posts.


10 posted on 01/18/2005 12:28:45 PM PST by stainlessbanner
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To: dljordan; Da Bilge Troll; nolu chan; sionnsar; Free Trapper; dcwusmc; Wampus SC; Fiddlstix; ...

bump


11 posted on 01/18/2005 12:30:15 PM PST by stainlessbanner
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To: PeaRidge

Hail to President John Tyler! He was no traitor to us Southrons, who fought for our honor, our traditions, our rights, and our independence.


12 posted on 01/18/2005 12:33:03 PM PST by Brig_Gen_George_P_Harrison_CSA (Deo Vindice!)
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To: PeaRidge
Indeed a good post. I've visited Sherwood Forest, the old Tyler home still occupied by his descendents. It was a different time, and he was a man of that time and he held to his principles. It is easy, after a century and a half, to condemn those who came before according to the standards of our own time. I do wonder how in the year 2150 our present day politicians will be viewed according to the standards of that future time.
13 posted on 01/18/2005 12:35:36 PM PST by Malesherbes
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To: PeaRidge

Tyler also, correctly, vetoed the central bank bill congress had recently passed (hooray!):


http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761567784/John_Tyler.html

In 1841 Congress began its war with Tyler by passing a bill that reestablished the Bank of the United States. Tyler vetoed the bill as unconstitutional because it gave the states no right of approval over bank branches set up within state borders. A second bank bill was promptly passed by Congress and as promptly vetoed by Tyler. This second veto caused Tyler to be solemnly read out of the Whig Party. His action also led to the resignation of his entire Cabinet except for Secretary of State Daniel Webster.


14 posted on 01/18/2005 12:44:27 PM PST by society-by-contract
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To: Grand Old Partisan

John Tyler is my wifes great, great, great grandfather. In fact, she is named after his wife. And he was no traitor.


15 posted on 01/18/2005 12:49:05 PM PST by CWW (Mark Sanford for President on 2008!)
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To: stainlessbanner
Very interesting. I have a couple of ancestors buried at Hollywood Cemetery, just not sure where. They are among the unknown Confederate dead whose records were lost when Richmond burned.

Deo Vindice!
16 posted on 01/18/2005 12:50:18 PM PST by RebelBanker (To crush your enemies, see them driven before you, and to hear the lamentation of the women!)
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To: CWW

William Henry Harrison was my great(x6)-uncle. Please extend my greetings to your wife.


17 posted on 01/18/2005 1:05:59 PM PST by Brig_Gen_George_P_Harrison_CSA (Deo Vindice!)
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To: society-by-contract
John Tyler's *grandson* and his wife currently reside at Tyler's plantation,

And his great-great grandson is the front man for the group Aerosmith.

Just kiddding.

18 posted on 01/18/2005 1:19:37 PM PST by 1LongTimeLurker
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To: CWW

Oh, don't pay him no nevermind. He's just here to pimp his book.


19 posted on 01/18/2005 1:20:04 PM PST by Constitution Day
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To: PeaRidge

He was the original 'Johnny Reb'.

In 1861, your state WAS your country. Robert E. Lee would've worn a blue uniform if Virginia had not seceded.


20 posted on 01/18/2005 1:25:30 PM PST by Spok
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To: PeaRidge

James Monroe was an Anti-Federalist in 1788 as a delegate to the Virginia convention which debated ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and was later a Jeffersonian Republican. He became President by defeating the Federalist candidate, Rufus King, in 1816.


21 posted on 01/18/2005 2:14:14 PM PST by Verginius Rufus
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To: stainlessbanner
dixie LIBERTY BUMP!

free dixie,sw

22 posted on 01/18/2005 2:26:55 PM PST by stand watie ( being a damnyankee is no better than being a racist. it is a LEARNED prejudice against dixie.)
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To: PeaRidge
John Quincy Adams referred to him as "His Accidency".

That is a line that could easily be delivered today on your average cable show. Nice.

President Tyler had 14 kids, the way I read that article. I see he had an appetite that seems to be a common one in the White House ;)

23 posted on 01/18/2005 2:36:14 PM PST by lawnguy (I Am not Charlotte Simmons, But I like her a lot.)
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To: society-by-contract

And down the street from Tyler's house is Berkeley Plantation, birthplace of William Henry Harrison. Berkeley Plantation was the place where TAPS was written during the Civil War. It is also said to be the site where slavery was introduced in the New World. It is a place loaded with history.


24 posted on 01/18/2005 2:49:38 PM PST by petitfour
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To: PeaRidge
Tyler was astute.

Richmond, March 1 -- Ex-President Tyler and Mr. Seldon, late Commissioners to the Washington Peace Conference, arrived in this city, on their way home, yesterday afternoon, and in the evening were honored with a serenade. Ex-President Tyler, in returning his thanks, said the South had nothing to hope from the Black Republicans. The secession feeling is on the increase. (Mar 2, 1861 Daily Picayune of New Orleans)

We visited Hollywood Cemetery for the first time about a year ago. The hurricane had just been through a month or two earlier and there were trees down everywhere in the cemetery. Big place. We found Jefferson Davis' grave and JEB Stuart's.

25 posted on 01/18/2005 2:57:52 PM PST by rustbucket
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To: petitfour

Berkeley Plantation was also where the first annual Thanksgiving Day was celebrated in America in December, 1619.


26 posted on 01/18/2005 3:02:55 PM PST by rustbucket
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To: rustbucket; bourbon

And husband says that most importantly, Berkeley Plantation was the birthplace of bourbon.


27 posted on 01/18/2005 4:31:22 PM PST by petitfour
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To: petitfour

It's funny that you wrote me this msg. on 01/18/05 b/c yesterday was MY birthday!

What a co-inky-dink!


28 posted on 01/19/2005 10:56:22 AM PST by bourbon (works best when angry)
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To: bourbon

oh my. don't you know that there is no such think as a coinkydink???

Well, happy birthday! I really had no idea. Well, I have been to the birthplace of bourbon and bourbon.


29 posted on 01/19/2005 11:05:04 AM PST by petitfour
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To: bourbon

Take one of those "well"s out of my last post.

Coinkydinkally, my grandmother was also born on January 18.


30 posted on 01/19/2005 11:07:38 AM PST by petitfour
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To: PeaRidge

Bump for a great President.


31 posted on 02/20/2005 3:24:10 PM PST by 4CJ (Laissez les bon FReeps rouler - "Accurately quoting Lincoln is a bannable offense.")
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