Such examples abound. Intelligent Design correctly explains the creation of computer viri, artifically intelligent software, self-replicating machines, cloning, etc.
No it does not. Design is an iterative process that includes natural selection. Even the most carefully designed objects are just guesses. Those that work survive and get incorporated into more complex objects. No one ever designed a jetliner from first principles. Designs evolve.
Let's get something straight about the concept of evolution. It does not care about the source or cause of change or modification. The change may or may not be caused by a conscious entity, but selection operates on the change regardless of its source.
Darwin never made a single specific claim about how modification occurred. He couldn't. He knew nothing about genetics. What he observed and recorded is the fact that changes are subject to selection, and selection shapes the direction of change.
You are a conservative. You believe that free markets are more efficient than planned economies. Why is that? Surely intelligently designed economies should be better. If not, why not? The answer again, as noted by Darwin and Adam Smith, is that the invisible hand of selection is the best and most efficient designer, even when the objects being selected by the invisible hand are the product of a conscious entity.