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Creationism: God's gift to the ignorant (Religion bashing alert)
Times Online UK ^ | May 21, 2005 | Richard Dawkins

Posted on 05/25/2005 3:41:22 AM PDT by billorites

Science feeds on mystery. As my colleague Matt Ridley has put it: “Most scientists are bored by what they have already discovered. It is ignorance that drives them on.” Science mines ignorance. Mystery — that which we don’t yet know; that which we don’t yet understand — is the mother lode that scientists seek out. Mystics exult in mystery and want it to stay mysterious. Scientists exult in mystery for a very different reason: it gives them something to do.

Admissions of ignorance and mystification are vital to good science. It is therefore galling, to say the least, when enemies of science turn those constructive admissions around and abuse them for political advantage. Worse, it threatens the enterprise of science itself. This is exactly the effect that creationism or “intelligent design theory” (ID) is having, especially because its propagandists are slick, superficially plausible and, above all, well financed. ID, by the way, is not a new form of creationism. It simply is creationism disguised, for political reasons, under a new name.

It isn’t even safe for a scientist to express temporary doubt as a rhetorical device before going on to dispel it.

“To suppose that the eye with all its inimitable contrivances for adjusting the focus to different distances, for admitting different amounts of light, and for the correction of spherical and chromatic aberration, could have been formed by natural selection, seems, I freely confess, absurd in the highest degree.” You will find this sentence of Charles Darwin quoted again and again by creationists. They never quote what follows. Darwin immediately went on to confound his initial incredulity. Others have built on his foundation, and the eye is today a showpiece of the gradual, cumulative evolution of an almost perfect illusion of design. The relevant chapter of my Climbing Mount Improbable is called “The fortyfold Path to Enlightenment” in honour of the fact that, far from being difficult to evolve, the eye has evolved at least 40 times independently around the animal kingdom.

The distinguished Harvard geneticist Richard Lewontin is widely quoted as saying that organisms “appear to have been carefully and artfully designed”. Again, this was a rhetorical preliminary to explaining how the powerful illusion of design actually comes about by natural selection. The isolated quotation strips out the implied emphasis on “appear to”, leaving exactly what a simple-mindedly pious audience — in Kansas, for instance — wants to hear.

The deceitful misquoting of scientists to suit an anti-scientific agenda ranks among the many unchristian habits of fundamentalist authors. But such Telling Lies for God (the book title of the splendidly pugnacious Australian geologist Ian Plimer) is not the most serious problem. There is a more important point to be made, and it goes right to the philosophical heart of creationism.

The standard methodology of creationists is to find some phenomenon in nature which Darwinism cannot readily explain. Darwin said: “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.” Creationists mine ignorance and uncertainty in order to abuse his challenge. “Bet you can’t tell me how the elbow joint of the lesser spotted weasel frog evolved by slow gradual degrees?” If the scientist fails to give an immediate and comprehensive answer, a default conclusion is drawn: “Right, then, the alternative theory; ‘intelligent design’ wins by default.”

Notice the biased logic: if theory A fails in some particular, theory B must be right! Notice, too, how the creationist ploy undermines the scientist’s rejoicing in uncertainty. Today’s scientist in America dare not say: “Hm, interesting point. I wonder how the weasel frog’s ancestors did evolve their elbow joint. I’ll have to go to the university library and take a look.” No, the moment a scientist said something like that the default conclusion would become a headline in a creationist pamphlet: “Weasel frog could only have been designed by God.”

I once introduced a chapter on the so-called Cambrian Explosion with the words: “It is as though the fossils were planted there without any evolutionary history.” Again, this was a rhetorical overture, intended to whet the reader’s appetite for the explanation. Inevitably, my remark was gleefully quoted out of context. Creationists adore “gaps” in the fossil record.

Many evolutionary transitions are elegantly documented by more or less continuous series of changing intermediate fossils. Some are not, and these are the famous “gaps”. Michael Shermer has wittily pointed out that if a new fossil discovery neatly bisects a “gap”, the creationist will declare that there are now two gaps! Note yet again the use of a default. If there are no fossils to document a postulated evolutionary transition, the assumption is that there was no evolutionary transition: God must have intervened.

The creationists’ fondness for “gaps” in the fossil record is a metaphor for their love of gaps in knowledge generally. Gaps, by default, are filled by God. You don’t know how the nerve impulse works? Good! You don’t understand how memories are laid down in the brain? Excellent! Is photosynthesis a bafflingly complex process? Wonderful! Please don’t go to work on the problem, just give up, and appeal to God. Dear scientist, don’t work on your mysteries. Bring us your mysteries for we can use them. Don’t squander precious ignorance by researching it away. Ignorance is God’s gift to Kansas.

Richard Dawkins, FRS, is the Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public Understanding of Science, at Oxford University. His latest book is The Ancestor’s Tale


TOPICS: Culture/Society
KEYWORDS: biblethumpers; cary; creation; crevolist; dawkins; evolution; excellentessay; funnyresponses; hahahahahahaha; liberalgarbage; phenryjerkalert; smegheads
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To: VadeRetro

'nite.
headed that way myself.


541 posted on 05/25/2005 7:17:59 PM PDT by King Prout (blast and char it among fetid buzzard guts!)
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To: RightWingNilla; King Prout; VadeRetro; AntiGuv; Junior
What is wrong with you guys? Virtual Ignore is the only appropriate response. You're letting a good thread degenerate into utter putridity.
542 posted on 05/25/2005 7:19:20 PM PDT by PatrickHenry (Felix, qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas. The List-O-Links is at my homepage.)
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To: Junior
You'd be surprised what threads we appear on. Do a search on Poster and plug in any of our names.

No thanks. I know who participates in the important conservative threads and who doesn't. Antiguv and general_re are two who do.

543 posted on 05/25/2005 7:19:27 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: jwalsh07

And it's an observation I make frequently, by some form or another, in many different contexts. Don't take it personally! =)


544 posted on 05/25/2005 7:20:17 PM PDT by AntiGuv ()
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To: King Prout

Hey dingbat, read his "views" on Kansas at the end of the article. Cripes.


545 posted on 05/25/2005 7:20:47 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: AntiGuv
I apologize. I admit too being a bit "testy" in that reply.

We sometimes agree, we sometimes disagree but you have no hypocritical bones in your body that I've seen.

And besides you're a good opponent in constitutional debates, you and the general. :-}

546 posted on 05/25/2005 7:23:09 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: PatrickHenry

but, but.. If I stop responding I'll have to go do something productive.. =(

Oh, alright. Back to organizing my library!


547 posted on 05/25/2005 7:23:37 PM PDT by AntiGuv ()
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To: jwalsh07
Because he rouses the lefty rebels in Europe with his anti Bush articles in the local Brit rags resulting in less support from Europe and more young Americans in harms way. Not too freaking brilliant from my point of view.

I don't give a sh!t if he's a flamin' jihadist. I would pull him into a lifeboat over a troll like you.

548 posted on 05/25/2005 7:25:08 PM PDT by balrog666 (A myth by any other name is still inane.)
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To: balrog666
I don't give a sh!t if he's a flamin' jihadist. I would pull him into a lifeboat over a troll like you.

LOL, you guys are too much.

549 posted on 05/25/2005 7:26:56 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: jwalsh07
Yes Junior, I'm well aware of that. I misspoke. God I'm sure wii forgive me for misspeaking.

But not for lying - unless She's a wimp too.

550 posted on 05/25/2005 7:27:38 PM PDT by balrog666 (A myth by any other name is still inane.)
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To: balrog666

Liar, liar panties on fire. Nahnahnahnahnah.


551 posted on 05/25/2005 7:28:22 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: All

Trapped rat placemarker.


552 posted on 05/25/2005 7:29:54 PM PDT by furball4paws (One of the last Evil Geniuses, or the first of their return.)
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To: balrog666

Bullpens empty, the second string right fielder comes into pitch?


553 posted on 05/25/2005 7:29:55 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: jwalsh07

Just callin' as I see 'em, sh!thead.


554 posted on 05/25/2005 7:34:16 PM PDT by balrog666 (A myth by any other name is still inane.)
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To: balrog666

Who lets you out of the attic at night?


555 posted on 05/25/2005 7:35:40 PM PDT by jwalsh07
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To: jwalsh07

Is this a contest? Should I say "your mother after she services me" or something similar?


556 posted on 05/25/2005 7:37:42 PM PDT by balrog666 (A myth by any other name is still inane.)
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To: balrog666

Well, ain't nothin' left but the electrons. Turn the lights out when you go.


557 posted on 05/25/2005 7:38:46 PM PDT by furball4paws (One of the last Evil Geniuses, or the first of their return.)
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To: jwalsh07

No apologies needed! The only point I meant to make is one I've made many times before - reality is eternal and immutable no matter our perception of it. Few things are more characteristic of mankind than a drive to know the truth of all things.

The apocryphal remark of Galileo upon his condemnation puts it quite well: "And yet the earth still moves!"

Now I'm off to wrap up the week-long project of organizing my books. Later!


558 posted on 05/25/2005 7:39:31 PM PDT by AntiGuv ()
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To: PatrickHenry
You're letting a good thread degenerate into utter putridity.

Well, ya gotta admit, it better than chasing after stray primes......

559 posted on 05/25/2005 7:42:48 PM PDT by longshadow
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To: PatrickHenry; RightWingNilla; VadeRetro; AntiGuv; Junior

Ignore? Ignore who? I'm sorry, but I don't know what you mean. I had thought that you, RightWingNilla, VadeRetro, AntiGuv, Junior, and I were having a productive round-table discussion concerning Primes.


560 posted on 05/25/2005 7:43:28 PM PDT by King Prout (blast and char it among fetid buzzard guts!)
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