Skip to comments.Academicians Claim Buddha Turned Into European Saint
Posted on 07/04/2005 12:17:05 PM PDT by blam
Academicians Claim Buddha Turned Into European Saint
By Kim Ki-tae
Greek drawings estimated to be from the 12th century show Ioasaph teaching Christianity to the public. A group of researchers claim the European saint is a derivation of the Buddha. Courtesy of Antiquus
The ancient tale of Gautama Siddhartha, the founder of Buddhism, spread from his homeland to Europe, where he became a Christian saint with the name of ``Iosaphat.¡± That¡¯s the conclusion of a group of Korean researchers who have conducted a multi-linguistic study of the westward spread of the story of the Buddha.
``It is apparent that the name Iosaphat originates from Buddha,¡¯¡¯ Paik Seung-wook, a lecturer of Spanish at Seoul National University said.
According to Paik, while the Buddha¡¯s tale spread westbound, his name ``Buddha¡¯¡¯ or ``Bodhisatta¡¯¡¯ in Sanskrit, changed gradually in accordance with various linguistic backgrounds with similar accounts of the tale.
For example, it changed to ``Bodisav¡¯¡¯ in Persian texts in the sixth or seventh century, ``Budhasaf or Yudasaf¡¯¡¯ in an eighth-century Arabic document and ``Iodasaph¡¯¡¯ in Georgia in the 10th century.
The name in turn was adapted to ``Ioasaph¡¯¡¯ in Greece in the 11th century, and ``Iosaphat¡¯¡¯ or ``Josaphat¡¯¡¯ in Latin since then.
``The gradual change of the name shows the westward spread of the tale from Nepal (where the Buddha was born) to Persia, the Middle East, Greece and Europe,¡¯¡¯ Paik said.
Paik is a member of a project research team undertaking a study of the literary interchange between the East and the West. The Korean Research Foundation is sponsoring the study, and the study results were published in the June-July edition of the bimonthly ``Antiquus.¡¯¡¯
As it spread, the tale adapted different versions according to various religious backdrops. In the Greek account, a hero Ioasaph, a prince in India, one day witnessed blind, sick and old people on the streets outside of the palace. The scenes shocked the innocent prince and led him to contemplate the agony and emptiness of life. One day, a Christian monk named Barlaam visited the anguished prince and taught him the religion. Enlightened, Ioasaph abandoned his secular values and led an ascetic life until his death. This account has a striking similarity to that of the Buddha¡¯s tale.
In Europe, the story spread to most regions, especially since the 11th century, and the tale¡¯s hero has been acclaimed as the champion of Christianity, not Buddhism.
``There are slight differences in accounts in different texts. For example, in an Arabic account, the prince married a woman, but in a Greek text, he overcomes temptation from female figures,¡¯¡¯ Paik said.
According to Paik, there have been previous studies in Britain and Germany on the cultural transmission of Buddha¡¯s tale to Europe, but he said this study is the first time scholars approached the subject in a comprehensive and multi-linguistic way.
``The research covered eight languages _ Sanskrit, Georgian, Arab, Turkish, Persian, Greek, Latin and Spanish. Our team studied the original text in six languages, and the other two in English,¡¯¡¯ Paik said.
I think we've covered this subject before. I don't recall seeing the picture though.
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Not exactly breaking news: I remember reading about this 40+ years ago.
There were a lot of Bodhisattvas, probably still are. It's more of a title than a proper name. Jehosaphat was a common name way BC.
Wouldn't be the first pagan thing introduced into the church.
Jehosaphat was a common name way BC.
No mention of his propensity for jumping though.
Man! And I thought all great leaders and thinkers and artists and philosophers were gay...
In your mind, I guess freedom as a philosophy is pagan? Or the Constitution?
So did Buddha actually become a Christian? That ought to confuse his more recent followers.
I thought the headline read, "Academicians Claim Bubba Turned Into European Saint"
Does Iosaphat mean "I oh so fat!"
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