Germany has reached out to the Russians during Schroeder's tenure, and I suspect so under pressure from the French, but that will stop in September with the election of Angela Merkel as Chancellor of Germany. She is the leader of the Christian Democrats (who will form the next governing coalition), and she has promised to rekindle relations with Washington and cool things a bit with Moscow. Also, I don't understand your comment about Italy, Berlusconi sent troops to Iraq, and he is a great friend of the US. Spain, yes, you're correct here, Zapatoro has cooled things with Washington in favor of Russia, France, Germany, and Brussels. As to the bases in Central Asia, of course the Russians have stronger influence there, it's their backyard. But it must be troubling to Putin that America has combat forces currently stationed in countries that border Russia, and that all the former members of the Warsaw Pact, with the obvious exception of the defunct Soviet Union, are now members of NATO.
Actually,the cooperation I look at is more than political.Italian,French,German & even British companies are trying to sign up with Russian weapons manufacturers to jointly develop or market goods.Both Italy & Russia pretty much developed an advanced jet trainer(Yak-130) together,but broke off only due to technical considerations,while the BAE & AMS of Britain are promoting joint upgrades of several Russian weapons.Then there is the issue of Russia becoming an attractive investment destination & fast growing for companies from these countries.So even if Germany or Spain go conservative again,there isn't a guarantee that they will turn their backs to Moscow-their interests seem to demand that.
Slightly off topic - could Merkel be Germay's version of Thatcher? It would be ood to see the tax cuts and government reductions that Kohl proposed passed. What Kohl proposed had to have been inspired by Reagan.