Skip to comments.JUDGE EDITH H. JONES Tells Harvard Law School: "American Legal System Is Corrupt Beyond Recognition"
Posted on 07/07/2005 12:18:17 PM PDT by Liz
Judge Edith H. Jones of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit talks to members of Harvard Law School's Fed-eralist Society. Jones said that the question of what is mor-ally right is routinely sacrificed to what is politically expedient.
The American legal system has been corrupted almost beyond recognition, Judge Edith Jones of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, told the Federalist Society of Harvard Law School on February 28.
She said that the question of what is morally right is routinely sacrificed to what is politically expedient. The change has come because legal philosophy has descended to nihilism. "The integrity of law, its religious roots, its transcendent quality are disappearing. I saw the movie 'Chicago' with Richard Gere the other day. That's the way the public thinks about lawyers," she told the students.
"The first 100 years of American lawyers were trained on Blackstone, who wrote that: 'The law of nature . dictated by God himself . is binding . in all counties and at all times; no human laws are of any validity if contrary to this; and such of them as are valid derive all force and all their authority . from this original.' The Framers created a government of limited power with this understanding of the rule of law - that it was dependent on transcendent religious obligation," said Jones.
She said that the business about all of the Founding Fathers being deists is "just wrong," or "way overblown." She says they believed in "faith and reason," and this did not lead to intolerance. "This is not a prescription for intolerance or narrow sectarianism," she continued, "for unalienable rights were given by God to all our fellow citizens. Having lost sight of the moral and religious foundations of the rule of law, we are vulnerable to the destruction of our freedom, our equality before the law and our self-respect. It is my fervent hope that this new century will experience a revival of the original understanding of the rule of law and its roots.
"The answer is a recovery of moral principle, the sine qua non of an orderly society. Post 9/11, many events have been clarified. It is hard to remain a moral relativist when your own people are being killed."
According to the judge, the first contemporary threat to the rule of law comes from within the legal system itself.
Alexis de Tocqueville, author of Democracy in America and one of the first writers to observe the United States from the outside looking-in, "described lawyers as a natural aristocracy in America," Jones told the students. "The intellectual basis of their profession and the study of law based on venerable precedents bred in them habits of order and a taste for formalities and predictability." As Tocqueville saw it, "These qualities enabled attorneys to stand apart from the passions of the majority.
Lawyers were respected by the citizens and able to guide them and moderate the public's whims. Lawyers were essential to tempering the potential tyranny of the majority. "Some lawyers may still perceive our profession in this flattering light, but to judge from polls and the tenor of lawyer jokes, I doubt the public shares Tocqueville's view anymore, and it is hard for us to do so.
"The legal aristocracy have shed their professional independence for the temptations and materialism associated with becoming businessmen. Because law has become a self-avowed business, pressure mounts to give clients the advice they want to hear, to pander to the clients' goal through deft manipulation of the law. While the business mentality produces certain benefits, like occasional competition to charge clients lower fees, other adverse effects include advertising and shameless self-promotion. The legal system has also been wounded by lawyers who themselves no longer respect the rule of law,"
The judge quoted Kenneth Starr as saying, "It is decidedly unchristian to win at any cost," and added that most lawyers agree with him. However, "An increasingly visible and vocal number apparently believe that the strategic use of anger and incivility will achieve their aims. Others seem uninhibited about making misstatements to the court or their opponents or destroying or falsifying evidence," she claimed. "When lawyers cannot be trusted to observe the fair processes essential to maintaining the rule of law, how can we expect the public to respect the process?"
Lawsuits Do Not Bring 'Social Justice'
Another pernicious development within the legal system is the misuse of lawsuits, according to her. "We see lawsuits wielded as weapons of revenge," she says. "Lawsuits are brought that ultimately line the pockets of lawyers rather than their clients. . The lawsuit is not the best way to achieve social justice, and to think it is, is a seriously flawed hypothesis. There are better ways to achieve social goals than by going into court."
Jones said that employment litigation is a particularly fertile field for this kind of abuse. "Seldom are employment discrimination suits in our court supported by direct evidence of race or sex-based animosity. Instead, the courts are asked to revisit petty interoffice disputes and to infer invidious motives from trivial comments or work-performance criticism. Recrimination, second-guessing and suspicion plague the workplace when tenuous discrimination suits are filed . creating an atmosphere in which many corporate defendants are forced into costly settlements because they simply cannot afford to vindicate their positions. "While the historical purpose of the common law was to compensate for individual injuries, this new litigation instead purports to achieve redistributive social justice.
Scratch the surface of the attorneys' self-serving press releases, however, and one finds how enormously profitable social redistribution is for those lawyers who call themselves 'agents of change.'"Jones wonders, "What social goal is achieved by transferring millions of dollars to the lawyers, while their clients obtain coupons or token rebates."
The judge quoted George Washington who asked in his Farewell Address, "Where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert the oaths in courts of justice?" Similarly, asked Jones, how can a system founded on law survive if the administrators of the law daily display their contempt for it?
"Lawyers' private morality has definite public consequences," she said. "Their misbehavior feeds on itself, encouraging disrespect and debasement of the rule of law as the public become encouraged to press their own advantage in a system they perceive as manipulatable." The second threat to the rule of law comes from government, which is encumbered with agencies that have made the law so complicated that it is difficult to decipher and often contradicts itself.
"Agencies have an inherent tendency to expand their mandate," says Jones. "At the same time, their decision-making often becomes parochial and short-sighted. They may be captured by the entities that are ostensibly being regulated, or they may pursue agency self-interest at the expense of the public welfare. Citizens left at the mercy of selective and unpredictable agency action have little recourse."
Jones recommends three books by Philip Howard: The Death of Common Sense, The Collapse of the Common Good and The Lost Art of Drawing the Line, which further delineate this problem. The third and most comprehensive threat to the rule of law arises from contemporary legal philosophy.
"Throughout my professional life, American legal education has been ruled by theories like positivism, the residue of legal realism, critical legal studies, post-modernism and other philosophical fashions," said Jones. "Each of these theories has a lot to say about the 'is' of law, but none of them addresses the 'ought,' the moral foundation or direction of law." Jones quoted Roger C. Cramton, a law professor at Cornell University, who wrote in the 1970s that "the ordinary religion of the law school classroom" is "a moral relativism tending toward nihilism, a pragmatism tending toward an amoral instrumentalism, a realism tending toward cynicism, an individualism tending toward atomism, and a faith in reason and democratic processes tending toward mere credulity and idolatry."
No 'Great Awakening' In Law School Classrooms
The judge said ruefully, "There has been no Great Awakening in the law school classroom since those words were written." She maintained that now it is even worse because faith and democratic processes are breaking down."The problem with legal philosophy today is that it reflects all too well the broader post-Enlightenment problem of philosophy," Jones said. She quoted Ernest Fortin, who wrote in Crisis magazine: "The whole of modern thought . has been a series of heroic attempts to reconstruct a world of human meaning and value on the basis of our purely mechanistic understanding of the universe."
Jones said that all of these threats to the rule of law have a common thread running through them, and she quoted Professor Harold Berman to identify it: "The traditional Western beliefs in the structural integrity of law, its ongoingness, its religious roots, its transcendent qualities, are disappearing not only from the minds of law teachers and law students but also from the consciousness of the vast majority of citizens, the people as a whole; and more than that, they are disappearing from the law itself. The law itself is becoming more fragmented, more subjective, geared more to expediency and less to morality. . The historical soil of the Western legal tradition is being washed away . and the tradition itself is threatened with collapse."
Judge Jones concluded with another thought from George Washington: "Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness - these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens."
Upon taking questions from students, Judge Jones recommended Michael Novak's book, On Two Wings: Humble Faith and Common Sense. "Natural law is not a prescriptive way to solve problems," Jones said. "It is a way to look at life starting with the Ten Commandments."
Natural law provides "a framework for government that permits human freedom," Jones said. "If you take that away, what are you left with? Bodily senses? The will of the majority? The communist view? What is it - 'from each according to his ability, to each according to his need?' I don't even remember it, thank the Lord," she said to the amusement of the students. "I am an unabashed patriot - I think the United States is the healthiest society in the world at this point in time," Jones said, although she did concede that there were other ways to accommodate the rule of law, such as constitutional monarchy.
"Our legal system is way out of kilter," she said. "The tort litigating system is wreaking havoc. Look at any trials that have been conducted on TV. These lawyers are willing to say anything."
Potential Nominee to Supreme Court
Judge Edith Jones has been mentioned as a potential nominee to the Supreme Court in the Bush administration, but does not relish the idea. "Have you looked at what people have to go through who are nominated for federal appointments? They have to answer questions like, 'Did you pay your nanny taxes?' 'Is your yard man illegal?' "In those circumstances, who is going to go out to be a federal judge?"
Judge Edith H. Jones has a B.A. from Cornell University and a J.D. from the University of Texas School of Law. She was appointed to the Fifth Circuit by President Ronald Reagan in 1985. Her office is in the U.S. Courthouse in Houston.
The Federalist Society was founded in 1982 when a group of law students from Harvard, Stanford, the University of Chicago and Yale organized a symposium on federalism at Yale Law School. These students were unhappy with the academic climate on their campuses for some of the reasons outlined by Judge Jones. The Federalist Society was created to be a forum for a wider range of legal viewpoints than they were hearing in the course of their studies.
From the four schools mentioned above, the Society has grown to include over 150 law school chapters. The Harvard chapter, with over 250 members, is one of the nation's largest and most active. They seek to contribute to civilized dialogue at the Law School by providing a libertarian and conservative voice on campus and by sponsoring speeches and debates on a wide range of legal and policy issues.
The Federalist Society consists of libertarians and conservatives interested in the current state of the legal profession. It is founded on three principles: 1) the state exists to preserve freedom, 2) the separation of governmental powers is central to our Constitution and 3) it is emphatically the province and duty of the judiciary to state what the law is, not what it should be.
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Well, Ruth Bader Ginsberg, hurry up and get yourself the heck outta there......we are ready and waiting for Edith.
Liberals call Judge Jones the "Horsewoman of the Right Wing Apocalypse." She's extremely conservative but not a likely candidate to replace O'Connor because she wrote an opinion affirming a death penalty conviction where the defendant's lawyer slept during trial. It wasn't nearly as bad as it sounds, but that opinion has followed her ever since.
Good grief, put this woman on SCOTUS.
Somebody speaking at HAh-Vah-D with a brain PING!
"Why should she be blamed and held accountable to something that the defendant's lawyer did?"
Because she's an appellate judge and there's a 6th amendment right to effective counsel. She voted to affirm the conviction in spite of the lawyer's having slept during trial. As I said before, it wasn't quite as bad as it sounds, but I seriously doubt she'd get an outright majority in the Senate- I expect several Republican senators would vote against her. Honestly, I'm pretty darn conservative, and some of her opinions seem a little overboard to me. She writes with kind of an arrogant style, as if her ideology were the only legitimate one. I'd put her well to the right of a Scalia, who I admire greatly.
very nice. I'd like to see a full transcript of the speech. Not quite as good as Janice Rogers Brown's:
'A whiter shade of Pale'
I'm just amazed that she has a degree from UT. How did she turn out this way?
The link to this article is dead. Can you provide another one? Thanks!
bump for later.
Amazing that this sort of thing happened at Harvard. Possibly the leftists would have objected if only they could have understood it.
You'll no doubt enjoy this.
Oh, yes, yes.
Fianlly had the guts to say what everyone KNOWS.
Yes it is ... and it's time to throw it out and start over... say with the original intent constitution. I would also tar and feather ANYONE who would advocate anymore idiotic and unconstitutional freedom stealing nanny laws
What's her stance on the Second Amendment?
Yes. I'm surprised these remarks didn't cause a near riot at Harvard. This woman makes so much sense that clearly she has no shot at the court.
The law is what the courts want to make it.
lawyer...One who manipulates the law for personal gain and financial profit.
A few students seem to escape the brain-washing, it seems.
(because it is all so very very very very very very very true.)
and the mandatory Bars refuse to do anything because they support the incivility.
Judge Jones is proof that there is still hope yet...
I like the idea of a another independent, big sky western woman replacing Sandra Day. Democrats will have a hard time arguing with that word picture after they've professed their admiration so strong for O'Connor.
And forgive me mentioning the London tragedy in this context, but the Democrats are going to look pretty darn bad if they continue to thwart the nomination process after this 9-ll wake up call. We're at war, and democrats better remember that.
Why I do believe Edith is campaigning. ;^D
>> I saw the movie 'Chicago' with Richard Gere the other day. >>
What's she doing hanging out with Richa--- Oh, nevermind.
Hi, YA YA!
I'm not sure the Dims ever got the concept that we are at war. They still think the prisoners we take should be tried in a court of law like they were American citizens! How skewed is that?
Isn't it interesting that we have a legal system that is so convoluted that we now live in a time where two different lawyers can have such diametrically opposed views on how a certain law should be interpreted and adjudicated?
The Federalist Society consists of libertarians and conservatives interested in the current state of the legal profession.
Later pingout and I want her on the SCOTUS!
Today, "oaths" are considered by many of the Liberal Left to be merely symbolic words, having little meaning except as "promises."
George Washington, in the quotation cited above, recognizes the Founders' view that oaths were much more than mere mortal promises. They were intended, in the "courts of justice," to signify what the Founders believed to be "obligations" before a Higher Authority, thus, trustworthy pledges.
Let John Quincy Adams explain it, as he did in New York City on the 50th Anniversary of the Inauguration of George Washington in his "Jubilee of the Constitution of the United States." Here are his words:
"To complete the organization of the government by the institution of the chief executive departments and the establishment of judicial courts, was among the first duties of Congress. The constitution had provided that all the public functionaries of the Union, not only of the general but of all the state governments, should be under oath or affirmation for its support. The homage of religious faith was thus superadded to all the obligations of temporal law, to give it strength; and this confirmation of an appeal to the responsibilities of a future omnipotent judge, was in exact conformity with the whole tenor of the Declaration of Independence. . . ."
In this hours-long Discourse, delivered at the request of the New York Historical Society, Adams recites the noble 50-year history of America under its Constitution, as well as the history of its philosophical underpinnings in the Declaration of Independence.
The question is: who understands better the philosophy, principles, and protections of the United States Constitution better, John Quincy Adams, or the ACLU and the Liberals of today?
Adams, the eldest son of John Adams, born in 1767, served as Minister to the Netherlands under President Washington, as minister to Prussia and to Russia, as Secretary of State, and as U. S. Senator. He was the Sixth President of the United States and from 1830 until his death in his seat in the Congress, he was a U. S. Congressman.
I like the cut of her jib.
I did. Thanks. I had a friend who went to Harvard Law. They did a job on his head with "Critical Legal Theory." A sample:
If legal theory is to be progressive it must be critical and must address the role of law as a primary facilitator of exploitation and discrimination. ...He's now a corporate lawyer, ironically and predictably enough.
....imagine, if you will, these activist judges being...(gulp).....radical Muslims....
Moral Absolutes Ping.
Very good read. I vote for her on the SCOTUS, not that my vote means anything. SHe unabashedly speaks the truth about the very foundation of law, morality and their connection. The statement "you can't legislate morality" is trounced soundly.
Freepmail me if you want on/off this pinglist.
for later discussion
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