Skip to comments.The United States Supereme Court's War on the Sovereignty of God
Posted on 07/11/2005 9:37:16 AM PDT by Warhammer
July 8, 2005 By Douglas W. Phillips, Esq. Can the State Acknowledge God?
The defining legal issue of our generation is not the right to life or even the definition of the family, but whether the United States of America through its laws, its charters, its magistrates, and its public institutions can and will meaningfully acknowledge the God of the Bible. The acknowledgment of God is the first principle of liberty, a fact which was recognized by the Founding Fathers who declared that we are endowed by our Creator with certain inalienable rights.
Upon the acknowledgement of God and the recognition that He is the supreme lawgiver rests the legal principle which dictates the preservation of the life of the unborn and the integrity of the family. Moreover, it is only by publicly acknowledging and submitting to the lordship of the God of the Bible that America can enjoy security against international terrorism, the well-being of our people, and the hope that future generations will enjoy the liberties so dearly purchased by our fathers.
As we plunge further into the twenty-first century, with the very real threats of nuclear and biological terrorism looming large on the horizon, we are being presented with test after test as a nation to determine whether we will look to the God of our national charter and covenant as our guiding light and lawgiver, or whether we will continue to revile Him and His law as a matter of policy. Dedicated Minorities, Not Half-Hearted Majorities, Will Win the Day
Though our courts and public officials may be in rebellion against the Lord, there is hope for America if only Gods people will be faithful to live by, publicly declare, and hold our leaders accountable to those objective and unchangeable standards declared by Jesus Christ in Holy Scripture and binding at all times for all nations.
Judgment must begin in the house of the Lord. The need of the hour is not for a strategy based on helping the majority to simply be a little less well wicked, but on helping the Christian minority to be a whole lot more righteous (and committed to promoting public righteousness). The answer is spiritual and practical obedience to the commission we have been given by our Lord (to disciple the nations, teaching everything God has revealed in the Bible). Herein is the source of political fruits and national blessings. The strategic hope for Americas future, therefore, is not in majorities, but in one dedicated minority the people of God. God has always worked through the dedicated minority, and there is no reason to believe that our current crisis is different. To put it another way: God may save the city for the sake of the faithful remnant.
In the context of our American citizenship, the Church of Jesus Christ has a duty to be Gods representative before the gates of our land. The duty of sounding forth a clear trumpet blast rests with the people of God. We are to be the most principled and the least pragmatic members of society. We are to heed President George Washingtons biblically sound advice by being above and beyond political partisanship, because our mission transcends partisan objectives. We recognize that our duty is obedience before the Lord Jesus Christ who alone determines outcomes.
When professing Christians place pragmatism and partisan interests above principled action, when they turn a blind eye to wickedness (ungodly judicial nominations, the execution of innocent starving women, the appointment of known homosexuals to positions of leadership in the present administration, etc.) we do more damage to the soul and spirit of our nation than a thousand Planned Parenthoods. We must be more concerned with us than with them. Simply put judgment must begin in the house of the Lord.
The latest test for the people of God is how we, as a people, will respond to the Courts present rejection of God, and to what extent we are willing to encourage the President and the Senate to select future justices who will repudiate such wickedness, and to hold both accountable if they fail to act with principled courage to faithfully execute their duty to do just this. The United States Supreme Court Breaks at Least Four of the Ten Commandments
It has been a busy fortnight. Two weeks ago, the United States Supreme Court renewed their declaration of war against the Creator the same Creator to whom our Founding Fathers appealed as the Supreme Judge of the world and who is recognized as such as a matter of federal law.
By banishing the meaningful acknowledgement of God from the public sector, which is explicitly required by Scripture and specifically applied to all judges and civil magistrates (for example by Psalm 2), and by permitting only those public acknowledgments of God which are deliberately intended to present Him and His law as mere historical anecdotes, the Supreme Court is guilty of breaking the First and Third Commandments.
That same week, the Court played Jezebel to Naboths vineyard by granting local governments broad and arbitrary powers to seize private homes and estates, thus further destabilizing the American family. Here again, the Supreme Court is institutionally guilty through complicity of breaking the very Ten Commandments they have banished in this case, the Eighth and Tenth Commandments which declare that man may neither steal nor covet anothers goods.
Last week, Justice Sandra Day OConnor announced her retirement, thus ending her two-decade reign of terror against the unborn, the biblical doctrine of marriage, and the United States Constitution. Now America awaits the decision of President George W. Bush. Will the President repeat the practice of his last two Republican predecessors of appointing biblically and constitutionally unqualified justices to the highest court of the land, or will he act to establish a legacy of hope by making a courageous nomination? Pro-Homosexual, Pro-Abortion, Pro-International Law OConnor Ends Her Reign of Terror
Republican nominated Sandra Day OConnor, the first female Supreme Court Justice of the United States of America, was complicit in baby executions (Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 ), a destroyer of marriage (Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 ), while also a friend to foreign law, but an enemy to Constitutional jurisprudence.
OConnor should be best remembered for her opinion in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992) in which she offered Supreme Court sanction for the vivisection of precious babies on the grounds that abortion rights are necessary to help women stay in the workforce:
Men and women of good conscience can disagree, and we suppose some always shall disagree, about the profound moral and spiritual implications of terminating a pregnancy, even in its earliest stage. Some of us as individuals find abortion offensive to our most basic principles of morality, but that cannot control our decision. Our obligation is to define the liberty of all, not to mandate our own moral code. The underlying constitutional issue is whether the State can resolve these philosophic questions in such a definitive way that a woman lacks all choice in the matter, except perhaps in those rare circumstances in which the pregnancy is itself a danger to her own life or health, or is the result of rape or incest....
To eliminate the issue of reliance that easily, however, one would need to limit cognizable reliance to specific instances of sexual activity. But to do this would be simply to refuse to face the fact that, for two decades of economic and social developments, people have organized intimate relationships and made choices that define their views of themselves and their places in society, in reliance on the availability of abortion in the event that contraception should fail. The ability of women to participate equally in the economic and social life of the Nation has been facilitated by their ability to control their reproductive lives.
OConnor will also be remembered for her decision undermining nearly two thousand years of Western legal tradition concerning marriage by advancing the cause of sodomite marriages in Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003), for her commentaries on the propriety of using international law to interpret the constitution, and for her role in banishing the formal acknowledgement of God as the lawmaker from the public square through the recent Ten Commandments decisions of this past week. The Fruits of Dogmatic Partisanship
Mrs. OConnor is the poster child for the dangers of dogmatic partisanship. Her selection and unanimous confirmation as the first woman to serve on the United States Supreme Court inaugurated nearly two decades of Christian political leaders remaining silent in the face of Republican appointments of biblically and constitutionally disqualified candidates for the highest court in our land.
With the exception of a few men, the majority of Christian political leaders rolled over and played dead through one outrageous judicial nomination after another. In some cases, Christians and conservatives were told by leaders within the Republican administration to trust the President (wink, wink) because the nominee is secretly very conservative. This, despite clear public track records to the contrary.
Like Lucy holding the football in front of a trusting Charlie Brown, Christians fall prey to the same tricks over and over again. You know the old expression: Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me. I would add: Fool us five hundred times in a row... and, well... you get the picture.
But why do so many well-intentioned professing Christian leaders succumb to endless political manipulation, low standards, and fundamental compromises, especially when it comes to the judicial nomination process? I think there are a dozen reasons, from an ungodly fear of bad results, to ignorance, to poor theology, to navet. But the reason which too often raises its ugly head is that many Christian politicos and their followers take their cue from dogmatic partisans, not the Word of God.
Dogmatic partisans view events in terms of the perpetuation and success of the party at all costs. Consequently, dogmatic partisans have double standards. Dogmatic partisans voice moral outrage at Democratic wrongdoing, but refuse to hold Republicans to the same standard. Dogmatic partisanship advances the practice that we set aside intelligent analysis and objective standards when selecting leaders because the goals of the political party are paramount. Dogmatic partisanship is pragmatic by nature, making subjective political decisions based not on objective biblical standards, but on a mans reason, deifying short-thinking analysis of what constitutes the lesser of two evils. In my view, dogmatic partisanship is inherently unbiblical because it posits a blind loyalty to a political party over the revealed and objective standards of Holy Scripture. God has given us in Holy Scripture clear, identifiable standards for selecting civil magistrates and judges. We are never, ever at liberty to diminish, improvise upon, or set aside biblical standards of qualifications for leaders.
For years, Christian partisans have been saying, We need Republican Presidents because we need to control the judiciary. OConnor, Kennedy, and Souter are examples of the fact that Christians need to stop thinking like dogmatic (and sycophantic) partisans and need to start thinking and acting like Christians. Candidates for judicial office who will not acknowledge the Lawgiver (Psalm 2) or abide and rule by His moral code may not serve in office, cannot be supported for positions of civil leadership, and should not even be considered for such positions.
Lets be clear: Democrats cannot be blamed for the mass murder of babies when Republican judicial appointees have helped lead the charge. Democrats cannot be blamed for the attack on the biblical family in favor of homosexual rights, because Republican judicial appointees helped to carry the day. Democrats cannot be blamed for the move toward international law, because most of the worst thinking has come from Republican Supreme Court Justices.
President Bush must now select a judicial nominee to replace OConnor. Based on his recent track record and his public statements, and absent strong accountability from the Christian community, it is unlikely that the President will select a candidate for Supreme Court Justice who differs fundamentally from Republican-appointed OConnor, Souter, and Kennedy. (I hope I am wrong and will gladly say so with praise to the President if he acts courageously.) That is why it is the duty of the Christian community to thoroughly support the President if he appoints a candidate who meets Gods requirements for judicial office (is there anyone who really wants to suggest that Gods requirements dont matter?) and to vehemently oppose President Bushs wrongful actions if the President demonstrates a lack of courage and Christian commitment by taking the typical political route.
The bottom line is this: The President must fear God more than the political implications of the judicial nomination process. Christians must fear God more than the Democrats or other dogmatic partisans. How Should We Select Supreme Court Justices?
Everybody has a test. The test may be clear and principled or ambiguous and pragmatic, but every President has a standard by which he selects nominees for judicial office. For some, the test is simply, what nominee will gain me the most political leverage? For others, the test concerns specific judicial objectives. The Democrats, for example, are honest about their litmus test they only nominate pro-abortion judges. I believe that tests are not only valid, they are inescapable.
The issue, therefore, is not whether there should be a test, but which test is the right test. I would like to suggest that while there may be many secondary issues which may rightly be considered as part of a litmus test, there are two foundational, non-optional tests which always must apply to the selection of judges in the United States of America. The first test involves biblical requirements for judges. The second test concerns the Constitutional requirement of an oath of office to uphold the Constitution.
In my view, these tests are not in conflict with each other because American Christians are faced with the happy circumstance in which the guidelines established for the selection of justices by our national charter (the Constitution and its preamble, the Declaration of Independence) are not in conflict with what the transcendent Law given by the Supreme Judge of the world declares concerning the duties and qualifications of judges. Thankfully, we are not faced with the choice of deciding between the revealed will of God, and the law of our nation when it comes to the selecting of justices.
It is important to note, however, that though the constitution indicates that denominational religious tests shall not be required, it does presuppose that office-holders will take oaths to God and enforce a document which acknowledges Him and is based largely on principles derived from His revealed law. The irony today is that Democrats and many Republicans have currently given us a constitution-denigrating religious test for Supreme Court nominees. It is this: Men of faith who acknowledge the lawgiver need not apply. This is a perversion of the Framers intent which was to prevent the Christian denominational tests found at the state level from applying to the selection of federal, God-acknowledging magistrates. Test One: Publicly Fearing, Trusting, Serving, and Acknowledging God as the Lawgiver
The first test comes from Gods revealed Word, the Holy Scripture. It is found throughout the Bible, but is beautifully summarized in Psalm 2 which declares:
Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
The test is this: Will the nominee publicly acknowledge and fear the God of Scripture as the lawgiver from whose revelation all valid laws of man are derived? It is important to note that Scripture, which communicates the transcendent law of God to all men at all times, reveals that all judges (regardless of their national background or preexisting law system) are bound to submit to the Lord Jesus Christ (the Son) and rule by his righteous commands. The First Commandment of the Ten Commandments is thus universally binding on men and nations. Judges are not only to acknowledge the Son, they are to have no other gods over the land than the God of Scripture.
While the Bible actually has much more to say about the proper selection of judges than the question of their acknowledgement of Him and submission to His lordship (including numerous character issues), the other requirements rest on this foundation. Apart from kissing the Son, no judge is truly qualified to serve, nor should a man who is defiant of the Son be nominated to the highest court in the land. Test Two: The Oath of Office and the Acknowledgement of God
The second test pertains to the Constitutional requirement which demands that a Supreme Court Justice take an oath to uphold the Constitution.
The test, therefore, is this: Will the nominee uphold his oath of office taken before God to uphold the United States Constitution as written, based on the text itself as interpreted in light of the original intent of its authors. The oath is the foundation of legitimacy for a Supreme Court Justice. The ability to understand this oath and the absolute commitment to abide by it are non-optional prerequisites of qualification for serving as Supreme Court Justice. The commitment to the oath is what distinguishes faithful men from tyrants. The existence of this oath is what distinguishes us as a nation of laws, rather than of men. The oath presupposes that the Document is to be interpreted in terms of objective standards, not evolving mores.
Consequently, nominees who believe in evolving standards of interpretation, or evolving standards of truth, are inherently disqualified from serving because they do not understand the oath and will not abide by its terms. This disqualification would also apply to those who believe that the Constitution may be re-interpreted based on the laws of foreign nations. Legitimate debates may ensue about the objective meaning of the text as drafted by its framers, but those who reject the text, who change the meaning of the text to accommodate social change, or who interpret the text using standards foreign to our charter and system of government can no more rule wisely on the Constitution, than an Olympic tennis referee who is determined to judge the contestants in his sport by the rules of water polo.
Finally, those justices who will not acknowledge God as the Supreme Judge of the World, or who would inhibit the acknowledgement of God from public office, are inherently disqualified from serving as judicial nominees for the United States Supreme Court for two reasons: First, they cannot maintain a valid oath of office, being incapable of swearing so help me God without blaspheming the name of God. Second, such individuals cannot and will not enforce the very Constitution which formally derives its powers, not merely from the people, but from the God of the Declaration and the Constitution, who delegates to freemen the right to be self-governing under Him a fact which was boldly proclaimed by the authors of our national charter.
America is bound by a charter which is distinctively (though not perfectly) Christian. The Founders established for our nation a charter which begins by acknowledging God as lawgiver, proceeds to reference Him and appeal to Him, incorporates the common law system twice by reference (a system built on the Ten Commandments and the case laws of Scripture), and ends by declaring Him Lord in the important subscription clause of the Constitution. Consequently, one cannot understand or interpret the Constitution apart from a one thousand-year English common law system rooted in the laws of Moses and built upon the foundations of Christianity which the Framers specifically adopted.
Simply put, those who would divorce the Lawgiver from the law are not merely disqualified from holding the highest judicial office in the land by Scripture, they are disqualified by virtue of the constitutional requirement that they uphold their oath to enforce the Constitution which presupposes this same Lawgiver. Alberto Gonzales Fails the Test
At this time, our prayers must be with the President as he selects a nominee to fill the seat of Sandra Day OConnor. (In addition, late breaking news reports indicate that the resignation of Chief Justice William Rehnquist is imminent, thus giving President Bush the responsibility of placing two justices on the Court.) One specific prayer which Christians can offer with confidence is that the President would only nominate biblically and constitutionally qualified men. An example of a man who is being floated as a potential Supreme Court nominee, but who is both biblically and constitutionally disqualified, is current Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez.
Mr. Gonzalez has an unfortunate record of facilitating abortion and endorsing the use of torture, but the fundamental problem with the Attorney General is that he believes that the Supreme Court is a law unto itself, trumping both the transcendent moral law of God and the Constitution. Consequently, his beliefs are in conflict with the constitutional requirements that Supreme Court justices preserve the Constitution.
Gonzales is on record that Roe v. Wade should be upheld and enforced, and that the Supreme Court, not the Constitution itself, is the Law of the Land. This last point was made crystal clear when he declared: The constitution is whatever the Supreme Court says it is. This statement, often repeated by nominees for judicial office, is a declaration of war on the document itself by reducing our laws to the opinions of whatever group of tyrants and legal social Darwinists are in office at any given point in time. To put it another way, under Gonzalezs theory of constitutional jurisprudence, were the Supreme Court to mandate child slavery, to require the forced euthanizing of people age thirty or older, or to legitimize marriage between man and animals, such declarations would be legitimate, accurate, and binding reflections of the Constitution, because the Supreme Court declared them to be so by fiat. Our Moment in History
It is time for Christians to once again assert objective and transcendent standards for the selection of our highest office holders. We are not at liberty to improvise on those standards when they do not fit our political objectives and short term vision for success. Our goal must be obedience. We must be Gods people in this nation, a holy remnant who insist that men and nations must acknowledge Him and no other God. Political pragmatism is fruitless. Dogmatic partisanship is destructive. In fact, more important than who is ultimately selected for this position on the Supreme Court, is how Gods people represented His interests before the magistrates of this land. Taking a principled stand may, in Gods providence, result in a temporary political loss, but refusing to take a principled stand will result in the long-term comprehensive loss of the blessing of God in our land and the joys of political freedom for our children. Our hope is in the Lord, a hope which we have no right to claim if we fear men more than Him.
 This was the question posed by federal judge Myron Thompson to Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore in the oral arguments of Glassroth v. Moore, 229 F. Supp. 2d 1290, when Judge Thompson asked, Can the state acknowledge God? The answer he declared was No. Bill Pryors rise to fame was also built on his declaration that Roy Moore was unrepentant for insisting that he would acknowledge God, even when another court told him not to. See So Help Me God by Roy Moore.
 The Declaration of Independence.
 Genesis 18:23-33: And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked? Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein? That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right? And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes. And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes: Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it. And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there. And he said, I will not do it for fortys sake. And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there. And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there. And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for twentys sake. And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy it for tens sake. And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.
 President Bush has appointed former Attorney General of Alabama William Pryor to the Federal District Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit.
 See A Cup of Water for Terri, Part I and A Cup of Water for Terri, Part II by Douglas W. Phillips.
 In 2001, President Bush appointed the practicing homosexual Michael Guest to serve as Americas ambassador to Romania, a largely Catholic country. The U.S. Senate confirmed Guests appointment without any debate. When Guest was sworn in as ambassador, Sec. Powell publicly acknowledged Guests homosexual lover, Alex Nevarez, who sat onstage with Guests parents. Today, the two homosexuals live in sin and practice sodomy at the U.S. Embassy in Bucharest, all at taxpayers expense (Michael Cooper, The Remnant, February 28, 2003).
 The Declaration of Independence: We, therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.
 The Declaration of Independence has been declared part of the organic law of the United States by U.S.C.A. The Organic Laws of the United States of America Westlaw.
 McCreary County vs. American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky, et. al., No. 03-1693. Justice Souter, writing for the majority, said: Nor do we have occasion here to hold that a sacred text can never be integrated constitutionally into a governmental display on the subject of law, or American history. We do not forget, and in this litigation have frequently been reminded, that our own courtroom frieze was deliberately designed in the exercise of governmental authority so as to include the figure of Moses holding tablets exhibiting a portion of the Hebrew text of the later, secularly phrased Commandments; in the company of 17 other lawgivers, most of them secular figures, there is no risk that Moses would strike an observer as evidence that the National Government was violating neutrality in religion.
 Psalm 2:10-13: Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
 Van Orden vs. Perry No. 03-1500. Chief Justice Rehnquist, writing for the majority, stated: This case, like all Establishment Clause challenges, presents us with the difficulty of respecting both faces. Our institutions presuppose a Supreme Being, yet these institutions must not press religious observances upon their citizens. One face looks to the past in acknowledgment of our Nations heritage, while the other looks to the present in demanding a separation between church and state. Reconciling these two faces requires that we neither abdicate our responsibility to maintain a division between church and state nor evince a hostility to religion by disabling the government from in some ways recognizing our religious heritage.... The placement of the Ten Commandments monument on the Texas State Capitol grounds is a far more passive use of those texts than was the case in Stone, where the text confronted elementary school students every day. Indeed, Van Orden, the petitioner here, apparently walked by the monument for a number of years before bringing this lawsuit. The monument is therefore also quite different from the prayers involved in Schempp andLee vs. Weisman. Texas has treated her Capitol grounds monuments as representing the several strands in the States political and legal history. The inclusion of the Ten Commandments monument in this group has a dual significance, partaking of both religion and government. We cannot say that Texas display of this monument violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed.
 Exodus 20:3,5: Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.
 1 Kings 21.
 Kelo v. City of New London (04-0108).
 Exodus 20:15,17: Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbours house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbours wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbours.
 On October 31, 2003, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day OConnor stated: I suspect that over time we will rely increasingly, or take notice at least increasingly, on international and foreign courts in examining domestic issues (OConnor: U.S. must rely on foreign law, WorldNetDaily, October 31, 2003). See also Justice Ginsburg and My Two Goats (Douglas W. Phillips, August 8, 2003).
 I must give thanks to my father, Howard Phillips, the only former executive branch office holder who publicly opposed OConnors nomination.
 Both OConnor and Souter had records promoting abortion.
 All three were appointed by Republican Presidents: OConnor and Anthony Kennedy were both appointed by President Ronald Reagan and Justice David Souter by President George Bush, Sr.
 The Declaration of Independence.
 Article. VI. Clause 3: The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.
 This would include the original signers and those who subsequently acted to amend the Document. The difficulty of this task does not nullify the duty to presuppose the integrity and coherence of the Document for purposes of interpretation and to be bound by the written text.
 U.S. Constitution, Amendment VII: In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
 U.S. Constitution, Article VII: The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same. Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth In witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names.
 No doubt there are many causes for this superiority; but in my humble opinion, the most important is that, while the Roman law was a deathbed convert to Christianity, the common law was a cradle Christian. Fountain of Justice A Study in the Natural Law by John C.H. Wu Sheed and Ward New York 1955 Wu was a former Research Scholar at Harvard.
 As an associate Justice on the Texas Supreme Court, Alberto Gonzales voted to overturn a Texas Parental Notification law in 2000, giving a seventeen-year-old girl the ability to murder her child. (Al Gonzales and Jane Doe by Terrence Jeffrey, Human Events, 2001)
 In August 2002, as White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales helped prepare a memo from the Justice Departments Office of Legal Counsel, advising that torturing alleged al Qaeda terrorists in captivity abroad may be justified and that international laws against torture may be unconstitutional if applied to interrogations conducted in the U.S. war on terrorism. Gonzales held a news briefing to distance himself from the memo after it became public, calling it, in part, irrelevant and unnecessary and overbroad. (Gonzales Named to Succeed Ashcroft as Attorney General by Dan Eggen, The Washington Post, November 11, 2004)
 As quoted in Human Events, posted July 6, 2005, an interview by Dr. Jack Willkie with Alberto Gonzales: Q: Judge Gonzales, were hearing conflicting reports about your position on abortion. Can you tell us where you stand? A: As a judge, I have to make judgments in conformity with the laws of our nation. Q: Would you say that, regarding Roe vs. Wade, stare decisis would be governing here? [Note, stare decisis means that he would continue to uphold that decision because he would regard it as a binding precedent.] A: Yes.
 Ibid. Q: Judge Gonzales, its well known that the Clinton administration had a very clear and consistent litmus test in regard to judicial nominations. If that person was not pro-abortion, they were not nominated. In light of this, do you ask your nominees what their position is on abortion? A: No, we do not. We judge them on a very broad basis of conservatism and constitutional construction. Q: Many of us feel that the Constitution does not speak to permissive abortion. Would you comment? A: The Constitution is what the Supreme Court says it is.
The defining legal issue of our generation is not the right to life or even the definition of the family, but whether the United States of America through its laws, its charters, its magistrates, and its public institutions can and will meaningfully acknowledge the God of the Bible. The acknowledgment of God is the first principle of liberty, a fact which was recognized by the Founding Fathers who declared that we are endowed by our Creator with certain inalienable rights.The short answer is that leaders may, acting as individuals, freely profess any and all religious beliefs, or none at all. This is protected in Article VI of the Constitution, which states that "no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States."
Additionally, the First Amendment forbids Establishment of a state religion. Clearly this forbids the government from taking a position on whether or not the Bible was divinely inspired.
Note that despite the Declaration's references to a Creator, the Constitution is silent on the issue. Save the ambiguous matter of the date, there is no reference to the Bible or to any Deity or other divine figure.
This is not a pretty picture, but many of the far right will support his position, and will be demoralized when they find out the Roy Moore is not on Bush's short list for the USSC.
Pro-God (walking the walk, not just talking the talk)
than the republican he's running against I'll be happy to vote for him. I haven't seen one so far. I'd even happily pay higher taxes, well maybe not happily, to a democrat who will uphold these values. Sorry to say, the republicans haven't impressed me with their committment to the above values.
You are absiolutely correct. Men may have opinions on the divinity of the Bible or the truth of any of its tenets, but the government must remain apart from such concerns. Its concern is the worldly sphere, rhetorical flourishes aside.
Men may have any faith they chose, the government may not prefer any one.
The Constitutional forbidding of CONGRESS (AND ONLY CONGRESS) to make any law (i.e. pass legislation) regarding the establishment of a religion was written so clearly and concisely that to glean from it that it would be illegal for a Court to display the Ten Commandments, or for a President to simply make reference to his fiath from the bully pulpit, or for a Supreme Court Justice to make legal decisions based primarily on his knowledge of law, but filtered through the same Christian morals and principles of the men who wrote those laws, is a vile and slanderous assertion.
The Founding Fathers were men, by-and-large, who beleived human laws originated from the Ten Commandments, (that is what was taught in law schools and universities of the times...and is still taught today). Though some of the Fathers adhered to no specific Christian denomination, virtually all of these men's hearts were steeped in Christian morals and principles, as their writings so often reveal. They were men whose minds were educated in Christian Universities such as Harvard, Princeton, and men whose faith was tested in the crucible of religious oppression in their country of origin. To assert these men would cringe at seeing the Ten Commandments in a Courtroom or City Hall, or would wince at seeing a Bible in a public classroom, or would rail over testing the legitimacy of abortion by applying it against Christian morals and values, is not only a vile stretch of the imagination, but a brazen slander of these men, and a dispicable revison of history.
All any honest man has to know about religion and the Constitution is that its authors and their successors in government office for the next 200 years frequently made public statements combining religion and government principles, they PROUDLY hung the Ten Commandment is Courts, City Halls, Public libraries and other government buildings from coast to coast.
The 1st Contintental Congress declared a "national day of prayer", and government gave SPECIAL STATUS to Churches by granting them immunity from taxes. President Truman, on a national radio address declared America to be "a Christian nation".
You tried to separate the Declaration of Independence from the Constitution, but you can't succeed in this treacherous endeavor. The good folks who constructed and signed both documents were one and the same men. Naturally, since they understood they were constructing a government, not a Church, they framed the Constitution in legal/secular terms. But their faith and the principles that guided and inspired them in their construction of the Constitution were forever imortalized on that great document, the Declaration of Independence. It tells us who they were, what they believed, what they fought for, what they wanted for their children and the country they founded.
That Christianity and the Christian God were often spoken about and written about by elected government officials, and public buildings were commonly adorned with Christian icons and references for about 200 straight years (before the atheists, anti-Christians and secularists began to revolt against our traditional way of life), is all the evidence any (honest) American really needs.
But alas, since government has been steadily abolishing Christianity from the eyes and ears of the public, honesty and personal integrity have been steadily burried along with God. ("but fear not, for He has risen", ---- and He will rise again).
Not true. Neither Hamilton and Madison, the two men most responsible for constructing the Constitution and getting it ratified, were in Congress for the signing of the Declaration.
The two documents bear the mark of very different hands.
This is pathetic. Obviously this guy couldn't care less about the Constitution, so why would anyone care about his opinions regarding who should or shouldn't be on the Court? Why did you even post this?
Wow, Sandy. You were able to read much farther than I was.
I agree. It's pathetic. It's also antithetical to what the Founders of this great nation wanted, which makes it un-American.
Actually there were only 6 men who signed both documents.
While I am as certain that there is no God, just as certain as I presume the Pope is that there is a God, still I am certain that there is a moral truth, that we should all seek out and follow. And I recognize that some of the world's great religions (I do not count Islam among such) have led more people to seek that truth than any other way has. I live in a nation founded by Christians and like minded souls. I am proud and delighted that this is so. No one asks or mandates that I hold the same religion. But my fellow citizens do (or should, or once did) expect that I act in a responsible and moral fashion. As well they should.
When I see the word "God" I tend, rather unconsciously, to read it as "the Moral Truth", and see what sense I can make of a writing that way.
I will grant that the author of this piece probably didn't intend that meaning. But so read, it makes decent sense to me. It hits on the basic issue that divides us, whether the ultimate source of the best truth available is each man's own thoughs and feelings, or whether the truth exists a priori, for us to discover as best we can.
The hallmark of "Political Correctness" is the claim that one man's viewpoint is worth as much as the next. In other words, that there is no Truth which can distinguish between a terrorist and an innocent, between tyranny and freedom.
Janice Rogers Brown described it a whole lot better than I can. See her speech Fifty Ways to Lose Your Freedom, Speech to the Institute for Justice, Washington, D.C. (August 12, 2000).
I suspect that she too believes in God. I sure hope so, and I hope Bush appoints her to the Supreme Court. She gets it -- good. I tend to only support and vote for public officers who follow a Christian or similar religion. Us atheists have made almost a big a botch of things as have the muslims. We are both an embarrassment to humanity, and a danger to civilization.
Huh? What is protected? Just because there can be no religious test, does not mean they have to check their religion at the door. You have a very extreme and misguided interpretation of that.
It is funny how our founding fathers always said prayers before meeting and made numerous reference to God and even Christ in official speeches, but the intellectuals of today seem to think the Founders really did not know what they were doing since what they were doing was unConstitutional by the very same Constitution the Founders wrote.
Politicians today can still make reference to Christ in official speeches. Even Clinton did that.
But when it came to the document that actually created this nation - the Constitution - they kept God and Christ out of it. Why do you suppose that was?
It is nothing short of lunacy. Not very rare, though.
They kind of gave it away in the First Amendment, they did not want the Federal Government establishing a religion. But that has been twisted to the point where a student goes to jail if they say the word Jesus in a Graduation Speech. How twisted is that since the very same Constitution grants freedom of religious expression. Current case law on this subject is preverted beyond repair.
"a student goes to jail if they say the word Jesus in a Graduation Speech"
I'm not familiar with that case. Which one was that?
I don't think it's twisted to recognize that men may have religious beliefs but a government cannot favor one belief over another. That's the very foundation of religious freedom.