Skip to comments.Oil holds above $66 ($66.60/bbl)
Posted on 09/29/2005 4:34:03 AM PDT by RWR8189
LONDON (Reuters) - Oil held firm above $66 a barrel on Thursday stoked by fears that hurricane-wrecked U.S. refineries would be unable to churn out ample heating fuel to warm American consumers this winter.
But Europe was riding to the rescue again, booking tankers of gasoline and heating oil to move transatlantic to help prevent a full-blown fuel crisis in the world's biggest oil consumer.
Strikes in France, a leading U.S. oil products supplier, meant French refiners might sit on the sidelines.
U.S. crude on the New York Mercantile Exchange was up 6 cents at $66.41 a barrel by 1000 GMT, after a $1.28 jump on Wednesday. London Brent crude was up 9 cents at $64.02.
"Oil futures are looking forward to a much colder-than-expected winter," said Gordon Kwan, oil and gas analyst with CLSA in Hong Kong.
"The fact that we have had so many refineries shut down means we are going into this winter on perhaps not enough heating oil."
More than 3 million barrels per day (bpd) of fuel processing capacity remained shut after hurricanes Rita and Katrina, and Washington has said that up to 15 percent of U.S. capacity could be out for at least another couple of weeks.
The refinery outages have sparked fears that wholesale and retail oil prices may surge ahead of the northern hemisphere winter.
"What we need is not (crude) oil but heating oil and natural gas," said Kwan. "Unfortunately, there's no strategic reserves for them."
In the Gulf of Mexico, home to more than a quarter of U.S. domestic oil production, all crude output remained shut after Rita, the second major storm to strike at the heart of the U.S. energy industry in a month.
U.S. government data on Wednesday showed gasoline stocks in the world's biggest consumer rose unexpectedly last week due to strong imports and flagging demand.
But analysts said the numbers did not reflect Hurricane Rita's full impact on fuel production.
"Rita took too much supply offline while also giving a lift to demand," said PFC Energy. "This leaves the (U.S.) East Coast looking short on gasoline despite last week's 2.4 million barrel stock build."
Strikes in France, a leading U.S. gasoline supplier, could worsen the problem by hurting Europe's ability to send shipments across the Atlantic.
Strikers voted on Wednesday to extend the eight-day strike until Friday. A union is rallying support to spread the strike to oil major Total's other plants, which would put over half of France's gasoline and heating oil output at risk.
French shipping workers also extended a blockade for a third day on Thursday, which has stopped oil tankers from discharging at the Fos-Lavera port near Marseilles.
The United States has been relying heavily on Europe, and France in particular, for fuel supplies in the wake of the two storms' assault on its refineries.
|9/29/2005 Session Contract Detail for Nov 5|
We are getting the shaft here in Fayetteville NC. Gas back up to 3.19. 20 cent increase overnight. Somebody is screwing someone. Right now I have no Vaseline. I have a feeling they are going to ride the hurricane excuse out for a few more weeks.
A Clear Example of Crown Monopoly at Work
(True Health is reprinting an old story on a topic other than health and nutrition as a way of illustrating how fascism works in modern America. The same kind of suppression of innovative ideas goes on in many fields of endeavor including health and medicine. We believe this story is apropos for todays times since the rising costs of oil and the nature of air pollution are so much in the news. This story was first written by Harlan Trott, an investigative journalist with the Christian Science Monitor who had written the original expose in that paper back in March of 1950. The author knew Lewis Karrick personally and reported on his project development and the lack of support from bureaucrats and industry alike many times. There are other reports on this Karrick process to be found via Google on the Internet. Harlan Trott updated the original story for Tom Valentines Newsreal Magazine of June 1977. This is that 1977 versionas poignant today as it was then, if not moreso.)
By Harlan Trott, 1977
In this time of brownouts and shortened work-weeks called the energy crisis, it may cheer you to know we can make oil from coal cheaper than oil wells can produce it. A Government scientist named Lewis Karrick had a lot to do with improving the basic process, but federal energy officials have been suppressing it for 50 years. They blandly deny this, claiming only the inventor can suppress his patents.
By suppress we mean, according to Webster: to keep from public knowledge --to refrain from divulging.
The Karrick process involves low-temperature carbonization (LTC) of coal. This means heating coal at from 680 to 1380 degrees F., in the absence of air to prevent combustion, so as to distill out all the oil and gas.
When you treat a ton of coal by LTC, you get back about a barrel of oil; 3,000 cubic feet of rich fuel gas; and 1,500 pounds of smokeless solid fuel. But if you harness the process to an integrated energy plant, using the off-peak steam, the same ton of coal can produce 100 kilowatt-hours of electricity besides.
The Karrick process would combine a carbonizer, a refinery, a city gas works and a central electric station so as to produce oil, gas, smokeless fuel and electricity under the same roof at the same time. If an LTC plant produced more smokeless fuel than it and the community could consume at the moment, you could convert the surplus to water gas. And the water gas can be converted into four barrels of oil by the (Fischer) synthesis process.
Geologists tell us there are enough latent heat units (BTUs) in Americas coal reserves to last us for a couple of millenia, give or take a few centuries. The LTC process is all it would take to dispel the monopoly myth that we must depend on Arabian princes to regulate our thermostats until world petroleum prices have broached some unspecified hole in the sky where it would pay us to begin using it. The energy crisis is really only an information crisis. The cartel is blocking LTC with help from Washington and Wall Street. These three monopoly powersBig Oil, Big Bureaucracy, and Big Bankingoppose LTC because an integrated LTC energy industry would be amen-able to private enterprise initiative.
Congress is doling out millions to the energy giants to experiment on variations of Friederich Bergius coal-to-gasoline (hydrogenation) process. Standard Oil of New Jersey (now Exxon) paid $35 million for it in 1930. The government even built a $10-million 30,000 barrel-a-day pilot plant with it. But the Secretary of the Interior scrapped it in 1953 saying it was useless to keep trying to get more than a quart of water in a quart jar.
Our synthetic-fuels program is primarily a charade. In fact, the Department of Interior is so infiltrated with cartel advisers the LTC process has as much chance as a cabbage in a garden tended by goats. But Congress keeps pouring millions in research and development (R & D) funds down the cartels rat hole, never dreaming our federal synthetic-fuels program is only treading water.
In his 1974 progress report, Interior Secretary Rogers Morton unknowingly conned Congress into thinking his coal experts had achieved a spectacular scientific breakthrough by fueling a navy destroyer with oil from coal. The newspaper, television, radio and magazine media were aboard, Morton enthused, to record the spectacle for posterity. Little did the Secretary realize the cartels favorites in his shop were only putting him on. His energy advisers were suppressing the fact that in the 1920s, Karrick and his government coworkers were instructed to show Japanese visitors to their Rocky Mountain pilot plants how to make oil from coal and oil shale; and then in 1941, Japan gave us Pearl Harbor with it.
In 1925, the one filling station in Elko, Nevada, was dispensing gasoline made from rocks at the Catlin Oil Shale Companys plant just 10 miles south of town. All during the 1930s, Karricks engineering students were driving cars around Salt Lake City on gasoline made from coal in their campus lab.
Nor was Secretary Mortons 1974 progress report the first time Congress got taken by the cartel. When a Senate Committee went to Pittsburgh to hold public hearings on the first synthetic-fuels research subsidy bill during World War II, the Bureau of Mines made a big deal out of driving the senators from their hotel to the federal building in limousines fueled with gasoline whipped up just for the occasion in the Governments Pittsburgh lab.
Said Senator Gurney to Senator OMahoney, My, what wont science think up next! The trouble with our government-sponsored science is the cartel wont let it get its thinking untracked.
Exxons Bergius process is so massive and complex it cannot be made to stand on its own financial feet. The cartel insists the taxpayers must prop it up for them with a subsidy program comparable to the U.S. Merchant Ship Subsidy Act. This means fuel bills and taxes will go up.
Big Oils Wall Street spokesman is H.C. Bailey, vice president at Kidder, Peabody where he is responsible in corporate finance for petroleum. Big bankings scheme for subsidizing oil from coal is defined in the Nov/Dec 1973 Defense Transportation Journal. Bailey concedes only the largest corporations are sophisticated or experienced enough in the promotion of massive debt to manage an open-ended pork barrel of this inflationary magnitude. Our federal energy officials endorses Baileys concept.
Even though the Government has no viable alternative to its suppressed Karrick process, the Interior Depart-ment is calling for an Apollo-size oil-from-coal program. Last September the cartel tried to ram a Ford-backed bill through the House without debate. The measure would have provided up to $4 billion in government loan guarantees to begin building synthetic-fuels plants that arent even on paper. The House voted 193 to 192 against buying something less even than a pig in a poke. (American taxpayers have been ripped off for these porky subsidies non-stop sinceeditor)
There is nothing miraculous about LTC, nor did Karrick invent it. Before 1860, more than 50 plants were extracting oil and gas from coal. Boston had five LTC plants producing oil and gas for heat and light; and axle grease and paraffin for candles. But in 1873, too much cheap petroleum had forced the last coal-oil plant to shut down. Free enterprise made oil from coal before the rise of the Rockefeller dynasty, and it could revive the art, especially with crude oil selling around $12 a barrel. The prospect terrifies the cartel. A small rural co-op can make and distribute electricity. A big farmers co-op can refine and transport petroleum products. A New England town can make its own gas, its own electricity. This has been going on for years. Scores of them still do. So why cant a big city or a small village -- or a Federal TVA -- combine all these steps with LTC of coal under the same roof? The fact that they can is backed by Karrick and his federal coworkers, and eight years of pilot plant tests at the University of Utah.
Every year we consume over half a billion tons of raw coal, This means we destroy 400 million barrels of oil a year; and 1.4 trillion cubic feet of rich fuel gas, plus billions of dollars worth of coal chemicals used in making fertilizers and plastics. Energy officials continue to shrug off this staggering waste. They are the ones who know, but arent telling the public what LTC is all about. Mean-while all this enormous energy wealth goes up the flue in the form of smoke, soot and sulfuric fumes -- all for want of a national fuels conservation and development policy.
There isnt the slightest question about the economic feasibility of the so-called Karrick process. Our Government admits it. Listen to this colloquy between a senator and the Governments top synthetic-fuels adviser.
Senator Murdock: The statement by Mr. Kárrick, I will read the statement and then see what you have to say about this: Therefore, these coals, where there is a market for the smoke-less fuels and the gas, can produce oil cheaper on an average, cheaper than the average cost at the well of petroleum in the western part of the United States...
Dr. Fieldner: I think that is a fair statement, if you can get a market for the solid products. That is the main product. They will obtain from this coal from 20 to 35 gallons of tar oil as a by-product. (Hearings, on U.S. Senate Res. 53, Oct. 1942, p. 1546).
Ahah! By simply labeling LTC coal oil a by-product is all it takes to exclude it from our federal R & D program. If our energy officials ran out of gas on the desert, would they spurn a gallon of LTC gasoline because it was a byproduct?
Would the engine balk? Germany fueled its wartime Luftwaffe on oil from coal. Japan bunkered her battleships with LTC oil from Manchuria shale. Did Hitler or Tojo object?
After commercial-scale test runs on Appalachian coal in 1947, Karrick told the Ohio Society of Professional Engineers it is feasible to produce oil from coal in the Hocking Valley for 0.00 a barrel. (Yes zero!) The going market price or the upgraded coal byproductsas, electricity, smokeless fuel and phenolswould let you give away the oil and still net a fair return.
Today (1955) this startling economic claim or Karricks oil-from-coal method is being demonstrated on a commercial scale in England. The Rexco company is using the very process our Bureau of Mines developed with our tax dollars and then discarded. Rexco owns and runs five LTC plants producing smokeless fuel for industrial and domestic users n Britains official clean-air zones.
It is a very efficient plant, according to Rodney Coltart, carbonizing 1,000 tons per day, 75 percent of which is recovered as high grade smokeless fuel for industrial and home use.
This San Francisco mechanical engineer visited Rexcos Snibston plant at Coalville in Leicestershire, England, in October 1974. He was taken on an all-day tour of the plant with Hahn Brown, director; M.J. Platts, manager; and Robert Ingliam, chief engineer.
Coltarts written report to president C.D. Allen of the Natural Resources Corp. explains: They have to meet rigid standards on their product set up by the Government. What Coltart didnt say was that the Government is in the smokeless fuel business, too. Its a competitor of Rexcos. Only the Governments works arent as efficient. Perhaps thats why Rexco has to operate with one hand tied behind its back. Listen:
The original plant contemplated six retorts in line but only five were installed since the Coal Board limits their coal allocations. In other words, Rexco is bucking a state monopoly!
The Snibston plant makes 750 tons of smokeless fuel a day. At the same time the retorts produce three million cubic feet of fuel gas, and around 650 to 700 barrels of tar oil. The Coltart report states:
Because of the lack of space for processing the oil and phenols into saleable products they are burned at high temperatures in a furnace using the excess gas from the retorts. No smoke or odors are discernible. If the tars and phenols were processed and sold, the revenue derived would pay off the cost of the entire plant in about two years, according to the Rexco people.
The conveying and processing part of the plant involves the services of three men and a supervisor per shift. All were easily trained from scratch. Adding a few more retorts in line would not require any additional personnel.
Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover (the Bureau of Mines was then in Commerce) made Karricknot the Bureaucustodian of the Governments pioneer oil-from-coal research data. Hoover advised Karrick to file patentsas scientists in the Department of Agriculture had been doingrendering the broadest public service with them, and giving the Government full credit.
Sixteen patents were issued to Karrick outright. One was held jointly with Douglas Gould, who was destined to have an outstanding career as a petroleum chemist with a major oil company. One, covering underground distillation and gasification of coal and oil shales, was held jointly with his brother Col. Samuel N. Karrick, builder of the underground works on Corregidor. All of the Karrick patents have expired, either before or after his death in 1962. If Karricks process was any good, you say, Standard Oil would have bought him out! Actually, Old John D. tried.
In 1929, Standard Oil officials assisted in drawing up a charter for a subsidiary tentatively titled Oil & Gas Development Company. They tendered Karrick the position of vice president, chief engineer and one-third of the stock. In exchange, Karrick was to turn aver his patents and supporting data.
That offer followed months of talks between Karrick and a patent broker named Leo Ranney. Ranney was officed a few doors down a corridor from Col. Robert Hayes, at 26 Broadway. Hayes was Standards chief counsel. Standard (N.J.) is now known as Exxon.
In March 1930, Ranney wrote Standard Oil officials for advice on handling Karricks three blanket patent applications on the underground gasification of coal. As you know, your patent attorneys and technolo-gists have investigated these processes since December, Ranney reminded them. Mr. Howard [President of Esso (N.J)] has called to my attention that there is a vast amount of work ahead in connection with hydrogenation and that there would be probable delay in the development of the gasification processes by Standard alone... He has asked whether I would feel disposed to fully protect Standard in any event (which, of course, goes without saying)...
Ranney added that the inventions have been explained to the techno-logists of the Insull group Cities Service, Columbia, United Gas Improvement, Allied Chemical and Consolidation Coal, all of whom are interested and some of whom are waiting for me to tell them how large an interest they may secure and for how much. The reason for this rather hurried letter is that I have a telegram from Mr. Insull that he and their engineers will be in New York on April second to see whether some sort of deal can be made.
Considering that Standard and Consolidation are close together, I have talked the processes over several times with Mr. Barrington, and at the last conference he wondered whether the whole underground gasification business might not be a matter that Mr. Rockefeller himself would like to father to benefit both his coal and oil interests...
The next day Karrick wrote Ranney: I see no fault with the letter to President Clark of the Standard Oil Development Company of March 21, a draft of which you handed me yester-day, it being understood that it refers to our processes for the underground gasification of coal, as per our agree-ment of November 1, 1929. Also that Standard interests have no rights or equity at the present time in these processes.
The same day Standard bid for Karricks process, the New York Times reported South Jersey had purchased patents rights to Frederick Bergius process for hydrogenation of coal directly to gasoline, from I.G. Farben in Germany. Thus the cartel was on the verge of controlling two contrasting and controversial methods of making, oil from coal hydrogenation and LTC.
One of the flimsier sophistries advanced by the Bureau of Mines is that the LTC process is a last-gap effort to reinstate the family coal shovel. The Bureau contends that to produce oil and gas in any appreciable amounts, LTC would glut the country with mountains of char. Not so! Listen to this from the Hearings, HR. 7330, May 12, 1950, p. 136. (Emphasis added):
Congressman Barrett (directed to Karrick): Would you produce at the same time considerable amounts of gas with your process?
Karrick: The Rocky Mountain coals, as far north as Rock Springs, Wyoming, in Colorado and Utah, all yield from 30 to 45 gallons of oil per ton. They vary within the same seams. You get from 2,000 to 2,700 cubic feet of gas out of it, but we learned to heat only until just the last trace of oil is out. Then it cant be made to smoke under any conditions. It burns with a clear, very long, clear, blue flame. The gas yield can be varied. The more gas you drive out of this smokeless fuel, the lower the B.T.U. of the gas; so you can boost it up to 6,000 cubic feet of 800 B.T.U. gas per ton of coal processed.
Then it was demonstrated that all of the solid smokeless fuel could be made into water gas. In that case you get about 40,000 cubic feet of 300 to 350 B.T.U. gas from a ton of processed coal. And out of that you could make four barrels of oil by the [Fischer] synthesis process.
The thing to do is to distill the oil out of the coal, while making a smoke-less fuel and high B.T.U. gas. In a national crisis you could quickly go to converting this reactive, solid smoke-less fuel into oil ... Those who have been using this smokeless fuel [i.e., industries and electric power plants] will then go to burning raw coal for the duration of the emergency. That is the way we think the national fuels economy ought to be handled.
As soon as Karrick and his coworkers proved they could make oil from coal cheaper than oil wells, the Government stopped work on the oil-rich coals in the Rocky Mountains. Karrick was transferred to the Bureaus Pittsburgh station where experts from the oil, steel and chemical giants, and their faculty friends at Carnegie Tech, could assist in the Governments work. The cartels assistance has been largely of a mortuarial nature ever since.
A storm broke out in the early 1950s over the relative merits of the Bergius and Karrick techniques. The Bureau put out so much wrong information about both processes that Dr. Eugene Ayres was brought into the Government arena to untangle the information mishmash in private. Ayres was Director of Research at Gulf Oil, the ablest fuels economist on the cartels prestigious Paley Com-mission. Ayres left the Bureaus 30 coal experts with these blunt conclusions:
Bergius is too costly in terms of dollars and coal.
About half the thermal value of coal is destroyed.
The process requires much precious water.
Bergius Hydrogenation need not be used to any large extent in the future because:
Simple, continuous LTC techniques exist, such as the Bureau of Mines developed, in which moderate yields of oil are accompanied by major yields of smokeless fuel.
The oil can be converted to liquid fuels while the smokeless fuel is an excellent fuel for steam boilers.
The Karrick methodincluding the conversion of the oil to motor fueldestroys only 25 per cent of the thermal valuehalf as much as the Bergius method.
LTC is an interesting process because of the ratio of national demands for liquid fuels for electric power and other essential coal uses is not very far away now  from the ratio of yields from LTC, and is expected to balance before 1980 because demand for electric power is growing faster than demand for liquid fuel.
Welding together the petroleum, gas, coal and electric power industries to form an integrated energy industry is plausible for several reasons.
The cheapest liquid fuel from coal will come when coal is processed by LTC for both liquid fuel and electric power.
This should also give the cheapest electricity.
The private sector can handle the job without subsidy, but not in competition with those who skim off the oil from coal and sell the residual smokeless fuel to power plants.
Federal antitrust lawyers advised Karrick not to sign up with Standard Oil, believing the cartel intended to bury him until (a) his patents covering the underground distillation and gasi-fication of coal had all expired; (b) the country had run out of natural gas, at which time pipelines crossing the countrys big coal fields would all have been paid for; and (c) the cartel would then be ready to pump gas from Karricks underground gasification process into the hungry gas lines.
Instead, Karrick was advised to go back to Utah and teach students at the university how to produce four clean energy products from coal at the same time under the same roof; and show the people of Salt Lake City how their city-owned LTC multi-energy plant could erase their state capitals bad name as the smoky Pittsburgh of the Rockies.
A Karrick plant was built at the university large enough to be classed as a pilot plant. Here are some of the findings combed from theses submit-ted by candidates for bachelors and masters degrees in arts and sciences during Karricks eight-year tenure as director of coal products research:
The gasoline obtained from Utah coal is equal in quality to any of the tetraethyl gasolines.
More horsepower is developed in internal combustion engines with Utah coal.
Increase in mileage of about 20 per cent is obtainable under the same conditions.
Yields by volume of about 25 per cent of gasoline, 10 per cent kerosene and 20 per cent good quality fuel oil may be obtained from coal.
The smokeless fuel when burned in an open grate or in boilers delivers 20 to 25 per cent more heat than the raw coal.
As a complimentary product in the process of distilling coal, electrical energy can be produced at a minimum cost.
In a Karrick plant with 1,000 tons of daily coal capacity there would be sufficient steam generated to develop 100,000 kilowatt-hours of electrical power with no extra cost (except for capital investment of elec-trical equipment) other than the loss of temperatures of the steam passing through the turbines.
Marketing of these products in most cases will be competitive with other products of coal and petroleum, according to Clarence Schmutz, can-didate for master of arts.
This coal gas should deliver more heat than natural gas, per heat unit contained, because of the greater amount of combined carbon and less dilution of the combustion gases with water vapor.
The gasoline, fuel oil and other oil products would be a small part of the volume of petroleum products now imported into the State, and therefore, should find a ready and enthusiastic market.
A 30-ton plant and oil refinery will show a profit over and above all operating and capital costs. And the products will sell at present prices for like products.
A large commercial plant treating 1,000 tons of coal per day or more will be able to effect many economies in investment and operating costs.
The process steam cost would be very low since this steam would be derived from the off-peak boiler capacity, or steam bled from turbines, in central electric stations. Fuel for raising steam and superheating would likewise he reduced in cost.
The chief criticisms voiced are: (1) that a commercial-sized plant based on the principles worked out by Mr. L.C. Karrick and his associates in the Government service will not succeed because of mechanical troubles, refe-rence of a plausible nature having been made to failures of other plants that treated other coals with other processes under other conditions; and (2) that the markets for the coal products described in this thesis are limited, and therefore, such a venture is economically unsound.
No difficulties whatsoever were encountered with the successful mech-anical operation of the plant used for it to work smoothly.
A commercial-sized plant of a few units should be built and operated as a ward of a public-spirited body in Utah. The Utah Research Foundation was initiated by Mr. Karrick for the endowment of the University of Utah and to bring other public benefits. This should be the logical organization to father this movement.
When such a plant has operated for a reasonable period it will then be time for those who oppose such development to present facts and figures, if any, in support of the claim that such enterprise is not econo-mically feasible, according to George Carter, candidate for master of science; and S. Clark Jacobsen, co-worker and co-investigator in the engineering research contained in this thesis.
Jacobsen won the Mechanical Engineering Honor for the best under-graduate thesis of the year awarded by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Utah Chapter. The Carter-Jacobsen thesis was summarized in a number or scientific and industrial journals.
Carters point about suspending criticism until a process has been fairly tested under commercial conditionsis well taken. The Rexco plant in Leicestershire, England, is such a plant.
Karrick was a prime mover in the early development of Rexcos basic N.T.U. retorts. More recent proof that LTC is a powerful engine for the creation of wealth is found in the fact Rexco has completed drawings of a plant that will process 1,000,000 tons of coal a year. The blueprints were ordered by a client in Denmark intending to import coal from Poland to process into smokeless fuel for markets in Sweden.
Only one question clouds this newest Rexco undertaking, and that is of monopolys making. The Danes will be processing a million tons of coal a year. They will at the same time be producing about 700,000 barrels of oil. The question is: Will the Danes be permitted to process their oil from coal into saleable products; or will they, too, find it expedient to destroy it?
(Editors note: Folks, nothing has changed since this story was printed in my Newsreal magazine back in 1977. Government and business have forged many monopolies that retard innovation and old-fashioned American ingenuityno matter how you look at such monopolies, the word that clearly defines this evil is conspiracy. We have the same brutal monopoly control in matters of health and nutrition. It is long past due for American citizens to become citizens, instead of subjects, and rise up together to remove these politically and economically imposed chains.)
Looks like it's gone to $3 here in ATL.
There's no doubt, Rita had a bad effect on supplies, just as prices were starting to nicely trend down in the wake of Katrina.
Bend over and take it.
So much nonsense from these traders, I can understand why oil is still high ... but the facts are different:
Fact - PLENTY OF INVENTORY:
"With the data for the week ending September 23 showing gasoline, distillate fuel, and crude oil inventories all at or above the average range for this time of year, it appears that inventories, along with increased product imports, may be sufficient to make up for lost production due to refinery outages for a brief period."
"U.S. commercial crude oil inventories (excluding those in the Strategic
Petroleum Reserve) dropped by 2.4 million barrels from the previous week. At
305.7 million barrels, U.S. crude oil inventories remain above the upper end of
the average range for this time of year. Total motor gasoline inventories
jumped by 4.4 million barrels last week, putting them in the middle of the
average range. Distillate fuel inventories decreased by 0.5 million barrels
last week, and are just above the upper end of the average range for this time
of year. "
Fact - DEMAND IS LOWER than last year
"Total product supplied over the last four-week period has averaged 20.2 million
barrels per day, or 2.0 percent less than averaged over the same period last
year. Over the last four weeks, motor gasoline demand has averaged over 8.8
million barrels per day, or 2.8 percent below the same period last year.
Distillate fuel demand has averaged 3.9 million barrels per day over the last
four weeks, or 3.1 percent below the same period last year. Kerosene-type jet
fuel demand is up 0.9 percent over the last four weeks compared to the same
four-week period last year."
"U.S. crude oil imports averaged 9.7 million barrels per day last week, down
139,000 barrels per day from the previous week. Over the last four weeks,
crude oil imports have averaged over 9.5 million barrels per day, a decrease of
315,000 barrels per day from the comparable four weeks last year. "
So, high inventories and lower demand make for high prices?
Only in a bubble!
This winter is going to be exceptionally bad for those on a fixed income. Even natural gas is up 60% in the midwest.
Why pages of drivel when the first sentence is WRONG?
"In this time of brownouts and shortened work-weeks called the energy crisis, it may cheer you to know we can make oil from coal cheaper than oil wells can produce it."
No you cant. $20 billion down the synfuels drain in 1980s was proof enough. Oil production from wells is about $13/barrel, oil from synfuels is about $50/barrel.
If you could do better, it would have been done already ....
" A Government scientist named Lewis Karrick had a lot to do with improving the basic process, but federal energy officials have been suppressing it for 50 years. They blandly deny this, claiming only the inventor can suppress his patents."
It's now 2005. the patents terms have ended. GO out there and make a mint on it, if you think it's true. NOBODY is stopping you and you'd get $100 million in VC money if this was true and not just conspiracy-theory junk.
I posted it to be looked at. Any more comments?
Global Civil Society will save us from the eeevil corporations.
Only a question: what is the yield per coal-ton in oil from this Karrick process? and what is it the Bergius process?
Answering that question will tell you why the conspiracy-angle is bunkum.