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Next Conservatism: What is Cultural Marxism
GOP USA ^ | 10-25-05 | William S. Lind - Commentary

Posted on 10/24/2005 7:59:14 PM PDT by smoothsailing

Next Conservatism: What Is Cultural Marxism

By William S. Lind

October 25, 2005

In his columns on the next conservatism, Paul Weyrich has several times referred to "cultural Marxism." He asked me, as Free Congress Foundation's resident historian, to write this column explaining what cultural Marxism is and where it came from. In order to understand what something is, you have to know its history.

Cultural Marxism is a branch of western Marxism, different from the Marxism-Leninism of the old Soviet Union. It is commonly known as "multiculturalism" or, less formally, Political Correctness. From its beginning, the promoters of cultural Marxism have known they could be more effective if they concealed the Marxist nature of their work, hence the use of terms such as "multiculturalism."

Cultural Marxism began not in the 1960s but in 1919, immediately after World War I. Marxist theory had predicted that in the event of a big European war, the working class all over Europe would rise up to overthrow capitalism and create communism. But when war came in 1914, that did not happen. When it finally did happen in Russia in 1917, workers in other European countries did not support it. What had gone wrong?

Independently, two Marxist theorists, Antonio Gramsci in Italy and Georg Lukacs in Hungary, came to the same answer: Western culture and the Christian religion had so blinded the working class to its true, Marxist class interest that Communism was impossible in the West until both could be destroyed. In 1919, Lukacs asked, "Who will save us from Western civilization?" That same year, when he became Deputy Commissar for Culture in the short-lived Bolshevik Bela Kun government in Hungary, one of Lukacs's first acts was to introduce sex education into Hungary's public schools. He knew that if he could destroy the West's traditional sexual morals, he would have taken a giant step toward destroying Western culture itself.

In 1923, inspired in part by Lukacs, a group of German Marxists established a think tank at Frankfurt University in Germany called the Institute for Social Research. This institute, soon known simply as the Frankfurt School, would become the creator of cultural Marxism.

To translate Marxism from economic into cultural terms, the members of the Frankfurt School - - Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Wilhelm Reich, Eric Fromm and Herbert Marcuse, to name the most important - - had to contradict Marx on several points. They argued that culture was not just part of what Marx had called society's "superstructure," but an independent and very important variable. They also said that the working class would not lead a Marxist revolution, because it was becoming part of the middle class, the hated bourgeoisie.

Who would? In the 1950s, Marcuse answered the question: a coalition of blacks, students, feminist women and homosexuals.

Fatefully for America, when Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933, the Frankfurt School fled - - and reestablished itself in New York City. There, it shifted its focus from destroying traditional Western culture in Germany to destroying it in the United States. To do so, it invented "Critical Theory." What is the theory? To criticize every traditional institution, starting with the family, brutally and unremittingly, in order to bring them down. It wrote a series of "studies in prejudice," which said that anyone who believes in traditional Western culture is prejudiced, a "racist" or "sexist" of "fascist" - - and is also mentally ill.

Most importantly, the Frankfurt School crossed Marx with Freud, taking from psychology the technique of psychological conditioning. Today, when the cultural Marxists want to do something like "normalize" homosexuality, they do not argue the point philosophically. They just beam television show after television show into every American home where the only normal-seeming white male is a homosexual (the Frankfurt School's key people spent the war years in Hollywood).

After World War II ended, most members of the Frankfurt School went back to Germany. But Herbert Marcuse stayed in America. He took the highly abstract works of other Frankfurt School members and repackaged them in ways college students could read and understand.

In his book "Eros and Civilization," he argued that by freeing sex from any restraints, we could elevate the pleasure principle over the reality principle and create a society with no work, only play (Marcuse coined the phrase, "Make love, not war"). Marcuse also argued for what he called "liberating tolerance," which he defined as tolerance for all ideas coming from the Left and intolerance for any ideas coming from the Right. In the 1960s, Marcuse became the chief "guru" of the New Left, and he injected the cultural Marxism of the Frankfurt School into the baby boom generation, to the point where it is now America's state ideology.

The next conservatism should unmask multiculturalism and Political Correctness and tell the American people what they really are: cultural Marxism. Its goal remains what Lukacs and Gramsci set in 1919: destroying Western culture and the Christian religion. It has already made vast strides toward that goal. But if the average American found out that Political Correctness is a form of Marxism, different from the Marxism of the Soviet Union but Marxism nonetheless, it would be in trouble. The next conservatism needs to reveal the man behind the curtain - - old Karl Marx himself.

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William S. Lind is Director for the Center for Cultural Conservatism of the Free Congress Foundation.

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Note -- The opinions expressed in this column are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions, views, and/or philosophy of GOPUSA.


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Editorial; Extended News; Philosophy; Politics/Elections
KEYWORDS: criticaltheory; culturalmarxism; culturewars; frankfurtschool; marxism; moralabsolutes; multiculturalism; pc; politicalcorrectness; politicallycorrect; williamslind
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1 posted on 10/24/2005 7:59:15 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

A undocumented Jim Quinn PING!


2 posted on 10/24/2005 8:01:42 PM PDT by mcg2000 (New Orleans: The city that declared Jihad against The Red Cross.)
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To: smoothsailing

The next conservatism needs to reveal the man behind the curtain - - old Karl Marx himself.
------

...and she wants to be President in 2008...and needs to be revealed.


3 posted on 10/24/2005 8:08:03 PM PDT by EagleUSA
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To: smoothsailing

" It is commonly known as "multiculturalism" "

I can't hear that term without think about the Remo Williams novels when Chuin the ancient assassin training Remo called it Cultimulchuralism.

The novels are wonderful, by the way - they start in the 60's and relentlessly mock political correctness from its origins through the 80's.


4 posted on 10/24/2005 8:08:05 PM PDT by gondramB
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To: smoothsailing
I always understood Cultural Marxism as nothing more than political correctness.

Karl Marx had nothing on Antonio Gramsci.


If you want a Google GMail account, FReepmail me.

5 posted on 10/24/2005 8:09:40 PM PDT by rdb3 (Have you ever stopped to think, but forgot to start again?)
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To: smoothsailing

Doonesbury must die.


6 posted on 10/24/2005 8:11:12 PM PDT by hang 'em (hang'em's 12th Commandment: Thou Shalt Not Give Good Advice to the RAT Party.)
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To: gondramB
Thanks for the tip on the Remo Williams novels!

I've never read one,but now look forward to picking one up!

7 posted on 10/24/2005 8:13:54 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

bump


8 posted on 10/24/2005 8:15:24 PM PDT by bubman
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To: smoothsailing; ninenot; sittnick; steve50; Hegemony Cricket; Willie Green; Wolfie; ex-snook; ...
Cultural Marxism is a branch of western Marxism, different from the Marxism-Leninism of the old Soviet Union. It is commonly known as "multiculturalism" or, less formally, Political Correctness. From its beginning, the promoters of cultural Marxism have known they could be more effective if they concealed the Marxist nature of their work, hence the use of terms such as "multiculturalism."

Political Correctness bump!

9 posted on 10/24/2005 8:16:06 PM PDT by A. Pole (Halloween's lesson to children: "give me some candy, or I'll vandalize something.")
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To: rdb3; gondramB
Actually I just learned the proper pronunciation is "Cultimulchuralism".

;^)

10 posted on 10/24/2005 8:18:04 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

Same crap, different name!


11 posted on 10/24/2005 8:21:21 PM PDT by Leo Carpathian (FReeeePeee!)
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To: mcg2000
The Mighty Quinn!

We get him on 104.7FM Conservative Talk Radio in Pittsburgh.

12 posted on 10/24/2005 8:23:18 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

They're kind of hard to come by in the brick-and-mortars, so you might want to try Amazon. Even there, they're a little pricey. You probably should start in order, but book 3 is generally considered the point where the books hit their stride. If you've seen the movie and loved the interplay between Remo and Chiun, that's the book where it came into focus.


13 posted on 10/24/2005 8:25:50 PM PDT by Rastus
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To: smoothsailing
"Thanks for the tip on the Remo Williams novels! I've never read one,but now look forward to picking one up!" Sadly they wrecked the series when they made it into a left leaning movie. The National Review story was so sad when they realized what had been done to the series. Like congress, there is nothing Hollywood can't screw up when they try.
Often the villain in a given Destroyer novel is guided by a left-wing agenda. Back in the 1970s, the Wounded Knee protesters were mercilessly mocked; the conservative dream of a U.N. out of the U.S. was finally, blessedly (albeit fictionally), realized; and Carter CIA head Stansfield Turner was rightly called to task for making a hash of Central Intelligence. More recently, the Clintons and their cronies came under repeated fire. The humor in the series is wickedly pointed and decidedly un-P.C. Environmentalists, Hollywood celebrities, and journalists in particular have been targets of satire in The Destroyer for years.

So how does a highly successful 34-year-old book series that was once firmly grounded in patriotic and good old-fashioned Right-leaning American values end up listing Left-ward and, at least as a partial consequence, now find itself on the verge of cancellation?

http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/mullaney200510180824.asp
14 posted on 10/24/2005 8:26:03 PM PDT by gondramB
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To: smoothsailing
Marcuse also argued for what he called "liberating tolerance," which he defined as tolerance for all ideas coming from the Left and intolerance for any ideas coming from the Right.

That's an obvious trait of liberals.

15 posted on 10/24/2005 8:26:33 PM PDT by Doctor Raoul (Frog march Bogus Joe Wilson to the bank and make him pay reparations to the US taxpayers...)
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To: smoothsailing

Communist Manifesto - One small book for a man, one giant ulcer for mankind.


16 posted on 10/24/2005 8:29:16 PM PDT by DancesWithBolsheviks (Celebrate E Pluribus Unum)
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To: gondramB

I was hooked on the Destroyer series for a while when I was a teenager. I think I read about 30 of them.

Maybe I'll take another look at them.


17 posted on 10/24/2005 8:31:51 PM PDT by exDemMom (Now that I've finally accepted that I'm living a bad hair life, I'm more at peace with the world.)
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To: smoothsailing
Smoothsailing,

Very important post. I am currently reading, and would highly recommend the book "Explaining Postmodernism" by Steven Hicks.

Amazon Link

Postmodernism is the core ideology of the left. Reading about its orgins in Marxism is key to understanding what would otherwise appear to be irrational behavior. Have you ever asked yourself, What are they thinking?!?! Knowing the philosophical roots and its development over the past 150 years is critical to knowing what is going on around us.

dung.

Spoiler: It isn't pretty.
18 posted on 10/24/2005 8:35:44 PM PDT by Moose Dung (Soiling the Shoes of the Lunatic Left)
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To: gondramB; exDemMom
Outstanding! Thanks!

http://www.nationalreview.com/script/printpage.p?ref=/comment/mullaney200510180824.asp

19 posted on 10/24/2005 8:44:44 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: Rastus
Never seen the movie, and don't want to until I've read some books.

Thanks for the info!

I live in a small college town and our Citizens Library has always found any book I've ever asked for so I'll try them before Amazon.

20 posted on 10/24/2005 8:51:25 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: Moose Dung
Bookmarked.

Thanks dung,or may I call you Moose?

(sorry, I couldn't help it) ;)

21 posted on 10/24/2005 9:03:20 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

btt


22 posted on 10/24/2005 9:08:32 PM PDT by TASMANIANRED (Conservatives are from earth. Liberals are from Uranus.)
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To: smoothsailing
I read quite a few of the Remo Williams novels, and they would grow quite tiring after a while with the pretty obvious plot lines. *But*, there was always that gem or two or three, of absolutely *brilliant satire*. And that kept me coming back to the next story.
23 posted on 10/24/2005 9:08:47 PM PDT by marktwain
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To: marktwain
My plan is to start with the first one and see where it takes me.
24 posted on 10/24/2005 9:12:19 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: Moose Dung

Sounds like a good read. I might try to look that one up.

By the way, if you want to see someone trying really hard to sound like an intellectual and not pulling it off very well, check out the last reader review at the Amazon link.


25 posted on 10/24/2005 9:24:24 PM PDT by Yardstick
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To: smoothsailing

The trouble is "Cultural Marxism" is a stupid name, reflecting an intellectual tone-deafness to the actual content of the 21st century left, a lack of perceptiveness, which makes fighting them harder.

The left is no longer Marxist, but Nietzschean.

"Multiculturalism" and feminist separatism represent Nietzschean transvaluations of values: they embrace the stereotypes old Marxist anti-racism (which bizarrely had more in common with American conservatism than this new movement does) fought against, but with the value assigned to them turned upside down. Blacks do have rhythm, but that makes them superior to whites; women are less rational, more driven by emotion, but that makes them better suited to formulating 'humane' social and foreign policies; etc.

The Nietzschean left also embraces Nietzsche's romanticization of nature--radical environmentalism--and the savage as opposed to the civilized--hence their affinity for the Jihadis. The Marxist 'religion is the opiate of the masses,' which would alienate them from the Muslims as much as from Christians, is replaced with Nietzsche's special antipathy for Christianity (they seem to ignore the fact he hated Buddhism at least a much. . .perhaps because there aren't many genuine classical Buddhists in America. . . or perhaps, since their Nietzscheanism is derivative, via Heidegger and Sartre, they don't care to follow him on this--after all 'Buddhist' meditation techniques are a nice way to relax.)

Continuing to fight 'Marxists' is a mistake: fighting the last war always is.


26 posted on 10/24/2005 9:28:38 PM PDT by The_Reader_David (And when they behead your own people in the wars which are to come, then you will know . . .)
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To: smoothsailing
I remember, back in 2002, going to a student/faculty "roundtable discussion" about Political Correctness, started in part by a guest column I wrote in the paper about the stupidity of PC. When I gave the origins of political correctness (Which I learned from Mr. Lind's exellent articles) the resident Jew-hating, Palestinian loving Marxist professor plotzed right there in front of me, and had to sit down.

I learned then and there that ONE Conservative professor in each and every college campus in the country can change the downward slide into the proverbial toilet. Thank you, Mr. Lind!

27 posted on 10/24/2005 9:42:15 PM PDT by Captainpaintball
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To: Captainpaintball
Great story,and good for you!

That certainly explains why the high priests of academe treat conservative professors as if they were lepers.

28 posted on 10/24/2005 9:53:04 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing

Ping for later reference.


29 posted on 10/25/2005 12:46:24 AM PDT by rogue yam
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To: smoothsailing

Who is Antonio Gramsci? You Better Learn!!!

http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a3a4c610569be.htm


30 posted on 10/25/2005 1:08:32 AM PDT by Peelod (Decentia est fragilis. Curatoribus validis indiget.)
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To: All
I think the first similarity between 'old' Marxism and current PC is that they are based on the idea of conflict: Conflict between the oppressor and oppressed group(s). For old Marx, of course, the conflict is based on the economy: between the ruling class and the proletar. The later versions, such as multiculturalism, feminism, Islamo-facism, etc., simply took the conflict idea and assign the role of oppressor and oppressed group. For feminism, the oppressor/oppressed are male/female. PC-style multiculturalists: majority/minorities. Gays: heterosexual/homosexual. Islamo-facists: Christians and Jews/ Muslims. Radical racism: white/blacks.

The other similarity is that all theories accept that the social structure and institutions perpetuates the oppression activities.

Where the current ideology of post-modern differ from old one is the notion of 'experience': unless you are female, you cannot comprehend what female feels. This, of course, is different from old Marxism. As a poster pointed out already, old Marxism would put Islamo-facists in the same box as Christians. Meanwhile, the post-mo crowd will defend that Muslims' experience under centuries of 'Christian colonialism' should count for something.

31 posted on 10/25/2005 3:30:12 AM PDT by paudio (Four More Years..... Let's Use Them Wisely...)
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To: smoothsailing

BTTT


32 posted on 10/25/2005 3:42:12 AM PDT by Kay Ludlow (Free market, but cautious about what I support with my dollars)
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To: The_Reader_David

"The left is no longer Marxist, but Nietzschean. "


Yes, but "Nietzschean" is hard to pronounce.


33 posted on 10/25/2005 6:31:00 AM PDT by gondramB
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To: A. Pole

Muticulturalism = cultural pollution.


34 posted on 10/25/2005 5:36:20 PM PDT by GOP_1900AD (Stomping on "PC," destroying the Left, and smoking out faux "conservatives" - Take Back The GOP!)
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Comment #35 Removed by Moderator

To: Peelod
Thanks for the link, but actually I do know about Gramsci and I'm glad you do as well!
36 posted on 10/26/2005 5:23:46 PM PDT by smoothsailing
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To: smoothsailing
The author neglects to mention that one of the reasons the Frankfurt School settled in the US was because the Roosevelt Administration was infested with Marxists. Democrat affiliations with communism have been continuously more than superficial going back at least 100 years. This is partly because a fair portion of the American Northeastern elite was sending their kids to school in Europe. What they brought home was not a good thing.

In addition to Marcuse, the author neglected to mention a few names and explain who these people in the Frankfurt School were. Allow me to add a couple: Eric Fromm (Critical Theory and feminism), Abraham Maslow (using the power of medical licensing to supplant religious values with psychiatry, and the developer of "sensitivity training").

This may be the most important thread of history in the 20th Century, perhaps more significant than the World Wars. Needless to say, children aren't told a word in public schools.

Here are a few good papers on the topic;

Erich Fromm, Feminism, and the Frankfurt School
What is the Frankfurt School?
Who Placed American Men in a Psychic 'Iron Cage?' Part I
Who Placed American Men in a Psychic 'Iron Cage?' Part II

37 posted on 10/26/2005 5:47:53 PM PDT by Carry_Okie (There are people in power who are truly evil.)
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To: mcg2000
I heard this this morning, I wish he'd credit the things he reads.

You know if Rose had written this she'd have pounded it into our heads that she wrote it, and it'd be posted on their web site under "Written by Rose"

38 posted on 10/26/2005 6:02:27 PM PDT by infidel29 ("We are all born ignorant, but one must work hard to remain stupid." --Benjamin Franklin)
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To: rdb3

as you said some years ago, and as I have listed among my Quotes: "American blacks are in what I call the Marxist Laboratory"

as are we all


39 posted on 10/26/2005 6:27:12 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: Carry_Okie

for developing "sensitivity training" (ie: mini-gulags) Abraham Maslow should burn in Hell.


40 posted on 10/26/2005 6:29:06 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: The_Reader_David

actually, they'd be Nietzscheo-Marxists. these dipwads STILL believe in the communist Utopia, and are anti-meritocratic - both rather divergent from Nietzschean philosophy


41 posted on 10/26/2005 6:33:09 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: EagleUSA

AMEN! I call her a Marxist every chance I get, because she is, as is her "husband."


42 posted on 10/26/2005 6:35:26 PM PDT by ladyinred (It is all my fault okay?)
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To: Neets; Darksheare; scott0347; timpad; Conspiracy Guy; NYC GOP Chick; MeekOneGOP; Fedora; OSHA; ...

this is important
carry-okie has some links downthread (from #1, not this ping) to supplemental historical analyses which are quite disturbing.


43 posted on 10/26/2005 6:44:04 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: thompsonsjkc; odoso; animoveritas; mercygrace; Laissez-faire capitalist; bellevuesbest; ...

Moral Absolutes Ping.

I am too tired to read this - just sneaking on to FR for a minute - but I know this is a good read and relevant to the purpose of this pinglist! Will read it tomorrow and I hope to also read your comments!

Freepmail me if you want on/off this pinglist.


44 posted on 10/26/2005 6:44:24 PM PDT by little jeremiah
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To: King Prout

Don't forget the Fabian Society.


45 posted on 10/26/2005 6:53:30 PM PDT by Army Air Corps (Four fried chickens and a coke)
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To: Army Air Corps

who?
(remember: if it happened after 1450 or so, I didn't study it)


46 posted on 10/26/2005 6:54:32 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: Alamo-Girl

I should have pung you in the general ping a moment ago. sorry.


47 posted on 10/26/2005 6:55:25 PM PDT by King Prout (many accuse me of being overly literal... this would not be a problem if many were not under-precise)
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To: smoothsailing

I remember reading this in a pro-gun book published by the NRA that was written in the late 1960's on the fallicies of gun control and how gun control falls into the communist's plots. In 1919, British intelligence found their plans in a cell in occupied Germany and it went from there.


48 posted on 10/26/2005 6:56:53 PM PDT by Nowhere Man (Lutheran, Conservative, Neo-Victorian/Edwardian, Michael Savage in '08! - ACLU delenda est!)
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To: The_Reader_David
I'm inclined to agree, although IMHO "nihilistic" is a better description of most of the current adherents of this strange and bitter doctrine. They actually go Marx one better - he dreamed of utopia after the current structure of society is torn down, they just want to tear it down.

BTW, a lot of people misunderstand Marx's dictum on religion. It was one of the vestiges of society that he would have torn down almost regretfully albeit in his opinion necessarily. What he wrote in whole was: "Religious suffering is at one and the same time the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people." (Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right)

My personal guess is that Marx would have considered the members of the Frankfurt School to be heretics and major obstructions to the eventual victory of socialism, as in fact they may be. But they were right about the proletariat - it did turn into the bourgeoisie, a thing neo-Marxists have never really forgiven it for. They're stuck finding oppressed classes through which to project a revolution that will never happen. That doesn't mean they can't hurt people in the meantime.

49 posted on 10/26/2005 7:00:53 PM PDT by Billthedrill
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To: Army Air Corps
Don't forget the Fabian Society.

Link

50 posted on 10/26/2005 7:01:56 PM PDT by Revolting cat! ("In the end, nothing explains anything.")
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