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Artifacts found at ancient city ("This was 'Shock and Awe' in the Fourth Millennium BC.")
Middle East Times ^ | December 17, 2005

Posted on 12/21/2005 9:41:34 PM PST by nickcarraway

CHICAGO, IL, USA -- US and Syrian researchers say that a battle destroyed one of the world's earliest cities in Mesopotamia, at around 3500 BC but artifacts are left behind.

The University of Chicago and Syria's Department of Antiquities say that the discovery provides the earliest evidence for large-scale organized warfare in the Mesopotamian world.

"The whole area of our most recent excavation was a war zone," said Clemens Reichel, of the University of Chicago.

Reichel was the co-director of the Syrian-American Archaeological Expedition to Hamoukar, an ancient site in northeastern Syria near the Iraqi border, in October and November.

The researchers found extensive destruction with collapsed walls, which had undergone heavy bombardment by sling bullets and eventually collapsed in an ensuing fire. The excavators retrieved more than 1,200 oval-shaped bullets and some 120 larger round clay balls.

"This clearly was no minor skirmish," Reichel said. "This was 'Shock and Awe' in the Fourth Millennium BC."


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Culture/Society; Extended News; Foreign Affairs; Miscellaneous; News/Current Events; US: Illinois
KEYWORDS: archaeology; battle; godsgravesglyphs; hamoukar; illinois; mesopotamia; tellhamoukar

1 posted on 12/21/2005 9:41:36 PM PST by nickcarraway
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To: nickcarraway

How wobbly does your wall have to be to get toppled by sling-bullets and clay balls?


2 posted on 12/21/2005 10:05:14 PM PST by Asclepius (protectionists would outsource our dignity and prosperity in return for illusory job security)
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To: nickcarraway
http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/05/051216.hamoukar-photos.shtml

Some nice pics of sling bullets and clay balls and other items found at Hamoukar dig.


3 posted on 12/21/2005 10:08:43 PM PST by NormsRevenge (Semper Fi ... Monthly Donor spoken Here. Go to ... https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: blam; SunkenCiv

ping


4 posted on 12/21/2005 10:19:35 PM PST by nickcarraway (I'm Only Alive, Because a Judge Hasn't Ruled I Should Die...)
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To: nickcarraway
US and Syrian researchers say that a battle destroyed one of the world's earliest cities in Mesopotamia, at around 3500 BC but artifacts are left behind.

It's Bush's fault!

5 posted on 12/21/2005 10:28:22 PM PST by JRios1968 ("Cogito, ergo FReep": I think, therefore I FReep.)
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To: nickcarraway
Thanks Nick. We've got two of these, but I'll add this one to the catalog as well.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

6 posted on 12/21/2005 10:32:24 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("In silence, and at night, the Conscience feels that life should soar to nobler ends than Power.")
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To: blam

photos.


7 posted on 12/21/2005 10:32:52 PM PST by SunkenCiv ("In silence, and at night, the Conscience feels that life should soar to nobler ends than Power.")
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To: nickcarraway
End the illegal war in Mesopotamia now!;)
8 posted on 12/21/2005 10:35:25 PM PST by BigCinBigD (Merry Christmas!)
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To: jan in Colorado

ping


9 posted on 12/22/2005 12:27:36 AM PST by Gondring (I'll give up my right to die when hell freezes over my dead body!)
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To: nickcarraway

Ouch cut it out will ya? That smarts!!!


10 posted on 12/22/2005 12:33:40 AM PST by beaver fever
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To: nickcarraway

This doesn't have to be a war zone. The small round balls and larger balls probably aren't weapons at all.

I believe this was the site of the first World Championship Marbles and Bocce Tournament.


11 posted on 12/22/2005 8:00:02 AM PST by wildbill
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 GGG managers are SunkenCiv, StayAt HomeMother & Ernest_at_the_Beach
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list.


12 posted on 07/29/2011 10:45:47 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Yes, as a matter of fact, it is that time again -- https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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