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General who lost his wife to the American Revolution
Telegraph, UK ^ | Jan 20, 2006 | Harry Mount

Posted on 01/20/2006 3:40:15 AM PST by Pharmboy

Behind the sale of an 18th-century gold box in New York today lies one of the saddest love stories of the American Revolution.

When the box, embossed with the arms of New York, was presented with the freedom of the city in 1773 to Thomas Gage he was the commander-in-chief of the British Army in North America and was deeply in love with his American-born wife.


Gen Thomas Gage, Margaret Gage and the 18th-century gold box

Two years later, the general was a broken man, his career was in tatters and he was estranged from Margaret Gage for ever after she put the land of her birth before her husband and handed his military secrets to Paul Revere, the most famous of all the revolutionaries.

Gage and Margaret Kemble, from Brunswick, New Jersey, had been devoted, with 11 children and large estates in America and England.

Their marriage fell apart on April 18, 1775, the day Gage sent 800 men to Concord, Massachussetts, to destroy arms caches and to seize the leading revolutionaries Samuel Adams and John Hancock.

But Revere rode through Lexington, Massachusetts, warning of Gage's plans to attack, with the cry, "The British are coming, the British are coming".

Gage was convinced his wife had leaked the details to Revere. "My confidence has been betrayed," he wrote to a fellow officer, Lord Percy, "for I had communicated my design to one person only [apart from you]."

Humiliated, Gage turned over his command to Gen William Howe and banished his wife to England. He followed six months later, but the couple, who were once painted by John Singleton Copley, a leading artist of the period, never spoke again.

The box, valued at £285,000 by Sotheby's, is being sold by the family of the Earl of Rosebery. A previous Lord Rosebery, prime minister from 1894-95, bought the box for £50 from an antique dealer who got it from Gage's descendant, Viscount Gage.

The document from the mayor of New York granting the freedom of the city, originally kept in the box, is at Firle Place, East Sussex, the seat of the present Viscount Gage.

"The box has been kept in a safe for 100 years," said Lord Rosebery's heir, Lord Dalmeny. "I hope it will end up in a New York museum, or bought and given back to the Gages and reunited with the original document."


TOPICS: Constitution/Conservatism; Culture/Society; Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; US: Massachusetts; US: New Jersey; US: New York; United Kingdom
KEYWORDS: americanhistory; concord; generalgage; lexington; milhist; paulrevere; revolutionarywar; revwar
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Incredible story...
1 posted on 01/20/2006 3:40:19 AM PST by Pharmboy
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To: indcons; Chani; thefactor; blam; aculeus; ELS; Doctor Raoul; mainepatsfan; timpad; ...

The Washington Family Coat of Arms

RevWar/Colonial History/General Washington ping list (FreepMail me if you want to be placed on or taken off the list)

2 posted on 01/20/2006 3:42:56 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: Pharmboy

Incredible is right. If that happened today, the MSM would rip Margaret Gage to pieces.


3 posted on 01/20/2006 3:43:49 AM PST by hershey
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To: Pharmboy

Juts noticed a funny thing: it is interesting that the Daily Telegraph uses the term "American Revolution" rather than "the Americsn War of Independence" that is traditionally used for the event on its side of the pond.


4 posted on 01/20/2006 3:47:05 AM PST by NZerFromHK (Leftism is like honey mixed with arsenic: initially it tastes good, but that will end up killing you)
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To: Pharmboy


She was an American and banished to England?


5 posted on 01/20/2006 3:48:10 AM PST by SouthernFreebird
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To: SouthernFreebird

Evidently Gage sent her packing...but remember, at that time Americans were all still subjects of the Crown.


6 posted on 01/20/2006 3:49:55 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: SouthernFreebird
She was an American and banished to England?

That was back in the days when a woman not only took on her husband's name but his citizenship as well.

7 posted on 01/20/2006 4:04:42 AM PST by Harmless Teddy Bear (1. You are drunk. 2. This is not a waltz. 3. I am not a woman; I'm the Cardinal Archbishop of Lima.)
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To: Pharmboy

Bump!


8 posted on 01/20/2006 4:33:17 AM PST by F-117A
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To: Pharmboy
Dammit, I'm outraged!!!

The Telegraph must be held accountable for frivolously "outing" a key U.S. intelligence agent. They've seriously compromised her safety.

OOPS!!

Sorry, wrong century.
9 posted on 01/20/2006 4:43:27 AM PST by conservativeharleyguy ( Democrats: Over 60 million fooled daily!)
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To: Pharmboy

Thank You Mrs Gage.

PS: Want to bet there was more to her decision than "patriotism"?


10 posted on 01/20/2006 4:44:33 AM PST by silverleaf (Fasten your seat belts- it's going to be a BUMPY ride.)
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To: SouthernFreebird

You have to remember, we were all Englishmen back then...


11 posted on 01/20/2006 4:53:32 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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To: Pharmboy

I'll take that ping.


12 posted on 01/20/2006 4:55:22 AM PST by Mercat (sometimes God calms the storm, sometimes he lets the storm rage and calms the child)
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To: Harmless Teddy Bear

No, that is not quite true. We were not a nation until July 4, 1776 united for Independence. Up till then we were still British Colonies paying British taxes and following British parlamentary law. Though, the colonies were not getting the representation in Parlament as they should have with the taxes and had a lazy King who was supposed to represent them.


13 posted on 01/20/2006 4:56:23 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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To: Zavien Doombringer


I forgot we weren't Americans yet.

Today she could jet to mexico and walk right back in.


14 posted on 01/20/2006 5:02:27 AM PST by SouthernFreebird
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To: cll; Prophet in the wilderness; XRdsRev; Liberty Wins; mainepatsfan; Vicomte13; unionblue83; ...


 


15 posted on 01/20/2006 5:06:26 AM PST by Fintan (See??? Sometimes I do read the articles.)
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To: SouthernFreebird

LOL... Today, she would be a liberal hero..


16 posted on 01/20/2006 5:17:01 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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To: Zavien Doombringer


huh..? I'm no liberal and I consider her a hero. Unless I read this wrong, she sided with and defended her Country. You will be hard pressed to find any liberals who respect that quality.


17 posted on 01/20/2006 5:24:57 AM PST by SouthernFreebird
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To: Pharmboy

Thanks for posting this. I plan to share it with my DAR chapter at our Feb meeting.


18 posted on 01/20/2006 5:25:03 AM PST by kalee
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To: Pharmboy; SouthernFreebird

And to their husbands.


19 posted on 01/20/2006 5:26:07 AM PST by kalee
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To: Pharmboy
As far as I know, historians have turned up no evidence that Mrs. Gage actually gave information to the patriots. Gage may have thought his plans were a deep dark secret, but there was ample evidence of what the British were up to.

If the story is true, then Gage was a fool who destroyed his marriage for nothing.

20 posted on 01/20/2006 5:27:05 AM PST by Christopher Lincoln
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To: Christopher Lincoln

Indeed...in all my readings about the run-up to Lexington and Concord I have never encountered any murmurings related to Mrs. Gage and Revere. Something obviously inflamed the General's suspicions, and the underneath story here is likely better than any Hollywood script.


21 posted on 01/20/2006 5:48:21 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: Pharmboy

More proof that the American Revolution/War of Independence was in truth a devastating Civil War. We tend to forget now how split the colonies were.

Many towns and families were ripped apart on the subject. Not just Gen. & Mrs. Gage, but Benjamin Franklin and his son. Franklin's son was ,IIRC, a Major in the British Army (60th Regt. of Foot, the Royal Americans, I think.)

The results of the war were a water shed moment in human history and stuck a strong blow in the evolution of human liberty and constitutional government. But like the English Civil War before it and the American Civil War/War Between the States, that came after, the human toll in both blood and broken families, was devastating.


22 posted on 01/20/2006 5:55:06 AM PST by GreenLanternCorps (Thank you Bengals for a great year! Carson, get well soon! Who Dey!)
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To: GreenLanternCorps
You are indeed correct. Franklin's son was also Royal Governor of New Jersey.

The old formula was a third, a third and a third: Loyalist, Patriot and Leave Me Alone. One particular area during the RevWar that exemplifies this was Westchester County in NY--for most of the war it was a no man's land fraught with danger for those traversing it unarmed. The so-called "Cowboys" were Loyalists who brought meat to the Brits who were running things from NYC.

Some areas of the colonies had more representation among the neutrals, for instance, the Quakers in PA and the Dutch farmers in Brooklyn, NY.

23 posted on 01/20/2006 6:01:28 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: Zavien Doombringer
"LOL... Today, she would be a liberal hero.."

How do you figure that? Mrs. Gage was a patriot defending her country and her husband was an enemy attacking it.

No, General Gage would be a hero of liberals if this occurred today.

24 posted on 01/20/2006 6:05:54 AM PST by DJ Taylor (Once again our country is at war, and once again the Democrats have sided with our enemy.)
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To: silverleaf

Thank You Mrs Gage.

PS: Want to bet there was more to her decision than "patriotism"?""

After 11 kids? NO BET here......


25 posted on 01/20/2006 6:09:09 AM PST by ridesthemiles (ridesthemiles)
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To: Pharmboy

It is also worth noting that the term "patriotism" has only endured because we were successful. At the time, it was treason.

Robert E. Lee is considered a great American by many, but the label of "patriot" is never used.


26 posted on 01/20/2006 6:16:50 AM PST by wagglebee ("We are ready for the greatest achievements in the history of freedom." -- President Bush, 1/20/05)
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To: Pharmboy

This article is historically incorrect. There were two other riders with Revere. Dawes and Prescott and they did not say 'The British are Coming.'
They said the 'Regulars are coming.' At the time in history, most of the Colonist still considered themselves British. The British military was called the Regulars; thus, the people were warned the "Regulars are coming."


Here is the whole story:
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1261.html

http://www.paulreverehouse.org/ride/real.shtml


27 posted on 01/20/2006 6:28:10 AM PST by Paige ("Guard against the impostures of pretended patriotism." --George Washington)
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To: Fintan

Please add me to your ping list, thank you.


28 posted on 01/20/2006 6:35:35 AM PST by TXBSAFH ("I would rather be a free man in my grave then living as a puppet or a slave." - Jimmy Cliff)
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To: Pharmboy

Bump.


29 posted on 01/20/2006 6:36:15 AM PST by aculeus
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To: Christopher Lincoln

I'd like to know more about if she professed her innocence or not. If I was innocent, there's nothing that would stop me from trying to convince the love of my life of that.


30 posted on 01/20/2006 6:39:50 AM PST by lawgirl ("You can try to wipe the memories aside, but it's you that you erase..." Honestly- Billy Corgan)
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To: Pharmboy
Mrs Gage was a secret agent for the Queens College radicals who lived in New Brunswick. Her herosim predated the Coopie Tradition but her spying skills were above reproach.

BTW Queens College was founded in 1766 and assumed its new name after General Henry Rutgers who left his fortune to the school. I know that the rumors about Gage and Rutgers having a love child are false but, then again, Rutgers has always lived to a higher standard than those Harvard clods!!!

31 posted on 01/20/2006 6:47:14 AM PST by Young Werther
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To: Paige

Thank you for the good info...always appreciated.


32 posted on 01/20/2006 6:49:50 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: Young Werther

Thanks...I must read up a bit more on that story. Sounds fascinating.


33 posted on 01/20/2006 6:51:30 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To: Pharmboy
Actually aliitle tongue in cheek fabrication.

As a Rutgers alum I am steeped in our school's history, (BA History and PoliSci!). Rutgers students were excused from class so that could reinforce Washington's army at the Battle of Monmouth. Of course, Molly Pitcher, a real American Heroine was in the thick of the battle and is a well respected New Jersey Revolutionary!!!

There is a tavern in Toms River New Jersey that dates to the revolutionary days, is still a fine restaurant today and has one of those many historical markers which announce "Washington Slept Here!"

34 posted on 01/20/2006 6:59:42 AM PST by Young Werther
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To: ridesthemiles

I've had eight children. Am I supposed to betray my husband's confidence?


35 posted on 01/20/2006 7:08:22 AM PST by petitfour
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To: Young Werther

Interesting.


36 posted on 01/20/2006 7:10:54 AM PST by petitfour
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To: petitfour

"Am I supposed to betray my husband's confidence?"

Depends on the circumstance...read in the Bible what happened with Abigail, Nabal, and the future King David!


37 posted on 01/20/2006 7:15:04 AM PST by mdmathis6 (Proof against evolution:"Man is the only creature that blushes, or needs to" M.Twain)
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To: Young Werther
Ahhhh...please put a sarcasm tag on next time as the people on these threads take their history seriously (as you do, I am sure)!

You must know the spot on the Raritan on your campus where Hamilton set up his cannon to slow the pursuing Cornwallis down.

38 posted on 01/20/2006 7:17:05 AM PST by Pharmboy (The stone age didn't end because they ran out of stones.)
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To American Revolution buffs:

I find Cornwallis's story about his wife even sadder than Gage's. Jemima Cornwallis was a very beautiful British woman;he was madly in love with and faithful to her. Jemima wasted away and died while her husband was at war. He left the army to be with her, but went back in after her death. Of course, he was humiliated in the seige at Yorktown by MY HERO George Washington.

Does anyone know why Jemima Cornwallis died? It seems to be a total mystery.

Thanks for this post. I'm an American Revolution nutcase.....


39 posted on 01/20/2006 7:19:37 AM PST by RooRoobird14 (George Washington is my hero. So is George W. Bush!!!!!.)
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To: mdmathis6

But not because we have eight or eleven children.


40 posted on 01/20/2006 7:26:20 AM PST by petitfour
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To: Paige

Excellent links..........btw there are some who believe the Boston Tea Party was nothing of the such......the belief is that there was a demonstration by the locals but they were actually dumping drugs such as opium that were being delivered for distribution into the colonies by the Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. The company had used such drugs to keep local populations subdued has they were building their empire around the world. Don't know if this is true or not but it would be an interesting twist to the story.


41 posted on 01/20/2006 7:40:26 AM PST by american spirit (Can you handle the truth? - www.rbnlive.com ( 4-6 CST M-F)) / click "listen live")
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To: american spirit

I heard they were shipping magic spears, leprechauns, and cod-liver oil that could turn a man into a newt. Not sure if it's true, but it's an intriguing theory.


42 posted on 01/20/2006 8:09:11 AM PST by Andy Ross (A Scot in Trondheim)
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To: Pharmboy
banished his wife to England
That'll teach her. ;')
43 posted on 01/20/2006 8:29:19 AM PST by SunkenCiv (In the long run, there is only the short run.)
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To: Andy Ross

And I heard you were some kind of limpwristed schmuck......an intriguing theory also.


44 posted on 01/20/2006 9:10:28 AM PST by american spirit (Can you handle the truth? - www.rbnlive.com ( 4-6 CST M-F)) / click "listen live")
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To: american spirit

No it is not true. The tea belonged to the East India Company and the tax was imposed for it.

Opium was not much used for another couple of decades.


45 posted on 01/20/2006 9:10:40 AM PST by justshutupandtakeit (Public Enemy #1, the RATmedia.)
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To: american spirit

hahaha. With the views you hold, I'm surprised you haven't got a thick skin from being ridiculed.


46 posted on 01/20/2006 9:16:27 AM PST by Andy Ross (A Scot in Trondheim)
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To: DJ Taylor

if she were to pass info to the terrorists?


47 posted on 01/20/2006 9:30:01 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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To: SouthernFreebird
In todays standard, we have our own government. If she were to give information to dissenters in our country, she would be a liberal hero...Anythig to bring down the current administration...
48 posted on 01/20/2006 9:42:20 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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To: RooRoobird14
Although noone can pin point exactly the disease Jemima Cornwallis had, the symptoms sound like tuberculosis. The most frequent term used for wasting diseases was "consumption". It could encompass any number of diseases that would have fit her symptoms.
49 posted on 01/20/2006 9:49:41 AM PST by ussc1863
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To: DJ Taylor

OK, you do have this in a different perspective... The Country was Britain, all of us at that time were Englishmen, there wasn't a American country and to speak of it would be treason, punishable by hanging...


50 posted on 01/20/2006 10:13:20 AM PST by Zavien Doombringer (13th AF, 3rd TFW, 3rd AGS, 3rd AMU - ESC The Blue Screw will get you too! 86-89)
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