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Darwinist Ideologues Are on the Run
Human Events Online ^ | Jan 31, 2006 | Allan H. Ryskind

Posted on 01/30/2006 10:27:35 PM PST by Sweetjustusnow

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To: Ichneumon
Of course,people like John Paul II, and Mother Theresa, and Billy Graham.

If you want to try to claim those people are frauds, go right ahead, but few would agree with you.

Try reading the post to which that statement was addressed. Your comment has no connection to that.

401 posted on 01/31/2006 4:36:13 PM PST by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: whattajoke
Evolution is a myth no physical evidence not one fossil bone can be linked in any physical way. No proof that it gave birth to anything let alone anything different than itself.

If you are done don't post.
402 posted on 01/31/2006 4:36:51 PM PST by Creationist (If the earth is old show me your proof. Salvation from the judgment of your sins is free.)
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To: MedicalMess
re: Want to fix failing kidneys due to diabetes? Pray to God or pay me. I've done it, God hasn't.)))

Holy mackerel--

403 posted on 01/31/2006 4:41:57 PM PST by Mamzelle
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To: Revolting cat!

Hubris? Am I the one who claimed a "wider" view? You may want to attend to that beam in your own eye.


404 posted on 01/31/2006 4:44:16 PM PST by edsheppa
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To: Dimensio
Where did people get the idea that high school classes were all about presenting a "dialogue" between "opposing viewpoints",

I'm not sure, but my list of suspects includes leftist economists adn political theorists.

405 posted on 01/31/2006 4:52:53 PM PST by Virginia-American
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To: GLDNGUN
Are you suggesing that modern science/medicine knows all there will ever be known about the appendix?

Uh, No. (Duh!)

We do know, however, that the human appendix doesn't hold and decompose pounds and pounds of course and difficult to digest vegetable matter. That much is wildly obvious just from the fact that it's far too small. Whatever secondary functions it may retain, or whatever new functions it may have acquired, it is undeniably "vestigial" with respect to the primary function it "used" to have (does have in most other animals -- i.e. the "normal" function of appendixes qua appendixes) of digesting mass quantities of food stuffs that would go undigested if not held for an additional period of time in the digestive tract.

406 posted on 01/31/2006 4:54:45 PM PST by Stultis (I don't worry about the war turning into "Vietnam" in Iraq; I worry about it doing so in Congress.)
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To: Revolting cat!

You were absolutely correct in post 397.


407 posted on 01/31/2006 5:00:20 PM PST by AndrewC (Darwinian logic -- It is just-so if it is just-so)
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To: GLDNGUN
When an evolutionist testified in the famous 1925 Tennessee Scopes Trial that are "no less than 180 vestigal structures" in the human body, was he correct?

It's probably an underestimate if you include every possible case. But it's meaningless in itself to simply say that a structure is "vestigial [full stop]". It can only be vestigial with respect to some phylogenetically former state AND with respect to some specific function. Since most structures have multiple functions, a particular structure or organ might well be vestigial with respect to some function(s) and at the same time advanced with respect to others.

408 posted on 01/31/2006 5:03:10 PM PST by Stultis (I don't worry about the war turning into "Vietnam" in Iraq; I worry about it doing so in Congress.)
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To: editor-surveyor
We don't want to see any propaganda papers; we want evidence and that is non-existant,...

You might not like the evidence, but there is some

Primate ERV chart Source

There are thousands of primate ERVs. Every one of them follows the same rules for which species it is found in.

"Proof" like the proof of Pythagoras' Theorem? NO.

"Proof" beyond a reasonable doubt? People have been sentenced to death, rightfully, on much less evidence.

409 posted on 01/31/2006 5:10:05 PM PST by Virginia-American
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To: DaveLoneRanger
I'm sure you're aware that the term "spam" involves heavy or excessive posting of articles or links not composed on your own, but rather as part of an effort to overwhelm or inundate the opposition,

Seeing as how creationists constantly lie about everything else, it's no surprise to see you lie about the definition of spam.

410 posted on 01/31/2006 5:19:45 PM PST by shuckmaster (An oak tree is an acorns way of making more acorns)
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To: Ichneumon
-- male/female genders do *not* have to arise at the same time.

But it would be pretty useless if they did not arise at the same time. They would have died out in one generation so the mutation would have been lost.

411 posted on 01/31/2006 5:20:45 PM PST by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: Fester Chugabrew
Behe may be emotional about the subject, but he does not paint his opponents as idiots.

That's because with Behe, it's the idiots who are buying his charlatan book.

412 posted on 01/31/2006 5:22:01 PM PST by shuckmaster (An oak tree is an acorns way of making more acorns)
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To: furball4paws
"Which Creationist, anywhere or at any time has ever exposed fraudulent science?
The answer is simple - none, because no Creationist knows enough about science to spot a fraud.

So in one simple staement you manage to insult every creationist on the planet. Good move. Now with what can you back up your statements? I presume you have staistics and citations?

413 posted on 01/31/2006 5:28:15 PM PST by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: metmom

staistics=statistics


414 posted on 01/31/2006 5:30:37 PM PST by metmom (Welfare was never meant to be a career choice.)
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To: Ichneumon
To the folks on editor-surveyor's ping list -- do you approve of his grossly lying and slandering in order to try to further creationism? Yes or no?

From what I've constantly seen here, lying is matter of fact action synonymous with advocating creationism in the first place so, it would therefor be foolish for you to expect an honest answer to your question from anyone on a lying creationist' ping list.

415 posted on 01/31/2006 5:31:09 PM PST by shuckmaster (An oak tree is an acorns way of making more acorns)
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To: furball4paws
The answer is simple - none, because no Creationist knows enough about science to spot a fraud.

What a moron! Do you usually speak with such stunning ignorance? Some of the greatest scientists of all time were Creationists.

416 posted on 01/31/2006 5:34:58 PM PST by AmericaUnited
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To: Virginia-American

That is not evidence, it is totally subjective opinon based on extrapolation from conjecture.


417 posted on 01/31/2006 5:35:06 PM PST by editor-surveyor (Atheist and Fool are synonyms; Evolution is where fools hide from the sunrise)
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To: Stultis
Are you suggesing that modern science/medicine knows all there will ever be known about the appendix?

Uh, No. (Duh!)

My thoughts exactly, so when someone says "the appendix is useless!" (which isn't even true according to the latest information) I see that as a result of temporary ignorance, rather than truth.

I recall when I was young, doctors would yank your tonsils out if got a cough.

Why was that?

Now, I can't recall the last time I heard of someone having their tonsils removed.

Why is that?

418 posted on 01/31/2006 5:37:41 PM PST by GLDNGUN
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To: AmericaUnited
Some of the greatest scientists of all time were Creationists.

Oh please oh please oh please give us a list of great scientists who plied their trade before Darwin. I do so love those lists!
419 posted on 01/31/2006 5:37:56 PM PST by whattajoke
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To: editor-surveyor
Evolution is where fools hide from the sunrise

What the heck does this even mean?
420 posted on 01/31/2006 5:39:46 PM PST by whattajoke
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To: Ichneumon
More spam!

All anyone has to do is read a small part of the crap that you post to see that it is not fact based, but layer upon layer of opinion and extrapolation from opinion.

You are a spammer and a deceiver.

421 posted on 01/31/2006 5:41:08 PM PST by editor-surveyor (Atheist and Fool are synonyms; Evolution is where fools hide from the sunrise)
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To: Stultis
Since most structures have multiple functions, a particular structure or organ might well be vestigial with respect to some function(s) and at the same time advanced with respect to others.

Hmmm. Sounds like a rather effecient design. Dare I say INTELLIGENT.

422 posted on 01/31/2006 5:43:35 PM PST by GLDNGUN
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To: MedicalMess

Man... you got problems. The Christians aren't out for your dollar and to keep the sick away from the hospitals!

"God made himself? Do you people have any idea how psychotic you sound?"

- Evolution created itself??? Hey mister know it all, is there anything you can't comprehend? Mankind is constantly realizing flaws of 'old' science. There are things in this universe that the human mind is incapable of comprehending - including your post! I don't think you understand that either. God's origin is beyond man's understanding. If there is no God, what started everything? The absurdity of your neurotic post convinces me that anyone that gives you money is a fool!


423 posted on 01/31/2006 5:46:35 PM PST by GoodWithBarbarians JustForKaos (Feminism... Didn't they achieve their goals yet? Guess not! lol)
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To: Ichneumon
More boiler-plate spam. Your hard drive must be brimming with it.

Shout louder, it proves your position (about as well as your 'evidence.')

424 posted on 01/31/2006 5:48:34 PM PST by editor-surveyor (Atheist and Fool are synonyms; Evolution is where fools hide from the sunrise)
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To: Ichneumon
, then it's clear why you're an anti-evolution creationist,

By using the criteria and vernacular of the worshipers of the EVO gods and goddesses... you Ichy are the liar...

We'll see if you put up or shut-up where you have failed before..

I challenge you again to provide a single post in which I have claimed to be an adherent to a Creationist's world view...

I know you fail, but I dare say you will post insults instead...

Any and every time you make a post which personally attacks and insults the postee, your arguments are invalidated by definition...

And yes... flooding every thread with the same multi-screen posts hundreds of times when a link would suffice is SPAM. Whether it be so called scientific evidence, book advertisements or solicitations for hemorrhoid sufferers.
425 posted on 01/31/2006 5:49:58 PM PST by darbymcgill
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To: Sweetjustusnow

Darwinism? What's that?


426 posted on 01/31/2006 5:53:00 PM PST by ml1954 (NOT the disruptive troll seen frequently on CREVO threads)
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To: webstersII
But the issue is when someone comes along and notices that there is a huge explosion of complex fossils in certain strata with no accompanying identifiable transitional forms,

Such as? Be specific.

the TOE adherents do not see this as evidence which could possibly disprove evolution.

It depends on the specifics, of course. What are you talking about -- if anything?

Someone came up with the idea of "Punctuated Equlibrium" to get the TOE back on solid ground. But where is the extant data for Punctuated Equlibrium? There is none outside of the fossil record.

This is nonsense. Please don't post about topics you don't understand. There is plenty of data for punctuated equilibrium -- at least in the way Gould and Eldridge described it, not the cartoon-version the creationists misconstrue it as. Heck, even genetic algorithms undergo punctuated equilibrium, you can watch it happen.

This is still a major hole in the fossil evidence

Really? Where?

and instead of casting doubt on the TOE, as would be reasonably expected,

Because a) the fossils that have been found to date provide overwhelming evidence of the Theory Of Evolution ("TOE"), and b) the fossil record is *always* going to have gaps, just by its nature -- not every species will have been fossilized, not every fossil will survive the passage of time, nor will every fossil be able to be found (many are buried to deep, or otherwise in inaccessible locations, etc.) The fossil record is like the pages that are left after a devastating fire has swept through a geneological library. You can't take the absence of a surviving record of your Great Great Uncle Frank as evidence that he never actually existed. The best you can do is piece together your family history from the sparse records that are left. Fossilization is a very rare event. We're lucky to have the ones we do.

the TOE was amended to include Punctuated Equlibrium even in the absence of any data for Punctuated Equilibrium.

Horse manure. Please try to learn about biology before you attempt to critique it.

427 posted on 01/31/2006 5:54:18 PM PST by Ichneumon
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To: whattajoke
It's really fun when they include scientists who accepted the theory of evolution on their lists, like Charles Babbage.
428 posted on 01/31/2006 5:56:40 PM PST by Dimensio (http://angryflower.com/bobsqu.gif <-- required reading before you use your next apostrophe!)
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To: RobRoy
But I don't agree with banning for such. I have the ability to pretty much ignore it.

Yeah but... you're not paying the bandwidth and hard drive bill either.... ;)
429 posted on 01/31/2006 6:01:06 PM PST by darbymcgill
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To: Fester Chugabrew; Right Wing Professor
[The equation F=ma does not assume a god.]

The equation F=ma does not postulate random mutations and natural selection as sole causes for the speciation observed today, either.

Neither does evolutionary biology. Heck, neither did Darwin.

To dispel the myth that Darwin ever considered that natural selection might be the "sole" method of evolution, one needs only read this passage from the 1872 edition of On the Origin of Species:

"As my conclusions have lately been much misrepresented, and it has been stated that I attribute the modification of species exclusively to natural selection, I may be permitted to remark that in the first edition of this work, and subsequently, I placed in a most conspicuous position—namely at the close of the Introduction—the following words: "I am convinced that natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification." This has been of no avail. Great is the power of steady misrepresentation."

I really wish people would try to learn some biology before they attempted to critique it.

430 posted on 01/31/2006 6:03:49 PM PST by Ichneumon
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Religious fanatics in full force placemarker.

Note to self...read all of thread when need amusement.
431 posted on 01/31/2006 6:05:44 PM PST by ml1954 (NOT the disruptive troll seen frequently on CREVO threads)
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To: Dimensio

I'm very old and Charlie told me himself over a bottle of scotch one evening in London.

Unfortunately, the only witness to this revelation was Chuck's nephew, Clyde, an orangatan who died before completing his study of english.


432 posted on 01/31/2006 6:06:08 PM PST by Dick Bachert
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To: darbymcgill; Ichneumon

When you complain about Ichneumon posting huge posts with lots of information, and call it spam, I would hope that you would also call this to the attention of those who post reams and reams of the same scriptures, over and over again....this happens on both sides of the issue, so if you seek to eliminate it on one side, then be fair, and seek to eliminate this on both sides of the debate...whats fair for one, is fair for all...

Thus far, on this thread, I have not seen the reams and reams of scriptures appear..but give it time, one of the scripture posters shows up sooner or later, and we all know whats coming...


433 posted on 01/31/2006 6:07:48 PM PST by andysandmikesmom
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To: Dick Bachert

In other words, you were lying.


434 posted on 01/31/2006 6:07:55 PM PST by Dimensio (http://angryflower.com/bobsqu.gif <-- required reading before you use your next apostrophe!)
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To: frgoff
You should send your links to this guy since he obviously hasn't gotten the word that transitional fossils are everywhere.

No need, since he acknowledges that transitional fossils are common. What hallucination led you to believe otherwise?

Oh, and follow up with the cellular researchers that say his theory has merit because they obviously are ignorant, too.

They aren't, and his theory is consistent with Darwinian evolution. Again, where did you get the delusion that it wasn't?

One more time -- why don't you toodle off and *learn* some biology before you attempt to critique it?

435 posted on 01/31/2006 6:08:25 PM PST by Ichneumon
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To: andysandmikesmom

ok


436 posted on 01/31/2006 6:13:59 PM PST by darbymcgill
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To: Right Wing Professor
"The Wittstrucks, etc. around here are not relocated Germans, they're Americans descended from Germans. So if they're descended from Germans, why are there still Germans?"

Ah, because their German ancestors weren't monkies?
A professor should have a much deeper thinking ability than you are showing. There are no "transitional forms" amongst human beings, just human offspring and ancestry that is traced to human beings of the past.

The 'transitional forms' which evolutionists speak of would have been ever-changing forms that evolved over millions of years, during which time they allegedly transformed into an entirely different species, human beings. So please don't confuse ancestry, (human progeneration) with evolution (apes transforming into human beings), it's just plain ridiculous.

My original point was to illustrate that there would likely have been many varieties of 'transitional forms' over the millions of years it took for monkies to become humans. So my question was why didn't any of these more recent 'transitional forms' remain static, (as the apes have), and remain extant, (as the apes have)? In other words, if ape forms began the process of evolving into humans millions of years ago, and they survive in their original form to this day, why haven't any of their transitional forms survived? Why do only the first and the last forms survive, but none of the 'middle' ones?

Germans can migrate and have children who become citizens of the country they were born in; but how you believe this process ties in with the so-called theory of evolution is mystifying to me.

In the event you misunderstood my first post, I'd like to clarify by stating that I was using the evolutionist's own peculiar logic to show how unstable their reasoning is and how unscientific their theory is.

If on the other hand you did understand what I was saying and still think you can rebut my statement by pointing out that Germans of yesteryear have descents who currently live in America, and that there are still Germans living in Germany, then I suggest you stop drinking strong wine and try something a little weaker.

437 posted on 01/31/2006 6:19:58 PM PST by TheCrusader ("The frenzy of the mohammedans has devastated the Churches of God" Pope Urban II ~ 1097A.D.)
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To: frgoff; BMCDA
[For pete's sake, that was debunked over half a century ago. And it hasn't been taught since then either.]

True enough. How long will it take for the fabricated Peppered Moth experiments to get expunged?

Just a soon as the creationists finally manage to demonstrate that it was actually "fabricated", instead of just telling lies saying it was. Aren't you guys tired of getting caught lying about science so often?

Any questions?

Gosh, that's just a little (*cough*) different from what you would have us believe based on their highly selective "choice" of creationist "experts", isn't it?

Why did you "forget" to mention the more comprehensive studies which have validated the original peppered moth research?

Regrettably, many creationists "have once more been indoctrinated with a ‘[dis]proof’ of evolution which is riddled with error, fraud and half-truths".

I will now include some excerpts from http://www.talkorigins.org/'s excellent page on problems with Well's book "Icons of Evolution", which includes a lenghty treatment of his chapter about the Peppered Moth, much of which is relevant here (since creationists tend to naively repeat each other on this topic instead of ever looking to the primary literature itself).

So many things are wrong with Wells' treatment of peppered moths (Biston betularia) that it is hard to list them all; but I will try. The authoritative reference on this topic is M.E.N. Majerus' 1998 book Industrial Melanism: Evolution in Action. This book includes two long chapters on Biston. The first chapter, "The peppered moth story," recounts the basic story of melanism in Biston, and relates how this story was pieced together by Kettlewell and others. The second chapter, "The peppered moth story dissected," gives a thorough critical review of the basic story, considering aspects and details of the basic story in the light of research (by Majerus and others) post-dating Kettlewell.

Crucially, however, Majerus clearly and explicitly concludes that, in his view, Kettlewell got things basically correct. At the beginning of his second peppered moth chapter, Majerus writes,

First, it is important to emphasize that, in my view, the huge wealth of additional data obtained since Kettlewell's initial predation papers (Kettlewell 1955a, 1956) does not undermine the basic qualitative deductions from that work. Differential bird predation of the typica and carbonaria forms, in habitats affected by industrial pollution to different degrees, is the primary influence of the evolution of melanism in the peppered moth (Majerus, 1998, p. 116).

Majerus is so clear on this point that one suspects that he was anticipating that his critique would be misinterpreted by non-peppered moth researchers. It seems that there is a "too good to be true" quality about the peppered moth story that leads people to interpret any hint of criticism as a sign that the whole basic story is crashing down. Scientists are by no means immune to this tendency, and indeed they may be more prone to it given the regularity with which popular ideas have been overturned throughout the history of science. The press has an even greater tendency towards snap judgements and oversimplifications when it comes to scientific discussions. Antievolutionists, on the other hand, have always been stuck muttering "it's just microevolution within a species." While this is true, the rapidity and obvious adaptiveness of the change effected by natural selection still seemed to give antievolutionists discomfort. Therefore, it is understandable that when Wells and his fans sniffed a scientific controversy over peppered moths (in truth it was a fairly marginal kind of controversy), they blew things way out of proportion.

And:

Peppered moth photographs, staged and otherwise. Wells raises a fantastic stink about the fact that the photographs of peppered moths in textbooks, showing light-colored typicals next to dark-colored melanics on differing backgrounds, are staged. But the point of such photos is not to prove the truth of the 'classic' story, it is to illustrate the relative crypsis of moth morphs on different backgrounds. Those who feel that their innocent faith in insect photography has been betrayed should consider the fact that most photos of insects in textbooks are probably staged; insects are, after all, small and difficult to photograph. The facts that peppered moths are sparsely distributed and, well, camouflaged also make them difficult to photograph.

But as it turns out, the differences between staged and unstaged photos are minimal. Readers who wish to see unstaged photos of peppered moths are advised to look up Majerus' Industrial Melanism. Majerus says that all of the peppered moth photos taken by him in the book are unstaged. Readers should consult the figures which are listed below. It may be possible to get permission to include the photos, but until then descriptions shall have to suffice.

(See the above link for the lengthy descriptions of the figures. But the point is that even the "posed" photos are hardly misrepresentations of wild settings.)

Even so, there are several photos that show peppered moths, on tree trunks, on more-or-less matching backgrounds. And guess what? These photos look no different than 'staged' photos of moths on tree-trunks. The most 'staged' aspect about a 'staged' photo is that two differing moth forms are shown side-by-side, but Majerus' first two photos from Plate 3 indicate that even this is not impossible. So the entire photo issue is a mountain made of a molehill.

It should also be noted that several (four) of these unstaged photos have some (minor but noticeable) degree of blurring (e.g., part of the moth will be out of focus). Insects in the wild do annoying things like move and fly away, and are often encountered in poor-light conditions, resulting in less-than-perfect photos. As scientific documentation of observations this is unimportant, but flawed photographs are exactly the kind of thing that are avoided in textbooks, and this is precisely why staging insect photos is a common practice for textbooks (as well as things like nature shows).

American peppered moth researcher Bruce Grant has many complaints about Wells' (and similar creationists') misrepresentations of the Peppered Moth case:
Wells' Chapter 7 is pretty similar to his earlier ms. "Second thoughts about peppered moths" that he posted on the web, and published in abridged form in The Scientist. I sent you my comments about that version about two weeks ago. My general reaction to this latest version is about the same. He distorts the picture, but unfortunately he is probably pretty convincing to people who really don't know the primary literature in this field. He uses two tactics. One is the selective omission of relevant work. The other is to scramble together separate points so doubts about one carry over to the other. Basically, he is dishonest.

He immediately launches the claim "that peppered moths in the wild don't even rest on tree trunks" (p. 138). This is just plain wrong! Of course they rest on tree trunks, but it's not their exclusive resting site. He quotes Cyril Clarke's lack of success in finding the moths in natural settings, but he omits mentioning Majerus' data which reports just where on trees (exposed trunks, unexposed trunks, trunk/branch joints, branches) Majerus has found moths over his 34 years of looking for them.

[...]

It is true that the photos showing the moths on trunks are posed (just like practically all wildlife pictures of insects are) but they are not fakes. No one who reads Kettlewell's paper in which the original photos appeared would get the impression from the text that these were anything but posed pictures. He was attempting to compare the differences in conspicuousness of the pale and dark moths on different backgrounds. Nobody thought he encountered those moths like that in the wild. At their normal densities, you'd be hard pressed ever to find two together unless they were copulating. I have always made a point of stating in photo captions that the moths are posed, and I think textbook writers have been careless about this. But they are not frauds.

[...]

On page 151 Wells claims Kettlewell's evidence has been impeached. This is nonsense. It has not. But I have argued, that even if it were entirely thrown out, the evidence for natural selection comes from the changes in the percentages of pale and melanic moths. It is this record of change in allele frequency over time that is unimpeachable. It is a massive record by any standard. (I can send a jpg file with graphs, if you'd like.) I have pointed out, and he quotes me, that no force known to science can account for these changes except for natural selection. Yet, he scrambles the ingredients here. He claims (top of p. 153) "...it is clear that the compelling evidence for natural selection that biologists once thought they had in peppered moths no longer exists." Of course the evidence for natural selection exists! That evidence is overwhelming. Wells, by attempting to discredit Ketttlewell's experiments about predation (and clearly there are things wrong with Kettlewell's experiments) doesn't stop at saying we can't be altogether sure about bird predation because of problems with Kettlewell's experiments. No. He says, instead, that the evidence for natural selection no longer exists. This is just plain wrong. He cannot support this sweeping statement, but he spins it into his conclusion by building a case against Kettlewell. This is what I mean about his tactic of scrambling arguments. He wields non sequiturs relentlessly.

Peppered Moth researcher M.E.N. Majerus likewise finds great fault with the standard creationist claims about the Peppered Moth:
Evidence of selective predation in the peppered moth is not lacking. It is just not provided in the quick text book descriptions of the peppered moth. How can it be. I have read some 500 papers on melanism in the Lepidoptera. In total, these papers probably amount to about 8000 pages, and the story is condensed into a few paragraphs in most textbooks for schools. Even in my own book, I could only give a review of the case covering about 60 pages including illustrations.

[...]

End-note: It is difficult to have an informed discussion of a complicated ecological system with those who have little or no experience of the system. My advice to anyone who wishes to obtain a fully objective view of this case is to a) read the primary papers that I based my review upon, and any other relevant papers, and b) gain some experience of this moth and its habits in the wild. Of all the people I know, including both amateur and professional entomologists who have experience of this moth, I know of none who doubts that differential bird predation is of primary importance in the spread and decline of melanism in the peppered moth.

In a review of a book about the Peppered Moth, researcher Bruce S. Grant states even more clearly the scientific validity of the Peppered Moth example:
Mark Twain once quipped that reports of his death had been exaggerated. Recent reports exaggerate the death of industrial melanism as an exemplar of natural selection.

[...]

Population geneticists define evolution as a change in allele (gene) frequency. Adult peppered moths come in a range of shades from mottled gray (pale) to jet black (melanic). We know from extensive genetic analysis that these phenotypes result from combinations of multiple alleles at a single locus. Changes in the percentages of the phenotypes in wild populations are well documented. The changes continue and are observable even now. The steady trajectory and speed of changes in allele frequencies indicate that this evolution results primarily from natural selection. J. B. S. Haldane's original calculation of a selection coefficient was estimated from the number of generations it took for the melanic phenotype to effectively replace the pale phenotype during the 19th century. More detailed records document recent changes. For example, near Liverpool, England, the melanic phenotype declined from 93 to 18% in 37 generations (one generation per year); this change is consistent with a 15% selective disadvantage to genotypes with the dominant (melanic) allele.

[...]

Fortunately, science assesses the correctness of work by testing its repeatability. Kettlewell's conclusions have been considered in eight separate field studies, of various designs, performed between 1966 and 1987. Some of the design changes--such as reducing the density of moths, randomly assigning moths to trees, altering locations on trees where moths were positioned, and positioning killed moths to control for differences in viability and dispersal--were made to correct deficiencies identified in his original experiments. L. M. Cook's regression analysis of fitness estimates from these experiments plotted against phenotype frequencies at their various locations shows the studies to be remarkably consistent (1).

Other mechanisms of selection have been proposed. An inherent physiological advantage of melanic over pale phenotypes is consistent with the rise and spread of melanism, but the widespread decline in melanism that followed the Clean Air Acts obviates that interpretation. Although the possibility remains that physiological differences might be facultative (changing with conditions), so far no experimental work supports this idea. To date, only selective predation by birds is backed by experiment.

[...]

The history of melanism in American peppered moths--which are conspecific with Kettlewell's moths, not a separate species as Hooper indicates--closely parallels what has occurred in Britain, and melanism is correlated in like manner with levels of atmospheric pollution (2). The American studies corroborate rather than contradict the classical explanation.

The case for natural selection in the evolution of melanism in peppered moths is actually much stronger today than it was during Kettlewell's time.

As is unfortunately common, a creationist attack on a scientific position (because it provides support for evolution) is yet again found to be biased, misleadingly selective, conflates minority scientific disagreements into images of total refutation, totally fails to acknowledge findings which undercut its argument, selectively quotes authorities in ways that the authorities themselves take strong issue with, and in general tears down scrawny straw-man misrepresentations which give grossly misleading impressions about the great volume of study and evidence behind the item the creationists are attempting to hand-wave away.

I've said it before and I'll say it again -- if you're getting your "scientific" knowledge from creationist sources, then odds are you really have no true idea what science is really about, or how much evidence there is for/against something.

More discussions of the science behind the Peppered Moth research, and why the creationist version (and creationist accusations of "fraud") are a great example of fraud and misrepresentation *by* creationists, not by scientists:

The story of the peppered moth

FINE TUNING THE PEPPERED MOTH PARADIGM

Moonshine: Why the Peppered Moth Remains an Icon of Evolution

LETTER: Charges of fraud misleading

I invite readers to learn the full story, and then compare it against the gross misrepresentations and omissions of creationist "frgoff"'s version in this thread...

Trying to "learn" about science from anti-evolution creationists is like trying to "learn" about conservatism from Michael Moore and Cindy Sheehan -- and for exactly the same reasons.

There's nothing wrong with the peppered moth example, and I'm getting tired creationists blatantly lying about it. And remember these are the kinds of blatant lies they want taught in schools in the interests of "equal time" and "teaching both sides". Yeah, that's "both sides" all right -- the truthful side and the dishonest side.

438 posted on 01/31/2006 6:20:09 PM PST by Ichneumon
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To: metmom; AmericaUnited

"Which Creationist, anywhere or at any time has ever exposed fraudulent science?"

I asked a simple question. I also answered it. If my answer is wrong, enlighten me. Tell me one Creationist that has exposed scientific fraud.

AFAIK all the instances of fraud that Creationists are fond of trumpeting in order to smear thousands of honest scientists have been uncovered by other scientists, not Creationists.

The reason is obvious, whether you like it or not.


439 posted on 01/31/2006 6:21:30 PM PST by furball4paws (Awful Offal)
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To: Dick Bachert
And I really LOVE those periodic TV shows which wind back the imaginary "Big Bang" clock to the event. And (with apologies to Andy Rooney) j'ever notice how they ALWAYS stop that clock at 1 second BEFORE midnight.

What are you babbling about here? The Big Bang took place at midnight? Or actually a second before then? Ooookay... I've seen a ton of shows on the Big Bang and so forth, and never seen the kind of cartoon presentation you assert.

Try paying more attention next time.

440 posted on 01/31/2006 6:23:17 PM PST by Ichneumon
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To: ShadowAce; whattajoke; Right Wing Professor; Dimensio
I do as well. However, I also get mad when people start denigrating others based on beliefs and different interpretations of the evidence.

For example? Be specific.

Heck, I would *love* to have an actual difference of itnerpretation on the evidence. But that's not what the anti-evolutionists do. Instead, as you've seen on this thread, they either totally ignore the evidence and refuse to talk about it at all, or they simply lie about it.

I have yet to see anyone blasetd just for having a different interpretation. Man, I'd be *ecstatic* if the creationist "contributions" to these threads actually rose to that level. It would be a welcome change from all the lies, the belligerent "evidence can't prove nothin', so I ain't lookin' at it!", the "my interpretation of the Bible is the last word so nothing else matters", and the "you'll be sorry when you die and God damns you to hell" stuff.

441 posted on 01/31/2006 6:28:17 PM PST by Ichneumon
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To: GLDNGUN
I recall when I was young, doctors would yank your tonsils out if got a cough.
Why was that?

The cost of a full-up strep culture vs. surgery made tonsillectomies an equal-equal proposition in the 50s and early 60s.

Now, I can't recall the last time I heard of someone having their tonsils removed.
Why is that?

The cost of a throat culture has dropped to a small fraction of what it was, and with soaring malpractice insurance costs, surgery is horribly expensive.
Even so, a tonsillectomy is the most common childhood operation done today.

442 posted on 01/31/2006 6:29:42 PM PST by dread78645 (Intelligent Design. It causes people to misspeak)
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To: PatrickHenry

hemorrhoid-free placemarker


443 posted on 01/31/2006 6:37:30 PM PST by longshadow (FReeper #405, entering his ninth year of ignoring nitwits, nutcases, and recycled newbies)
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To: longshadow
hemorrhoid-free placemarker

What thread are you reading?

444 posted on 01/31/2006 6:39:55 PM PST by balrog666 (A myth by any other name is still inane.)
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To: whattajoke

You're a highly evolved vampire ;)


445 posted on 01/31/2006 6:40:57 PM PST by furball4paws (Awful Offal)
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To: Ichneumon

Find someone who READS ENGLISH to read it to you next time.

The QUESTION IS, WHAT OR WHO TRIGGERED, SET OFF, DETONATED, TRIPPED (I'm running out of ways to try to get you to understand this) that BIG BANG??????


446 posted on 01/31/2006 6:41:23 PM PST by Dick Bachert
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To: Stultis
"Loosey-Goosey Intellectual Relativism alert!"

Hold on a minute thar pardner. I'm not advocating Intellectual Relativism -- just good teaching.

Learning science isn't just about memorizing facts -- you need the skills to do science. If students don't have those skills how can they debunk any junk science that comes their way -- and there will be lots of it?

If students were even half as interested in any subject as FReepers are in this one; schools would perform much better. Maybe that excitement could be brought into the classroom.

Don't just tell the students what they should believe (and withhold opposing views). Give them the tools to judge the quality of a theory. Let them know how ToE was tested. Let them then weigh the merits of ToE and I.D.

While ToE has high standing -- students should also know that theories cannot be proven; only falsified. (As science advances, most theories have been falsified, or modified to a considerable extent.) If you don't admit that -- you're indoctrinating, and not teaching science.

At the same time, tell students (or better yet, let them do the research and discover for themselves) how extensively the ToE has been tested. Teach Occam's Razor. Ask students if they're convinced, even though there is a remote possibility that the theory will one day be falsified. They will then have the tools they need to separate good from junk science for the rest of their lives.
447 posted on 01/31/2006 6:47:41 PM PST by USFRIENDINVICTORIA (")
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To: Dimensio

"Students don't learn "opposing" methods for how gravity operates in physics class."

Really? And just how does gravity operate?


448 posted on 01/31/2006 6:51:58 PM PST by USFRIENDINVICTORIA (")
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To: balrog666

Post #425.


449 posted on 01/31/2006 6:52:22 PM PST by <1/1,000,000th%
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To: AndrewC
Thank you. These cultists are nutty. The Greeks knew how to balance sciences and arts. We (this civilization) insist on worshipping the god of science as The Only True Way to Knowledge. Bullhockey! This may not be the best place for it, but I prefer an outside view to the petty debates about this or that detail of the evolution theory, which is dominated anyway by the guy posting pages and pages of scientific material few will follow. What is the place of science in the life of a society. what are the limits of science? (I'd expect the cultists' answer to be lifted directly from some boob tube science fiction drama, that is to say - "no limits".)

And finally, this man is blind, but he and others like him, blind or not, can't fake it:

This man can see, but he and others like him have faked it and will fake it:

This man asked: "Who do you love?"


450 posted on 01/31/2006 6:52:28 PM PST by Revolting cat! ("In the end, nothing explains anything.")
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