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The United States's long war
Mail & Guardian (South Africa) ^ | 15 February 2006 | Mail & Guardian

Posted on 02/15/2006 3:24:03 AM PST by Cornpone

The message from General Peter Pace, the chairperson of the United States joint chiefs of staff, was apocalyptic. "We are at a critical time in the history of this great country and find ourselves challenged in ways we did not expect. We face a ruthless enemy intent on destroying our way of life and an uncertain future."

Pace was endorsing the Pentagon's four-yearly strategy review, presented to Congress last week. The report sets out a plan for prosecuting what the the Pentagon describes in the preface as "The Long War", which replaces the "war on terror". The long war represents more than just a linguistic shift: it reflects the ongoing development of US strategic thinking since the September 11 attacks.

Looking beyond the Iraq and Afghan battlefields, US commanders envisage a war unlimited in time and space against global Islamist extremism. "The struggle ... may well be fought in dozens of other countries simultaneously and for many years to come," the report says. The emphasis switches from large-scale, conventional military operations, such as the 2003 invasion of Iraq, towards a rapid deployment of highly mobile, often covert, counter-terrorist forces.

Among specific measures proposed are: an increase in special operations forces by 15%; an extra 3 000 personnel in psychological operations and civil affairs units -- an increase of 33%; nearly double the number of unmanned aerial drones; the conversion of submarine-launched Trident nuclear missiles for use in conventional strikes; new close-to-shore, high-speed naval capabilities; special teams trained to detect and render safe nuclear weapons quickly anywhere in the world; and a new long-range bomber force.

The Pentagon does not pinpoint the countries it sees as future areas of operations but they will stretch beyond the Middle East to the Horn of Africa, North Africa, Central and South-East Asia and the northern Caucasus.

The Cold War dominated the world from 1946 to 1991: the long war could determine the shape of the world for decades to come. The plan rests heavily on a much higher level of cooperation and integration with Britain and other Nato allies, and the increased recruitment of regional governments through the use of economic, political, military and security means. It calls on allies to build their capacity "to share the risks and responsibilities of today's complex challenges".

The Pentagon must become adept at working with interior ministries as well as defence ministries, the report says. It describes this as "a substantial shift in emphasis that demands broader and more flexible legal authorities and cooperative mechanisms ... Bringing all the elements of US power to bear to win the long war requires overhauling traditional foreign assistance and export control activities and laws."

Unconventional approach The report, whose consequences are still being assessed in European capitals, states: "This war requires the US military to adopt unconventional and indirect approaches." It adds: "We have been adjusting the US global force posture, making long overdue adjustments to US basing by moving away from a static defence in obsolete Cold War garrisons, and placing emphasis on the ability to surge quickly to troublespots across the globe."

The strategy mirrors in some respects a recent readjustment in British strategic thinking but it is on a vastly greater scale, funded by an overall 2007 US defence spending request of more than $513-billion.

As well as big expenditure projects, the report calls for: investments in signals and human intelligence gathering -- spies on the ground; funding for the Nato intelligence fusion centre; increased space radar capability; the expansion of the global information grid (a protected information network); and an information-sharing strategy "to guide operations with federal, state, local and coalition partners". A push will also be made to improve forces' linguistic skills, with an emphasis on Arabic, Chinese and Farsi.

The US plan, developed by military and civilian staff at the Pentagon in concert with other branches of the US government, will raise concerns about exacerbating the "clash of civilisations" and about the respect accorded to international law and human rights. To wage the long war, the report urges Congress to grant the Pentagon and its agencies expanded permanent legal authority of the kind used in Iraq, which may give US commanders greatly extended powers.

"Long duration, complex operations involving the US military, other government agencies and international partners will be waged simultaneously in multiple countries round the world, relying on a combination of direct [visible] and indirect [clandestine] approaches," the report says. "Above all they will require persistent surveillance and vastly better intelligence to locate enemy capabilities and personnel. They will also require global mobility, rapid strike, sustained unconventional warfare, foreign internal defence, counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency capabilities. Maintaining a long-term, low-visibility presence in many areas of the world where US forces do not traditionally operate will be required."

The report exposes the sheer ambition of the US attempt to mastermind global security. "The US will work to ensure that all major and emerging powers are integrated as constructive actors and stakeholders into the international system. It will also seek to ensure that no foreign power can dictate the terms of regional or global security.

Building partnerships "It will attempt to dissuade any military competitor from developing disruptive capabilities that could enable regional hegemony or hostile action against the US and friendly countries."

Briefing reporters in Washington, Ryan Henry, a Pentagon policy official, said: "When we refer to the long war, that is the war against terrorist extremists and the ideology that feeds it, and that is something that we do see going on for decades." He added that the strategy was aimed at responding to the "uncertainty and unpredictability" of this conflict. "We in the defence department feel fairly confident that our forces will be called on to be engaged somewhere in the world in the next decade where they're currently not engaged, but we have no idea whatsoever where that might be, when that might be or in what circumstances that they might be engaged.

"We realise that almost in all circumstances others will be able to do the job less expensively than we can because we tend to have a very cost-intensive force. But many times they'll be able to do it more effectively too because they'll understand the local language, the local customs, they'll be culturally adept and be able to get things accomplished that we can't do. So building a partnership capability is a critical lesson learned.

"The operational realm for that will not necessarily be Afghanistan and Iraq; rather, that there are large swaths of the world that that's involved in and we are engaged today. We are engaged in things in the Philippines, in the Horn of Africa. There are issues in the pan-Sahel region of North Africa.

"There's a number of different places where there are activities where terrorist elements are out there and that we need to counter them, we need to be able to attack and disrupt their networks."

Priorities The report identifies four priority areas: Defeating terrorist networks, defending the homeland in depth, shaping the choices of countries at strategic crossroads and preventing hostile states and non-state actors from acquiring or using weapons of mass destruction

Lawrence's legacy The Pentagon planners who drew up the long war strategy had a host of experts to draw on for inspiration. But they credit only one in the report: Lawrence of Arabia.

The authors anticipate US forces being engaged in irregular warfare around the world. They advocate "an indirect approach", building and working with others, and seeking "to unbalance adversaries physically and psychologically, rather than attacking them where they are strongest or in the manner they expect to be attacked.

They write: "One historical example that illustrates both concepts comes from the Arab revolt in 1917 in a distant theatre of the first world war, when British Colonel TE Lawrence and a group of lightly armed Bedouin tribesmen seized the Ottoman port city of Aqaba by attacking from an undefended desert side, rather than confronting the garrison's coastal artillery by attacking from the sea."

TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: gwot; islam; jihad; muslim; peterpace; rop; terror; terrorist; trop; war; wot
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To: patriciaruth; kosta50
ok, FACT -- Islam arose in the 7th century
FACT -- Isslam killed millions and conquered Christian territories like Syria, Egypt etc.
FACT -- Isslam threatens the world and has not self-destructed.

FACT -- Issslam is the enemy of today -- face reality
41 posted on 02/15/2006 5:05:59 AM PST by Cronos (Never forget 9/11. Restore Hagia Sophia! Ultra-Catholic)
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To: tonycavanagh
"As I see it this is the most important thread on FreeRepublic it has had around 6 replies and not one has discussed the central issues, that this thread has raised."

What's to discuss?? Pace is obviously right, and anyone with a brain understands he is.

42 posted on 02/15/2006 5:06:47 AM PST by Wonder Warthog (The Hog of Steel)
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To: GeorgefromGeorgia
Arabs are very family and tribal oriented, and it is hard to get them to agree

Sounds like something exploitable if necessary.

43 posted on 02/15/2006 5:07:06 AM PST by prairiebreeze (The Mainstream Media: today's carnival barkers.)
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To: patriciaruth
Have you compared the land mass and the population of Iran to Afghanistan and Iraq?

OMG your right,contact Rumsfield quick!

44 posted on 02/15/2006 5:09:03 AM PST by mdittmar (May God watch over those who serve,and have served, to keep us free.)
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To: Cornpone
the conversion of submarine-launched Trident nuclear missiles for use in conventional strikes

I can't figure out of they mean converting the missiles to non-nuclear, or something else.

Regardless, the Trident subs are very cool.

45 posted on 02/15/2006 5:09:10 AM PST by prairiebreeze (The Mainstream Media: today's carnival barkers.)
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To: Calpernia


46 posted on 02/15/2006 5:09:47 AM PST by prairiebreeze (The Mainstream Media: today's carnival barkers.)
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To: tonycavanagh
"This is not World War Three, its just a continuation of the left overs of the Cold War . What we have is a series of terrorist and insurgency groups loosely affiliated to each other at the most. The root cause of each insurgency is no different to those of the Communists. Poverty lack of work being a major cause, the dissatisfied masses. Islam rose because Communism died.

Balderdash. The only similarity is that they are both idiologically driven. The two philsophies are totally at odds with on another. "It's all about being poor" is typical Euro-twit thinking. The biggest purveyors of Islamofascism are the very wealthy Saudis.

47 posted on 02/15/2006 5:10:37 AM PST by Wonder Warthog (The Hog of Steel)
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To: prairiebreeze

Thank you, prairiebreeze! I remember all of the wailing in the Pentagon when Rummy announced that he was going to reorganize and restructure it. It may have been announced prior to 9/11 but I didn't pay attention to it until shortly thereafer. Lots of yelps of pain and distress by those who may have meant well, but needed to see that we can't continue to do what we used to do.

This is a challenge in the private sector too. Trying to show coworkers that there may be an easier way to succeed while the inclination might be "but we've always done it this way."

48 posted on 02/15/2006 5:10:59 AM PST by saveliberty ( :-) I am a Snowflake and Bushbot.)
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To: Cronos

We have more than one enemy today. If you focus on only one, the others will stab you in the back.

49 posted on 02/15/2006 5:11:46 AM PST by patriciaruth (
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To: patriciaruth
I quite agree, patriciaruth, but this is not new. President Bush told us all several years ago that this would be a long war "like no other", and I have never forgotten that.

We've had SF, Delta and CIA teams busy all over the world for a couple of years now and whenever I see some country or other making a major terrorist bust, in the back of my mind I always think our men and women have struck again whether they get the public credit or not.

I also agree that these radicals will not go away with a single defeat or even three, four or five defeats.

It is my personal belief that they, their families and their decendents must be made to bleed and suffer the way we made the Germans and Japanese bleed, suffer and die in WWII.

Or we could throw in the towel and live with our dhimmitude.

50 posted on 02/15/2006 5:16:49 AM PST by metesky ("Brethren, leave us go amongst them." Rev. Capt. Samuel Johnston Clayton - Ward Bond- The Searchers)
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To: metesky

The Secret even in Success war is the one that I wish I could live long enough to read about.

51 posted on 02/15/2006 5:21:30 AM PST by patriciaruth (
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To: tonycavanagh

>>>US commanders envisage a war unlimited in time and space against global Islamist extremism<<<

This line makes me nervous.

I would have felt better if he just used the word terrorist.

Are we just at war with Islam? Cause if we are, that means our government is also at war with us.

If we are in a serious war, then we need to be fighting the enemy within. Because they are the ones that enabled Islamic extremism.
Earth Charter and the Ark of Hope - New World Order
A North American Community Approach to Security

52 posted on 02/15/2006 5:22:56 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: johnny7

Gotta go.

Have fun everyone.

53 posted on 02/15/2006 5:23:35 AM PST by patriciaruth (
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To: metesky

I don't think we ever finished WW2.

54 posted on 02/15/2006 5:25:02 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: vrwc0915; Cornpone

Cornpone, can you please add me to this ping list.

Thank you.

55 posted on 02/15/2006 5:27:03 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: patriciaruth


56 posted on 02/15/2006 5:28:34 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: tonycavanagh

>>>> It would be ironic is in defeating Islam we allowed Communism to reignite.

THIS is exactly what is happening!

57 posted on 02/15/2006 5:30:16 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: patriciaruth
Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn stated at some time in the 80s that there were more true Marxists in Western Universities than in the Soviet Union. This statement made two points. Communism was no longer an idealistic movement but a means of maintaining power. The second point was that naive academics just did not understand that Communism did not work.

Your comments touch on these two points. I agree that fools like Chavez, many University profs, the MSM and some in Hollywood still don't get it.
I disagree regarding China, Russia and North Korea. China has a large Communist Party that continues to maintain their power, however over the past 25 years they have dramatically changed the economic base of the country. China's Communists have in effect slowly but surely given up on Collectivism and state planning as the central role in China's economy. Free enterprise operated side by side with withering state owned industries. Time is not on the side of collectivism and state control. Political reform was set back in 1989, but with the Internet and exposure to the world China will likely shed its Communist Party as its political system.
Russia does have a large number of unreformed communists, but they are a small minority and mainly old and dying. I know Russians (mostly young) and they will never stand for returning to the old ways. North Korea is another story. Its leadership may still believe in Communism, but my guess is that few in that country are happy with the current system.

I do hope you are wrong about the dead hand of Communism handing over nuclear technology to radical islamists. The Russians may have figured out that Iran is a real danger to their security. North Korea is truly a loose cannon.
58 posted on 02/15/2006 5:35:50 AM PST by GeorgefromGeorgia
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>>>>Which means, that the Al Gore's of the US, sit down and shut up for they do not know who the enemy is.

WRONG! The Al Gores are the ones that enabled the red herring so they can pass their own agendas through!
How do you say No NAIS in Japanese?


>>>The company's university links were the subject of a congressional enquiry, headed by then Congressman Al Gore, which concluded that the relationship was not detrimental to the university system.<<<


Remember Al Gore and this fund raiser?

>>> Al Gore told the Washington Post last month, "that the painful experiences in life give you more of a chance for growth than the others." In the former vice president's list of painful experiences, the 1996 Clinton-Gore fundraising scandals must rank pretty high. Although Gore was never convicted of any wrongdoing, he engaged in a host of risky schemes to raise campaign money. Among the most striking was the notorious fundraiser at the Hsi Lai Buddhist Temple in Hacienda Heights, California, that netted $166,750 through an illegal straw-donor scheme.<<<
Earth Charter and the Ark of Hope - New World Order


Rockefeller, Steven C. USA, Academic Person
• Professor of religious philosophy, author of the "Earth Charter"
>>>Buddhism and Ecology:
Buddhist Contributions to the Earth Charter<<<

59 posted on 02/15/2006 5:38:24 AM PST by Calpernia (
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To: Cornpone

Or sooner or later one must recognize a false flag.

60 posted on 02/15/2006 5:41:13 AM PST by Calpernia (
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