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Dig Finds Long-Term Use At Hell's Half Acre (6,000BC)
Billings Gazette ^ | 4-17-2006 | AP

Posted on 04/17/2006 2:45:58 PM PDT by blam

Dig finds long-term use at Hell's Half Acre

Site was home to Indians at least 1,200 years ago By The Associated Press

CASPER, Wyo. -- A preliminary report on an archaeological dig says Hell's Half Acre, west of Casper, was home to prehistoric American Indians at least 1,200 years ago, and perhaps as long as 8,000 years ago.

John Albanese, chairman of the Natrona County Historic Preservation Society, told Natrona County commissioners on Thursday that archaeological evidence shows Indians were hunting bison at Hell's Half Acre between 1,200 and 3,000 years ago, and that some evidence appeared to be much older.

"There could be some older material," Albanese said. "We found a spear point about 8,000 years old."

Albanese was hired by the county to conduct an archaeological dig on about 460 acres of the county's 960-acre park at Hell's Half Acre. He said he hoped to have his final report completed later this year. Albanese said his research so far indicates the area was populated by small bands -- 20 or 30 people, probably family or clan groups -- during the summer, with bands coming together into groups of 200 to 300 during the winter.

Those larger groups would herd bison through the arroyos to Hell's Half Acre, then herd them over the cliffs to their deaths, providing meat for the winter.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: acre; dig; finds; godsgravesglyphs; half; hells; long; term; use

1 posted on 04/17/2006 2:46:00 PM PDT by blam
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG Ping.


2 posted on 04/17/2006 2:46:57 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam
Thursday that archaeological evidence shows Indians were hunting bison at Hell's Half Acre between 1,200 and 3,000 years ago, and that some evidence appeared to be much older. "

There could be some older material," Albanese said. "We found a spear point about 8,000 years old."

Wouldn't 8,000 year old stuff be lower down in the dig than the 3,000 year old stuff?

To find a lot of younger stuff then one 8,000 year old point with it gives new meaning to the term recycling.

3 posted on 04/17/2006 2:59:51 PM PDT by Mike Darancette (Proud soldier in the American Army of Occupation..)
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To: blam

The movie "Starship Troopers" was filmed at Hell's Half Acre (Bug Planet).


4 posted on 04/17/2006 3:01:58 PM PDT by FreeRep
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To: blam

I've been there! Strange place. VERY interesting for a soil scientist.


5 posted on 04/17/2006 3:24:02 PM PDT by Renfield (If Gene Tracy was the entertainment at your senior prom, YOU might be a redneck...)
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To: blam; FairOpinion; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; ...
Thanks Blam.

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

6 posted on 04/17/2006 9:55:41 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
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To: Mike Darancette

>>Wouldn't 8,000 year old stuff be lower down in the dig than the 3,000 year old stuff?

Out in the western US though, deposition is not always "older must be deeper". I've found a broken Folsom point sitting on the ground surface in New Mexico (close to 10,000 years old). I also worked (in the lab) on a site from North Dakota that had been used from Folsom times up till the the time of Christ, pretty much continuously (Knife River Flint quarries, http://www.centerfirstamericans.com/mt.php?a=140). That had a lot more than just one point though.

>>To find a lot of younger stuff then one 8,000 year old point with it gives new meaning to the term recycling.

That is a very good observation. There is a evidence of recycling at many sites (points reworked into new forms), or even procurement of older points because the item was considered sacred. Usually stratigraphy can help you sort such things out, but in a site where you overlapping occupations and little deposition, or periods of deposition and deflation/erosion which mixes layers, it is a difficult challenge.


7 posted on 04/18/2006 8:12:07 AM PDT by Betis70 (moto weather is back)
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To: Betis70
procurement of older points because the item was considered sacred.

I didn't think of that is guess "a good point is a beauty forever". Early man never ceases to amaze me.

8 posted on 04/18/2006 8:17:38 AM PDT by Mike Darancette (Proud soldier in the American Army of Occupation..)
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To: FreeRep

Didn't know about the SST movie being made there. I lived in Casper in the late 70s, and used to stop at Hell's half acre to wet my whistle on the ride back into town.


9 posted on 04/18/2006 8:22:43 AM PDT by TC Rider (The United States Constitution 1791. All Rights Reserved.)
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To: Mike Darancette

Some of those early points display amazing craftsmanship. Even today I see them in a museum or collection and think of them as functional art. Having learned how to flintknap (poorly, I might add) I also know the effort that went into them--getting the proper stone, possibly heat-treating the stone, then the actual work to craft the point. I have a book at home that shows some of the most impressive points. I'll dig up the reference tonight if you are interested.


10 posted on 04/18/2006 9:01:19 AM PDT by Betis70 (moto weather is back)
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To: Coyoteman

FYI


11 posted on 04/18/2006 9:58:07 AM PDT by dread78645 (Evolution. A dying theory since 1859.)
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To: dread78645
Thanks for the ping.

Interesting reading. Never been to that site.

12 posted on 04/18/2006 10:23:38 AM PDT by Coyoteman (Interim tagline: The UN 1967 Outer Space Treaty is bad for America and bad for humanity - DUMP IT!)
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To: Betis70
I'll dig up the reference tonight if you are interested.

Thanks - you can also do Google Images on "Clovis Points". This was definitely functional art.

13 posted on 04/18/2006 11:20:33 AM PDT by Mike Darancette (Proud soldier in the American Army of Occupation..)
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