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Pakistan Expanding Nuclear Program (maybe 40 to 50 plutonium bombs a year)
The Washington Post ^ | July 24, 2006 | Joby Warrick

Posted on 07/23/2006 11:41:56 PM PDT by neverdem

Plant Underway Could Generate Plutonium for 40 to 50 Bombs a Year, Analysts Say

Pakistan has begun building what independent analysts say is a powerful new reactor for producing plutonium, a move that, if verified, would signal a major expansion of the country's nuclear weapons capabilities and a potential new escalation in the region's arms race.

Satellite photos of Pakistan's Khushab nuclear site show what appears to be a partially completed heavy-water reactor capable of producing enough plutonium for 40 to 50 nuclear weapons a year, a 20-fold increase from Pakistan's current capabilities, according to a technical assessment by Washington-based nuclear experts.

The construction site is adjacent to Pakistan's only plutonium production reactor, a modest, 50-megawatt unit that began operating in 1998. By contrast, the dimensions of the new reactor suggest a capacity of 1,000 megawatts or more, according to the analysis by the Institute for Science and International Security. Pakistan is believed to have 30 to 50 uranium warheads, which tend to be heavier and more difficult than plutonium warheads to mount on missiles.

"South Asia may be heading for a nuclear arms race that could lead to arsenals growing into the hundreds of nuclear weapons, or at minimum, vastly expanded stockpiles of military fissile material," the institute's David Albright and Paul Brannan concluded in the technical assessment, a copy of which was provided to The Washington Post.

The assessment's key judgments were endorsed by two other independent nuclear experts who reviewed the commercially available satellite images, provided by Digital Globe, and supporting data. In Pakistan, officials would not confirm or deny the report, but a senior Pakistani official, speaking on condition of anonymity, acknowledged that a nuclear expansion was underway.

"Pakistan's nuclear program has matured. We're now consolidating the program with further expansions," the official said. The expanded...

(Excerpt) Read more at washingtonpost.com ...


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; Front Page News; Government; News/Current Events; Politics/Elections; US: District of Columbia; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: india; pakistan; plutonium; terrorism
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1 posted on 07/23/2006 11:41:58 PM PDT by neverdem
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To: neverdem

The first question I have is "how stable is the Pakistani government".


2 posted on 07/23/2006 11:48:25 PM PDT by Fitzcarraldo (armie)
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To: neverdem
The Indians and Israelis should have bombed the heck out of Pakistan back in 1990s...but Clinton made a mad dash to the phone and called the Indian PM not to give the Israeli Air Force landing rights in India. Now, we have the Pakis with N-bombs, and the ability to blackmail.
3 posted on 07/23/2006 11:54:15 PM PDT by USMMA_83 (Tantra is my fetish ;))
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To: neverdem

I don't think they're just going to build 50 fission bombs per year. If they added tritium production, they could build fusion bombs that would be much more destructive.


4 posted on 07/23/2006 11:55:54 PM PDT by Paleo Conservative
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To: USMMA_83

That's looking like a bigger mistake every day. What were Clinton and his advisors thinking? Why did they want Pakistan to be nuclear-armed? I know we have more influence in Pakistan than in Iran, but if there's a fundamentalist revolution in Pakistan we could be in big trouble.


5 posted on 07/24/2006 12:01:58 AM PDT by defenderSD ("Rise early, work hard, strike oil." - J. Paul Getty)
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To: neverdem; Gengis Khan; An_Indian

india/pakistan conflict ping.


6 posted on 07/24/2006 12:20:45 AM PDT by Jedi Master Pikachu ( http://www.answersingenesis.org)
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To: USMMA_83

Didn't Pakistan have nuclear weapons before the 1990's?


7 posted on 07/24/2006 12:31:53 AM PDT by Jedi Master Pikachu ( http://www.answersingenesis.org)
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To: neverdem

lets see what our anti-proliferation ayotallahs say now.


8 posted on 07/24/2006 12:34:04 AM PDT by An_Indian
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To: neverdem

good luck to India and the world. China must be really enjoying this piece.


9 posted on 07/24/2006 1:18:29 AM PDT by Indianblock
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To: neverdem

It's lovely how Pakistan can't even feed its own people. When disaster strikes, they put their hand out faster than you can say Jack Robinson. And yet they can spend money on nuclear weapons which with the wrong government in power may find their way into the hands of the mullahs and other terrorist nut-jobs.

And AQ Khan (the Johnny Appleseed of nuclear terror) is still free as a bird.


10 posted on 07/24/2006 1:22:34 AM PDT by Roy Tucker
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To: Fitzcarraldo
It is about as stable as an iceberg in a tempest at the equator, outside the cities 100% ignorance, they are still waiting for the flat earth society.
11 posted on 07/24/2006 1:29:16 AM PDT by jerryem (if you cant beg it ,steal it ( old Muslim proverb ))
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To: Jedi Master Pikachu

Nope...India did...back in 1973...Pakistan got their bombs from China in the 1990s.


12 posted on 07/24/2006 1:32:24 AM PDT by USMMA_83 (Tantra is my fetish ;))
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To: neverdem

When a piece of crap Muslim nation (Pakistan) is making that many nukes they will definitely end up selling some. One way or another some Jihadist scum will buy one or two or more. Iran may have a few nukes it purchased. Muslims with nukes are like leaving children home alone with matches and a can of gasoline


13 posted on 07/24/2006 1:35:10 AM PDT by dennisw (Confucius say man who go through turnstile sideways going to Bangkok)
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To: Indianblock
good luck to India and the world. China must be really enjoying this piece.

Two nations having the most fun these days are China and Iran

14 posted on 07/24/2006 1:36:56 AM PDT by dennisw (Confucius say man who go through turnstile sideways going to Bangkok)
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To: neverdem; Jedi Master Pikachu

This is just great. Pakistan is briskly increasing their arsenal size while we are capping our nuclear strength with the Indo-US nuclear deal.


15 posted on 07/24/2006 1:50:37 AM PDT by Gengis Khan
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To: neverdem

If we get going to the extent of efficiently manufacturing anti-ballistic missile defense systems, they will be less costly and faster to build than nuclear weapons. We can win this thing.


16 posted on 07/24/2006 2:33:53 AM PDT by familyop (Essayons)
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To: neverdem

Out of their ever loving minds.


17 posted on 07/24/2006 2:36:03 AM PDT by hershey
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To: neverdem; All

See tagline...


18 posted on 07/24/2006 2:37:36 AM PDT by backhoe (A Nuke for every Kook- what a Clinton "legacy...")
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To: sukhoi-30mki; MimirsWell; An_Indian; CarrotAndStick

OMG ping !!!


19 posted on 07/24/2006 4:52:25 AM PDT by voice of india (Lord is my light and my salvation whom shall i fear ?)
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To: neverdem

WASHINGTON: Pakistan is aiming to significantly expand its nuclear weapons arsenal with a powerful heavy-water reactor that could produce plutonium for 40 to 50 bombs a year, a prominent US think tank has reported.

Activities surrounding Pakistan’s Khushab nuclear reactor have been known to India for some time, but experts at the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS) are providing the dimensions of the new reactor for the first time, indicating a capacity of 1,000 megawatts or more.

This, they say, could presage a 20-fold increase from Pakistan's current nuclear capabilities of making perhaps only a couple of weapons every year.

Pakistan is currently estimated to have between 30 and 50 uranium-based nuclear weapons made over a period of 18 years. Plutonium-based weapons are said to be more compact and easier to mount on missiles.

The technical assessment by ISIS’ David Albright and Paul Brannan was posted on the Institute’s website Sunday, evidently with an eye on the US-India Nuclear deal vote later this week, but it was also reported in the Washington Post Sunday night.

''South Asia may be heading for a nuclear arms race that could lead to arsenals growing into the hundreds of nuclear weapons, or at minimum, vastly expanded stockpiles of military fissile material,'' Albright, a well-known critic of India’s nuclear program and the US-India deal, said.

The ISIS paper, while ostensibly dealing with Pakistan’s expanded program, was also headlined, ''Is South Asia heading for a Dramatic Build-up in Nuclear Arsenals?''

An unnamed Pakistani official helped amplify the concern by confirming that Islamabad was ''consolidating the program with further expansions,'' and the expanded program includes ''some civilian nuclear power and some military components.''

Albright also reported that Pakistan had made no effort to conceal the construction of the new reactor, enabling even commercial satellites to take high resolution pictures.

While the timing of the report and its affirmation by US and Pakistani analysts is manifestly aimed at raising the ante before the US-India nuclear vote, the experts also suggested the new reactor is still a few years from completion.
''Based on the apparent rate of construction, the reactor could be finished in a few years. However, nothing suggests that Pakistan is moving quickly to finish this reactor,'' they wrote.

Among the reasons they cited for the slow pace were shortage of necessary nuclear reactor components or other parts of the weapons production infrastructure, such as the rate of heavy water production, the availability of sufficient fuel reprocessing capability, or the availability of sufficient modern tritium recovery and packaging facility.

The report said ''India is likely aware of this reactor construction at Khushab,'' and asked if this had influenced New Delhi to increase its own plutonium production capacity.

''India has insisted on maintaining outside of safeguards a major reprocessing facility and a large number of nuclear power reactors in the recent negotiations,'' it pointed out.

Pakistan’s original plutonium route to a bomb was through a 50-megawatt reactor at Khushab that was built with Chinese assistance and went critical in 1998. It is said to be capable of producing about 10 kilograms of plutonium a year, enough for about two warheads.

Construction of the new larger reactor began in 2000. According to ISIS, satellite photos taken in spring 2005 showed the frame of a rectangular building enclosing what appeared to be the round metal shell of a large nuclear reactor. A year later, in April 2006, the roof of the structure was still incomplete, allowing an unobstructed view of the reactor's features.

The ISIS report said such a reactor when completed could produce over 200 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year, assuming it operates at full power a modest 220 days per year. At 4 to 5 kilograms of plutonium per weapon, this stock would allow the production of over 40 to 50 nuclear weapons a year.

Pakistan’s nuclear program, aside from what its now disgraced expert A.Q.Khan stole from Europe, is mostly based on help from China. According to the Center for Non-proliferation Studies, most of Pakistan’s nuclear facilities have been build with Chinese help or bought from China.

China has also supplied Pakistan with nuclear weapons, enriched uranium, heavy water, tritium and other materials and components that have enabled it to go nuclear.
Times of india


20 posted on 07/24/2006 4:55:29 AM PDT by voice of india (Lord is my light and my salvation whom shall i fear ?)
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To: defenderSD
That's looking like a bigger mistake every day.

What? The Clinton Administration? Yes, that was one huge mistake that we'll be paying for for decades...

What were Clinton and his advisor's thinking?

Where his next Lewinski was coming from?

Why did they want Pakistan to be nuclear-armed?

Asleep at the wheel would be my guess. Clinton wants a "legacy" and that is exactly what he'll get (at our peril)

21 posted on 07/24/2006 5:04:01 AM PDT by Thermalseeker
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To: neverdem

Good to know that when Pakistan finally gives into Washington pressure to fully implement democracy, Pakistan will turn into an Islamic state, then they have all the goody weapons they need.


22 posted on 07/24/2006 5:32:43 AM PDT by observer5 ("Better violate the rights of a few sometimes, than of all always!!)
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To: Roy Tucker
The writer of the piece assumes the Paks will take all of the plutonium and make bombs out of it.

?

It's more likely they'll move on into breeder reactor technology for the purpose of generating electrical power.

23 posted on 07/24/2006 6:21:06 AM PDT by muawiyah (-/sarcasm)
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To: Cindy; nw_arizona_granny; Velveeta

Let anyone you think would want to know about this, know about this!

Bad but not suprising news.


24 posted on 07/24/2006 6:30:33 AM PDT by little jeremiah
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To: Fitzcarraldo
Extreemly unstable.

Musharaff our supposed ally does not even have his finger on the trigger.

Recently, the military was called in to explain how centrifuges used to enrich uranium and weighing several tons each could have just "disappeared" from a nuclear site.

Musharaff is a puppet placed in his position by the military elite and he can be removed when he no longer is useful.

An American Expat in Southeast Asia

25 posted on 07/24/2006 6:36:57 AM PDT by expatguy (http://laotze.blogspot.com/)
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To: dennisw

Iran has all they need already from Pakistan having already completed five weapons.


26 posted on 07/24/2006 6:40:20 AM PDT by expatguy (http://laotze.blogspot.com/)
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To: Roy Tucker

AQ Khan is in bad shape - chances are he wont live to see the end of this year.


27 posted on 07/24/2006 6:41:33 AM PDT by expatguy (http://laotze.blogspot.com/)
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To: expatguy

Iran has all they need already from Pakistan having already completed five weapons.
_________________

Where did you get this information?


28 posted on 07/24/2006 7:04:41 AM PDT by dennisw (Confucius say man who go through turnstile sideways going to Bangkok)
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To: dennisw

Contacts of mine, former associates of AQ Khan.


29 posted on 07/24/2006 7:45:31 AM PDT by expatguy (http://laotze.blogspot.com/)
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To: expatguy

Thanks much .....


30 posted on 07/24/2006 8:08:33 AM PDT by dennisw (Confucius say man who go through turnstile sideways going to Bangkok)
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To: USMMA_83

Pakistan got the Plutonium weapon designs in the 90's, but they had HEU in the late 80's. While HEU weapons do not have the yield of the implosion, they still make a big enough bang to ruin a lot of people's day.


31 posted on 07/24/2006 9:32:19 AM PDT by Mr. Quarterpanel (I am not an actor, but I play one on TV)
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To: Gengis Khan
This is just great. Pakistan is briskly increasing their arsenal size while we are capping our nuclear strength with the Indo-US nuclear deal.

Its ok, Gengis. Pakistan wouldnt keep so many warheads for itself to use on its enemy - India. This production is export to its friends - Iran, North Korea. Lets see what the b*tches who opposed nuke-deal coz its leads to proliferation will say now. I pretty sure its the commie Chinese who gave this plant tech to pakistan, yet we dont see a single condemnation statement from the international community. But when India attempts to get similar tech, that too legetimately by making deals with US, France, Russia; and NSG, opening our nuke facilities to IAEA, we get poked in the eye and is denied. Anyway, I am sure the international community will face the consequences of this coz its very likely Pakistan will be selling this to Al-Qaida sometime soon.

32 posted on 07/24/2006 10:13:38 AM PDT by An_Indian
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To: defenderSD
What were Clinton and his advisors thinking?

X42 spent the 8 years of his presidency thinking with his little head.

33 posted on 07/24/2006 10:17:06 AM PDT by ArrogantBustard (Western Civilisation is aborting, buggering, and contracepting itself out of existence.)
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To: muawiyah

Pakistan has surplus electrical power.


34 posted on 07/24/2006 10:28:59 AM PDT by Gengis Khan
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To: Gengis Khan

LOL! we still have to convince some of these Americans about what Pakistan is going to do with so much plutonium? LOL!

Its so weird, gengis, that just like ostriches, the international community and anti-proliferation lobby hides its ugly head when Pakistan and its master China indulge in balant poliferation while us, India, get our eyes poked and is told to shut the f up for asking nuke tech in return for caping our arsenal, allowing IAEA inspections and following anti-proliferation laws.


35 posted on 07/24/2006 10:38:27 AM PDT by An_Indian
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To: USMMA_83

You got a source to that?


36 posted on 07/24/2006 10:39:03 AM PDT by MinorityRepublican (Everyone that doesn't like what America and President Bush has done for Iraq can all go to HELL)
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To: familyop

But are we building a defensive ballistic system? And if not why? Especially when we know what Iran is doing and if they ever get nukes from someone else?


37 posted on 07/24/2006 10:45:55 AM PDT by red irish (Gods Children in the womb are to be loved too!)
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To: Gengis Khan
Right ~ Pakistan is so rich in electrical power that all its homes are airconditioned (not).

It's one of the poorest places on Earth ~ kind of like a Haiti with semi-white guys dressed in dhottis.

38 posted on 07/24/2006 2:34:28 PM PDT by muawiyah (-/sarcasm)
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To: An_Indian

" we still have to convince some of these Americans about what Pakistan is going to do with so much plutonium"
No you dont! dont you get it? Its all going to help fight terrorism. </sarcasm>


39 posted on 07/24/2006 2:51:12 PM PDT by Arjun (Skepticism is good. It keeps you alive.)
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To: muawiyah

Obviously you dont know jack about Pakistan just like you have no idea about much of the topic you bother to comment on.

1.) Pakis dont wear dhotis.
2.) Electrical power != Rich and air conditioned homes
3.) Pakistan's Kalabaug dam project generates enough hydroelectric power for most of Pakistan.
4.) A few years ago Pakistan offered to supply their surplus electrical power to India.
5.) Pakistan produces hardly any electricity from nuclear reactors.
6.) They are rich enough to have nuclear technology.
7.) Haiti doesn't have nuclear technology.

As for Pakistan's breeder technology. Chinese breeders are hardly up to the mark. So that will have to wait.


40 posted on 07/24/2006 3:25:53 PM PDT by Gengis Khan
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To: Gengis Khan
Pakistan's annual per capita income is about $2200. Haiti's is about $1500. India's is about $530. Switzerland;s is about $38,500. China's is about $5300.

You guys would kill over whether or not something was called "dhoti" and "kurta" or "shalwar", "pajama" and "kamiz".

Did I forget to put my -/sarcasm mark in my tagline?

41 posted on 07/24/2006 4:30:51 PM PDT by muawiyah (-/sarcasm)
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To: muawiyah

More likely for export after they put a "Made in Pakistan" sticker on it.


42 posted on 07/24/2006 8:02:09 PM PDT by Roy Tucker
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To: muawiyah

According to the CIA Fact Book, Pakistan's GDP per capita (PPP basis) is $2,400 and India's is $3,300 which strikes me as correct from having visited both countries. Hait's is around $1,700.

You need to adjust your estimate for India's relative wealth by a factor of 6 times and of course they are 6-7 times larger than Pakistan.


43 posted on 07/24/2006 8:08:31 PM PDT by Roy Tucker
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To: expatguy

Well, throw him in jail and hasten the process.


44 posted on 07/24/2006 8:09:46 PM PDT by Roy Tucker
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To: Roy Tucker
I thought the Indian income level was a bit low on the source I scanned.

Suffice it to say these guys are all rag pickers (except for the Swiss).

45 posted on 07/24/2006 8:10:50 PM PDT by muawiyah (-/sarcasm)
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To: neverdem

Our ALLIES and Friends???

Dont Fn think so.


46 posted on 07/24/2006 8:17:47 PM PDT by funkywbr
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To: wardaddy; Joe Brower; Cannoneer No. 4; Criminal Number 18F; Dan from Michigan; Eaker; Jeff Head; ...
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FReepmail me if you want on or off my health and science ping list. Anyone can post any unposted link as they see fit. From time to time, I’ll ping on noteworthy articles about politics, foreign and military affairs. FReepmail me if you want on or off my list.

47 posted on 07/24/2006 10:30:46 PM PDT by neverdem (May you be in heaven a half hour before the devil knows that you're dead.)
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To: expatguy

posioned by RAW or Mossad or CIA??


48 posted on 07/24/2006 11:55:39 PM PDT by USMMA_83 (Tantra is my fetish ;))
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To: Jedi Master Pikachu
Didn't Pakistan have nuclear weapons before the 1990's?

I believe it was part of the Clinton/Albright plan to 'level the playing field'.
49 posted on 07/25/2006 12:00:09 AM PDT by John Lenin (It was like going to church, except Ozzy Osbourne was there)
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To: USMMA_83

People I know suspect the Pakistan's Intelligence - he is not even allowed to see his family now.


50 posted on 07/25/2006 12:06:21 AM PDT by expatguy (http://laotze.blogspot.com/)
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