Skip to comments.A 3,000-Year-Old Voyage Of Discovery (Scotland)
Posted on 08/01/2006 2:50:30 PM PDT by blam
A 3,000-year-old voyage of discovery
Men would have used this type of log boat to fish and hunt, as well as to trade goods with others, as this drawing exhibits. Picture: Courtesy Perth and Kinross Heritage Trust
IN ANCIENT times, when Scotland was virtually covered in dense forest, there was only one way to get around. Traveling by boat helped early Scots to find food and trade goods with their neighbours.
The work to extract the boat from the river bed is slow and painstaking. Picture: Courtesy Historic Scotland
Now, with the excavation of a 3,000-year-old log boat, archaeologists are hoping to learn more about how prehistoric Scots used the vast network of rivers and lochs.
The Bronze Age dug-out was found in mudflats at Carpow, on the south side of the River Tay estuary, in autumn 2001. A group of three amateur archaeologists Scott McGuckin, Martin Brooks and Robert Fotheringham had spotted the worn but still recognisable prow of boat sticking out from the mud and peat.
Radio carbon tests conducted later dated the 30-foot-long log boat, which had been carved out of a single piece of oak, to around 1000BC. This means the Carpow boat is the second-oldest dated log boat ever found in Scotland, and it is also one of the best preserved.
While the remains of 30 log boats survive today the oldest was a stern portion of a log boat, carbon dated to 1800BC found in Dumfriesshire in 1973 most are in extremely poor condition. The Carpow boat is not only still in one piece but it also has an intact transom board at the stern.
David Strachan, archaeologist at the Perth and Kinross Heritage Trust (PKHT), says the log boat was a hugely significant find. "It is fantastic. Generally log boats found in Scotland tend to date from 500BC to 1000AD. This boat dates from 1000BC so that puts it in the later Bronze Age, so it's quite an early example.
"Since it was discovered, we did an initial excavation, primarily to find out how long the boat was, the date, and to find out how well-preserved the buried portion of the boat was. That showed us that the buried end is very well-preserved, including having a very intact stern board a transom board. That is very rare."
The boat was found on an eroding peat shelf, and is only visible twice a day at low tide. Archaeologists believe it was washed downstream from either the River Tay or the River Earn, another tributary of the Tay estuary.
At first, it was decided to leave the boat where it was found, but tests showed it was being damaged by the tides and the weather. Now archaeologists from the PKHT, in partnership with Perth Museum, Historic Scotland and the National Museums of Scotland (NMS), are preparing to lift it onto dry land to be conserved.
Excavation work began in late July and weather and tides permitting the boat will be lifted out of the mud, using a special floating cradle. Plans to begin this critical next step are tentatively set for mid-August.
"We will take the boat out in three sections as there is a danger it may snap if it is lifted in once piece," says Strachan. "Hopefully it will tell us a lot about how Bronze Age boats were constructed."
Archaeologists work to safely remove thousands of years of earth from the log boat. Picture: Courtesy Historic Scotland
The boat will undergo conservation work by Dr Theo Skinner of NMS a process expected to take three years before being put on display to the public, first at Perth Museum and then in Edinburgh.
An Historic Scotland spokesman said: "This is a tremendously exciting piece of archaeology. It will help us make new advances in understanding our prehistoric ancestors how they lived, worked and even traded in a land which was mountainous and had no roads but had a tremendous network of rivers and lochs."
Log boats are recorded from as long ago as 7000BC in Denmark, and 150 having been discovered in Scotland. Seven log boats were discovered in the Tay area in the 19th century, but only one, dating from around 500AD, still survives and is now on display in Dundee Museum.
It is believed people would have used the boat to go fishing, hunting for wild fowl, and even to ferry people across the Tay estuary.
Barrie Andrian, managing director of the Crannog Centre, in Kenmore, Perthshire, and herself an underwater archaeologist, said: "We are very interested in this log boat. It's one of the oldest boats found in Scotland and the fact that it is so well-preserved is significant from a research point of view.
"It's a great find for Scotland."
The Greeks of the time of Homer and Hesiod were somewhat proud of the new ship building technique involving thwarts and planks and curved hulls since it allowed much bigger and faster ships. Noah, of course, built of timbers (no mention of thwarts,) and sealed with pitch, probably bitumen, placing his home somewhere in an oily region such as California, Texas, Alaska, or Iraq. Hollowing out a log can be challenging and an amount of technology could be involved.
Conversely, New Hampshire used to be pretty much totally defoliated, farmland as far as the eye could see. Mostly pines, too. Then when the Industrial Revolution came everyone abandoned their farms (the soil is pretty poor and rocky up there anyway) and moved to the cities, and the land changed into the gorgeous diciduous forests now famous for fall leaf peeping! It's pretty cool, you can walk waaaaaaayyyyy back into the woods and there will always be these random stone walls crisscrossing the land.
Glad to know the trees came back, but I like my story better (yay free markets!)...
Actually, I did see a program about that on PBS once, a special about the Hudson River valley. Demand for firewood had a lot to do with it if I remember correctly. I think about that (the deforested Adirondacks) whenever I hear hippies talking about their wood stoves like it's so darn superior to our oil furnaces. I'd rather burn oil and keep our forests, thank you! (well okay actually I'd rather have cheap nuke power, but you get my point.....)
Same with Wisconsin. Those German farmers did a good job of clearing to turn it all into fields.
Indeed! Although there is still enough pine pollen floating around to interfere with my daughter's voice when she was studying music at Baylor U! She had to take allergy shots for it! LOL.
I put weed killer on my lawn of course, but it don't kill the woody plants, honeysuckle (a damn weed), oak, maple, poplar and numerous other species that are constantly popping up in my yard. If I quit cutting my grass, trees would take over in 5 years, actually less if you count the honeysuckle. My chipper/vac gets more use than my lawnmower.
Probably was the mountain cedar blowing out of the SW from Fort Hood. I've seen the pollen swirl across the road like a purple fog at some times of the year down around there.
The doctor identified it as an allergy to pine pollen, although who knows! It would just steal her voice at inopportune times. Since she was a voice major, it interfered with her education! Spent a lot of money on allergy shots.
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.
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