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Reuters Editor: Photog Was Not Trying to 'Make a Statement' in Altered Image(Reuters Fauxtography)
Editor and Publisher ^ | August 08, 2006 | E&P Staff

Posted on 08/08/2006 5:22:54 PM PDT by mdittmar

NEW YORK Gary Hershorn, a photo editor for Reuters, explained today why the news agency withdrew two altered photos, and then hundreds of others by the same photographer, earlier this week – and also described Reuter’s policy on Photoshopping images.

Hershorn, whose title is news pictures editor for North America, said he did not believe the freelance photographer, Adnan Hajj—now dismissed by the agency—made his changes for political effect. "I believe he was trying to take a picture and make it better rather than trying to take a picture and make a statement," Hershorn told National Public Radio in an interview aired today.

That doctored picture showed thick, black smoke rising over buildings in Beirut after an Israeli airstrike, while the original had less smoke and a lighter tone overall. Bloggers had posted observations that it looked like a Photoshop “cloning” tool was used.

The second photo showed an Israeli jet releasing three flares – while the original photo showed one flare.

Referring to the smoke photo, Hershorn told NPR, "This one slipped through the system. It just came in. A photo editor looked at it and coded it and sent it to our clients."

He explained, "a photographer is never allowed to change content. Reuters has zero tolerance to doctoring photos this way. You can't add information; you can't take away things."

Later, at a Reuters blog site, Hershorn went into technical details about the standards:

“News photographers routinely process images using Adobe Photoshop software. But there has been a basic premise in the world of photojournalism that what was allowed in making prints in the pre-digital days of darkrooms is all that is acceptable today.

“Back in the days of the darkroom, we used very basic tools to develop prints. In black and white printing, the contrast of a picture was controlled by a paper’s grade. The higher the number of the paper, the higher the contrast. In the wire agency darkooms I’ve worked in, we typically used grades 3,4 and 5. We allowed ‘dodge and burn’ to lighten or darken areas. A dodge tool was made by taping a small piece of cardboard the size of a quarter onto a paper clip. A burn tool was a piece of cardboard the size of an 8×10 sheet of paper with a hole in the center.

“If a print had dust spots caused by a dirty negative, we used Spotone, a photographic paint that was dabbed onto a print with a very fine paint brush to eliminate the unsightly marks. One other tool that was allowed when printing color pictures was changing color balance. This was done by placing filters between the light source of the enlarger and the paper that the image was being printed on.

“When we moved to scanning negatives and then to shooting digital, we began using Photoshop. This program allows us to do the same things we did in the darkroom. Changes in contrast, dodging and burning and color balance are now done with software.

“The most controversial tool in Photoshop that we use is the cloning tool. The only accepted use of this tool is to clear dust from the image. We have a zero tolerance policy when it comes to using the cloning tool to change content, and by that we mean removing something that exists in a photo, moving or replicating it or adding to a photo.

“The tools we use in Photoshop are levels, curves and saturation for changing contrasts; and, color balance to bring the image back to the way the natural eye would see the color….Photoshop is a highly sophisticated image manipulation program. We use only a tiny part of its potential capability to format our pictures, crop and size them and balance the tone and colour. For us it is a presentational tool. The rules are – no additions or deletions, no misleading the viewer by manipulation of the tonal and color balance to disguise elements of an image or to change the context.

“Photoshop is a powerful image processing program with many more tools to help photographers produce the best quality image they can for the type of photography they do. There is not a Photoshop program for use by news photographers and another for advertising, where image-changing is tolerated. What we in the news photo community need to regulate is what tools are used for photojournalism and what are not.”


TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; Front Page News; News/Current Events; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: bullshiite; caughtredhanded; fauxtography; garyhershorn; islamoganda; photography; photoshop; reuterrorism; trysellingthetruth
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Unbelievable,ha!
1 posted on 08/08/2006 5:22:56 PM PDT by mdittmar
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To: mdittmar

FAUXTOGRAPHY....a new word coined by a fellow freeper.


2 posted on 08/08/2006 5:25:36 PM PDT by Suzy Quzy ("When Cabals Go Kaboom"....upcoming book on Mary McCarthy's Coup-Plotters.)
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To: mdittmar
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us There is no attempt by Reuters to influence world opinion against Israel. Mr. Gary Hersham is a man of upstanding character who approves photographs that are real and honest.
3 posted on 08/08/2006 5:25:51 PM PDT by GeorgiaDawg32 (I'm a Patriot Guard Rider..www.patriotguard.org for info)
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To: mdittmar

I tweaked your headline a bit...;-)


4 posted on 08/08/2006 5:26:44 PM PDT by Admin Moderator
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To: mdittmar
Unbelievable,ha!

That's why I don't believe it and I'd be insulted if Reuters actually had any credibility.

5 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:13 PM PDT by Family Guy (I disagree with what you said, but I'll defend to the death your right to shut up.)
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To: mdittmar
In other words..."We got caught this time"


6 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:22 PM PDT by darkwing104 (Let's get dangerous)
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To: mdittmar

Wholly, crap.


7 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:27 PM PDT by ButThreeLeftsDo (No tag line, currently.)
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To: Suzy Quzy

"FAUXTOGRAPHY....a new word coined by a fellow freeper"
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1680152/posts
Credit where credit is due.


finnman69


8 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:34 PM PDT by dynachrome ("Where am I? Where am I going? Why am I in a handbasket?")
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To: Admin Moderator

Thanks.


9 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:35 PM PDT by mdittmar (May God watch over those who serve,and have served, to keep us free.)
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To: Admin Moderator

That entire heading can be reduced to 3 words..."Reuters Lies Again"..


10 posted on 08/08/2006 5:28:58 PM PDT by GeorgiaDawg32 (I'm a Patriot Guard Rider..www.patriotguard.org for info)
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To: dynachrome
I couldn't remmeber his name...thanks....I was too lazy to go back....he is a GENIUS!!!

FAUXTOGRAPHY....pass it on.

11 posted on 08/08/2006 5:30:04 PM PDT by Suzy Quzy ("When Cabals Go Kaboom"....upcoming book on Mary McCarthy's Coup-Plotters.)
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To: mdittmar

Fauxtography. I'm stealing that.


12 posted on 08/08/2006 5:30:08 PM PDT by null and void (Bipartisanship: when the Stupid Party & the Evil Party agree on something that is both stupid & evil)
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To: Suzy Quzy

So, Mr.Gary Hershorn, you don't think that his chosen last name of Hajj might be a tip-off that he has an agenda. That term is to be used in the muslim world only by those that have made the pilgrimage, or haj, to Mecca.

Might want to check if you have any Richard Crusaders on staff, eh?


13 posted on 08/08/2006 5:30:18 PM PDT by Covenantor
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To: mdittmar
"I believe he was trying to take a picture and make it better rather than trying to take a picture and make a statement," Hershorn told National Public Radio in an interview aired today. PLEASE!....do they really expect us to believe that!
14 posted on 08/08/2006 5:30:46 PM PDT by mystery-ak (My Son, My Soldier, My Hero..............)
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To: dynachrome

I'm still stealing it...


15 posted on 08/08/2006 5:31:06 PM PDT by null and void (Bipartisanship: when the Stupid Party & the Evil Party agree on something that is both stupid & evil)
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To: null and void

It came from finnman69....but use it..it's great FAUXTOGRAPHY!!!!


16 posted on 08/08/2006 5:31:16 PM PDT by Suzy Quzy ("When Cabals Go Kaboom"....upcoming book on Mary McCarthy's Coup-Plotters.)
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To: dynachrome

Yup - that's where we saw it..


17 posted on 08/08/2006 5:31:42 PM PDT by Admin Moderator
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To: mdittmar

bump


18 posted on 08/08/2006 5:32:26 PM PDT by VOA
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To: mdittmar
"I believe he was trying to take a picture and make it better rather than trying to take a picture and make a statement," Hershorn told National Public Radio in an interview aired today.

Hershorn obviously knows the right audience to peddle his BS to...

19 posted on 08/08/2006 5:32:42 PM PDT by Libertarian444
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To: Admin Moderator

I would venture to add that it belongs in the FR dictionary.


20 posted on 08/08/2006 5:33:17 PM PDT by dynachrome ("Where am I? Where am I going? Why am I in a handbasket?")
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To: mdittmar

You deserve an award for this new word: Fauxtography


21 posted on 08/08/2006 5:33:32 PM PDT by BunnySlippers
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To: Suzy Quzy; finnman69

MYGAWD, Brilliant. Standing ovation and all that! I love a good turn of a phrase, and you've reached new heights with *fauxtography*. Not since *presidue* have I been so impressed! Great job, finnman!


22 posted on 08/08/2006 5:34:03 PM PDT by small voice in the wilderness (Quick, act casual...if they sense scorn or ridicule, they'll flee)
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To: null and void

I stole it as soon as I saw it!


23 posted on 08/08/2006 5:34:29 PM PDT by dynachrome ("Where am I? Where am I going? Why am I in a handbasket?")
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To: mdittmar
Most convincing! Do they have some Photoshopped Photos from Israel that they ran where they can show similar editing of "dust"?

ML/NJ

24 posted on 08/08/2006 5:34:30 PM PDT by ml/nj
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To: mdittmar

Just how does dust get on a digital photograph?


25 posted on 08/08/2006 5:34:51 PM PDT by Paladin2 (If the political indictment's from Fitz, the jury always acquits.)
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To: mdittmar

I've been doing digital photography for about ten years now...DUST on a picture has NEVER been a problem.

Now I have a digital SLR, Nikon D70s, and the manual DOES speak about dust getting on the mirror etc., however, my experience thus far is that the 'dust' has to be pretty big and numerous to cause an exposure issue. The CCD that scans the incoming image can get dust on it too, but that, according to Nikon, takes a good long while.

This sob Hajj was LYING and faking his pics...pure and simple.

G


26 posted on 08/08/2006 5:35:16 PM PDT by GRRRRR (WHERE is the next Ronald Reagan? Virginia?)
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To: BunnySlippers

It's a new word by finnman69...but pass it on...FAUXTOGRAPHY!!!


27 posted on 08/08/2006 5:35:30 PM PDT by Suzy Quzy ("When Cabals Go Kaboom"....upcoming book on Mary McCarthy's Coup-Plotters.)
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To: mdittmar

And I believe in the tooth fairy!


28 posted on 08/08/2006 5:36:28 PM PDT by OldFriend (I Pledge Allegiance to the Flag.....and My Heart to the Soldier Who Protects It.)
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To: mdittmar

****"I believe he was trying to take a picture and make it better rather than trying to take a picture and make a statement***

If this guy believes that he must be retarded.


29 posted on 08/08/2006 5:36:33 PM PDT by sgtbono2002 (The fourth estate is a fifth column.)
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To: Libertarian444
This was actually discussed on NPR. Who'd a thunk it!

Of course, that audience would believe the lie.

30 posted on 08/08/2006 5:38:10 PM PDT by OldFriend (I Pledge Allegiance to the Flag.....and My Heart to the Soldier Who Protects It.)
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To: mdittmar
No, he was
LYING.

Let's just pretend it was FOX NEWS manipulating images...or the White House...or (gasp) Tom DeLay's campaign.

THERE WOULD BE CONSTANT COVERAGE FROM TODAY UNTIL MID-NOVEMBER...ON THE ALPHABET NETWORKS and the NY SLIMES!

But Reuters will get a pass.

31 posted on 08/08/2006 5:38:10 PM PDT by Recovering_Democrat (I am SO glad to no longer be associated with the party of "dependence on government"!)
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To: finnman69

OH, it's finnman69!!!


32 posted on 08/08/2006 5:38:17 PM PDT by BunnySlippers
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To: BunnySlippers

"Fauxtography" Not mine,no credit to me.


33 posted on 08/08/2006 5:39:15 PM PDT by mdittmar (May God watch over those who serve,and have served, to keep us free.)
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To: mdittmar
Gobbledygook talk. Reuters permits photoshop except when they don't. The photo guy got terminated because he got caught. Reuters will either rehire him when the fuss dies down or find him a job with some other news organization.
34 posted on 08/08/2006 5:39:15 PM PDT by crazyhorse691 (Diplomacy doesn't work when seagulls rain on your parade. A shotgun and umbrella does.)
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To: Suzy Quzy

How long the new name makes it to the evening news! :)


35 posted on 08/08/2006 5:39:22 PM PDT by BunnySlippers
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To: mdittmar

My vote is 20 years for the photog and 10 million fine for Reuters. Next offense doubles.......


36 posted on 08/08/2006 5:39:38 PM PDT by ErieGeno
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To: mdittmar
Hershorn, whose title is news pictures editor for North America, said he did not believe the freelance photographer, Adnan Hajj—now dismissed by the agency—made his changes for political effect.

With that statement, Gary should be fired too......

37 posted on 08/08/2006 5:40:47 PM PDT by Hot Tabasco (Be wary of strong drink. It can make you shoot at tax collectors - and miss.)
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To: mdittmar
I believe he was trying to take a picture and make it better rather than trying to take a picture and make a statement.

What does make it better mean ?

38 posted on 08/08/2006 5:42:15 PM PDT by be4everfree
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To: GRRRRR; Covenantor

The photographer had an agenda. His agenda was to help the terrorist side. Allthough Reuters may not use him, he will have plenty of work available in the Arab and European world swaying puplic opinion.

Israel should declare him an enemy combatant and take him out.


39 posted on 08/08/2006 5:42:17 PM PDT by uptoolate (The U.N. will be the tool of the Anti-Christ)
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To: Paladin2
Digital cameras still have lenses.

Some digital SLRs still have mirrors.
40 posted on 08/08/2006 5:42:23 PM PDT by Pontiac (All are worthy of freedom, none are incapable.)
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To: dynachrome; null and void; Suzy Quzy; Admin Moderator
"FAUXTOGRAPHY....a new word coined by a fellow freeper" Credit where credit is due.

To be fair, Charles Johnson at LGF had posted the word several hours earlier this afternoon. He should get the credit for coining the word.

41 posted on 08/08/2006 5:43:04 PM PDT by FreedomCalls (It's the "Statue of Liberty," not the "Statue of Security.")
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To: crazyhorse691

Or he'll just pick a new name.


42 posted on 08/08/2006 5:43:31 PM PDT by MCPO Airdale
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To: FreedomCalls

OK...THANKS to LGF Johnson!!! It's now in the lexicon...FAUXTOGRAPHY!!


43 posted on 08/08/2006 5:48:19 PM PDT by Suzy Quzy ("When Cabals Go Kaboom"....upcoming book on Mary McCarthy's Coup-Plotters.)
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To: Pontiac

Mirrors are supposed to be out of the way when the "film" is exposed. Dust on the lens would be way out of focus and cause a sharpness problem. I find the "dust" argument to be specious at best.


44 posted on 08/08/2006 5:48:41 PM PDT by Paladin2 (If the political indictment's from Fitz, the jury always acquits.)
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To: Paladin2
Just how does dust get on a digital photograph?

Professional quality Digital SLR's (single lens reflex) cameras have the capacity to use various focal length lenses, wide-angle, telephoto, zoom, etc. During the lens changing operation, both the mirror and digital sensors are subject to dust intrusion, especailly in a war zone. However, almost all have sonic dust 'puffers' just for the purpose of removing the dust. I'm more amused by the claim of working under 'bad conditions'. If he could power up his lap top and see the backlit screen, he could see enough to know exactly what he was doing. Another lying POS jihadi 5th columnist. so to speak.

45 posted on 08/08/2006 5:49:34 PM PDT by Covenantor
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To: FreedomCalls

All righty. Thanks and a tip o' the chapeaux to Charles Johnson at LGF!


46 posted on 08/08/2006 5:50:45 PM PDT by dynachrome ("Where am I? Where am I going? Why am I in a handbasket?")
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To: mdittmar

The question is, in addition to the altered images, how many photo shots were staged and overseen by Hizbollah minders.


47 posted on 08/08/2006 5:50:52 PM PDT by gpapa (Boost FR Traffic! Make FR your home page!)
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To: Pontiac

I have never had dust spots on negatives or prints from dust on lens or mirror.


48 posted on 08/08/2006 5:51:55 PM PDT by Techster
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To: mdittmar
This Gary Hershorn should be fired immediately for one of two things.[or both]

Being soooo stupid about this stringer reporter's motivations and actions;or lying about the same.

Of course speaking to NPR he is "preaching to the choir"

Rueters and AP have always sickened me.Now we know they are complicit in all the anti American activities.

49 posted on 08/08/2006 5:51:58 PM PDT by builder (I don't want a piece of someone else's pie)
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To: mdittmar
Gary Hershorn explaining away any scurrilous accusations of journalistic "bias"! Well, there's a name from the past...

Remember this little episode from the U.N.?

Reuters Explains Photo Of Bush Bathroom Note
September 15, 2005

...[Gary] Hershorn, Reuters' news editor for pictures for the Americas, says he's responsible for zooming in on the note and deciding to transmit the photo to Reuters clients. He says Wilking didn't know what the note said when he shot the picture.

...Out of curiosity, [Hershorn] zoomed in to see if he could read it.

Once he saw what it said, Hershorn decided the note was interesting and worth publishing. The white parts of the picture were overexposed, so a Reuters processor used Photoshop to burn down the note. This is a standard practice for news photos, Hershorn says, and the picture was not manipulated in any other way.

...Hershorn says he decided to transmit the picture because it was interesting.

"There was no malicious intent," he says. "That's not what we do."

http://www.pdnonline.com/pdn/newswire/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1001137642


50 posted on 08/08/2006 5:55:14 PM PDT by TheSarce (The Silent Majority is finding its voice. It goes to ELEVEN!)
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