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News photography and Photoshop
Reuters ^ | Aug.8, 2006 | Emily Church

Posted on 08/09/2006 6:21:22 AM PDT by COUNTrecount

Editor’s note: Reuters.com asked Gary Hershorn, News Pictures Editor for North America, to discuss some of the tools photojournalists have used in the past — and what they use now — to produce pictures. On Monday, Reuters withdrew all 920 photographs by a freelance Lebanese photographer from its database after a review showed he had altered two images. You can see the images and reactions from readers here. Reuters, also the publisher of this report, tightened procedures for photographs from the conflict between Israel and the armed group Hizbollah and apologized for the case. You can read the company’s statement here. You can send a comment to Hershorn from the link below and read his interview with NPR today here)

Photojournalism tools

News photographers routinely process images using Adobe Photoshop software. But there has been a basic premise in the world of photojournalism that what was allowed in making prints in the pre-digital days of darkrooms is all that is acceptable today.

Back in the days of the darkroom, we used very basic tools to develop prints. In black and white printing, the contrast of a picture was controlled by a paper’s grade. The higher the number of the paper, the higher the contrast. In the wire agency darkooms I’ve worked in, we typically used grades 3,4 and 5. We allowed “dodge and burn” to lighten or darken areas. A dodge tool was made by taping a small piece of cardboard the size of a quarter onto a paper clip. A burn tool was a piece of cardboard the size of an 8×10 sheet of paper with a hole in the center. If a print had dust spots caused by a dirty negative, we used Spotone, a photographic paint that was dabbed onto a print with a very fine paint brush to eliminate the unsightly marks.

One other tool that was allowed when printing color pictures was changing color balance. This was done by placing filters between the light source of the enlarger and the paper that the image was being printed on.

When we moved to scanning negatives and then to shooting digital, we began using Photoshop. This program allows us to do the same things we did in the darkroom. Changes in contrast, dodging and burning and color balance are now done with software. The most controversial tool in Photoshop that we use is the cloning tool. The only accepted use of this tool is to clear dust from the image. We have a zero tolerance policy when it comes to using the cloning tool to change content, and by that we mean removing something that exists in a photo, moving or replicating it or adding to a photo.

The tools we use in Photoshop are levels, curves and saturation for changing contrasts; and, color balance to bring the image back to the way the natural eye would see the color. Here is what we tell our photographers in the Handbook of Reuters Journalism.

Photoshop is a highly sophisticated image manipulation programme. We use only a tiny part of its potential capability to format our pictures, crop and size them and balance the tone and colour. For us it is a presentational tool.

The rules are – no additions or deletions, no misleading the viewer by manipulation of the tonal and colour balance to disguise elements of an image or to change the context.

Photoshop is a powerful image processing program with many more tools to help photographers produce the best quality image they can for the type of photography they do. There is not a Photoshop program for use by news photographers and another for advertising, where image-changing is tolerated. What we in the news photo community need to regulate is what tools are used for photojournalism and what are not.


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: fauxtography; fraud; islamoganda; liberalmedia; mediabias; msm; propaganda
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You mean this isn't real?


1 posted on 08/09/2006 6:21:23 AM PDT by COUNTrecount
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To: COUNTrecount
I know this is a fake.

.

.

Tourist guy isn't in the scene.

2 posted on 08/09/2006 6:22:09 AM PDT by akorahil (Thank You and God bless all Veterans. Truly, the real heroes.)
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To: COUNTrecount
Is it Real?
Or is it Reuters?

3 posted on 08/09/2006 6:24:21 AM PDT by stocksthatgoup ("Is it real? Or is it Reuters?")
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To: stocksthatgoup

Feel free to add to the list.

Reuters ?
Rathers ?


4 posted on 08/09/2006 6:28:02 AM PDT by edcoil (Reality doesn't say much - doesn't need too)
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To: COUNTrecount
Green helmet guy bring out the Reuters wannabe in all of us.


5 posted on 08/09/2006 6:28:03 AM PDT by MaryFromMichigan
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To: COUNTrecount

Photoshop or not... You make the call.

6 posted on 08/09/2006 6:31:06 AM PDT by MediaMole (9/11 - We have already forgotten.)
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To: COUNTrecount
What about Condi's glowing, Goa'uld eyes? Supposedly that was an artifact of digital processing...


7 posted on 08/09/2006 6:31:25 AM PDT by coconutt2000 (NO MORE PEACE FOR OIL!!! DOWN WITH TYRANTS, TERRORISTS, AND TIMIDCRATS!!!! (3-T's For World Peace))
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To: MaryFromMichigan

LOL


8 posted on 08/09/2006 6:31:28 AM PDT by Sloth ('It Takes A Village' is problematic when you're raising your child in Sodom.)
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To: Registered
What we in the news photo community need to regulate is what tools are used for photojournalism and what are not.

Yeah right.

9 posted on 08/09/2006 6:34:29 AM PDT by stainlessbanner
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To: coconutt2000

A stroll down Memory Lane?

10 posted on 08/09/2006 6:37:15 AM PDT by COUNTrecount
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To: COUNTrecount

The disturbing make believe photos from this disturbing make believe event are shown below. Don’t allow children under the age of 30 to view this horror caused by Israel. Of course, this is Bush's fault.

No Problem! Here comes your Bomb!


11 posted on 08/09/2006 6:37:31 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: COUNTrecount

Yep.


12 posted on 08/09/2006 6:38:41 AM PDT by coconutt2000 (NO MORE PEACE FOR OIL!!! DOWN WITH TYRANTS, TERRORISTS, AND TIMIDCRATS!!!! (3-T's For World Peace))
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To: stainlessbanner

"What we in the news photo community need to regulate is what tools are used for photojournalism and what are not."

Since we can no longer foist easily detected manipulations on an unsuspecting public.


13 posted on 08/09/2006 6:41:19 AM PDT by Panzerlied ("We shall never surrender!")
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To: COUNTrecount

Isn't it amazing how quickly some people get "ethics"...AFTER THEY'VE BEEN CAUGHT!


14 posted on 08/09/2006 6:42:45 AM PDT by Panzerlied ("We shall never surrender!")
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To: COUNTrecount

If you set a faked scene well enough, you don't need photoshop.


15 posted on 08/09/2006 6:44:34 AM PDT by mtbopfuyn (I think the border is kind of an artificial barrier - San Antonio councilwoman Patti Radle)
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To: Grampa Dave

That photo of the green helmet dude with the pancake on his head is AWESOME! LOL


16 posted on 08/09/2006 6:44:51 AM PDT by JesusBmyGod
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To: COUNTrecount

There are so many examples we forget them all.

Not to speak of the CNN black X over Cheney's face.

Which wasn't fotoshopping. Just adolescent vitriol.


17 posted on 08/09/2006 6:45:53 AM PDT by squarebarb
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To: JesusBmyGod

We have such great graphic arts Freepers.

The left had better pray that we don't buy out some dying pseudo news company. If we did, they would be faced with these disturbing pictures 24/7.


18 posted on 08/09/2006 6:47:08 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: COUNTrecount

bump


19 posted on 08/09/2006 6:55:54 AM PDT by VOA
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To: COUNTrecount

On a more serious note. I have it on good authority that the Washington Post took photoshop off their photographers' laptops and replaced it with photoshop elements in an attempt to limit what they could do in the field.


20 posted on 08/09/2006 6:59:48 AM PDT by MediaMole (9/11 - We have already forgotten.)
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To: Grampa Dave

You are VERY talented...Reuters and AP will be calling you.

http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1680444/posts


21 posted on 08/09/2006 7:01:16 AM PDT by COUNTrecount
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To: MediaMole
Just curious... those were all legally purchased and registered versions of the Adobe software, right?
22 posted on 08/09/2006 7:02:53 AM PDT by pointsal (Q)
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To: COUNTrecount

bump


23 posted on 08/09/2006 7:03:40 AM PDT by BulletBobCo
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To: COUNTrecount

I just steal er borrow the talent from others.

However, I'm sending a resume to Rooters, AP, AFP, ABCNNBCBS, and the NY Slimes. It says that I will lie, photoshop or stage photos to embarrass Israel and the US.


24 posted on 08/09/2006 7:21:50 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: MediaMole
On a more serious note. I have it on good authority that the Washington Post took photoshop off their photographers' laptops and replaced it with photoshop elements in an attempt to limit what they could do in the field.

A photographer who doesn't own a copy of PS isn't worthy to be called a professional. It's as essential a tool in digital photography as a camera and lens. The WaPo may dictate what is on their company laptops, but there is no way in which that would limit their photographer's access, if desired at any time.

25 posted on 08/09/2006 7:23:09 AM PDT by LexBaird ("Politically Correct" is the politically correct term for "F*cking Retarded". - Psycho Bunny)
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To: BulletBobCo

I would like someone to tell me where to go to learn how to do this. I have Photoshop CS plus 10 grankids. Since they live literally from the Atlantic to the Pacific, we rarely get together as a family en masse. I'd like to get pictures of each and put them together.


26 posted on 08/09/2006 7:24:24 AM PDT by AZFolks
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To: Grampa Dave
I just steal er borrow the talent from others. However, I'm sending a resume to Rooters, AP, AFP, ABCNNBCBS, and the NY Slimes. It says that I will lie, photoshop or stage photos to embarrass Israel and the US.

Make sure to print up your resume here.


27 posted on 08/09/2006 7:30:17 AM PDT by COUNTrecount
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To: COUNTrecount

Great!

This is why I like to link up with Free Republic and have a couple of cups of coffee in the morning with the real news and some great laughs.


28 posted on 08/09/2006 7:40:22 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: LexBaird

In most papers it is a firing offense to load any unauthorized software on a company computer. They have access to Photoshop, but only in the office (or at home). Deadlines require most daily shooters to work on their company laptops in the field (i.e. Starbucks) and file electronically.

This is a hot button issue among photojournalists. There is constant debate over where to draw the line. The Reuters case was blatant, but there have been cases in the US among staffers as well. The most famous was the LA Times photog in Iraq, but a photographer from Charlotte, NC was just fired for embellishing a news photo from a fire.

The focus on photoshop really distracts from the bigger issues of bias. Journalists allow themselves to be willing propagandists when they agree with their subjects and only become pitbulls when they dislike the subject. The same is true in photojournalism. The setup shots from Qana are far worse than clumsy cloning -- yet AP, Reuters and other services defend their handling of the hezbollah agitprop photo-op.

Hezbollah stage manages every aspect of Lebanese coverage, yet the debate in journalism is about the ethics of being embedded with US troops.


29 posted on 08/09/2006 8:36:12 AM PDT by MediaMole (9/11 - We have already forgotten.)
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To: Grampa Dave
Green Helmet Guy is innocent! He'll be looking for the real propagandists on the golf course.


30 posted on 08/09/2006 8:38:47 AM PDT by dead (I've got my eye out for Mullah Omar.)
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To: AZFolks
I would like someone to tell me where to go to learn how to do this.

A local camera store such as a Cord or Roberts, that sells high end equipment and only photographic equipment, usually have classes on digital photography and probably cover such editing tools.

31 posted on 08/09/2006 9:00:10 AM PDT by AFreeBird (... Burn the land and boil the sea's, but you can't take the skies from me.)
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To: dead

You are so bad!


32 posted on 08/09/2006 9:01:22 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: Grampa Dave

33 posted on 08/09/2006 9:31:04 AM PDT by Ghengis (Alexander was a wuss!)
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To: Ghengis

34 posted on 08/09/2006 9:33:56 AM PDT by July 4th (A vacant lot cancelled out my vote for Bush.)
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To: Ghengis; dead

Great!


35 posted on 08/09/2006 9:42:42 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (There's a dwindling market for Marxist Homosexual Lunatic wet dreams posing as journalism)
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To: MediaMole
Some of the loose stringers have alter egos "Issam Kobeisy" fills in for Adnan Hajj. (And Reuters is keeping him on staff to promote more "fauxtography")





A Lebanese civil defence worker removes the body of a toddler from the wreckage of a building August 8, 2006 that was hit by an Israeli raid in Beirut. The attack which took place yesterday on Chiyah, a residential neighbourhood in Beirut, killed 13 people and wounded dozens according to police. REUTERS/Issam Kobeisy (LEBANON)

(HORRID GASH/NO BLOOD-at least they've started plastering the bodies in dust more evenly)


Apparently, others have noticed the similarities in the two photographers' work. The Jawa Report cites these two "different" images by the two different photographers:



A Lebanese woman cries as she carries belongings from her home which was hit by an Israeli air strike in south Beirut July 23, 2006. REUTERS/Adnan Hajj (LEBANON)



A Lebanese woman cries as she carries belongings she founded in the wreckage of her home that was targeted by the Israeli air strikes,in southern Beirut July 23, 2006. REUTERS/Issam Kobeisi (LEBANON)

Awe heck, maybe it's just a typo...

36 posted on 08/09/2006 9:45:44 AM PDT by TaxRelief (Wal-Mart: Keeping my family on-budget since 1993.)
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To: July 4th

The name of the band should be something like "Lee Oswald and the Cleanup Crew"


37 posted on 08/09/2006 9:48:11 AM PDT by ko_kyi
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To: All

38 posted on 08/09/2006 9:49:57 AM PDT by monkapotamus
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To: All

This is pure Reuters damage control.

This is 100% BS. She is glossing over the OTHER aspects of photoshop.

IT IS NOT A MERE COLOR BALANCE TOOL.

This is about altering the image.

There is absolutly no reason at all to trust Reuters. I am completly stuned at the hypocracy of the Mediots in circling the waggons to protect Reuters at the expence of their credibility.

If you see reuters now it is a seal of fakery.


39 posted on 08/09/2006 9:51:54 AM PDT by longtermmemmory (VOTE! http://www.senate.gov and http://www.house.gov)
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To: TaxRelief

Where are the pics of that dead baby they carried from site to site for a week? Those are the worst.


40 posted on 08/09/2006 9:55:13 AM PDT by demkicker (democrats and terrorists are intimate bedfellows)
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To: coconutt2000; COUNTrecount
From the article:

We allowed “dodge and burn” to lighten or darken areas. A dodge tool was made by taping a small piece of cardboard the size of a quarter onto a paper clip. A burn tool was a piece of cardboard the size of an 8×10 sheet of paper with a hole in the center.

If I read that correctly, the alterations in both your examples are A-OK with al-Reuters.

41 posted on 08/09/2006 10:01:19 AM PDT by Cyber Liberty (I just saved a bunch of money on my car insurance by fleeing the scene of an accident)
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To: MediaMole

They would loose is curves and the ability to use plug-ins.. Still can use the clone stamp tool and layers. I use PSE 4.0 myself.


42 posted on 08/09/2006 10:02:13 AM PDT by PogySailor
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To: TaxRelief

43 posted on 08/09/2006 10:05:09 AM PDT by monkapotamus
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To: stocksthatgoup
Is it Real?
Or is it Reuters?

yes, indeed.

44 posted on 08/09/2006 10:08:04 AM PDT by FourPeas (when it comes to binary, there are 10 kinds of people: those who get it and those who don't)
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To: MaryFromMichigan

That's too funny!


45 posted on 08/09/2006 10:09:11 AM PDT by dfwgator
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To: All
Doh! Poor Lee was missing some limbs.


46 posted on 08/09/2006 10:14:22 AM PDT by monkapotamus
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To: dfwgator; Slings and Arrows
Thank you!
Here is one more.
Looks like love...


47 posted on 08/09/2006 10:21:41 AM PDT by MaryFromMichigan
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To: demkicker

These pics just came in. Are they the same dead baby? The face is (deliberately?) concealed.


48 posted on 08/09/2006 10:32:49 AM PDT by TaxRelief (Wal-Mart: Keeping my family on-budget since 1993.)
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To: TaxRelief

No, the ones I'm referring to are different. Maybe some FReeper will post them.


49 posted on 08/09/2006 11:18:03 AM PDT by demkicker (democrats and terrorists are intimate bedfellows)
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To: COUNTrecount

FUNNY PIC

Ironic it's of a scene two blocks from Reuters HQ in times square.


50 posted on 08/09/2006 12:16:35 PM PDT by finnman69 (cum puella incedit minore medio corpore sub quo manifestu s globus, inflammare animos)
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