Skip to comments.World must wake up to the dangers of biofuels, head of Kew Gardens warns (Solution is a problem)
Posted on 09/09/2006 2:53:33 PM PDT by DaveLoneRanger
Link Only: World must wake up to the dangers of biofuels, head of Kew Gardens warns
So, now we're back to "Destroying the Rainforest" again, huh?
What's Willie Nelson going to do then? This is his baby.
Radical environmentalists do not care about the environment. They care about reducing capitalism and the human population by any means necessary. One step at a time, and that means hamstringing development.
The Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, are awesome, however.
Bio-fuels are political hype enbraced by both parties. One gallon of ethanol requires three gallons of gasoline or diesel to produce.
However, that article didn't point out the fact that certain plants such as sugar cane, sugar beets and switchgrass can produce huge amounts of ethanol on a per-acre basis with minimal land impact, and the development of growing oil-laden algae in vertical tanks fed by the exhaust of coal-fired and natural gas-fired powerplants could mean a massive source of ethanol, too.
Liquefied Coal Cuts Oil Need
China plans to launch a coal liquefaction programme in the next five years to ease the nation's oil shortage.
The State Development Planning Commission is carrying out a feasibility study on setting up coal liquefaction projects in Yunnan, Shaanxi and Heilongjiang provinces, according to a senior official with the commission.
"Experiments have been finished in these three places. The results were desirable, but we have not located the specific site to launch the project," said the official.
Analysts predict that total investment for the project will amount to billions of US dollars with the annual output of 2 or 3 million tons of oil.
Coal liquefaction is the chemical process of adding hydrogen to coal under high temperature and pressure to liquefy coal into crude oil.
"Generally speaking, 2 tons of coal can turn out 1 ton of oil," explained Shu Geping, a senior engineer of the China Coal Research Institute.
Given the fact that the total reserves of coal in China far exceed those of oil, it is desirable to implement the technology to stretch the oil supply, Shu said.
According to Shu, 20 billion tons of the total proven coal reserves can be liquefied into 10 billion tons of oil, sufficient for China's consumption for 50 years.
Thanks to 20 years of hard work and co-operation with developed countries, China has mastered the technology and can perform the commercial operation at a desirable cost, said Shu.
With the coal liquefaction technology, producing 1 ton of oil is 30 per cent cheaper than purchasing oil from the overseas market, Shu added.
"A coal liquefaction manufacturer can recoup their total investment within 13 years," Shu noted.
The systematic research of the coal liquefaction technology dates back to 1910. Since then many countries such as Germany, the United States and Japan have been making great efforts to develop the technology. However, due to the high cost of coal and labour in developed countries, this technology has not been commercialized on a large scale.
But South Africa, whose structure of energy reserves is similar to China's, has established three coal liquefaction manufacturers with total investment of US$7 billion in 1950. In 1999, these manufacturers registered a profit before tax of US$610 million.
"If the government can make some preferential policies, such as cutting down the oil consumption tax and value added tax, coal liquefaction manufacturers can attain more profits than factories in South Africa," Shu said.
China has been a net importer of oil since 1993. It is expected to import 70 million tons of oil this year. (Source: chinadaily.com.cn)
Especially switchgrass, which is native to North America.
Forget the environment; the main thing is cutting off the money supply to the Arabs.
Usually there are complaints about ethanol subsidies. Be aware that the Liquefied Coal folks are lobbying for a $5b sssubsidy to get going and a government price support at $35/bb.
Eventually, we'll have biofuel vehicles that produce even more fuel than they burn and the big problem will be sopping up the alcohol spiled all over the highways.
Well, except Imperial Oil (CAN) -- but that's a whole 'nother story. No American, British, or Dutch company has asked, let me rephrase that.
Coal liquefaction shouldn't NEED a subsidy in the first place. It's fully competitive as long as crude stays above $35/bbl or so. But then again, who says crude will stay that high when alternative production methods come online, eh?
Probably a bit overoptimistic because as it comes on line, if it is large scale it will reduce the price of oil, probably to below the cost of coal liquifaction. More power to them.
Tell that to the Good Ol Boys down in Kentucky who switched their stills over to making ethanol for cars. Fired by waste wood and they turn out many gallons a day.
>>>>One gallon of ethanol requires three gallons of gasoline or diesel to produce.
>>If you research that statement you will find it is one put out by radical environmentalists.
1:3 is pretty absurd. But more sober analyses have shown that it takes more energy from petroleum to make a gallon of ethanol, than you get from the ethanol.
Do not underestimate the power of the ADM/farm lobby, for subsidies.