Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

To: gafusa
Bushehr is considered a key part of Iran's nuclear program, and it could be used to produce plutonium,

The article you posted states, US opposition to Russian construction of Bushehr rests on three issues; first that weapons grade plutonium could be extracted from the reactor allowing the Iranians to construct nuclear weapons.

Nonsense! Your need to do your research.

Light Water Reactors and Nuclear Weapons in North Korea: Let's Be Fair With Our Comparisons

I quote:

Plutonium Production

If the two light water reactors (LWRs) slated to be built in North Korea are operated to optimize power production, they will discharge about 500 kg of reactor-grade plutonium a year in highly radioactive spent fuel. However, this plutonium cannot be used in nuclear weapons until it is separated from this radioactive fuel. Typically, such separation occurs inside heavily shielded chemical processing plants, often called reprocessing plants. North Korea's existing reprocessing plant, which is shut down and under on-site IAEA monitoring under the freeze mandated in the Agreed Framework, would require extensive and difficult modification to separate all this plutonium. Alternatively, North Korea could build another one in secret, though such a step would violate the Agreed Framework, be difficult to accomplish, and the resulting plant would be relatively large. In fact, many advanced industrialized countries, such as Britain and France, experienced intensive challenges in making the jump to facilities that could reprocess irradiated fuel from LWRs, even after accumulating years of experience reprocessing irradiated fuel from gas-graphite reactors like those currently in North Korea.

Separated reactor-grade plutonium can be used to make nuclear explosives, and typically eight kilograms are enough to make a crude nuclear explosive. Using this amount, the LWRs could produce enough plutonium for about 60 weapons per year, relatively close to the estimate cited by Rep. Cox. However, weapon designers prefer weapon-grade plutonium to make nuclear explosives. The two reactors at Yongbyon, and likely the third larger reactor at Taechon, were designed to make weapon-grade plutonium. If all three reactors were producing weapon-grade plutonium, and they would have all been capable of doing so by about 2000, then they could produce about 180-230 kilograms of weapon-grade plutonium per year. Because less weapon-grade plutonium is needed per nuclear weapon, this quantity is enough to make about 35-45 nuclear weapons a year.

Note:

Instead of reactor-grade plutonium, a LWR could produce significant quantities of weapon-grade plutonium. To do so on any large-scale, however, the reactors would need to be run at less than economically optimized levels. This is the type of activity that would be easy to detect. For example, IAEA safeguards, which North Korea must agree to before the reactors are even built, could easily detect such unusual reactor operations.

Note especially, the light water reactors are not the problem, but the heavy water reactor which Iran has been building on their own at Arak. Iran's Heavy Water Reactor at Arak
17 posted on 10/03/2006 4:05:27 PM PDT by GarySpFc (Jesus on Immigration, John 10:1)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies ]


To: GarySpFc
"US opposition to Russian construction of Bushehr rests on three issues; first that weapons grade plutonium could be extracted from the reactor allowing the Iranians to construct nuclear weapons.

"Secondly, the US fears that the Russians and the Iranians are using Bushehr as a cover for the transfer of other sensitive technology that would normally be prohibited."
What about that?

"Finally, the US is concerned that the knowledge gained by Iranian scientists working at Bushehr could further Iran's nuclear weapons program."
Expertise from Bushehr goes to Arak.

I think I believe the US govenrmtn over your article, which is not even about Bushehr. Your article is based on the DPRK and not on Bushehr, mine is on Iran. Mine obviously takes precedence, as it refers to the specific reactor in question. Arak is based heavily on Russian and Chinese tech, they are using the tech provided by those countries. Obviously, since they have Russian and Chinese tech, they will use it. Bushehr is considered dangerous, that US is worried about it is a fact, the whole point of the article. Bushehr is dangerous, or else why would a security organization write articles on it, and the US be worried by it? Look at those three points. Plus Bushehr, is only one part of Russia's massive support to Iran. Russia is Iran ally, openly, you cannot deny that. Russia is the key to Iran nukes.
20 posted on 10/03/2006 4:36:44 PM PDT by gafusa
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 17 | View Replies ]

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article


FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson