Skip to comments.BBC: UN passes Iran nuclear sanctions
Posted on 12/23/2006 12:24:40 PM PST by Ernest_at_the_Beach
The United Nations Security Council has unanimously voted to impose sanctions against Iran over its failure to halt uranium enrichment.
The sanctions ban the supply of nuclear-related technology and materials and impose an asset freeze on key individuals and companies.
The US representative warned that Iran's pursuit of nuclear weapons would make it less, not more, secure.
Iran says its programme is for peaceful purposes and has vowed to continue.
The resolution demands that Tehran end all uranium enrichment work, which can produce fuel for nuclear plants as well as for bombs.
The vote by the 15-member council took place exactly two months after Britain, France and Germany first introduced a draft resolution proposing sanctions.
The draft resolution was amended several times after objections from both the Russians and Chinese.
But after parts of the resolution were watered down, both Russia and China - who have close financial ties with Iran - backed the proposals.
The resolution, under Chapter Seven of Article 41 of the UN Charter, makes enforcement obligatory but limits action to non-military measures.
But acting US ambassador to the UN, Alejandro Wolff, said the resolution sent a strong warning that there would be serious repercussions to Iran's continued defiance of the international community.
"If necessary, we will not hesitate to return to this body if Iran does not take further steps to comply," Mr Wolff said.
Iran's foreign ministry spokesman, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, condemned the resolution as illegal.
He told state-run television that the decision "cannot affect or limit Iran's peaceful nuclear activities but will discredit the decisions of the Security Council, whose power is deteriorating."
Hours before the vote, US President George W Bush spoke to Russia's Vladimir Putin and discussed the issue, agreeing on the importance of a unified stance.
In a statement before the Security Council, Russia's ambassador to the UN, Vitaly Churkin, emphasised that the resolution did not authorise the use of force.
But he said the sanctions sent a "strong message" to Iran about the need to comply with the UN's nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The text was watered down to take account of Russian concerns over such provisions as a freeze on the assets abroad of specific Iranian individuals and organisations.
Russia is building a nuclear power station Iran and China has significant oil interests there.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has threatened to reconsider relations with those countries which support sanctions.
I feel safer already....
Don't forget the 'Sternly written letter'
Damned good question...
We all know what the UN will enforce - they couldn't enforce a box of rocks.
| World leaders have been giving their reaction to the UN Security Council's unanimous decision to impose sanctions on Iran over its nuclear programme.
Iran insists its nuclear activities are both legal in scope and peaceful in purpose and has said they will continue.
BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO THE UN, EMYR JONES-PARRY
Iran [...] faces a choice - the vote today illustrates the gravity of that choice and the seriousness with which we as a Council view Iran's behaviour.
We hope Iran will heed the decision of the Council and return to negotiation to resolve the nuclear dossier.
IRANIAN AMBASSADOR TO THE UN, JAVAD ZARIF
Today is a sad day for the non-proliferation regime.
The same governments which have pushed this Council to take groundless punitive measures against Iran's peaceful nuclear programme have systematically prevented it from taking any action to nudge the Israeli regime towards submitting itself to the rules governing the nuclear non-proliferation regime.
FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER PHILIPPE DOUSTE-BLAZY
Today, more than ever, our objective remains convincing Iran to conform with its international commitments.
JAPANESE AMBASSADOR TO THE UN, KENZO OSHIMA
In adopting this resolution we earnestly hope and make an appeal to Iran that the country will seek to resolve this issue at the earliest possible time through diplomatic negotiations in full respect of the international obligations.
This ought not to be impossible. To that end Japan will continue to contribute to the effort to resolve the issue through bilateral negotiations with Iran, and other diplomatic channels.
ISRAELI DEFENCE MINISTRY
The international community will need to continue to show determination to reach the goal of blocking Iran's nuclear plan.
Maybe as a show of good faith, Iran can offer to send troops in to help the Coalition forces control the Al Sadr uprising, and assist the UN in Lebanon watching the border of Syria for incursions of weapons.
And when it becomes too obvious to ignore that Tehran has not been hobbled, and is charging full speed ahead...well, as another poster suggested, we can simply pass another resolution.
And see post #8.
Today: December 23, 2006 at 13:15:35 PST
By EDITH M. LEDERER
UNITED NATIONS (AP) -
1223dv-un-iran-sanctions The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously Saturday to impose sanctions on Iran for refusing to suspend uranium enrichment, increasing international pressure on the government to prove that it is not trying to make nuclear weapons. Iran immediately rejected the resolution.
The result of two months of tough negotiation, the resolution orders all countries to stop supplying Iran with materials and technology that could contribute to its nuclear and missile programs. It also freezes Iranian assets of 10 key companies and 12 individuals related to those programs.
If Iran refuses to comply, the council warned it would adopt further nonmilitary sanctions, but the resolution emphasized the importance of diplomacy in seeking guarantees "that Iran's nuclear program is exclusively for peaceful purposes."
Iran insists its nuclear program is intended to produce energy, but the Americans and Europeans suspect its ultimate goal is the production of weapons.
The Iranian government immediately rejected the resolution, vowing in a statement from Tehran to continue enriching uranium, a technology that can be used to produce nuclear fuel for civilian purposes or fuel for a nuclear bomb. The government said it "has not delegated its destiny to the invalid decisions of the U.N. Security Council."
The United States said it hopes the resolution will clear the way for tougher measures by individual countries, particularly Russia.
"We don't think this resolution is enough in itself," Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns said in Washington. "We want to let the Iranians know that there is a big cost to them," he added, so they will return to talks.
The administration had pushed for tougher penalties. But Russia and China, which both have strong commercial ties to Tehran, and Qatar, across the Persian Gulf from Iran, balked. To get their votes, the resolution dropped a ban on international travel by Iranian officials involved in nuclear and missile development and specified the banned items and technologies.
The U.N. vote came just a day after talks with North Korea - already under similar but tougher U.N. sanctions for conducting a nuclear test - failed to make any progress in halting that country's atomic program.
Israel, which considers Iran its single greatest threat because President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has called for the Jewish state's destruction, welcomed the resolution. Mark Regev, a Foreign Ministry spokesman, said the vote was "an important first step in preventing Iranian nuclear proliferation."
Iran's U.N. Ambassador Javad Zarif denounced the council for imposing sanctions on Iran, which opposes nuclear weapons and has its facilities under U.N. safeguards, while doing nothing about Israel, whose prime minister recently appeared to confirm long suspicions that it is a nuclear power.
"A nation is being punished for exercising its inalienable rights" to develop nuclear energy, primarily at the behest of the United States and Israel, "which is apparently being rewarded today for having clandestinely developed and unlawfully possessed nuclear weapons," Zarif said.
In a final attempt to win Russian support, the measure dropped one Iranian company from the list of those facing an asset freeze.
Ahead of the vote, Russian President Vladimir Putin called President Bush, agreeing on the need for a resolution, said Blain Rethmeier, a White house spokesman.
"We hope the Russian government is going to work with us in a very active way to send this message of unity to Iran and we hope Russia is going to take a very vigorous approach itself," Burns said after the vote.
Russia's U.N. Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said Moscow agreed to sanctions because it focuses on measures Iran must take, spelled out by the International Atomic Energy Agency, "to lift remaining concerns" about its nuclear ambitions.
He stressed that the goal must be to resume talks. If Iran suspends enrichment and reprocessing, the resolution calls for a suspension of sanctions and further negotiations.
China's U.N. Ambassador Wang Guangya called for stepped up diplomatic efforts, saying "sanctions are not the end but a means to urge Iran to resume negotiations," he said.
Acting U.S. Ambassador Alejandro Wolff said the United States hopes Iran "comes to understand that the pursuit of a nuclear weapons capability makes it less, not more secure."
The resolution authorizes action under Article 41 of Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter. It allows the Security Council to impose nonmilitary sanctions such as severing diplomatic and economic relations, transportation and communications links.
To replace the travel ban, the resolution now calls on all states "to exercise vigilance" regarding the entry or transit through their territory of the dozen Iranians on the U.N. list. It asks the 191 other U.N. member states to notify a Security Council committee that will be created to monitor sanctions when those Iranians show up in their country.
The resolution also says the council will review Iran's actions in light of a report from the head of the IAEA, requested within 60 days, on whether Iran has suspended uranium enrichment and complied with other IAEA demands.
If the IAEA - the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog - verifies that Iran has suspended enrichment and reprocessing, the resolution says the sanctions will be suspended to allow for negotiations. It says sanctions will end as soon as the IAEA board confirms that Iran has complied with all its obligations.
Before the final text was circulated, Churkin pressed for amendments to ensure that Moscow can conduct legitimate nuclear activities in Iran.
Russia is building Iran's first atomic power plant at Bushehr, which is expected to go on line in late 2007. A reference to Bushehr in the original draft was removed earlier - as Russia demanded.
The six key parties trying to curb Iran's nuclear program - Britain, France, Germany, Russia, China and the United States - offered Tehran a package of economic incentives and political rewards in June if it agreed to consider a long-term moratorium on enrichment and committed itself to a freeze on uranium enrichment before talks on its nuclear program.
That package remains an option, but with Iran refusing to comply with an Aug. 31 council deadline to stop enrichment, Britain and France in late October circulated a draft sanctions resolution, which has since been revised several times.
...and again, Iran is laughing it's ass off!!!
The sad thing is, even this slap on the wrist would have been impossible to achieve with anyone other than Bolton there.
Iran, whoever is speaking for Iran, can ignore Iammadjohn's perfectly clear statements, and since the mehdi didn't show on 23 Aug, perhaps they are right to do so. Iammadjohn is thoroughly discredited as has been every millenialist whose date has come and gone.
Iranian leaders go on and on about how they're focused on destroying Israel first. Many who read this actually believe that. All the while, Iran is developing nuclear weapons and making friends with the Sunni nations. And that's why our near future will be very interesting, indeed.
A meaningless event. Just what country is going to be the first to demand it's companies do not make money off trading with Iran.
Yep, Achy is going to be on the pot all night cause of this news.
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