Skip to comments.Ancient DNA (Cheddar Man, Otzi, Etc)
Posted on 01/07/2007 5:11:17 PM PST by blam
To see the DNA results of some of the ancient people click here. You'll have to scan around to find this exact page but it contains many links of interest.
A compilation of DNA haplotypes extracted from ancient remains
In 1903, skeletal remains were found in a cave in Cheddar, England. The remains of a 23 year-old man, who was killed by a blow to the face, were discovered to be at least 9,000 years old. Ninety-four years after the discovery of "Cheddar Man", scientists were able to extract mitochondrial DNA from his tooth cavity. Name Haplo Haplotype Cheddar Man U5a 16192T, 16270T
Bryan Sykes, and his team at Oxford University distributed DNA test kits to local Cheddar schools, and a match was found to a local schoolteacher, Adrian Targett. (More) on Cheddar Man.
Ice Man - Otzi of Italy
Widely known as "Otzi (Oetzi)" the Iceman found in 1991 in the Italian Alps, is also known as "Similaun Man". Of the Neolithic era, Otzi lived between 3350-3300 B.C. in the "Copper Age". He was believed to be 46-years old when he died at the top of a mountain pass from wounds received. (More)
Name Haplo Haplotype Ice Man K 16224C, 16311C
Ice Maiden - "Juanita" of Peru
Also known as "Juanita", the Inca Ice Maiden was discovered on Mount Ampato, near Arequipa, Peru by Johann Reinhard in 1995. She was sacrificed sometime around the ages of 12-14 and lived about 500 years ago. Her body lay frozen at the mountaintop until a nearby volcanic eruption melted Mount Ampato's ice cap.
Name Haplo Haplotype Ice Maiden A 16111T, 16223T, 16290T, 16319A
Luke the Evangelist - aka St. Luke
A doctor, but better known as the biblical author of the "Gospel According to Luke", Luke the Evangelist was believed to have been born in Antioch, in the Roman province of Syria. Historical sources cite that he died at the age of 84 in Thebes (Greece) around the year 150 A.D. His body was interred first in Constantinople, and then later transferred to Padua, Italy. Geneticists have tested the remains believed to be those of Luke, and sampled Syrian and Greek populations for comparison. They've determined that the body attributed as Luke's, is likely of Syrian origin. (Source)
Name Haplo Haplotype Luke H 16235G, 16291T
The Norwich Anglo-Saxon
Is the Anglo-Saxon skeleton found at Norwich Castle indeed of Romani origin as stated in the media? (Source) Or does the young Anglo-Saxon just share a partial haplotype similar to a Romani? (View sequences)
Name Haplo Haplotype Anglo-Saxon X 16189A, 16223T, 16271C, 16278T
The DNA Saga of King Tut
Will he or won't he be tested? That is the question! In December 2000, a team of Japanese scientists announced that they had received approval to DNA test the most famous of ancient Egypt's kings. (Source) By 2001, Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities reversed their decision to allow testing. (Source) Another announcement to do forensic testing on King Tut came in 2004, but was halted after a public outcry. (Source)
Western European DNA found in Central Asia
DNA analysis of the remains of nomadic peoples in Kazakhstan provides evidence of Western genetic influence in Asia between the 15th century BC and the 5th century AD. (Source)
mtDNA Lineages from the Basques of Aldaieta
HVR1 mitochondrial DNA sequences from a 6th-7th century Basque burial site reveals a diverse genetic population indicating that the Basques may not have been an "isolated" population. (Source)
2,000 Year-Old Cemetery in Egyin Gol Valley, Mongolia
mtDNA, Y-chromosome DNA and nuclear DNA was successfully extracted from a Mongolian cemetery containing 99 individuals. (Source)
Several ancient Neanderthal remains have been typed and found to differ significantly from human mitochondrial DNA. (Source) Amazingly, a team of scientists in Germany have recovered and sequenced Y-chromosome DNA from a 49,000 year-old Neanderthal. (Source) For more info and sequences
Coming soon: Mycenaean Shaft Graves NOT coming soon: Kennewick Man
NOTE: All of the above haplotypes are the result of scientific genetics studies, and most, if not all, have been published in scientific journals. Submissions of additional haplotypes are welcome, please submit the values along with an online link to the scientific publication of the subject's study to ISOGG. Submissions will be reviewed and ISOGG reserves the right to accept or decline submissions. The purpose of the "Ancient DNA" page is to provide a compilation of DNA results of ancient homo sapiens for comparison and educational purposes only.
The DNA family studies I've looked at (ones where a number of people are researching a related ancestory), and have tested people in the same purported lines) have shown an amazing amount of faithfulness...more than modern assumptions would lead one to believe...
> The DNA family studies I've looked at (ones where a number of people are researching a related ancestory), and have tested people in the same purported lines) have shown an amazing amount of faithfulness...more than modern assumptions would lead one to believe... <
Good observation. I can offer at least two hypotheses by way of explanation. And they aren't by any means mutually exclusive:
1. Families that value "faithfulness" will also tend to value the study of family history. So there's a self-selection bias among those people who study genealogy, whether or not they employ DNA analysis for their research.
2. Faithfulness is also correlated with factors that contribute to "family survivability" or "fitness" -- such as education, health status, and income. So over the long span of history, more children conceived "within marriages" will have survived to adulthood and will have borne children than will have children conceived in extra-marital and non-marital circumstances.
[Obviously however, the second hypothesis may lose its explanatory value for future generations of researchers, due to today's social pathology whereby out-of-wedlock births have lost most of their historical stigma and where government welfare programs have positively encouraged illegitimacy.]
Wazzamatta U? No sense of humor? Cardiff Giant? Wasn't that the other fraud?
Where's Java man?
HAHA...HOHO...HEEHEE...Oh boy...ya gots me...I'm laughing so hard I'm crying here...you must be life o' the party.
The Giant and Piltdown were hoaxes. Java man Homo erectus...
I'm sorry, I don't have him. Have you looked in the pachysandra? Over the years I've lost eyeglasses, a wallet, half a bikini, my best wirecutters, and some very special shell casings, in pachysandra. But there's nothing in my jumble except the elderberry wine and some tea strainers.
Oh geez...I'm R1b just like (shudder, gasp) Charlie Rose??
And...Dr Spencer Wells who is in charge of the National Geographic Genographic Project.
Have you been here and seen where the R1b trail comes/goes? If you're interested, go to the bottom, click on 'genetic markers' then look to the right on the next page and click on the R haplogroup.
I sent my DNA packet off today.
A reminder ping.
Take it from me - she’s a stiff!!
Just updating the GGG info, not sending a general distribution.
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