Any serious hazing in white fraternities was stopped over thirty years ago. The black fraternities have been "hands off" and have continued hazing as much as they liked.
Pardon me but that's a naive statement. Check this out: StopHazing.org Resources: Fraternity Hazing
Depends on your definition of "serious"." I'm well aware of what would be serious hazing in my book that occurred at fraternities as FSU in the 90s.
On the other hand, in my sorority, we weren't even allowed to use the word pledge.
This just happened at FSU this week: http://www.tallahassee.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070130/FSU01/701300315/1008/FSU
Welts on the bodies? Hmm, sounds serious to me.
Chico State (California)
Pi Kappa Phi
Alcohol death of a pledge
Three members will serve 30-day sentences in the death of a pledge, Adrian Heideman, an actor and popular student on campus.
The death occurred in spite of attempts by the student affairs staff to increase awareness about alcohol deaths. The 911 call is below: http://orion.csuchico.edu/Pages/Vol46issue4/online/911call.html
Three members received jail sentences of 30 days each.
In the fall of 2000, Adrian Heideman did indeed make his first foray into adulthood by starting college at Cal State University at Chico. Six weeks later, the 18-year-old returned home in a casket, having died of alcohol poisoning from binge drinking at a fraternity initiation ceremony.
Since her son's death, which prompted the California State University system to implement policies to curb excessive drinking, Heideman has not faded back into the background and dealt privately with her grief.
She has channeled her sorrow into raising awareness of binge drinking on college campuses, where fall semester is just now beginning. She praises Chico State's comprehensive new policy, which, according to Shauna Quinn, manager of the school's Campus Alcohol and Drug Education Center, includes education for all freshmen and special events to promote alcohol-free fun.
Chico's efforts seem to have paid off. Once, the college was perennially on the Princeton Review's list of the nation's top "party schools." This year, it didn't crack the top 20.
"We realize the freshman year is a big time of academic and social adjustment," Quinn said. "That's why now, we make freshmen wait until the second semester to pledge to fraternities or sororities. Since Adrian's death, it's a lot more visible. There are alcohol poisoning warning posters up at the dorms."
Heideman and her husband, Mike, have pushed forward with a liability lawsuit against the Pi Kappa Phi fraternity chapter at Chico State and the national fraternity. It is expected to go to trial Nov. 4.
Already, eight fraternity brothers have settled another suit with the family, agreeing to pay a combined $500,000. Last year, three fraternity leaders served 30 days in Butte County jail after pleading no contest to providing alcohol to Heideman, a minor.
Some friends have told Edie Heideman frankly to move on, to find closure without litigation and "stop obsessing about your son's death."
But Heideman can't bring herself to stop. She says she wants to warn others who may be as naive as she was about the dangers of binge drinking.
"The worst thing that can ever happen to a parent has happened to me," she said. "So I'm going to speak my mind. It's the only thing I can do that makes sense after Adrian's death. I'd like to show every fraternity in the country what Adrian looked like when they found him dead in the frat house basement, covered in vomit and blood. I'd like them to hear the 911 tape. Let them know about the horror and the waste."
Heideman insists she is not vengeful and she volunteers that fraternities can be a positive experience. "But," she added, "they also promote a culture of drinking."
Last spring, a task force appointed by federal lawmakers released a report showing that 1,400 college students die each year in alcohol-related accidents, among them alcohol poisoning. Heideman nods and reels off more numbers. She adds that alcohol also contributed to 500,000 injuries and more than 70,000 cases of date rape on campuses last year. It's all there in the stack of books and articles on her coffee table.
"I'm becoming an expert on two subjects on which I had hoped I'd know nothing," she said, "pediatric oncology and binge drinking."
According to lawsuit depositions, Adrian soon learned otherwise. On the night of the initiation ceremony, Pi Kappa Phi pledges were picked up at their dorms, blindfolded, driven around and then put in a dorm at the house. After taking the fraternity oath, they drank with their "big brothers." Adrian downed a bottle of blackberry brandy, felt sick, was taken downstairs to sleep it off.
He never awoke.
"I wonder what he was thinking at that last moment of consciousness," his mother said. "Sometimes, my thoughts are just unbearable. But I confront them. It's important to me."
(03-04) 04:00 PST Chico -- The last room Matthew Carrington ever walked into was the cold, dank cellar of the Chi Tau fraternity house, where a message etched into the wall read, "In the basement, no one can hear you scream."
It was the night of Feb. 2, and for five hours the 21-year-old Pleasant Hill man and a friend pledging the Chico fraternity were allegedly humiliated and doused with gallons of cold water in the basement while being blasted with ice-cold air from giant fans.
They were made to do calisthenics while standing on one foot atop a bench, prosecutors said. Denied the opportunity to use the bathroom, they had to request permission to wet themselves.
Through it all, prosecutors said, fraternity members forced Carrington and his friend to drink gallon after gallon of water until Carrington collapsed as hypothermia set in and his brain stem swelled from the water intoxication that killed him.
On Thursday, police arrested five Chi Tau fraternity members who prosecutors said were involved in the sadistic ritual. They were released after posting bail. Three other fraternity members are being sought in the crime, which has so horrified this town that the president of California State University Chico said he may abolish the Greek system altogether.
"There won't be another time," President Paul Zingg said Thursday. "This is the last straw."
Of the eight suspects, four face charges of involuntary manslaughter, a felony that carries a maximum sentence of four years in prison. The others face misdemeanor charges of hazing, which carries a maximum sentence of one year in jail and a $5,000 fine.
Just four of the fraternity members charged in the case are students at Cal State Chico. The remainder attend a local community college or aren't college students at all, just hangers-on who never left Chi Tau.
Carrington's death was the latest, and most severe, case of outrageous behavior at the Chi Tau house, authorities and students said. The fraternity has long had a tainted reputation and has in the past faced accusations of sexual assault and violence. Fed up, university officials expelled the fraternity from campus in 2002 after members served alcohol to minors.
In a news conference Thursday, Butte County District Attorney Mike Ramsey reconstructed Carrington's final days, painting a picture of a torture-filled "Hell Week" concocted by a 25-year-old named Jerry Ming Lim. Carrington would have never been allowed to join Chi Tau had he tried to walk away from the abuse he endured simply because his friend, Mike Quintana, did not want to rush the fraternity alone.
"This incident has obviously outraged the community, a community that is tired of 'Animal House' behavior," Ramsey said, flanked by giant photos of the Chi Tau house and its cavernous basement, parts of which were covered with spray-painted graffiti.
Investigators said Lim masterminded the ritual. They do not know if he is a college student, but said he served as the "pledge general" by mapping out the ritual. Lim, who is charged with hazing and involuntary manslaughter, turned himself in Thursday.
Of five pledges who had hoped to join the fraternity, only Carrington and Quintana made it through "Hell Week" and into the basement.
At the beginning of the week -- Jan. 30 -- pledges were told they would spend their nights sleeping in concrete bunkerlike holes, where the windows have no glass, it was so cold they could see their breath and graffiti on the walls told them they were less than men if they quit, Ramsey said.
Each night's hazing had a theme. Jan. 30 was "active night," where Carrington and Quintana were considered the property of the fraternity's newest members and had to perform exercises at their whim, Ramsey said. The pipes in the house backed up that night, sending between 2 and 3 inches of raw sewage onto the basement's concrete floor. Carrington and Quintana were made to exercise in it.
The next night was "pledge Olympics" and brought strenuous exercise that lasted until 6 a.m. It was so cold in the basement that fraternity members "actually felt sorry" for the pledges, Ramsey said, and invited the pair to sleep upstairs in the house.
Carrington's last night alive -- into the wee hours of Feb. 2 -- was "movie night," when fraternity members watched the baseball comedy "Mr. 3000" and played cards while Carrington and Quintana stood atop a bench and consumed gallons of water.
The two young men passed a 5-gallon jug back and forth, drinking and performing push-ups each time they incorrectly answered trivia questions posed by Chi Tau members.
Over and over the fraternity members told them "to take one for the homies," Ramsey said, saying it was their cue to pour the jug of water over their already dripping wet bodies.
The jug was filled five times that night, Ramsey said.
Carrington's mother wept as the district attorney described her son's final hours. His father said he is eager to see those accused of killing his son go to jail.
"I believe when my son went downstairs in that basement with those people," Michael Carrington said, "he knew that it would be rough, but it would be OK because they would not take it too far."
Though the stunt was supposed to conclude at the end of the movie, three fraternity members returned home from a bar drunk; they included Gabriel John Maestretti, 22, who allegedly insisted that the pledges keep going for at least another hour, Ramsey said.
Carrington was in the middle of a push-up when he collapsed around 4 a.m. He died about two hours later at Enloe Medical Center. Quintana -- who attempted to resuscitate Carrington -- survived, and was seen removing possessions from the fraternity house Thursday. He did not return a phone call seeking comment.
Authorities charged Maestretti, who is not a college student, with involuntary manslaughter and hazing. Also facing those charges are Carlos James Devilla Abrille, 22, who also is not a college student, and John Paul Fickes, 19, a Chico State student. The three turned themselves in to authorities Thursday.
Stella Maestretti, the aunt of Maestretti's father, said Thursday, "I never thought he would do anything like that. He just doesn't seem to be that type of a kid."
Chico attorney Kevin Sears waited in the Police Department lobby for his client, Fickes, to be released and said, "The only thing I know so far is he feels awful about Matthew's death."
The remaining defendants and their attorneys either did not wish to comment or could not be reached.
The four charged with misdemeanor hazing are Richard Joseph Hirth, 22; Michael Fernandez, 19; Rex Edward Garnett, 20; and Trent Stiefvater, 20. Chi Tau members seen moving mattresses and other furniture out of the fraternity house on Thursday refused to comment. Garnett turned himself in Thursday and Hirth, Fernandez and Stiefvater were being sought by police.
Chico State officials are looking into expelling the four students who attend the university and were involved in the alleged crime. Zingg said he will decide this spring whether fraternities and sororities at the school, known for its wild parties, will be allowed to remain -- something some fraternity and sorority members resent.
Heidi Hedberg, a sophomore who lives in a sorority house across the street from Chi Tau, said the fraternity "screwed up the entire Chico State Greek system for the rest of us."