Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Why America Closed Its Doors to Anne Frank
Arutz Sheva ^ | 2-20-07 | Dr. Rafael Medoff

Posted on 02/20/2007 5:43:48 AM PST by SJackson

A new chapter in the teenager's tragic saga.

Anne Frank's family tried to escape the Nazis by immigrating to America - but they were turned away.

This extraordinary new chapter in the teenager's tragic saga emerges from seventy-eight newly-discovered documents from the correspondence of Anne's father, Otto Frank. They detail his efforts, in 1941, to gain permission to bring his family to the United States.

The new correspondence presents an opportunity - and an obligation - to tell the rest of the story.

At the time of the correspondence, the Franks were living in exile in Holland, having fled their native Germany after Hitler's rise to power. By 1939, with anti-Semitism spreading throughout Europe, the Franks began thinking about how to get to America. Otto had already lived in the US from 1909 to 1911, working as an intern at Macy's Department Store, in New York City.

But by 1939, it was a different America. After World War I, in response to the public's intense anti-foreigner sentiment, Congress had enacted restrictive immigration quotas. The quota system was structured to reduce "undesirable" immigrants, especially Italians and Jews. The original version of the immigration bill had been introduced in Congress with a report by the chief of the United States Consular Service, Wilbur Carr, characterizing Jewish immigrants as "filthy, un-American, and often dangerous in their habits... lacking any conception of patriotism or national spirit."

The new annual quota for Germany and Austria allowed a maximum of 27,370 immigrants - far fewer than the hundreds of thousands of German and Austrian Jews searching for haven from Hitler.

Remarkably, even those meager quota allotments were almost always under-filled. American consular officials abroad were directed by Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long to "postpone and postpone and postpone the granting of the visas" to refugees. They created a bureaucratic maze - "paper walls," to borrow the phrase of David S. Wyman - to keep refugees far from America's shores.

And so, during the period of the Nazi genocide, from late 1941 until early 1945, only ten percent of the quotas from Axis-controlled European countries would actually be used. Almost 190,000 quota places remained unused - representing almost 190,000 lives that could have been saved, even under the restrictive quotas.

Anne's mother, Edith, wrote to a friend in 1939: "I believe that all Germany's Jews are looking around the world, but can find nowhere to go."

In May 1940, the Germans conquered and occupied the Netherlands. Emigration was forbidden and the Franks' hopes of going to America appeared to be dashed.

But they didn't give up. In 1941, Otto began writing to his American friends and relatives, and to US officials, in the hope of securing permission to immigrate. But at the same time the Franks were seeking shelter in America, State Department officials were seeking new ways to shut the nation's doors even tighter. In the summer of 1941, Breckinridge Long implemented new procedures to further reduce the number of immigrants.

Long had the full backing of President Roosevelt. When refugee advocate James G. McDonald appealed to FDR against Long's policies, the president dismissed his pleas as "sob stuff."

As a result of the new restrictions, less than half of the German-Austrian quota places were used in 1941.

Otto and Edith Frank, and their daughters Margot and Anne, were turned away by the United States that year. Not because the quotas were full. Not because this successful middle-class couple and their two young daughters would have been a burden to American society. But simply because so many Americans considered Jewish refugees undesirable, and because too many politicians feared losing votes if more Jews were admitted.

Today, Anne Frank has become the best-known victim of the Holocaust to people all over the world, especially as the subject is taught to schoolchildren. Anne's diary of the two years that her family hid in an attic to elude the Germans is the centerpiece of classroom instruction about the Nazi genocide. The betrayal of the Franks, and their final months in Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, provide the grim climax to a story that represents the fate of millions of Jewish victims.

But now a new chapter must be added to the Anne Frank saga. The new correspondence presents an opportunity - and an obligation - to tell the rest of the story. Every sixth-grade student in America needs to know that Anne's death was not inevitable. The Franks were turned away from America by callous bureaucrats and politicians, even though there was room in the immigration quotas.

We need to teach our children why America cast aside its proud tradition of welcoming "the tired, the poor, the huddled masses yearning to breathe free" and closed its doors. Only then can we hope that such moral failures are not repeated by the next generation.


TOPICS: Editorial; Foreign Affairs; Government
KEYWORDS: annefrank
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-100101-130 next last

1 posted on 02/20/2007 5:43:49 AM PST by SJackson
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SJackson
This is a couraged article.
2 posted on 02/20/2007 5:46:03 AM PST by Rummenigge (there's people willing to blow out the light because it casts a shadow)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Nailbiter

ping for later


3 posted on 02/20/2007 5:46:18 AM PST by Nailbiter
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

FDR - The worst president of the 20th Century!


4 posted on 02/20/2007 5:49:11 AM PST by nwrep
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Long had the full backing of President Roosevelt.

In other words, FDR killed Anne Frank!

- Amazing how the word "Democrat" does not appear in this article, isn't it?

5 posted on 02/20/2007 5:50:05 AM PST by ikka (The US Catholic Bishops' position on immigration is objectively anti-American.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: dennisw; Cachelot; Nix 2; veronica; Catspaw; knighthawk; Alouette; Optimist; weikel; Lent; GregB; ..
If you'd like to be on this middle east/political ping list, please FR mail me.

High Volume. Articles on Israel can also be found by clicking on the Topic or Keyword Israel. or WOT [War on Terror]

----------------------------

6 posted on 02/20/2007 5:51:38 AM PST by SJackson (A vote is like a rifle, its usefulness depends upon the character of the user, T. Roosevelt)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ikka
In other words, FDR killed Anne Frank! - Amazing how the word "Democrat" does not appear in this article, isn't it?

I don't see where the author made that accusation. She, like hundreds of thousands of others could have been saved if the world had found somewhere for them to go, but that's not killing. The relevance of Democrat eludes me, Republican's weren't in favor of increased immigration.

7 posted on 02/20/2007 5:55:58 AM PST by SJackson (A vote is like a rifle, its usefulness depends upon the character of the user, T. Roosevelt)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

A very interesting part of the story that I had questions about. I always wondered why Otto Frank didn't try to get farther away from Germany than Holland.

FDR must have been playing politics with members of Congress in order to get other parts of his agenda (Lend Lease, the draft, etc.) through. And to be sure, those members were very anti-immigrant and racist.

Which reminds me, do we have a Mexican quota in the immigration law?


8 posted on 02/20/2007 5:57:12 AM PST by Nextrush (Chris Matthews Band: "I get high....I get high.....I get high....McCain.")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ikka

Very timely... to vilify any one here and now who wants to restrict/contro that mess on the border down ther.


9 posted on 02/20/2007 6:01:18 AM PST by SMARTY ("Stay together, pay the soldiers and forget everything else." Lucius Septimus Severus)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: Nextrush
A very interesting part of the story that I had questions about. I always wondered why Otto Frank didn't try to get farther away from Germany than Holland.

For most Jews there was nowhere to go. Even Palestine had been shut off by the Brits in the late 1930s. 3/4 of Germany's Jewish population managed to flee Germany, most couldn't make it out of Europe.

10 posted on 02/20/2007 6:01:32 AM PST by SJackson (A vote is like a rifle, its usefulness depends upon the character of the user, T. Roosevelt)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: ikka

The original version of the immigration bill had been introduced in Congress with a report by the chief of the United States Consular Service, Wilbur Carr, characterizing Jewish immigrants as "filthy, un-American, and often dangerous in their habits... lacking any conception of patriotism or national spirit."

You want get a response such as this in today's America.


11 posted on 02/20/2007 6:03:09 AM PST by buck61
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: OldFriend

FYI


12 posted on 02/20/2007 6:04:17 AM PST by Carolinamom (Whatever you voted for, you did not vote for failure -- President Bush SOTU)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
"Long had the full backing of President Roosevelt."

Say, to what politial party did President Franklin Roosevelt; Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long; and the chief of the United States Consular Service, Wilbur Carr, belong???

And incidentally, what was the present Senate Majority Leader Robert Byrd doing at the time???

13 posted on 02/20/2007 6:05:06 AM PST by Savage Beast (MESSAGE TO BUSH: Free U.S. Border Patrol Agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean NOW!!!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Even before declaration of war against us, we were on bad terms with Germany and other Axis powers or their occupied territories. Of course we were cautious of people coming from "threat" countries. Contrary to popular belief, there were numerous acts of sabotage and espionage against us in both WWI and WWII.

This is a one sided piece in that neglects the context of time. I suggest anyone who reads this also reads a little about the Black Tom Explosion in WWI: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Tom_Explosion

Why don't we allow thousands from Iran, Libya, Syria or Iraq into the US today? There are many Kurds that are oppressed in in Northern Iran, we should let them all in right? This article defies common sense.
14 posted on 02/20/2007 6:05:47 AM PST by Red6 (Come and get it.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

Safe havens were Sweden, Switzerland and Britain, all of these fearing a German invasion. Way too many Jews believed that it couldn´t get any worse, until it did.


15 posted on 02/20/2007 6:05:52 AM PST by Michael81Dus
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Carolinamom
My father's family escaped to Argentina before the second world war.

My grandmother's family went into the ovens.

16 posted on 02/20/2007 6:06:07 AM PST by OldFriend (Swiftboating - Sinking a politician's Ship of Fools by Torpedoes of Truth)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: Savage Beast
Say, to what politial party did President Franklin Roosevelt; Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long; and the chief of the United States Consular Service, Wilbur Carr, belong???

And what about the Republicans? Were they for Jewish immigration? Were they for entering the war any sooner than we did?

17 posted on 02/20/2007 6:06:42 AM PST by LWalk18
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Jews forced into ghettos, constantly subjected to pogrums.....and then excoriated for not being 'civilized' enough for polite society.

One thing for sure, thru it all, learning learning learning, reading reading, studying, studying, never was ignored.

18 posted on 02/20/2007 6:08:17 AM PST by OldFriend (Swiftboating - Sinking a politician's Ship of Fools by Torpedoes of Truth)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: nwrep
"FDR - The worst president of the 20th Century!"

He was very bad. However, think about it. With the notable exception of Harry Truman, every Democrat President since the very bad President Franklin Roosevelt has been worse than the previous one. This trend can be expected to continue.

19 posted on 02/20/2007 6:08:24 AM PST by Savage Beast (MESSAGE TO BUSH: Free U.S. Border Patrol Agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean NOW!!!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

We need to immediately take in every refugee from anywhere in the world.


20 posted on 02/20/2007 6:09:38 AM PST by Drango (A liberal's compassion is limited only by the size of someone else's wallet.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

Story's like the Frank's and another about a cruise liner filled with Jews that I believe got to our shores and was turned away show an interesting comparison with todays attitude.We wouldn't let people in the 1930's and 40's into the USA even to save their lives.Today we let people come in illegally for any reason good or bad,and don't even try to stop it !!!


21 posted on 02/20/2007 6:10:05 AM PST by Obie Wan
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

Europe, through post WWI punishment followed by the appeasement of growing aggression, allowed this regime to flourish and wreak the continent. We suffered 400,000+ war dead in WWII, brought the war to an end, and then stayed on for the reconstruction.

In a time of war, I'd say it's safe to assume that allowing immigrants in from the war zone is going to be heavily controlled and erring on the side of safety and caution for our own nation.

Depending on who's counting we are the #1 or #2 country for Jewish population on the planet.

Of course if you're set on hating on the USA from the inside or out, please don't let facts stand in your way.


22 posted on 02/20/2007 6:12:48 AM PST by Sax
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: LWalk18
I don't know. Do you?

What was Democrat Senator Robert Long doing while all this was going on?

23 posted on 02/20/2007 6:13:41 AM PST by Savage Beast (MESSAGE TO BUSH: Free U.S. Border Patrol Agents Ignacio Ramos and Jose Compean NOW!!!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 17 | View Replies]

To: Drango
We need to immediately take in every refugee from anywhere in the world.

Why?

24 posted on 02/20/2007 6:13:59 AM PST by Alouette (Learned Mother of Zion)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: OldFriend

How did your grandmother escape her family's fate?


25 posted on 02/20/2007 6:15:09 AM PST by Carolinamom (Whatever you voted for, you did not vote for failure -- President Bush SOTU)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 18 | View Replies]

To: nwrep
Remember the "Ship of the Damned"? It was a ship full of Jewish refuges that was turned out of New York harbor by the Roosevelt administration, it was forced to return to Europe and the passengers were turned over to the Nazis.

Good old FDR, socialist and Jew hater to the end.

Why do the Jews support the Democrats again?
26 posted on 02/20/2007 6:21:10 AM PST by Rumplemeyer
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
This article is anti-American garbage. And I say this as an Israeli who lived through the Holocaust.

The new annual quota for Germany and Austria allowed a maximum of 27,370 immigrants - far fewer than the hundreds of thousands of German and Austrian Jews searching for haven from Hitler.

And so what? Every German and Austrian Jew who wanted to leave Germany and Austria before the war (in excess of 90%) got out. Some came to the US, others went to Britain. More went to places like Belgium, the Netherlands and especially France, countries that would later be conquered by the Nazis, and were subsequently killed. But you can't fault the Americans for not predicting that France (which in 1939 had the largest and best equipped army in Europe) would fall to the Germans at all, let alone in a month.

And so, during the period of the Nazi genocide, from late 1941 until early 1945, only ten percent of the quotas from Axis-controlled European countries would actually be used.

By late 1941, the US was at war with Germany and it was almost impossible for Jews to get out. Those who did (including myself) survived. End of story.

27 posted on 02/20/2007 6:24:21 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

After intense research by a crack team of journalists, the party affiliation of FDR was usable to be established....


28 posted on 02/20/2007 6:28:45 AM PST by Onelifetogive (I don't have to show you no stinkin' tagline!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Rumplemeyer
Remember the "Ship of the Damned"? It was a ship full of Jewish refuges that was turned out of New York harbor by the Roosevelt administration, it was forced to return to Europe and the passengers were turned over to the Nazis.

That's a complete fabrication. You are referring, of course, to the St. Louis. The St. Louis did NOT return to Nazi Germany. Virtually all the Jews on board went to France. France, in 1939, had the largest, most modern and best equipped army in Europe. With the gift of hindsight, we now know that France would be conquered by the Germans. But nobody knew that in 1939. Refusing to accept illegal immigrants, and instead turning them over to a friendly government with an army of 1.5 million hardly seems like abandonment.

Moreover, in 1939, the Germans were still mainly harassing and trying expel their Jewish population. This was still three years before the Holocaust began.

29 posted on 02/20/2007 6:31:35 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: Sax
Of course if you're set on hating on the USA from the inside or out, please don't let facts stand in your way.

I agree with you. There are many who would blame the US for the Holocaust. This is nonsense. The Germans, and their collaborators in occupied Europe are 100% responsible. I think the record shows that the US (with only a few rare exceptions) did practically everything in its power to end the Holocaust as quickly as possible and minimize the killing of Jews and other peoples.

30 posted on 02/20/2007 6:34:04 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 22 | View Replies]

To: Alter Kaker
By late 1941, the US was at war with Germany and it was almost impossible for Jews to get out.

It was about that time that Hitler decided to *not* let them leave with or without paying, was it not?
31 posted on 02/20/2007 6:36:30 AM PST by P-40 (Al Qaeda was working in Iraq. They were just undocumented.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 27 | View Replies]

To: Alter Kaker

You may be hard-headed but certainly not brainwashed or simian. Good contra-counterfactual realism to your posts.


32 posted on 02/20/2007 6:42:37 AM PST by decimon
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 29 | View Replies]

To: P-40
It was about that time that Hitler decided to *not* let them leave with or without paying, was it not?

Correct. Additionally, while the author of this silly piece laments unclaimed visas, he ignores the fact that Jewish immigrants from Europe represented by far the largset portion of the immigration quota in 1939-1941. Far from being hostile to Jewish immigration, the US (which in the middle of the depression was as anti-immigration as it has ever been) vastly increased the number of quotas given to European Jews, at the expense of virtually all other immigrant groups. That's something to be enormously thankful of.

All this was still before the Holocaust started, before the Germans started exterminating Jews. By the time the death camps started, it was too late to do much of anything. But even then, the US sent secret agents behind German lines who risked their lives to save tens of thousands of Jews.

33 posted on 02/20/2007 6:44:59 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 31 | View Replies]

To: Rumplemeyer
Remember the "Ship of the Damned"? It was a ship full of Jewish refuges that was turned out of New York harbor by the Roosevelt administration, it was forced to return to Europe and the passengers were turned over to the Nazis.

The S.S. St. Louis docked in Cuba in May of 1939 well before we had entered the war. The passengers had purchased illegal visas and the President of Cuba would not allow them to enter the country. Our State Dept. tried to intervene for the passengers. There were 936 passengers - 29 of them disembarked in Cuba.

With intervention from our State Dept. the ship was allowed to continue on to England where 288 people disembarked. The remaining 619 people disembarked in Antwerp from there the people went to Belgium, France and Holland. None of them were 'turned over to the Nazis'. Over 2/3rds of the passengers survived the Holocaust.

34 posted on 02/20/2007 6:47:43 AM PST by Elyse (I refuse to feed the crocodile.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: Carolinamom

Married my grandfather and they left Russia. Her family was living in the Pale of Settlement....between Poland and Russia. She considered herself Polish.


35 posted on 02/20/2007 6:52:57 AM PST by OldFriend (Swiftboating - Sinking a politician's Ship of Fools by Torpedoes of Truth)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 25 | View Replies]

To: decimon
You may be hard-headed but certainly not brainwashed or simian.

That's the best compliment I've received or day! :-)

36 posted on 02/20/2007 6:56:22 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Because America is the worst place on the planet inhabited by the worst people.

I'm really, really getting tired of reading how bad Americans are.
37 posted on 02/20/2007 7:05:04 AM PST by Beckwith (The dhimmicrats and liberal media have chosen sides and they've sided with the Jihadists.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Beckwith

Anne Frank died during the Holocaust. I blame Bush!


38 posted on 02/20/2007 7:06:30 AM PST by goodwithagun (My gun has killed less people than Ted Kennedy's car.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 37 | View Replies]

To: Beckwith
Because America is the worst place on the planet inhabited by the worst people.

There's a group of people who have spent the last 30 years building up the case that the US was partly responsible for letting the Holocaust happen. They have created an entire mythology of falsehoods, distortions and genuine misunderstandings. This mythology has been extremely successful and influential; nevertheless it is entirely wrong.

39 posted on 02/20/2007 7:09:12 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 37 | View Replies]

To: goodwithagun
Anne Frank died during the Holocaust. I blame Bush!

You're letting Pelosi off the hook? She's been Speaker for a month now -- and yet Anne Frank is still dead!

40 posted on 02/20/2007 7:10:04 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 38 | View Replies]

To: Elyse

I stand corrected, thank you. My feeling on FDR remain the same.


41 posted on 02/20/2007 7:11:12 AM PST by Rumplemeyer
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: Alter Kaker

Story I heard, and request your clarification on:

by the end of WWII, 80% of France's Jews were dead.
80% of Italy's were alive.


42 posted on 02/20/2007 7:14:13 AM PST by TomSmedley (Calvinist, optimist, home schooling dad, exuberant husband, technical writer)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 27 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

There certainly was a quota system before the 1930's. My mother and grandmother had to wait for six years in Romania (under intense police supervision) after escaping Russia in order to enter the USA in 1928. They had been running, hiding and were shot at for years. They crossed the river between Russia and Romania in the middle of the night.

They were not burdens on the state - family here was waiting to take care of them. They learned English, got jobs, and became citizens. My mother's proudest moment was when she got her US citizenship papers. She ran around and told the entire neighborhood in Philadelphia - I remember that.

In the very early war years of the 1940's my mother's cousin, living in Cechoslavakia, was unable to come because of the quota - but someone remembered that though living in Cechoslavakia, he had been born in Russia. So, under the quota from Russia he was a able to come.

He was 18 yrs old and immediately upon entering the United States, he signed up for the military and went back to Europe to serve in the Armed Forces. He was a medic and a translator in the US Army.

He tried desperately to save his aged parents who were still in Cechoslavakia - but Hitler got to them first and they were hauled off and killed. His father was a doctor and his mother a chemist.

This cousin, after the war, became a doctor too. Till his dying day - not a day went by - that he didn't mourn his parents.

As for what someone said above of Roosevelt doing everything he could to stop the genocide - well not quite. He was asked by Jewish groups to bomb the railway tracks to the concentration camps - and he refused.


43 posted on 02/20/2007 7:18:16 AM PST by Basheva
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

Hindsight is 20/20. One can argue FDR knew as early as 1941. Certainly he knew all about Auschwitz by 1944, and did nothing. The problem is that we could never have taken in 6 million Jews. The solution was to stop Hitler before 1939. Want to blame a single man? Then blame Joe Kennedy, who empowered Hitler by doing everything possible to impede our efforts to stop Hitler. His family certainly looks like one which has been paying for his sins ever since.


44 posted on 02/20/2007 7:19:09 AM PST by montag813
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Even Palestine had been shut off by the Brits in the late 1930s.

That is the key point here. It is easy to forget what filthy sons of bitches the British were in places like "Palestine" and India in those days. It is gratifying to read how brutally the Israeli rebels dealt with the British troops there after the war. They certainly deserved it.

45 posted on 02/20/2007 7:22:43 AM PST by montag813
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Alter Kaker

I think a much better case can be made for using the unused slots during the 1930s. Once the shooting started transportation was obviously problematical. And given our support for the Brits, we might have been able to exert pressure to have the 1939 White Paper rescinded, transport obviously still being problematical.


46 posted on 02/20/2007 7:24:23 AM PST by SJackson (A vote is like a rifle, its usefulness depends upon the character of the user, T. Roosevelt)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 27 | View Replies]

To: TomSmedley
by the end of WWII, 80% of France's Jews were dead. 80% of Italy's were alive.

That sounds reasonably true. The reasons for it are pretty self-evident. Whatever you say about the Italian fascists, they weren't for the most part anti-Semites. In fact, many prominent Italian fascist leaders were Jews. Mussolini's first government basically refused to hand over Jews, and it was only the short-lived second government (with Mussolini as a figurehead) that was little more than a German puppet that started deportations.

Italian Jews, therefore, were only deported for about a year (compared to three years+ in the case of France).

47 posted on 02/20/2007 7:24:50 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 42 | View Replies]

To: TomSmedley

It's believable. Mussolini was not anti-semitic and only grudgingly acquiesced to Hitler's demands to implement anti-semitic laws in Italy, but they were not followed rigorously.

Most of the Italian Jews that were killed were killed when the Nazis occupied parts of Italy after Mussolini was deposed.


48 posted on 02/20/2007 7:26:58 AM PST by dfwgator (The University of Florida - Championship U)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 42 | View Replies]

To: Nextrush
Which reminds me, do we have a Mexican quota in the immigration law?
Yeah, 30 million and growing everyday.
49 posted on 02/20/2007 7:28:43 AM PST by oh8eleven (RVN '67-'68)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: montag813
Hindsight is 20/20. One can argue FDR knew as early as 1941.

FDR knew about the Holocaust before the Holocaust began? I've heard many accusations, but I've never heard of him being a soothsayer.

Certainly he knew all about Auschwitz by 1944, and did nothing.

And what could he have done? For better or worse, the US government decided that the best way to help the Jews was to win the war as quickly as possible. I think they were right on that point. The only suggestion offered was bombing the rail lines, but that would have been an ineffective and counter-productive solution for a number of reasons that I'm sure we'll get into.

Want to blame a single man? Then blame Joe Kennedy, who empowered Hitler by doing everything possible to impede our efforts to stop Hitler.

That's just silliness. What did Kennedy have to do with the Holocaust?

50 posted on 02/20/2007 7:29:04 AM PST by Alter Kaker (Hard headed brainwashed trained monkey)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 44 | View Replies]


Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-100101-130 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson