Skip to comments.Scientific Team Finds On Of World's Oldest Cities
Posted on 02/22/2007 10:52:14 AM PST by blam
Scientific team finds one of world's oldest cities
22 February 2007
MADRID - A Spanish scientific team found one of the world's oldest cities, thought to be about 5,500 years old, in Syria.
The discovery, based on pottery fragments and other ceramics found at the site, was announced in Madrid by two of the scientists in charge of the investigation, Ignacio Marquez of Spain's CSIC scientific research council and Juan Luis Moreno of the Universidad de La Coruña.
According to reports, the find is of "the highest level" of scientific importance because of its ramifications for the understanding of history and for the multiple lines of future research it opens up in many fields.
The Hispanic-Syrian archeological work is being carried out at Tal Humeada, some 150 kilometers (93 miles) from the border with Iraq on the left bank of the Euphrates River.
Last summer, archeologists found lying on the surface of the ground "a large number of (ceramic) bowls" that date from the period of the Uruk culture.
The Iraqi city of Uruk, in fact, is one of the oldest known having thrived between 3,500 and 3,100 B.C., and its culture is characterized by the production of very simple and roughly-made ceramic bowls, fashioned of clay and straw, like those discovered at Tal Humeada.
In addition, researchers found the oldest evidence of writing at the Uruk city-state complex, something that required moving back the boundary between "History, capitalized" and prehistoric times, Marquez said.
The neighboUrhoods of Uruk, as could be the case at Tal Humeada, contained temples, palaces and other large monuments that the Spanish scientists say they are confident they will discover at the new site once they begin to excavate it.
The hundreds of broken ceramic bowls or basins archeologists found at the site were probably used to hold workers' bread rations, a practice that was also used at Uruk.
The beginning of excavations at the new site are scheduled for sometime in 2008, given that the process for getting permission to conduct an archeological dig in Syria moves very slowly, experts say.
The Spanish scientists hope to find evidence of the beginning of agriculture, since the Uruk culture was characterized by the presence of agricultural settlements outside its cities.
Near the city there is a necropolis - a huge cemetery or "city of the dead" - in which it is calculated there could be up to 1,000 tombs, 160 of which have already been located.
One of them, which was not looted in antiquity like many others were, has been subjected to a "scientific investigation" by the Spanish team, which determined that it was a 6th-century grave containing human remains, arrowheads, fragments of rings and many beaded necklaces.
That sounds positively modern, that 5500 years... Here they are, elsewhere arguing whether man has been in the Americas 12,000 or 25,000 years.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)
The Great Pyramid in Egypt dates to about 3200 BC. Certainly Egyptian Cities predate this Syrian City?
another site in Syria:
The Great Pyramid in Egypt dates to about 2500 BC. :')
Aren't those the guys who had it in for Frodo?
Q: How do you make an Uruk Hai?
A: First you roll a gre-e-e-e-at big joint....
Also, did anyone else notice this "typo"?
The neighboUrhoods of Uruk,
Looks to me like a punster struck. :-)
And Catal Huyuk, a site in Turkey, was a going concern for about three thousand years, and was *abandoned* in 5500 BC. :')
Be careful, somewhere in that city is where Helen Thomas went to high school...
Sigh, why are there never any photos accompanying such articles?
GreenLanternCorps: Be careful, somewhere in that city is where Helen Thomas went to high school...See what you've done?
Ciexyz: Sigh, why are there never any photos accompanying such articles?
So, they find a broken pot, and call it a city? It was probably a pot stolen from the museum in Baghdad. They sure jump to conclusions quick, don't they...
Maybe it's the lost city of Aad (which never existed) Mohammad mentions in his koran.
Simple. Just look for the first brewery.
I think that in terms of "cities" and "civilization" the city of Ur in ancient Sumer is still the champ, having hit its cultural peak at about 4,500 B.C.