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No return for Sudan's forgotten slaves (South Sudan).
BBC ^ | Monday, March 19, 2007

Posted on 03/18/2007 11:55:38 PM PDT by Jedi Master Pikachu

Akech Arol Deng has not seen his wife and son since they were seized by Arab militias from their home in south Sudan 19 years ago.

His son, Deng, was just three years old at the time but Mr Arol is sure they are still alive, being used as slaves in the north.

"I miss them so much. I really hope that one day they come back," Mr Arol told the BBC News website mournfully in his home of Malualbai, just a few hours' on horseback from the Bahr el-Arab river which divides Muslim northern Sudan from the Christian and Animist south.

Arek Anyiel Deng

It's like I was still in the camp, it's the same situation as in the north

Arek Anyiel Deng

Some 8,000 people are believed to be living in slavery in Sudan, 200 years after Britain banned the Atlantic slave trade and 153 years after it also tried to abolish slavery in Sudan.

But rows about money mean no-one is doing anything to free them.

In the same year that Mr Arol's family was kidnapped, Arek Anyiel Deng, aged about 10, was seized from her home, not far from Malualbai.

Arab militias rode in to her village on horseback, firing their guns. When the adults fled, the children and cattle were rounded up and made to walk north for five days before they were divided between members of the raiding party.

Forced conversions

Ms Anyiel returned home under a government scheme last year.

"My abductor told me that I was his slave and I had to do all the work he told me to - fetching water and firewood, looking after animals and farming," she said.

Boys were forced to look after cattle all day.

"When I was 12, he said he wanted to sleep with me. I could not refuse because I was a slave, I had to do everything he wanted, or he could have killed me."

Such raids were a common feature of Sudan's 21-year north-south war, which ended in 2005.

The northern government is widely believed to have armed the Arab militias in order to terrorise the southern population and distract rebel forces from attacking government targets.

According to a study by the Kenya-based Rift Valley Institute, some 11,000 young boys and girls were seized and taken across the internal border - many to the states of South Darfur and West Kordofan.

The boys generally looked after cattle, while the girls mostly did domestic chores before being "married", often as young as 12.

Most were forcibly converted to Islam, given Muslim names and told not to speak their mother tongue.

War of words

Sudan's government has always rejected claims that people are living in slavery but admits that thousands were abducted during the war. It says this is an ancient tradition of hostage-taking by rival ethnic groups.

One senior government official strenuously denied there was any slavery in Sudan but bizarrely acknowledged: "It was the same as when people were taken from West Africa to America."

James Aguer

With peace, I thought they would be freed by now

James Aguer, Anti-slavery campaigner

The United Nations defines slavery as: "The status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised."

Ms Anyiel and several others we spoke to certainly seemed to have been living in conditions of slavery - having been abducted, subjected to forced labour and often beaten.

To be able to work with the return programme the government set up in 1999 under intense international pressure, donors agreed to use the euphemism "abductee".

About 3,000 were taken back home before the programme ran out of money in 2005.

Donors pulled out, saying some were not genuine slaves, some had been returned against their will and had been left to fend for themselves in the desolate, under-developed south.

The government then funded the return for a while but strangely, the end of the war seems to have taken the urgency out of the project.

The governments in both north and the autonomous south seem more interested in spending their new oil wealth.

Officials from both administrations say they are still working out their new policy on the "abductee file".


Ahmed Mufti from the government's Committee for the Eradication of Abduction of Women and Children (CEAWC) says the Arab tribal leaders are now more than happy to release the "abductees" but his group does not have the $3m he estimates it would need to arrange transport and pay officials to organise the operation.


Faced with this lack of progress, James Aguer, the man at the forefront of the campaign to free Sudan's slaves, is becoming increasingly disillusioned after spending some 20 years risking his life for the cause.

"With peace, I thought they would be freed by now," he says bitterly.

He says he has the names and location of 8,000 people, who could easily be freed from the Arab cattle camps, as soon as the political will is there.

He says the true number of those being forced to work against their will without pay in Sudan is more than 200,000, although most donors believe that is an exaggeration.

Sitting on the dusty ground outside the abandoned mud hut where she and her five children now live, Ms Anyiel is delighted to have finally gained her freedom and to be able to make decisions about her own life.

But freedom is not necessarily easy - she now has to support the children on her own, with no assistance from donors or the government.

Her only income comes from collecting firewood in the bush to sell in the local market.

"It's like I was still in the camp, it's the same situation as in the north," she complains.

Tribal markings

Ghada Kachachi, from United Nations' children's agency Unicef, uses Ms Anyiel's case to explain why funding was stopped for CEAWC's return programme.

She says those who are freed must be helped when they get back home - both economically and socially, as they move from an Arabic society to the Dinka community some left 20 years ago.

South Sudan is one of the least developed parts of the world and life here is tough.

But campaigners say the first priority must be to free them from slavery and then sort out the details of their return.

Ms Kachachi also points out that it can be difficult to trace the parents of children abducted in a war zone up to 20 years ago.

Some have forgotten their real names and where they come from, although they can sometimes be identified by the marks cut into their faces as children - a part of Dinka traditions.

Save the Children UK is still helping foster parents look after some children several years after they returned "home".

While officials debate the best way to organise the return, Mr Arol and many others are just desperate to see their loved ones again.

He has gone to meet four different convoys of returned abductees in the hope of being reunited with his family, only to be disappointed each time.

"I always ask God, why other children come back but not mine. What have I done to deserve this?" he asks.

TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs; Government; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: africa; animist; arab; arabs; christian; islam; janjaweed; muslim; muslims; race; races; racial; racism; racist; racists; slave; slavery; slaves; southernsudan; southsudan; sudan

1 posted on 03/18/2007 11:55:42 PM PDT by Jedi Master Pikachu
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To: rusty millet; happygrl; Dominick; cricket; americanbychoice3; padre35; Fiddlstix; WLR
A new pinglist:

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pan-Africa pinglist.*
This pinglist covers a broad range of topics relating to Africa: culture, current events, politics, science, history, arts, etc.

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No message is necessary.

To get on or get off this pinglist, freepmail here, with the appropriate subject.

There is also a:
John 3:16 (New King James Version): "16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life."
This pinglist can terminate at any time, without notice.

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2 posted on 03/18/2007 11:57:29 PM PDT by Jedi Master Pikachu ( What is your take on Acts 15:20 (abstaining from blood) about eating meat? Could you freepmail?)
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To: Jedi Master Pikachu

Islam is evil.

3 posted on 03/19/2007 12:16:05 AM PDT by stinkerpot65
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To: stinkerpot65

Islam can justify any evil or abomination.

4 posted on 03/19/2007 4:21:46 AM PDT by tkathy
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To: Jedi Master Pikachu
There is an endless money pit for the Palestinians.

But for Christian Sudanese ?

5 posted on 03/21/2007 3:31:51 PM PDT by happygrl
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To: Jedi Master Pikachu
"Some 8,000 people are believed to be living in slavery in Sudan, 200 years after Britain banned the Atlantic slave trade and 153 years after it also tried to abolish slavery in Sudan."

The UK can ban slavery all it wants, but that won't have any effect on it because "Allah"(Mohammads alter ego) made slavery lawfull and good for evermore. For this reason, I can never understand why blacks would want to convert to that evil cult when it views them as a non-person, beneath the Arab muslim and legal to enslave. Of course, Slavery in Islam isn't restricted to blacks, people of all colors are legal to buy and sell in the slave markets in Mecca. Blacks however are specifically mentioned in Islamic scripture as less human than other slaves, and banned from Mohammads heavenly brothel.

Tabari II:21 "Ham [Africans] begat all those who are black and curly-haired, while Japheth [Turks] begat all those who are full-faced with small eyes, and Shem [Arabs] begat everyone who is handsome of face with beautiful hair. Noah prayed that the hair of Ham's descendants would not grow beyond their ears, and that whenever his descendants met Shem's, the latter would enslave them."

Ishaq:374 "The black troops and slaves of the Meccans cried out and the Muslims replied, ‘Allah destroy your sight, you impious rascals.'"

Bukhari:V4B52N137 "The [pedophile] Prophet said, ‘Let the negro slave of Dinar perish. And if he is pierced with a thorn, let him not find anyone to take it out for him.... If he [the black slave] asks for anything it shall not be granted, and if he needs intercession [to get into paradise], his intercession will be denied.'"

Arab Muslims think they are above all people of any race:

Tabari IX:69 "Arabs are the most noble people in lineage, the most prominent, and the best in deeds. We were the first to respond to the call of the Prophet. We are Allah's helpers and the viziers of His Messenger. We fight people until they believe in Allah. He who believes in Allah and His Messenger has protected his life and possessions from us. As for one who disbelieves, we will fight him forever in Allah's Cause [jihad]. Killing him is a small matter to us."


Qur'an:2:216 "Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims), though you dislike it. But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not. Warfare is ordained for you."

Which is why there is no such thing as a "moderate" Muslim. They are just inactive Muslims.

6 posted on 03/27/2007 6:23:18 AM PDT by Nathan Zachary
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To: happygrl
"There is an endless money pit for the Palestinians. But for Christian Sudanese ?

That's because the UN is full of Muslims, and Muslim sympathizers. Plus they hate Christians, and Christianity. It's also why the UN ignores the ongoing Islamic crusades in Northern African countries especially. where the Islamic crusades are too visible to ignore and make the news (Like Sudan) they call it "ethnic clashes".

Then the UN "springs" into action, and gives aid, food medicine, etc. to the Islamic warlords to distribute. Guess who never gets any, or is forced to convert and be a slave if they want to live.

The UN is a corrupt evil organization. For this reason Africa will never become self supporting as long as the many corrupt NGO's that operate under the wing of the UN are running the show. Between the Muzzie and Marxists that infest it, they will keep Africans oppressed and dependent on foreign aid.

7 posted on 03/27/2007 6:38:02 AM PDT by Nathan Zachary
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To: AdmSmith; AnonymousConservative; Berosus; bigheadfred; ColdOne; Convert from ECUSA; Delacon; ...

Thanks Jedi Master Pikachu.

8 posted on 03/23/2011 9:08:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (The 2nd Amendment follows right behind the 1st because some people are hard of hearing.)
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