Years ago I read "High Treason" and a number of those other conspiracy books and took seriously the idea that because there was no way a "magic bullet" could pass through Kennedy's neck, stop in midair, move upward and then enter Connolly from the back, that there must have been a second gunman.
However, I later learned that the authors of those books and other conspiracy theorists misrepresented the relative positions of the two men - because Connolly was seated in a fold-out jump seat and Kennedy was on the back bench-style seat of the limo, Connolly was NOT level with Kennedy but was seated much LOWER.
In fact, when the relative position of the two men given the ACTUAL HEIGHT of the two seats they were sitting in is taken into account, the bullet could go nowhere else but from Kennedy's neck into Connolly's back and then into Connolly's wrist.
So there was no "second gunman." It was all based on a false representation to sell books.
Oliver Stone repeated the misrepresentation in his movie "JFK" in the famous scene where he had Costner arrange two chairs on the floor, one behind the other, to demonstrate the "magic bullet" theory. The chairs are at the same height, which was not true of the two seats in the limo.
There was a good documentary within the last 2-3 yrs which used computerized three-dimensional modeling to recreate at each moment in time the exact positions of the two men in their seats in the limo and the line of sight from the book depository window, synchronized with the Zapruder film and sound recordings of the gunshots, and demonstrated beyond any doubt that the shots from the book depository window were the only ones to strike the limo and its occupants.
..unfortunately, the computer animation does not match the wounds. JFK was hit in the back...and supposedly the magic bullet comes out his neck...on a bullet that was coming from above.
computer animation = GIGO
The "magic bullet" theory was called the "magic bullet theory" LONG before High Treason and Stone.
The "theory" was invented by Arlen Specter.
Baloney...Kennedy was killed by a conspiracy led by Johnson and Hoover. If you take a little time to read...and not buy elite media propaganda like Posner's book, and Jennings' flacking for the discredited Warren Report you'd lean a few things.
When I was 18, I went to a see one of those Kennedy Conspiracy guys give a Presentation.
In addition to the “Magic Bullet” BS, he talked about the impossibility of Oswald firing the rounds accurately from the Bolt Action Rifle in less than eight seconds.
Of course it was all BS, but to my 18 Year Old mindset, having been a 10 Year Old when Kennedy was killed, it sounded like a plausible theory.
Later in life I found that the facts trumped the Conspiracy Theories and the guy I saw was nothing but a Propagandist.