In short, it funnels taxpayer money to third world countries which don't want to compromise their anti-American standing by taking it from the US government directly. The money can either be called a 'loan', or they can be honest about it and call it a grant.
And, here's a secret-decoder clue:
Wolfowitz wanted to clean up corruption in the government of the borrowing nations (not at the World Bank, BTW). Why is it in the World Bank's interest that those borrowing nations have corrupt governments?