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Giant Microwave Turns Plastic Back To Oil
New Scientist ^ | 6-26-2007 | Catherine Brahic

Posted on 06/26/2007 2:48:23 PM PDT by blam

Giant microwave turns plastic back to oil

17:44 26 June 2007
NewScientist.com news service
Catherine Brahic

A US company is taking plastics recycling to another level – turning them back into the oil they were made from, and gas.

All that is needed, claims Global Resource Corporation (GRC), is a finely tuned microwave and – hey presto! – a mix of materials that were made from oil can be reduced back to oil and combustible gas (and a few leftovers).

Key to GRC’s process is a machine that uses 1200 different frequencies within the microwave range, which act on specific hydrocarbon materials. As the material is zapped at the appropriate wavelength, part of the hydrocarbons that make up the plastic and rubber in the material are broken down into diesel oil and combustible gas.

GRC's machine is called the Hawk-10. Its smaller incarnations look just like an industrial microwave with bits of machinery attached to it. Larger versions resemble a concrete mixer.

"Anything that has a hydrocarbon base will be affected by our process," says Jerry Meddick, director of business development at GRC, based in New Jersey. "We release those hydrocarbon molecules from the material and it then becomes gas and oil."

Whatever does not have a hydrocarbon base is left behind, minus any water it contained as this gets evaporated in the microwave.

Simplified recycling

"Take a piece of copper wiring," says Meddick. "It is encased in plastic – a kind of hydrocarbon material. We release all the hydrocarbons, which strips the casing off the wire." Not only does the process produce fuel in the form of oil and gas, it also makes it easier to extract the copper wire for recycling.

(Excerpt) Read more at environment.newscientist.com ...


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: energy; environment; microwave; oil; plastic; recycle
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1 posted on 06/26/2007 2:48:26 PM PDT by blam
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To: blam

I look forward to the demonstration project. Necessity truly is the mother of invention.


2 posted on 06/26/2007 2:50:51 PM PDT by sono (Elizabeth Edwards supports Same-Sex marriage. Appropriate since many feel she's already in one.)
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To: blam
My uncle saw this demonstrated. It's a kind of plasma laser, actually. Empty out the landfills, turn it into oil and gas.

Cool stuff. Kinda Back to the Future 2-ish, eh?

Suck it, OPEC!

3 posted on 06/26/2007 2:51:25 PM PDT by mbraynard
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To: blam
There's another gizmo that takes everything put into it (mostly garbage and trash), turns into a plasma-mode and reduces it to nothing at all. (A little ash). It was in a recent Popular Science magazine.
4 posted on 06/26/2007 2:55:02 PM PDT by Does so
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To: sono

Can it be used as a weapon? Imagine melting enemy vehicles or equipment.


5 posted on 06/26/2007 2:55:06 PM PDT by Edward Watson (Fanatics with guns beat liberals with ideas)
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To: sono

Can it be used as a weapon? Imagine melting enemy vehicles or equipment.


6 posted on 06/26/2007 2:55:13 PM PDT by Edward Watson (Fanatics with guns beat liberals with ideas)
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To: sono

Beyond the Veba unit.


7 posted on 06/26/2007 2:56:09 PM PDT by Eric in the Ozarks (BTUs are my Beat.)
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To: blam

Now we’ll have to have studies, grants, focus-group-tested slogans, CONgressional panels, lobbying efforts, outsourcing to Bangladesh, global warming protests, global cooling to counter the global warming...

We MIGHT see practical application of this technology when Chelsea’s cloned daughter receives her lifetime SCOTUS appointment.


8 posted on 06/26/2007 2:56:31 PM PDT by Old Sarge (This tagline in memory of FReeper 68-69TonkinGulfYachtClub)
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To: blam

This is interesting and much more useful than my microwave that excels in turning popcorn into carbon. If the government would give me huge subsidies for doing it, I’d be singing a different tune...


9 posted on 06/26/2007 2:56:46 PM PDT by philled (The Democrat's 'new vision' for Iraq looks a lot like Pol Pot wearing a turban...)
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To: blam

If they have one rated for home use, I’d buy one!


10 posted on 06/26/2007 2:58:19 PM PDT by Graymatter (New legislators. No new laws. ... Let's clean house. And senate.)
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To: blam
What is conveniently not mentioned, is that it takes more energy to break these materials down than the usable energy recovered. Now, if these recovered base materals can then be reused to reform new plastics cheaper than it costs to make them from scratch, it may be a worthwhile recycling method which will then reduce oil demands. There are a awfull lot of plastic car parts that could be made into new plastic car parts.
11 posted on 06/26/2007 2:59:30 PM PDT by Nathan Zachary
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To: Edward Watson

“Can it be used as a weapon?”

Burnt Popcorn extract, overwhelms the enemy’s senses.


12 posted on 06/26/2007 3:01:01 PM PDT by Rb ver. 2.0 (The Republican party of today is the Whig party of the 1850's.)
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To: blam
No way. All I got was a house full of smoke and a blob of molten plastic goo.

Hmmm. Fire Department is at the front door, BBL....

13 posted on 06/26/2007 3:03:10 PM PDT by GoldCountryRedneck ("Flying is like Life: Know where you are, where you're going, and how to get there." - 'Ol Dad)
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To: Graymatter
Definite possibility if the oil has buttery flavor.
14 posted on 06/26/2007 3:03:33 PM PDT by Westlander (Unleash the Neutron Bomb)
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To: blam

I would suggest the first major, huge...or is that hugh?.. trial be done on Congress.

Melt them down.


15 posted on 06/26/2007 3:06:03 PM PDT by dforest (Fighting the new liberal Conservatism. The Left foot in the GOP door.)
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To: blam
""Take a piece of copper wiring," says Meddick. "It is encased in plastic – a kind of hydrocarbon material. We release all the hydrocarbons, which strips the casing off the wire." Not only does the process produce fuel in the form of oil and gas, it also makes it easier to extract the copper wire for recycling."

I bet he hasn't actually TRIED this yet. Maybe he should stick a spoon in his fancy microwave and see what happens first...

16 posted on 06/26/2007 3:09:01 PM PDT by Nathan Zachary
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To: Nathan Zachary
Sources?
You are certainly no petroleum chemist.
17 posted on 06/26/2007 3:14:03 PM PDT by Born to Conserve
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To: Nathan Zachary

Damn, you beat me to it. That’s the reply I was going to post.


18 posted on 06/26/2007 3:14:50 PM PDT by GodfearingTexan
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To: blam

All Washington wants to know...Can it be Taxed?


19 posted on 06/26/2007 3:15:18 PM PDT by Don Corleone (Leave the gun..take the cannoli)
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To: blam

http://www.globalresourcecorp.com/

Welcome to Global Resource Corporation

Global Resource Corporation is a Worldwide Petroleum Research, Engineering, Development, and Manufacturing Company that thinks outside the box and is responsible for bringing innovation and new technologies to the petrochemical industries where we offer many proprietary solutions in Enhanced Oil & Energy Recovery Processes.

Click on any of the sections below to learn more about our unique energy recovery applications.

Process explained by GRC’s Chief Engineer and why our innovative patent pending technologies are different from any and all others.

To everything there is a frequency that excites its molecules best. Just like the 2450MHz frequency magnetron in your kitchen microwave oven which is specific to water (H2O) molecules, GRC’s hydrocarbon specific frequencies are generated by much higher RF klystrons that actually crack the hydrocarbon chain into its characteristic fuels.

By definition it is not pyrolysis because cracking the hydrocarbon chain is inherent to specific frequencies and has little to do with the amount of heat generated. The process however is done without water and performed in an oxygen starved environment. We call this technology: High-Frequency Attenuating Wave Kinetics or HAWK for short.

There is also no CO2 or CO produced in the process because there is no oxidation other than possibly a miniscule amount that may be pre-existing in the material or minerals processed. GRC’s vacuum environment creates an accelerated pressure thereby assimilating what Mother Nature has done through countless years to make fuels.

The two basic elements offered for all GRC’s applications are insitu and offsitu. We have designed klystron machinery for gasifying hydrocarbons where they exist or in fabricated systems. In-situ meaning processed deep in the ground, rock formations or anywhere naturally occurring and off-situ meaning processed above ground that is mined or material removed from site.

A klystron is a microwave electron tube with velocity modulation that is different from magnetrons. Its uses were privy to military applications for radar jamming before stealth technologies became more dominant in later years. GRC is the first to commercialize this technology and by modifying amplifiers and power supplies to suit our applications, we now possess the technology that will free America from foreign oil imports


20 posted on 06/26/2007 3:15:29 PM PDT by syriacus (If the US troops had remained in S. Korea in 1949, there would have been no Korean War (1950-53).)
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To: blam

If they microwaved the immigration bill, would it turn back into sh**? Oh, that’s right. That’s what it is in its present condition.


21 posted on 06/26/2007 3:19:38 PM PDT by doug from upland (Stopping Hillary should be a FreeRepublic Manhattan Project)
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To: Nathan Zachary

Never stand in front of a 200kw microwave,,you could revert back to oil..!!


22 posted on 06/26/2007 3:22:56 PM PDT by silentreignofheroes (When the Last Two Prophets are taken, there will be no Tommorrow!)
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To: Edward Watson

Similar tech has been weaponized for use against rioters.

(Heats up skin, or more acuately, the water inside skin.)


23 posted on 06/26/2007 3:24:19 PM PDT by MeanWestTexan (Kol Hakavod Fred Thompson)
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To: syriacus
An abstract of a patent application for MICROWAVE-BASED RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBONS AND FOSSIL FUELS
24 posted on 06/26/2007 3:29:56 PM PDT by syriacus (If the US troops had remained in S. Korea in 1949, there would have been no Korean War (1950-53).)
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To: blam
Reminiscent of the "Anything Into Oil" story that came out four years ago, looked spectacularly promising, and has apparently gone nowhere.
25 posted on 06/26/2007 3:32:58 PM PDT by DuncanWaring (The Lord uses the good ones; the bad ones use the Lord.)
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To: blam
"Anything that has a hydrocarbon base will be affected by our process"

Dude! Peoples are hydrocarbon.... and soylent green is people

26 posted on 06/26/2007 3:38:40 PM PDT by Cletus.D.Yokel (An unending supply of the elderly, a microwave and !Voila! Energy independence.)
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To: blam

The first thing I’m thinking is “weaponize it”.

The second thing is, the article says anything with a hydrocarbon base can be fed into the machine. Does this go for... say, maybe... vegetable matter?


27 posted on 06/26/2007 3:51:00 PM PDT by coconutt2000 (NO MORE PEACE FOR OIL!!! DOWN WITH TYRANTS, TERRORISTS, AND TIMIDCRATS!!!! (3-T's For World Peace))
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To: Edward Watson
Can it be used as a weapon? Imagine melting enemy vehicles or equipment.

I can just imagine this... Turn all their tires and plastics into combustible fluids and gases... and then light it on fire.

28 posted on 06/26/2007 3:52:12 PM PDT by coconutt2000 (NO MORE PEACE FOR OIL!!! DOWN WITH TYRANTS, TERRORISTS, AND TIMIDCRATS!!!! (3-T's For World Peace))
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To: blam

And exactly how much energy does it take to make a gallon of oil this way?


29 posted on 06/26/2007 3:57:23 PM PDT by BuffaloJack
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To: Born to Conserve
You are certainly no petroleum chemist.

I am not, either. Can you explain to those of us who are not, the errors in Post 11?

Thanks.

30 posted on 06/26/2007 4:00:27 PM PDT by Gorzaloon (Global Warming: A New Kind Of Scientology for the Rest Of Us.)
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To: philled
This is interesting and much more useful than my microwave that excels in turning popcorn into carbon. If the government would give me huge subsidies for doing it, I’d be singing a different tune...

I'm pretty sure he used the "Pizza" setting on the microwave.

31 posted on 06/26/2007 4:19:04 PM PDT by ModelBreaker
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To: coconutt2000

Sure, it can be a weapon against anyone you can get into a vacuum. LOL


32 posted on 06/26/2007 4:19:48 PM PDT by ClaireSolt (Have you have gotten mixed up in a mish-masher?)
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To: blam

How many gigawatts does it require? The Chinese also have a solution, they just throw everything into their furnace burners.


33 posted on 06/26/2007 4:25:24 PM PDT by fso301
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To: mbraynard

Those are not landfills they are urban mining resource areas.


34 posted on 06/26/2007 4:31:25 PM PDT by pointsal (q)
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To: blam

Giant Microwave Turns Plastic Back To Oil

Mayor Rocky Anderson, Mayor Gavin Newsom & Bloomberg need to read this!

Salt Lake mayor calls for bottled water ban
12/15/2006 2:17:29 PM
SALT LAKE CITY — Mayor Rocky Anderson has asked the city staff of 400 to stop buying and drinking bottled water for public meetings and office events and to use tap water instead, according to a December 15 story from the Salt Lake Tribune.

Anderson told city department heads in a memo that the manufacturing of plastic water bottles consume over 10 million barrels of oil year and 80 percent of the bottles end up in landfills, the article said.
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1855170/posts


35 posted on 06/26/2007 4:40:26 PM PDT by restornu (Whatever time we have is being paid for with our life!)
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To: ClaireSolt
Sure, it can be a weapon against anyone you can get into a vacuum. LOL

Space based weapon... Recycle enemy satellites into fuel and spare parts for our own satellites. :-)

36 posted on 06/26/2007 5:25:28 PM PDT by coconutt2000 (NO MORE PEACE FOR OIL!!! DOWN WITH TYRANTS, TERRORISTS, AND TIMIDCRATS!!!! (3-T's For World Peace))
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To: Edward Watson

“Can it be used as a weapon? Imagine melting enemy vehicles or equipment.”

Actually the Japs decided to build a microwave superweapon instead of the atomic bomb. I saw a show on it one time. It was pretty impressive for it’s day and good thing for us they didn’t have it perfected by the end of the war.


37 posted on 06/26/2007 5:40:56 PM PDT by quant5
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To: BuffaloJack
"And exactly how much energy does it take to make a gallon of oil this way?"
I bet it takes a heck of a lot more than you get back.
38 posted on 06/26/2007 6:26:48 PM PDT by Abcdefg
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To: syriacus

Sounds totally cool to me. Industrial strength electronics “modifying amplifiers and power supplies” is something I used to be involved in.
Induction heating has been around for a long time; basically, you’re able to heat steel by placing it in a varying magnetic field. The molecules inside the steel are forced to keep changing their alignment building heat: ‘hysteresis losses’.

I recall something like 50kw and 450kHz. You could turn steel cherry red in about 20 seconds. That’s why I always thought of it as a microwave for steel. It was just an oscillator - water cooled vacuum tubes - and the output coil was really very much like the antenna on a transmitter.

Back to the HAWK, like so many new energy devices it’s going to depend on the cost of energy at any given time and a whole host of other factors, markets, and governments around the world. But it sure sounds cool.


39 posted on 06/26/2007 7:11:43 PM PDT by WhoisAlanGreenspan?
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To: blam

What if you stuck Jerry Lewis’s head in this thing?


40 posted on 06/26/2007 7:18:23 PM PDT by Krankor (kROGER)
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To: pointsal

Excellent.


41 posted on 06/27/2007 10:46:33 AM PDT by mbraynard
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To: Nathan Zachary
What is conveniently not mentioned, is that it takes more energy to break these materials down than the usable energy recovered. Now, if these recovered base materals can then be reused to reform new plastics cheaper than it costs to make them from scratch, it may be a worthwhile recycling method which will then reduce oil demands. There are a awfull lot of plastic car parts that could be made into new plastic car parts

Another excellent reason to ramp up nuclear power, recycling tires, reduction in landfill mass. Works for me
42 posted on 06/28/2007 7:35:40 AM PDT by HangnJudge
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To: blam; RedStateRocker; Dementon; eraser2005; Calpernia; DTogo; Maelstrom; Yehuda; babble-on; ...
Renewable Energy Ping

Please Freep Mail me if you'd like on/off

43 posted on 06/29/2007 9:04:05 AM PDT by Uncledave
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To: The Spirit Of Allegiance

This is interesting.


44 posted on 06/29/2007 9:21:06 AM PDT by Calpernia (Breederville.com)
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To: blam

How much plastic do we have out there, and is it economic-worthy....


45 posted on 06/29/2007 9:50:34 AM PDT by Rick_Michael (Fred Thompson....IMWITHFRED.COM)
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To: Calpernia; Uncledave

Great. Buy stock in tree seedling companies because it’s going to take a lot of carbon credits to provide the energy.

/sarc.

Slightly more seriously, it’s discrimination against Tree-Americans to not produce as much CO2 as possible! ;^)

Everybody, pitch in, do your part.


46 posted on 06/29/2007 10:14:21 AM PDT by The Spirit Of Allegiance (Public Employees: Honor Your Oaths! Defend the Constitution from Enemies--Foreign and Domestic!)
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To: blam
Giant Microwave?
47 posted on 06/29/2007 10:16:25 AM PDT by LIConFem (Thompson 2008. Lifetime ACU Rating: 86 -- Hunter 2008 (VP) Lifetime ACU Rating: 92)
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To: AdmSmith; Berosus; Convert from ECUSA; dervish; Ernest_at_the_Beach; Fred Nerks; KlueLass; ...
Ping!

48 posted on 07/07/2007 9:26:59 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (This tagline optimized for the Mosaic browser. Profile updated Friday, July 6, 2007.)
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To: blam

Reclaiming rubber and/or plastic using microwaves is not new. We did this in the 70’s to reclaim cured EPDM rubber waste and re-use it in product. The process used was a significant cost savings - the process cost, including energy requirements, was much less than the cost of the raw materials that would have been required.


49 posted on 07/07/2007 9:40:37 PM PDT by GGpaX4DumpedTea (t)
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To: SunkenCiv; blam

thanks, bfl


50 posted on 07/08/2007 1:35:58 PM PDT by neverdem (Call talk radio. We need a Constitutional Amendment for Congressional term limits. Let's Roll!)
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